2.iwrm sids project - groundwater 6-7may2014


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third groundwater integration dialogue

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  • Component 2: IWRM and WUE Indicator Framework and
    Outcome 2.1:
    IWRM and WUE indicators, baselines, targets and monitoring protocols discussed, agreed and adopted into long-term monitoring programs at national and ‘regional’ levels

    Component 3: Policy, Legislative and Institutional Reforms
    for IWRM and WUE
    Outcome 3.1:
    SIDS employ new plans, policy tools and approaches in implementing IWRM commitments

    Component 4: Capacity Building, Learning, Knowledge
    Exchange, & Replication
    Outcome 4.1:
    Strengthened capacity allows stakeholders and institutions in SIDS to fulfil their role in local, national and regional IWRM processes and exchange best practices Awareness created on roles and responsibilities of IWRM across governments, civil society, education systems and
    private sector
    4.1.2 Targeted trainings and communications platform strengthen stakeholder groups’ capacity to fulfil mandate in IWRM, including apex bodies and water champions (men and women)
    4.1.3 Twinning or exchange programmes promote learning and transfer of experience in support of IWRM implementation
    4.1.4 Replicable practices from demonstration projects and national IWRM processes identified and promoted
  • 2.iwrm sids project - groundwater 6-7may2014

    1. 1. In 6 Island States 3rd UNESCO/GEF IW: LEARN GROUNDWATER ITEGRATION DIALOGUE “MANAGING GROUNDWATER IN COASTAL AREAS AND SIDS” 6-7 MAY 2014 Implementing Integrated Water Resource and Wastewater Management in Atlantic and Indian Ocean SIDS: Early Lessons from Participatory IWRM Planning Daniel Nzyuko, Results & Knowledge Management
    2. 2. Small Island Developing States (SIDS) share geographically similar features and fundamentally similar problems with regard to water resource management. These include and not limited to;  land-based sources of pollution,  Groundwater & aquifer management; demand management  Household water supply and wastewater management  Agriculture consumption and agricultural pollution (e.g. fertilizer runoff)  Industrial consumption and pollution  Saline intrusion  Coastal erosion / protection and stabilization of coastlines  Natural resource base - limited  Capacity constraints (Human, Financial, Institutional challenges) BACKGROUND
    3. 3.  In acknowledgment of the vulnerability and the particular needs of SIDS, the project on implementing integrated water resources and wastewater management in Atlantic and Indian Oceans SIDS (AIO IWRM) was formulated to address sustainable water management in the six participating SIDS.  Duration: four (4) year (up to 2016)  Financing: by Global Environment Facility through UNEP and UNDP,  2 Implementing agencies  UNDP (C1 – Demonstration Project)  UNEP (C2 IWRM Indicator Framework, C3 Policy, C4.Capacity and awareness)  Executing agency  UNOPS  UNOPS W&E/Copenhagen– for UNDP/C1 demonstration project  UNOPS KEOH/ Nairobi – for UNEP/C2-C4 Project Coordination Unit – based at UNEP DEPI, Nairobi (composed of 3 staff) BACKGROUND
    4. 4. 6 participating countries: IWRM – SIDS PARTNER COUNTRIES  Atlantic Ocean Cape Verde Sao Tome and Principe  Indian Ocean Comoros Maldives Mauritius Seychelles
    5. 5.  Goal of Project: To contribute to sustainable development in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans Small Island Developing States (SIDS) through improvements in water resource and environmental management;  The overall Objective is to ‘accelerate progress on WSSD targets and IWRM and WUE plans and water supply and sanitation MDGs for the protection and utilization of groundwater and surface water in the participating countries’. OBJECTIVES
    6. 6. 4 overall project components:  Component 1: Demonstration of Integrated water resource management (IWRM) and Water Use efficiency (WUE) – based on demonstration project (for example in Maldives; in the Island of AA Thoddoo)  Component 2: IWRM and WUE Indicator Framework and Monitoring (National and Regional) Component 3: Policy, legislative and institutional reform for IWRM and WUE  Component 4: Capacity Building, Learning, Knowledge  Exchange, & Replication NB: Presentation will focus on early lessons in C1 (Demo projects) PROJECT COMPONENTS
    7. 7.  Based on the National Diagnostic Analysis & Hotspot Analysis in 2009 & 2010  The main thrust is focus on country-driven and designed demonstration activities focusing on sustainable water management based on IWRM approaches to bring significant environmental stress reduction benefits.  Groundwater and aquifer protection was a national priority in 4 out 6 participating countries – demonstrating the significance of GW in SIDS  Rationale of the demo project is to address these key national priorities based on ground intervention embracing IWRM - to demonstration benefits of IWRM application, and therefore create an appeal for their adoption at national and regional level RATIONALE FOR DEMO PROJECT
