Shaban a-wrm and-governance_in_lebanon_cnrs

273 views
207 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
273
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Shaban a-wrm and-governance_in_lebanon_cnrs

  1. 1. Water Resources Management and Governance in Lebanon: Role of CNRS Amin Shaban National Council for Scientific Research, Beirut, Lebanon “Groundwater management in the Middle East and North Africa GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD)
  2. 2. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) CNRS Seismology Remote Sensing Marine Science Atomic Energy Scientific Units Unite of Science & Technology Systems Sectors Image Processing GIS GPS Soil Water Agriculture Environment geology Ecology Is a public institution established in 1962 and assigned with to formulate national science and technology policy and initiating scientific research programmes It is reported directly to the President of the Council of Ministers
  3. 3. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Satellite Images Image Processing and GIS sofwares Topographic Maps (Digital & HC) Geologic Maps (Digital & HC) Land Cover/ Use Maps (Digital & HC) Aerial photos Soil Maps (Digital & HC) Differential GPSs Water Testing Sondes Meteorological stations Plotters & Digitizers Hydrologic & Climatic Records Available data and Instruments at RSC ASD-Spectro- radiometer
  4. 4. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Satellite Bands Resolution Revisit time Swath width Altitude Landsat 7 ETM 7 30 m, 120 m thermal, 15 m pan. 16 days 183 km x 183 km 705 km SPOT 5 5 m, 2.5 m pan. 26 days 60 km x 63 km 905 km ASTER 14 15 VNIR, 30 m SWIR, 90 m TIR. 16 days 60 km x 60 km 705 km IKONOS 5 0.82 m 3 days 11.3 km x 11.3 km 681 km Quick Bird 5 0.60 m 1-3 days 16.5 km x 16.5 km 450 km MODIS 36 250 m, 1 km 2/ days 2030 km x 1354 km 705 km Used Satellite Images (used to study water resources)
  5. 5. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Use of Satellite Images for Monitoring and Assessment 1. Observing terrain features and identification of land cover/use. 2. Monitoring surface water bodies, and applying hydrological measures. 3. Identifying the hydrological linkages between surface and groundwater. 4. Recognizing hydrological clues to predict groundwater flow and storage. 15/2/2013 15/2/201415/2/2012
  6. 6. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) 1. Identification of fracture systems (springs, GW flow/storage, water harvesting, etc.) 2. Recharge potential zones (wet /dry areas & clues to GW) 3. Groundwater potential zones (GW exploration & assessment) 4. Delineating snow cover (feeding springs and rivers & water harvesting) 5. Detecting GW discharge to the sea (source area on-land) 6. Monitoring surface water flow (water budget & supply & harvesting) 7. Climate change influence on hydrological droughts (agri. drought) Major Topics
  7. 7. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Projects on Water Resources Project Title Dates Partners Source of Funds Airborne Thermal Infrared Survey to Identify Submarine Springs along the Northern Coastline of Lebanon 1997- 2000 CNRS, GORS, Ministry of Water Resources Ministry of Water Resources Assessment of Natural Resources in the Karstic Coastal Mediterranean 1998- 2001 Mediterranean countries European Commission Application of Remote Sensing in Studying the Hydrogeology of Occidental Lebanon 2000- 2002 CNRS, GORS, CNRS, GORS, Design a Co-operative Ecosystem Management Protocol for the Sustainable Development of the Akkar Watershed of Lebanon and Syria 2001- 2003 IDRC, CNRS, GORS IDRC Sustainable Management of Scarce Resources in the Coastal Zones 2002- 2006 Mediterranean countries European Commission Ecosystem Approach to the Sustainable Management of the Litani Watershed 2003- 2007 IDRC, CNRS, LRA, DSA IDRC
  8. 8. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Projects on Water Resources Project Title Dates Partners Source of Funds Mapping Watersheds for Sustainable Management in Lebanon 2007- 2012 CNRS CNRS Using Satellite Images to Monitoring Snow Cover Dynamics on the Lebanese Mountains 2010- 2013 CNRS CNRS In-Situ Investigation to Measure Snow Water/Equivalent in Mount Lebanon 2010-to date CNRS, CESBIO, USJ CNRS, CESBIO, USJ Investigation of Climatic & Hydrological Trends in Lebanon: Implication with Water Resources Management 2011-to date CNRS, Istituto di metodologie per l'analisi ambientale (CNR), Italy CNRS, CNR Regional Coordination on Improved Water Resources Management and Capacity Building 2010-to date CNRS, Jordan, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, NASA GEF, WB, Arab Water Council , Arab partners
  9. 9. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Key points: Examples from Lebanon Rainfall Assessment Records over 6 decades show small oscillations in rainfall, but no remarkable, just a decline of about 35-40mm. However, there is an obvious change in the rainfall patterns towards becoming more torrential than the regular rainfall pattern.
  10. 10. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Key points: Examples from Lebanon Solid Precipitation (Snow) Assessment  Snow in Lebanon often covers an area of about 2200- 2400km2 in average. However, the investigated time series (2000-2013) shows no remarkable change. However, the melting rate has been increased lately due to the higher temperature and then due to sunlight radiation.
