Aquifers and iczm athens may 2014

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Aquifers and iczm athens may 2014

  1. 1. ICZM Protocol and its relevance for the management of coastal aquifers Marko Prem PAP/RAC Deputy Director
  2. 2. • Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) 1975 • “Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean” 1976/1995 • 21 Countries + EU • Complex, diverse Barcelona Convention First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013
  3. 3. MAP Legal base • Seven specific legal frameworks: – Dumping Protocol – Emergency P – LBS P – SPA and Biodiversity P – Offshore P – Hazardous Wastes P – ICZM Protocol First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013
  4. 4. First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013 1975 – 2012 EVOLUTION OF THE ICZM in MED
  5. 5. ICZM Protocol signed (Madrid, 21 Jan 2008) To date: 15 signatories, 9 ratifications Innovative Future oriented and proactive Comprehensive Integrated Binding First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013
  6. 6. Protocol entered into force 24th March 2011 Lybia ATLANTIC OCEAN MEDITERRANEAN SEA Spain Greece Italy Turkey Slovenia Bosnia/ Herze- govina Albania Malta Egypt Algeria Tunisia Morocco Syria Israel Lebanon Cyprus BLACK SEA France Croatia Montenegro First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013
  7. 7. 3 Objectives – Support effective implementation at all levels. – Strengthen capacities of CPs to use ICZM policies, instruments, tools and processes. – Promote Protocol within the region and worldwide. Action Plan for the implementation of the ICZM Protocol (2011-2019) ACTION PLAN First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013
  8. 8. Structure of the ProtocolPart I: General Provisions – Article 1: General Obligations – Article 2: Definitions (e.g. coastal zone, ICZM) – Article 3: Geographical Coverage – Article 4: Preservation of Rights – Article 5: Objectives of ICZM – Article 6: General Principles of ICZM – Article 7: Co-ordination (vertical, horizontal) First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013
  9. 9. Article 3: Geographical Coverage First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013 Competent coastal units + Territorial sea
  10. 10. Article 5: Objectives of ICZM → para c) ”ensure sustainable use of natural resources, particularly with regard to water use”
  11. 11. Article 9: ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES → 2.(e) Utilization of specific natural resources (iii) to monitor coastal aquifers and dynamic areas of contact or interface between fresh and salt water which may be adversely affected by the extraction of underground water or by discharges into the natural environment Article 10: SPECIFIC COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS → Wetlands and estuaries (preventing disappearance; functions of wetlands/estuaries; measures to regulate; restoration...) First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013
  12. 12. Article 28: TRANSBOUNDARY CO-OPERATION → Parties are requested to co-operate when preparing “their national coastal strategies, plans and programmes related to coastal zones” including coastal aquifers
  13. 13. Instruments for ICZM – Article 16: Monitoring and Observation Mechanisms and Networks – Article 17: Mediterranean Strategy for ICZM – Article 18: National Coastal Strategies, Plans and Programmes – Article 19: Environmental Assessment – Article 20: Land Policy – Article 21: Economic, Financial and Fiscal Instruments First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013
  14. 14. → Transboundary pilot project for Buna/Bojana area (Albania/Montenegro) Demonstration project
  15. 15. Integrative Methodological Framework (IMF) • Need to converge methodologies for coastal, river basins and aquifer/groundwater management • ICZM : WFD : MSFD : MSP…… • Converging methodologies for policy consistent solutions First meeting on the management and protection of coastal wetlands; UNESCO-IHP: Paris 10-11 June 2013
  16. 16. Thank you

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