The Sunni-Shiite conflict

Uploaded on


More in: Spiritual
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • عرض كله أغاليط و معلومات مضروبة لا أساس لها من الصحة، أراد صاحبها الطعن في الإسلام بصورة أساسية ثم التعرض لأهل السنة و الجماعة بشكل خاص. و في هذا العرض يبدو واضحا الميل للتشيع و لا ريب أن يكون صاحب هذا العرض إما مواليا للشيعة أو مدعيا موالاتهم و هو نصراني حاقد . لا بارك الله فيك على عملك هذا و أسأل الله أن تجده في صفحتك يوم القيامة ليسود أعمالك. عليك من الله ما تستحق.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • The most erroneous and confused slide I have ever read about what is so-called Sunni-Shiite conflict. No wonder westerners are mocking us, because of such distortions and misconceptions revealed through the net. Uploader of this slide : You are completely wrong and misleaded!
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • thank you for the slideshow! much appreciated!
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • Your slide is very good.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here

    PORTLAND, OR—Nearly four years into the war in Iraq, local sales representative Howard Morrison finally conceded that it was probably time to just pick up a newspaper and figure out what distinguishes Sunni Muslims from Shiite Muslims.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. The Sunni-Shiite Conflict By Adam Fay
  • 2. The Sunni Muslims
    • Largest denomination of Islam
    • They are referred to as Ahl ul-Sunna
      • Means “People of Tradition”
    • Sunni Comes from Arabic word Sunna
      • Means the tradition of Muhammad
  • 3. Sunni Beliefs
    • Sunni 5 Pillars of Islam
      • Shahadah- Profession of faith
      • Salat- Prayer
      • Zakat- Paying of alms (giving to the poor)
      • Swam- Fasting during Ramadan
      • Hajj- Pilgrimage to Mecca
    • 6 Articles of Belief
      • Belief in God
      • Belief in all prophets
      • Belief in all the books
      • Belief in the Angels
      • Belief in the day of Judgment
      • Belief in destiny
  • 4. The Shiite Muslims
    • Second largest denomination of Islam
    • Follows strictly family of Muhammad’s teaching
    • Sunnis believe Shiites deviate from Muhammad’s teachings
  • 5.
    • Roots of Religion
      • Tawid - The oneness of God
      • Adalah - The justice of God
      • Nubuwwah- God’s prophets and messengers are perfect
      • Imamah- God appointed specific leaders
      • Qiyama- God will judge the world
    • Branches of Religion
      • Salat- 5 daily prayers
      • Swam- Fasting during the month of Ramadan
      • Hajj- The pilgrimage to Mecca
    Shiite Beliefs
  • 6.
      • Zakaat- Paying money to the poor
      • Khums- Paying 20% tax
      • Jihad- Struggle to please God
      • Amr-Bil-Ma’ruf- Enjoy the look
      • Nahi-Anil-Munkar- Forbid the evil
      • Tawalla- To love the holy family
      • Tabarra- To not associate with enemies of holy family
    Shiite Beliefs cont.
  • 7. Main Differences
    • Leading After Muhammad
      • Sunni belief in the first 4 Caliphs rightful succession to Muhammad
      • Shiite believe that heirs of 4 th Caliph only rightful successors of Muhammad
    • The next Caliph leader
      • Sunni- Next Caliphate yet to be seen in history
      • Shiite- Caliphate has been seen and will return
  • 8. Why Is There A Conflict?
    • Divide between Sunni and Shiite happened after Muhammad’s death
      • Sunni want to elect most capable of followers
      • Shiite wanted leader to stay within Muhammad’s family
    • Shiites don’t follow elected leaders of Islam
      • Follow self elected Imams said to be chosen by God
    • Sunnis are more democratic and Shiites are religiously run
  • 9. The Conflict
    • How did the violence start?
      • In 656, Ali’s supporters (Shiites) killed the third Caliph. Soon after, the Sunnis killed Ali’s son Husain.
    • Violence Broke out
      • Sunnis and Shiites fought- Sunnis won
      • After defeat Shiites focused on developing religious beliefs through Imams (descendents of Ali)
    • Ironic because both sects are considered religious brethren
      • Founded on same principles and follow many of same laws
  • 10. The Conflict Today
    • Been escalating since U.S.-Iraq war started in 2003
      • Got worse when new Iraq gov’t and constitution ratified
    • Sunnis committing mass killings of Shiites
      • Suicide bombers, car bombings, death squad killings
    • Shiite leaders urged people to stay calm even if mass killings occurred
      • Calmness ended after Sunni bombing of Shiite shrine in Samara
  • 11. The Conflict Today
    • United Nations labels Sunni-Shiite conflict in 2006 civil-war.
    • Recent study estimates 601,000 Iraqi deaths caused by conflict
      • Less than 1/3 of deaths from coalition forces
    • Many murders and killings committed by Iraqi police
      • More loyal to Shiite militias then the government
        • Shiite militias have massive power in Baghdad
      • Won’t investigate because police are ones committing crimes
  • 12. Timeline of Recent Conflict
    • 2003:
      • August 29 th , suicide car bombing of Imam Mali mosque
    • 2004:
      • February 28 th , twin suicide bombing killed 117
      • April 21 st , suicide bombing kills 73 people including 17 children
    • 2005:
      • February 28 th , suicide car bomb kills 125 in Shiite town of Hilla, deadliest single blast in Iraq history
      • September 14 th , bombing kills 114 and Sunni leader wages all out war against Shiites
    • 2006:
      • Dozens of bombings increase as violence escalates heavily
      • Curfew in place to help stop violence
  • 13. Documentary on Conflict