  11. 11. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Key points: Examples from Lebanon Temperature Assessment  There is increase in the maximum temperature rate over the period (1974-2012), from 27.5°C to 32°C.  Besides, there is also a decrease in the minimum by 0.6°C, over the same time period.
  12. 12. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Key points: Examples from Lebanon Rivers and Springs The assessment has been applied to typical Lebanese rivers and springs over the last . There is obvious decline in water discharge that sometimes reaches 50% of the normal average.
  13. 13. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Key points: Examples from Lebanon Groundwater There are 324 wells have been investigated over about 3 decades. This includes the discharge and water table.  There is a obvious drawdown estimated at 40-55% and 10-15% in water pumped from the Cenomanian and Jurassic aquifers; respectively. The declines has been well measured also in the discharge as in the figure 29l/sec 20l/sec
  14. 14. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) CNRS Local Cooperation Ministry of Energy and Water Ministry Agriculture Ministry of Environment Litani River Authority Lebanese Agriculture Research Institute Geographic Affairs, Lebanese Army NGOs MunicipalitiesUniversities CNRS
  15. 15. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) CNRS Regional and International Cooperation European Commission USAID International Implementing Agencies (BGR, GIZ, etc.) World Bank International Specialized Agencies (NASA, ESA, CIHEAM) UNESCO-IHP IRDC UN EntitiesInt. Universities & Research Centers CNRS Regional Agencies (ACSAD, AWC)
  16. 16. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Example (1): Cooperation  Project funded by GEF implemented by World Bank: “Regional Coordination on Improved Water Resources Management and Capacity Building” (2010-2015) Climate/Water Drought Evapotranspiration Crop Yield Floods  Cooperation among counterparts and long- term management plan  National institutions involved - MoEW - MoA  Regional & International institutions involvement - Partners from MENA countries - International Centre for Biosaline Agriculture (ICBA), Dubai - NASA (Data manipulation, trainings, action plans, indicative maps, etc.)
  17. 17. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) • Groundwater storage • Infiltration rate per zone • Water retention • Soil moisture • Groundwater loss to the sea • Springs catchment • Water contamination • Selecting irrigation system Main Output (Example) VH = 35-38% H = 30-35% M = 25-30% L = 15-25% VL = <15%
  18. 18. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Example (2): Cooperation  Cooperation with UNESCO-IHP:  The Lebanese National Committee of IHP is assigned to CNRS. We join all IHP periodical meetings and event (Yemen, Khartoum, Morocco, etc.). CNRS frequently participates in UNESCO-IHP workshops on different topics.  CNRS cooperated with UNESCO-IHP in several reports and studies (climate change, wetlands, etc.)  Recently, CNRS and UNESCO-IHP are preparing a proposal for one-years activity (impact of CC on groundwater resources and LCU in the coastal wetlands).
  19. 19. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Main Output (Example) • Assessing CC certainty in the coastal wetlands of Lebanon • CC impact on groundwater (volume & quality) • CC and Land cove/use changes • Propositions for adaptation and mitigation measures
  20. 20. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Monitoring and assessment, since CNRS has advanced tools for water monitoring, exploration and volumetric measures. Related Components for Water Governance1/2 Water policies and strategies, which can be built on the understanding of major water components, including mainly water regime, loss, consumption and many other measurable items. Economics of water sector, as a fundamental topic to be implemented through different approaches, such as pricing, funding mechanism, privatization, etc.
  21. 21. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Data and information management, and this needs datasets (uniform and complete) or different water elements. Related Components for Water Governance2/2 Framework and managing capacity, such as the involvement of different sectors in new water methodologies and management approaches (capacity building, training, etc.). Water legislations, which can be established once the physical and anthropogenic challenges are determined.
  22. 22. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Conclusion 1. CNRS, as a governmental body, using advanced techniques to deduce essential measures and concepts on water resources management. 2. Information and data resulted from projects and researches (CNRS) have integral role in clarifying the major understandings on water resources in Lebanon. 3. There is linkage between CNRS and other institutions on the national level to promote cooperation and joint works on water resources management. 4. This is a substantial component helps decision makers implementing optimal water governance.
  23. 23. Groundwater management in the MENA GEF program (MENARID)" Beirut, 16-18 June, 2014, (Co-convened by UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD) Thank You

×