Aureli groundwater management in the syr darya


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Aureli groundwater management in the syr darya

  1. 1. UNESCO International Hydrological Programme VIII phase- 2014 Water Security :Addressing Local, Regional and Global Challenges GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT IN THE TRANSBOUNDARY SYR DARYA BASIN Project Preparation Phase – Inception Meeting 3-4 February 2014 UNESCO HQ, Paris - 1, Rue Miollis Salle XIV (Floor -1) Dr A. Aureli UNESCO IHP Chief Groundwater Section Project Executing Agency
  3. 3. UNESCO‘s water familiy • UNESCO-IHP , UNESCO-IHE , UN WWAP • UNESCO regional offices, IHP national committees • Category 2 centres: IGRAC, • UNESCO chairs, research institutes, universities
  4. 4. UNESCO General Conference has declared: WATER a PRIORITY
  5. 5. UNESCO Member States - IHP COUNCIL definition of Water Security “The capacity of a population to safeguard sustainable access to adequate quantities of and acceptable quality water for sustaining livelihoods, human wellbeing, and socio-economic development, for ensuring protection against water-borne pollution and water-related disasters, and for preserving ecosystems in a climate of peace and political stability.”
  6. 6. Water Security : Addressing Local, Regional and Global Challenges Axis 1 Mobilizing International cooperation to Improve knowledge and innovation to address water security challenges Axis 3 Developing institutional and human capacities for water security and sustainability Water Related Disasters and Hydrological Changes Groundwater in a Changing Environment Addressing Water Scarcity and Quality Water and Human Settlements of the Future EcohydrologyEn gineering Harmony for a Sustainable World Axis 2 Strengthening the Science-Policy interface to reach water security at local, national, regional, and global levels Education, Key to Water Security
  7. 7. World Dependency on Groundwater Jean Margat, UNESCO-BRGM 2008 An attempt at cartographic anamorphosis, showing the groundwater extractions in each country Many countries still lack – coherent policies and strategies for the management of aquifers and groundwater resources – adequate governance, legal settings and institutional arrangements
  8. 8. IHP-VIII 2014-2021 Groundwater in a changing environment 2 2.1 - Enhancing sustainable groundwater resources management 2.2 - Addressing strategies for management of aquifers recharge 2.3 - Adapting to the impacts of climate change on aquifer systems- Support Adaptation Measures to Cope with Climate Change 2.4 – Promoting groundwater quality protection 2.5 - Promoting governance and management of groundwater resources and transboundary aquifers link with : 6.5 - Education for transboundary water cooperation
  9. 9. Groundwater issues addressed by UNESCO-IHP Surface-Groundwater Conjunctive use Groundwater submarine discharge Groundwater and land subsidence Coastal aquifers management (saline intrusion) Management of aquifer recharge (artificial recharge) Groundwater dependent ecosystems Groundwater in arid zones Groundwater protection and vulnerability Groundwater in urban areas Endhoreic basins Application of Isotopes techniques Non-renewable groundwater resources Groundwater indicators for environmental sustainability
  10. 10. Groundwater data collection and assessment Groundwater - hydrological extremes and emergency situations Groundwater and climate change (adaptation measures) Application of satellite techniques Groundwater and carbon sequestration Transboundary aquifer systems management Development of groundwater resources indicators Groundwater Governanace Capacity building and training activities Institutional and legal tools for Groundwater management
  11. 11. World Groundwater Maps WHYMAP World-wide Hydrogeological Mapping and Assessment Programme - WHYMAP • • • • First map of transboudary aquifers Updates by IGRAC 2009 and 2012 Groundwater resources of the world Transboundary groundwater and river basins
  12. 12. Groundwater IWRM and Sustainable development • Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and its multifaceted, integrative approach to water systems management has been widely considered as the solution to the world’s water issues, • IWRM still lack implementation in many part of the World • A failure to recognise the unique and special attributes of groundwater represents one of the lost opportunities of IWRM. • Groundwater is crucial for SDGs - consideration of the post MDGs 2015 and the SDGs
  13. 13. Groundwater Resources under the Pressures of Humanity and Climate Change (IHP-GRAPHIC)  Improve our knowledge on how groundwater resources respond to the impacts of climate change and human activities  Evaluate tools and methods that could contribute to adaptation measures  Conduct case studies, covering a wide range of subjects, scientific methods, and geographical and climatic settings  Derive recommendations from scientific findings and communicate them to decision makers
  14. 14. • 20 case studies, covering different climatic, hydrogeological, and socioeconomic settings • Scientific results and policy recommendations • Before the end of the year workshops in Mozambique Morocco
  15. 15. IHP GRAPHIC- groundwater and Global Changes-
  16. 16. Non-Renewable Groundwater Groundwater resources whose replenishment takes very long in relation to the time-frame of human activity are conveniently termed ‘resources’ – UNESCO-IAH-WB publication
  17. 17. Groundwater for Emergency Situations (GWES)  Geological or climatic catastrophic events, natural and man-induced  provision of clean drinking water is priority  Groundwater resources need to be identified, prepared and managed in advance  Guidelines for managers and decision makers published
  18. 18. OECD-INBO-UNESCO Basin Governance Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD - International Network of Basin Organizations INBO
  19. 19. UNESCO IHP - ISARM The Intergovernmental Council of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (IHP), at its 20th Session held in June 2012 adopted the Resolution IC-XX-3 on Transboundary Aquifer Resources Management (ISARM)
  20. 20. International Shared Aquifer Resources Management (ISARM) Programme  Global inventory  Guidelines for the management of groundwater resources shared between two or more States
  21. 21. INVENTORY
  22. 22. ISARM – Inventory of TBAs and guidelines for sustainable management Transboundary aquifers identified in the Americas, Asia, Africa, South-Eastern Europe, Central Asia and Caucasus and Middle East
  23. 23. Global TBA Information System
  24. 24. TBAs in Africa 2009 There is a great lack of scientific knowledge on TBA in Africa ISARM AFRICA around 60 TBA have been identified in Africa 2012 2002 2005
  25. 25. UNGA Resolutions: The Law of Transboundary Aquifers
  26. 26. International Law Instruments • 1997 Convention on the Law of the Nonnavigational Uses of International Watercourses (UN Watercourses Convention, or New York Convention) • 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (UNECE Water Convention, or Helsinki Convention) • UNILC DRAFT ARTICLES on Transboundary Aquifers
  27. 27. International Law Instruments • Few differences • • • • But 3 are substantial Deep confined groundwater are not covered by 97 Watercourses Convention; The existence in the UNECE Water Convention of an Institutional mechanism based on the Meeting of the Parties in the (no such mechanism in 97 Watercourses Convention) The UNECE Water Convention considers all type of aquifers- groundwater regardless if they related and not related to international water courses – include model provisions on the UNILC- UNGA draft articles –resolutions Role of the new Implementation Committee
  28. 28. 6th Meeting of the Parties to UNECE Water Convention (Rome, November 2012) • 19 non UNECE States participated • Decision – close cooperation with UNESCO IHP-ISARM
  29. 29. UNESCO Water Diplomacy and Water Education UNESCO paved the way to concept of water diplomacy and promoted several mechanisms for the peaceful management of shared water resources (surface and groundwater)
  30. 30. HYDRODIPLOMACY From to Potential Conflict Co-operation Potential Water for Peace a contribution to World Water Assessment Programme
  31. 31. thank you