    8. 8. Development and Implementation of Targeted Demonstrations in IWRM and WUE  Cape Verde: Protection of groundwater resources, stabilization of coastal terrains - integrated planning and management of wastewater collection, treatment and reuse  Comoros: Water resource assessment and protection through IWRM planning & management  Maldives: Protection of a freshwater lens from salinization and agro- chemical pollution, with improved drought season aquifer yields  Mauritius: Protection and sustainable utilization of the Northern Aquifer  Sao Tome & Principe: Integrated River basin management to enable equitable water resources allocation and protection  Seychelles: Protection of a coastal aquifer through integrated land and water management measures DEMO PROJECT – COUNTRY FOCUS /PRIORITIES
    9. 9. Given the context (highly vulnerable ecosystem, limited capacity, fragmented efforts/interventions in most countries) and need to demonstration benefits of IWRM, the project designed a participatory IWRM planning (PIP) workshops in each country at the onset of the project to initiate participatory planning and implementation. Design of PIP workshops: Host by lead Government institution, bringing together all stakeholders / Multi-sectoral: water, agriculture, tourism, municipalities, Public health, Island authorities / councils, NGOs, Community representatives, etc in discussion table. PARTICIPATORY IWRM PLANNING (PIP)
    10. 10.  3-days workshop, 1st day was dedicated to facilitated training on basic IWRM principles, participatory M&E, communication, IWRM&gender,etc; - in the context of the specific demonstration project focus eg – groundwater, demand management, integrated watershed mgt, etc). Day 2-3 focused on participatory planning Established partnership with UNDP CapNet (capacity building on sustainable water resource management) to co- facilitate with Regional PCU. PARTICIPATORY IWRM PLANNING (PIP)
    11. 11.  In all the countries (except Mauritius which is yet to hold the PIP workshop), the workshops which was designed to focus on demonstration project level stakeholders turned out to be a national level consultation on water issues (with both vertical and horizontal integration - cross-sectoral and all levels, city mayors, water managers, university researchers, water service providers, top Island authority leadership, etc);  The workshops secured national media attention (prime time news –see links at https://www.aio-iwrm.org)  Empowerment and foundation for IWRM approach: the facilitated training did only serve lay foundation for IWRM approach and focus in planning, implementation – but significantly served to provoke informed consultation, active engagement and open dialogues. KEY ISSUES AND LESSONS FROM PARTICIPATORY IWRM PLANNING (PIP)
    12. 12.  In almost all workshops, while it was admitted that it was not the 1st water intervention, neither first 1WRM project, but it was evidently appreciated that the approach to embrace and empower stakeholders at the onset for active participation in planning and discussing stakeholders roles demonstrated open wiliness and transparency to that is required to mobilize coordination within the water sector  Following the PIP workshop consultation and planning, the challenges of lack of coordination and fragmented efforts were apparent and the need to establish coordination platform was natural conclusion. So far, interim coordination structures are in place within framework of mandated institutions. Within a fairly short time within the framework of the coordination platform, many other water related initiatives which were not foreseen are coming up; eg. In Comoros, the Governor of the Island of Mutsamundu (demo site) is mobilizing the military to participate in river cleaning activities, KEY ISSUES AND LESSONS FROM PARTICIPATORY IWRM PLANNING (PIP)
    13. 13. Summary of key lessons: 1. Empowering stakeholders (through training, information sharing, etc) is essential for active and engaged participation in addressing water issues in general, and in SIDS in particular. 1. A coordinated cross-sectoral approach, embracing stakeholders at all levels is vital to secure practical and sustainable solution to vulnerable groundwater resources in SIDS; 1. There is dire need to raise critical level of capacity within the SIDS (for practitioners, water managers and trainers) on IWRM with SIDS orientation/context – to drive in development of IWRM road maps and their executions. The Minister in charge of water resources in Maldives “ we need IWRM capacity development for our engineers and water managers to realize our Government agenda on IWRM”, 12 March 2014. KEY ISSUES AND LESSONS FROM PARTICIPATORY IWRM PLANNING (PIP)
    14. 14.  Opportunities 1. Practical opportunities to demonstrate results in SIDS context due to their non-complex set up, 2. opportunities to mobilize and secure high level support (at national level). 3. Need and opportunities to establish partnerships for mobilization of financial resources for water interventions in SIDS, but these needs to be brought in the key discussion platforms / forums; 4. Opportunity to capitalize on the International year of SIDS to mobilize special attention of the global community on significance of groundwater resources for the SIDS – how can this dialogue contribute to that? KEY ISSUES AND LESSONS FROM PARTICIPATORY IWRM PLANNING (PIP)
    15. 15. For more information, please visit the project website at: https://www.aio-iwrm.org Results and Knowledge Management Specialist: Daniel Nzyuko, danielnz@unops.org THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!!