Andrea Merla's Webinar Presentation


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Andrea Merla's Webinar Presentation

  1. 1. IW:LEARN GLOBAL GROUNDWATER COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE Multiple Dimensions of Groundwater Governance GEF Targets Groundwater – Part 1 Outlook WEBINAR by Lucilla Minelli, Kirstin Conti and Andrea Merla October 17th, 2013
  2. 2. A CRITICAL RESOURCE GROUNDWATER represents 96% of Earth’s unfrozen freshwater
  3. 3. Groundwater Governance aims at ensuring full and long lasting use of groundwater resources and dependent ecosystem services SDG on WATER? Haiti – photo m.miletto WATER SECURITY
  4. 4. The recognition of the role of groundwater in the GEF International Waters Strategy for the GEF 6th Cycle
  5. 5. Groundwater ?
  6. 6. The new proposed International Waters strategy for the 6th GEF replenishment cycle states: “Groundwater governance frameworks remain weak” “There is thus an urgent need for more systematically linking surface and groundwater governance systems and management” “The technical and governance needs are challenging and not yet comprehensively addressed in the existing GEF International Waters portfolio.”
  7. 7. Title of Project F D Countries Status IA/EA Integrated Natural Resources Management in the Baikal Basin Transboundary Ecosystem Protection and Sustainable Use of the Dinaric Karst Aquifer System Protection of the NW Sahara Aquifer System (NWSAS) and related humid zones and ecosystems Russian Federation Mongolia Under Implementation UNDP/ UNESCO Albania, B&H, Croatia, Montenegro Under Implementation UNDP/ UNESCO MedPartnership – Regional Component: Mediterranean Coastal Aquifers sub-Component Algeria, Libya, Tunisia Phase 1 UNEP/ completed. Phase 2 starting implementation OSS Albania, Algeria, B&H, Croatia, Egypt, Lebanon, Libya, Montenegro, Serbia, Tunisia, Turkey Under implementation UNEP/ UNESCO Mainstreaming Groundwater Consideration into the Integrated Management of the Nile River Basin Ethiopia, Egypt, Congo, Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania Under implementation UNDP/ IAEA Formulation of an Action Program for the Integrated Management of the Shared Nubian Aquifer Groundwater and Drought Management in SADC Chad, Egypt, Libya, Sudan Nearing completion UNDP/ IAEA Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe Completed World Bank/ Integrating Watershed and Coastal Area Management in the Small Island Developing States of the Caribbean Environmental Protection and Sustainable Management of the Guarani Aquifer System Bahamas, Trinidad & Tobago. Completed Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Completed Developing Renewable Groundwater Resources in Arid Lands: A Pilot case – The Eastern Desert of Egypt Managing Hydrogeological Risk in the Iullemenden Aquifer System Egypt Completed UNDP/ Cairo Univ. Mali, Niger, Nigeria Completed UNEP/ OSS Enabling countries of the transboundary Syr Darya Basin to make sustainable use of their groundwater potential and subsurface space with consideration to climate variability and change. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, In preparation UNDP/ Uruguay Tajikistan, Uzbekistan SADC UNDPUNEP/ CHEI World Bank/ OAS UNESCO
  8. 8. IW1: Catalyze sustainable management of transboundary water systems by supporting multi- state cooperation through foundational capacity building, targeted research and portfolio learning. PROGRAM 1.1 (90-120 $US): Foster cooperation for sustainable use of transboundary water systems and economic growth. Outcome 1.1.1: Political commitment/shared vision and improved governance demonstrated for joint, ecosystem-based management of 7-9 new transboundary water bodies. Outcome 1.1.2: On-the-ground demonstration actions implemented, such as in water quality, quantity, conjunctive management of groundwater and surface water, fisheries, coastal habitats.
  9. 9. IW 2: Catalyze investments to balance competing water- uses in the management of transboundary surface and groundwater and enhance multi-state cooperation PROGRAM 2. 1 (130-150 $US): Advance Conjunctive Management of Surface and Groundwater Resources Outcome 2.1.1: Improved governance of shared water bodies, including conjunctive management of surface and groundwater through regional institutions and frameworks for cooperation lead to increased environmental and socio-economic benefits. Outcome 2.1.2: Increased management capacity of regional and national institutions to incorporate climate variability and change, including improved capacity for management of floods and droughts.
  10. 10. • Is this enough? • Do these strategies, programs and expected outcomes, address the major global threats to the sustainability of groundwater resources and of their dependent ecosystems? (deepening of the water tables, salinization, nutrients pollution - compounded by the transboundary nature of the resource) • Do they allow consideration of the yet untapped opportunities for the strategic uses of deeper aquifers and of subsurface space? • Will they foster the visibility of this hidden resource, the recognition of its often transboundary nature, and awareness on its vulnerability? • Will they help to unravel the interdependencies linking groundwater, land use, urban development, energy production and mining?
