Romanticism
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  • 1. Romanticism Dr. Gerald R. Lucas
  • 2. Revolt of the Spirit The Age of Revolutions The Age of Imagination The Power of Nature Rediscovered Symbolism & Myth The Man of Feeling (The Hero-Artist)
  • 3. Eugène Delacroix “Liberty Leading the People” (1830)
  • 4. The Age of Revolt American Revolution (1776) French Revolution (1789) Upheavals in political, economic, and social traditions Reform how we see the world in the arts Rejects (generally) absolute systems
  • 5. Eugène Delacroix “The Death of Sardanapalus” (1828)
  • 6. Imagination Elevated to a primary position Displaced the supremacy of reason Is the primary facility for creating art Links humans with nature and divinity Creates the world around us Allows us to reconcile differences and opposites Emphasizes intuition, instincts, and feelings
  • 7. Peder Balke “Nordkap” (18340)
  • 8. Nature Is a work of art Is constructed by a divine imagination Is a healing power Is a source of subject and image Is a refuge from the artificial constructs of civilization Is an organically unified whole Is the opposite of the scientific mechanical Allows for meditation and contemplation
  • 9. Symbolism & Myth Simultaneously suggest many things Express the inexpressible Links the present to the past Aligned with the Middle Ages and the Baroque Looked to the exotic Re-envisioned the everyday
  • 10. William Wordsworth Preface to Lyrical Ballads “The real language of men in a state of vivid sensation” “All good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” “Emotion recollected in tranquility” & “a complex feeling of delight”
  • 11. Poetry Became free of Neoclassicism’s mechanical rules Became bold, rather than restrained Became suggestive, rather than precisely clear Became experimental, rather than consigned to rules of composition and genre Emphasized the feelings of the individual artist as creator (1st-person lyric)
  • 12. Individual Expression Illuminated what was within the individual, not the external world Direct thoughts of the poet Development of the poet's mind the artist becomes hero
  • 13. The Individual Is emphasized — the unique, the eccentric Opposed the typology of Neoclassicism Becomes the “hero-artist” Heaven-stormers & Outcasts Must create his/her own way to live