Egy unesco 2014_05_06


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Egy unesco 2014_05_06

  1. 1. Managing Groundwater in Costal Areas in GreeceManaging Groundwater in Costal Areas in Greece Maria Gkini Head of Directorate for Water Protection and Management / Special Secretariat for Water 3rd GEF IW LEARN – UNESCO INTEGRATION DIALOGUE Managing Groundwater in Coastal Areas and SIDS Sharing of Experiences among GEF IW Projects
  2. 2. Coastal areas are particularly significant mainly because of: urban development (cities historically located near rivers for water supply and on coasts for transportation) tourism, and important wetlands agricultural activities (mostly in flatlands immediately behind coastal zone) Costal areas
  3. 3. Significance of groundwater in coastal areas mainly as:  source of supply for drinking water  support of wetlands  source of supply for agricultural activities Groundwater in Costal Areas
  4. 4. Exploitation of groundwater to date is often unsustainable with result saline water intrusion water quality unsuitable for drinking and agricultural uses (significant impacts on economy) stress on wetlands. Pollution of groundwater resources through irrigation, wastewater disposal and other activities also results additional stress. Groundwater in Costal Areas
  5. 5.  In this contex is Imperative to manage the groundwater resources in a sustainable way.  Groundwaters are part of the total water resources and should be managed in context of integrated water resources management according to the Water Framework Directive Groundwater management in Costal Areas
  6. 6. The WFD  foresees the integrated (holistic) management of surface water (rivers, lakes, transitional, coastal) and groundwater)  has the objective of delivering good SW status & good GW quality and adequate quantity in 2015 (or at justifiably later dates)  foresees (economically reasonable) measures where necessary to ensure the achievement of the above  stipulates periodic review of the status and measures  foresees the development of RBMPs to achieve the above in a systematic way  foresees consultations with all the stakeholders in order Groundwater management in Costal Areas - WFD and RBMPs
  7. 7. Challenges regarding Groundwater  Lack of detailed information regarding boreholes and abstractions, especially. for irrigation GR is implementing a plan for their registration (National Register of Water Abstraction)  Slow rate of GW recovery from saline intrusion and pollution
  8. 8. Main Measures regarding Groundwater management Measures foreseen regarding GWQ  introduction of metering for GW abstraction  incentives to reduce pollution from fertilizers (also in context of nitrate Directive)  designation of protected zones in GWBs used for drinking supply  abstraction control in sensitive areas and or in areas vulnerable to salinity intrusion The first cycle of RBMPs has been completed and the measures are in the implementation stage