  11. 11. IW:LEARN GLOBAL GROUNDWATER COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE Multiple Dimensions of Groundwater Governance GEF Targets Groundwater – Part 2 Groundwater Governance – A Global Framework for Action WEBINAR by Lucilla Minelli, Kirstin Conti and Andrea Merla October 17th, 2013
  12. 12. Objectives of the project • Bring to the global attention the urgent need for improved governance of groundwater resources • Identify and promote globally valid guiding principles for managing groundwater resources at the country level
  13. 13. Project process and milestones 1. Baseline 2. Diagnostic • Status of groundwater governance 3. Vision • Scientific and technical knowledge, regional and country experiences 4. A global Framework for Action (2014) Policy and institutional guidelines, recommendations, best practices. • A shared vision for groundwater governance
  14. 14. Phase 1. The baseline Objectives  agreement on the scientific and economic issues in relation to groundwater management,  consensus on the scope for future action. Outputs • A working definition of groundwater governance • Case studies exemplifying various socio-economic, geologic and climatic conditions: India, Kenya, South Africa, Algeria, Iran, Libya, Morocco, Near East Region, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Yemen. • 12 Thematic papers synthesizing the current knowledge and experience concerning key economic, policy, institutional, environmental and technical aspects of groundwater management, and address emerging issues and innovative approaches.
  15. 15. Thematic Papers • • Groundwater Governance: Synthesis of Thematic Papers and Case Studies No.1 – Trends in groundwater pollution; trends in loss of groundwater quality and related aquifers services • No.2 - Conjunctive Use and Management of Groundwater and Surface Water • No.3 – Urban-rural tensions; opportunities for co-management • No.4 - Management of aquifer recharge / discharge processes and aquifer equilibrium states • No.5 - Groundwater Policy and Governance • No.6 – Legal framework for sustainable groundwater governance • No.7 – Trends in local groundwater management institutions / user partnerships • No.8 - Social adoption of groundwater pumping technology and the development of groundwater cultures: governance at the point of abstraction • No.9 – Macro-economic trends that influence demand for groundwater and related aquifer services • No.10 - Governance of the subsurface and groundwater frontier • No.11 - Managing the Invisible - Understanding and Improving Groundwater Governance • No.12 - Groundwater and climate change adaptation 
  16. 16. Phase 2. A global groundwater diagnostic Objectives build the technical basis for the visioning process and the Global Framework for Action  make the best scientific and technical knowledge accessible to policy and decision makers Outputs • 5 Regional Consultations to discuss specific challenges and priorities within the different regional contexts • Private Sector Roundtable to explore opportunities for partnerships and information sharing
  17. 17. Regional consultations First Regional Consultation - Latin America and the Caribbean Montevideo, Uruguay - 18-20 April 2012 • Report Second regional consultation: sub-Saharan Africa Nairobi, Kenya - 29-31 May 2012 • Report Third regional consultation: Arab States Amman, Jordan - 8-10 October 2012 • Report Fourth regional consultation: East and South Asia and the Pacific Shijiazhuang, China - 3-5 December 2012 • Report Fifth regional consultation: UNECE Region The Hague, The Netherlands - 19-21 March 2013 • Report
  18. 18. A lot to read!
  19. 19. Private sector roundtable: Public and Private Sector Cooperation The Hague, Netherlands 21 March 2013  capture the views and interests of the private sector  explore opportunities for partnerships and information sharing  Key messages to be incorporated into the project Global Framework for Action.
  20. 20. Phase 3. A vision for groundwater governance and a Global Framework for Action Key policy messages and recommendations directed to leaders in government, the private sector and civil society.  raise political awareness globally of the urgency to improve groundwater governance,  foster precautionary and proactive governance approaches, to prolong the integrity of aquifers and their associated goods and services.
  21. 21. Water security - SDGs Groundwater governance Vision Enabling frameworks Guiding principles Global Diagnostic Framework for action Where are we now Thematic Papers Case Studies Synthesis Paper Regional Consultations Regional Diagnostics
  22. 22. Guiding principles for groundwater management being considered: • Recognize Aquifer Recharge Areas (and Waterwell Capture Zones) to be managed and protected through appropriate land use planning, and enhanced when needed (MAR). • conjunctive management of shallow groundwater systems with the surface water resources with which they naturally interact • Conjunctive management of all groundwater and surface water resources in basin/aquifer systems, small islands, and/or other physical/administrative jurisdictions • managing groundwater quantity and quality on an integrated basis (especially as regards the threat of resource salinization) • investment in measurement and monitoring – groundwater being very cheap to develop but more expensive to manage
  23. 23. Topics being discussed: • Approach to groundwater management both within and outside river-basin organizations • Administration of subsurface space for construction and other uses (mainly in urban areas) • Dealing with the use of non-renewable groundwater resources • Handling transboundary aquifers and groundwater flow, as an opportunity for international collaboration and synergy • Need for neutral repositories of subsurface information and groundwater resources • A range of positions on the ‘socioeconomic developmental cycle’ from needing managed groundwater resource development to requiring action to make current resource use levels sustainable
  24. 24. How should the Vision be structured for maximum reach and impact? How closely should the Vision be linked with the Sustainable Development Goal process? Are there any particular issues you consider essential to a global groundwater Vision? What are the priority actions for the Framework? Any suggestions for how we can increase project visibility (and the importance of improved groundwater governance) both inside and outside the “groundwater box?”
  25. 25. WATER SECURITY Thank you!