Syr darya 1

966 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
966
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
565
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Syr darya 1

  1. 1. Kyrgyzstan   Tajikistan   Kazakhstan   GROUNDWATER  MANAGEMENT  IN  THE  SYR   DARYA  TRANSBOUNDARY  BASIN   THE  PROJECT  BACKGROUND,   JUSTIFICATION  AND  RATIONALE   By   ANDREA  MERLA   PROJECT  PREPARATION  PHASE   INCEPTION  MEETING   Paris  –  February  3-­‐4,  2014  
  2. 2. HOW  THE  PROJECT  IDENTIFICATION  PROCESS  STARTED   2  workshops:   •  UNESCO  –  OSCE  “An  integrated  approach  for  mulWdisciplinary  study  and   governance  of  the  transboundary  aquifers  of  Central  Asia”  September  2011,   Almaty   •  UNDP  –  UNECE    “IWRM  implementaWon  in  Central  Asia:  current  pracWces  and   the  way  forward”  December  2011  Almaty   Popula'on  density   Government  nominated  experts  of   the  four  Central  Asian  countries  ,   noWng  the  limited  naWonal  capacity   and  lack  of  internaWonal  support  in   groundwater  development  and   protecWon,  expressed  their  strong   desire  and  interest  in  having  a   mulWdisciplinary  groundwater   project  which  will  help  countries  in   these  challenging  and  difficult  issues  
  3. 3. THE  PROJECT  ENVISIONED  BY  THE  CENTRAL  ASIAN  EXPERTS  INCLUDED:   (I)  BUILDING   CAPACITY   ON   GROUNDWATER   POLICY,   TECHNICAL   ASPECTS   AND   INFORMATION   MONITORING   AND   EXCHANGE   ACROSS  BORDERS;     (II)     UTILIZATION   OF   SUBSURFACE   SPACE   IN   ORDER   TO   ADDRESS   CC,    SURFACE  WATER  FLOWS  AND  ENVIRONMENTAL  HAZARDS;       (III)     DIALOGUE   AMONG   STAKEHOLDERS   AND   RAISING   AWARENESS     OF   DECISION   MAKERS   ON     GROUNDWATER   GOVERNANCE   AND    POLICY;       (IV)  ELEMENTS  ON  CONFLICT  PREVENTION  
  4. 4.   IN  RESPONSE  TO  THE  COUNTRIES  REQUESTS  AND  MANIFESTED  NEEDS,  UNESCO  IHP  AND  UNDP   HAVE  PREPARED  TOGETHER  WITH  THE  COUNTRIES  A  PROJECT  PROPOSAL,  FOR  SUBMISSION  TO   THE  GEF  FOR  FUNDING.     THE  GLOBAL  EMNVIRONMENTAL  BENEFITS  –  KEY  TO  GEF   ELIGIBILITY  -­‐  THAT  THE  PROJECT  WOULD  PRODUCE  FALL  INTO   TWO  CATEGORIES:     1)    ENHANCING  COOPERATION  AMONG  COUNTRIES     2)    DEMONSTRATING  THE  IMPORTANT  ROLE  OF        GROUNDWATER  IN  COPING  WITH  INCREASED  CLIMATE    VARIABILITY  AND  CHANGE,  BALANCING  WATER  USES,    AND  IMPROVING  OVERALL  SUSTAINABILITY  IN  COMPLEX    TRANSBOUNDARY  CONTEXTS.  
  5. 5. THE  PROJECT  CONCEPT  (PIF),  TITLED  “ENABLING  COUNTRIES  OF  THE  TRANSBOUNDARY   SYR  DARYA  BASIN  TO  MAKE  SUSTAINABLE  USE  OF  THEIR  GROUNDWTER  POTENTIAL  AND   SUBSURFACE  SPACE  WITH  CONSIDERATION  TO  CLIMATE  VARIABILITY  AND  CHANGE”   WAS  ENDORSED  BY  KZAKHSTAN,  KYRGYZSTAN  AND  TAJIKISTAN  AND  SUBMITTED  TO   THE  GEF  COUNCIL  AND  APPROVED  IN  JUNE  2013.  LIMITED  FUNDS  FOR  PROJECT   PREPARATION  WERE  ALSO  GRANTED.    
  6. 6. THE  SYR  DARYA  BASIN   SHARED  BY  UZBEKISTAN,  KAZAKHSTAN,  TAJIKISTAN  AND  KYRGYZSTAN     INCLUDES  THE  MOST  POPULATED  AREAS  IN  CENTRAL  ASIA     LARGE  HYDROPOWER  RESERVOIRS  WITH  A  TOTAL  VOLUME  OF  40KM3     SHRINKING  GLACIERS  AND  INCREASED  FREQUENCY  OF  EXTREME  EVENTS   With  the  collapse  of  the  Soviet   Union  and  creaWon  of  independent   states,  the  operaWon  regime  of  the   upstream  reservoirs  has  become  an   issue,  since  the  prioriWes  and   naWonal  interests  of  the  new  states   are  not  always  congruent,   determining  winter  downstream   floods  and  water  logging,  and   constraints  to  irrigaWon  in  summer   ISSUES   OF   CONCERN     land  and  water   degradaWon,     loss  of  the  key   environmental  services   provided  by  the   freshwater  ecosystems   of  the  basin.  
  7. 7. SoluWons  that  focused  almost  exclusively  on  the   equitable  allocaWon  of  surface  water  flows  have   failed   It  has  been  argued  that  any   strategy  for  the   management  of  water   resources  in  the  basin  must   consider  its  huge  and  so  far   largely  disregarded   groundwater  resources.    
  8. 8. Data  show  that  important  aquifers  occur  in  the   region,  but  their  role  and  regional  strategic   significance  are  not  being  recognized   These  shared  resources    must  be   managed  in  close  cooperaWon  with   neighboring  countries,  and   conjuncWvely  with  surface  water  as   part  of  a  fully  integrated  strategy.  
  9. 9. Against  this  background,  the  project  will   aiempt     •  to  strengthen  the  countries  ability  to   evaluate  the  quality  and  quanWty  of  their   groundwater  resources  (deep  and  shallow)   present  in  the  basin,     •  to  assess  the  opportuniWes  for  improved   sustainability  that  groundwater  use  will   present   •  to  manage  surface  and  groundwater  in  a   conjuncWve  manner  and  within  a  framework   of  transboudary  cooperaWon  
  10. 10. GROUNDWATER  MANAGEMENT  IN  THE  SYR  DARYA  TRANSBOUNDARY  BASIN   For  discussion:   Groundwater  resources  are  not  fully  integrated  into   energy  –  water  –  food  –  environment  strategies  in  the   region.  This  is  the  assumpWon  at  the  basis  of  the  project.   Is  it  correct?     Could  increased  consideraWon  of  groundwater  resources   enhance  sustainability  and  ease  water  use  conflicts?     In  which  ways  and  fields  the  capacity  of  countries  in   groundwater  assessments  and  management  could  be   improved?   PROJECT  PREPARATION  PHASE   INCEPTION  MEETING   Paris  –  February  3-­‐4,  2014  

×