Wendy Hui Kyong Chun ‘ Control and Freedom’ Power and the paranoia in the age of fiber optics '
Control Society F lexibility C odes M odulations Potential health risks Prisoners with more freedom of movement, more precise tracking Discipline Society C onfinement Mass individuation M olds P atients Four-walled prison VS
Control Society User Freedom Discipline Society Subject Liberty VS
<ul><li>The two ways a user is controlled: </li></ul><ul><li>a part of a two-way system that she's often not aware of </li></ul><ul><li>is proliferating images of herself that she can't control </li></ul>
Key ideas: Control-freedom as techno-determinist critique a. theory-come-true moments
Key ideas: Control freedom as techno-determinist critique b. technology as solution to political problems
Key Ideas: Software Myth ‘Software cannot be physically separated from hardware, only ideologically’ (Chun, 2006: 19)
Key ideas: Software Myth Kindle example (tethered devices)
Key Ideas: Sexuality Power relations in this control-freedom coupling in the context of fiber-optic networks, for Chun, are often experienced through sexuality.
Total freedom Paranoid view of online surveillance
National Security Agency (NSA) and Data-mining Give feeling of freedom Controling your freedom
DISCUSSION What now? How can we come up with a useful ratio between power and freedom? Software as ideology Can we swallow that software doesn't exist? (a materialist reduction similar to neurobiologists (Heinz von Foerster) and roboticists (Rodney Brooks and Lynn Stein). Freedom-control dynamic debate -Galloway: the founding principle of the net is control - protocological control – freedom resides in possibility of resistance (counter-protocol) -Chun: openness in these protocols can point towards a certain freedom.