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4.5 Pour la traçabilité des produits alimentaires
 

4.5 Pour la traçabilité des produits alimentaires

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4.5 Pour la traçabilité des produits alimentaires 4.5 Pour la traçabilité des produits alimentaires Presentation Transcript

  • Geomatics applications for European regions in GRISI+ New opportunities for the traceability of agricultural products 3 rd GRISI Capitalisation Meeting June 24-25, 2008 – Toulouse - France Buffet D., Oger R. [email_address]
  • CRA-W Presentation
    • The Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W) is a government-funded multidisciplinary research institution affiliated with the Agricultural Administration of Ministry of the Walloon Region (Belgium). It employs about 520 persons including more than 120 scientists.
    • CRA-W expertises in the frame of GRISI+
      • Geographical Traceability of agricultural products
        • Development of the concept in two European projects
        • Validation in the European PETER Project
      • Spatial Data Infrastructures & Geo-Portals
        • Information systems & integrative ICT
        • for spatial analyses (B-CGMS, REQUACARTO, PESTEAUX…) .
        • Single Point of Contact (SPOC) for the Belgian INSPIRE committee.
      • Rural development and agri-environmental schemes
        • Monitoring of agri-environmental measures using RS (SAGRIWATEL, ORFEO…) .
  • Context
    • Agricultural products mean “products of the soil, of stock farming and of fisheries and products of first-stage processing directly related to these products” (Article 32 of the EC treaty)
    • Traceability is defined as the “ability to retrace the history, the use or the location of a given item”. when referred to a product, it relates to its origin and the general context of production.
      • In GRISI+,
      • traceability means the ability to retrieve
      • the geographical information about the origin and
      • the territorial identity of an agricultural product.
  • Demands identified in previous INTERREG projects
    • Demands from Regions for tools and services:
      • To promote the production of regional agricultural product allowing an integrated form of rural development taking into account the multi-functional nature of agriculture , environmental constraints and social needs in a context of widespread change in the agriculture sector and the Regions.
      • To develop, preserve and valorise local particularities and territorial identity for biodiversity conservation and rural development.
  • Demands identified in previous INTERREG projects (count.)
    • Demands from agro-food sectors for geographical data, tools and services:
      • To promote local and traditional products and to certify product quality and origin in order to adapt to new market conditions and consumer demands while allowing for a better traceability.
      • To better characterise , protect and valorise regional products. Specific chemical and physical characteristics of the territory influence the quality and properties (e.g. organoleptic) of food products.
  • Demands identified in previous INTERREG projects (count.)
    • Dual-demands from Regions and agro-food sectors for common and harmonised trans-regional information, tools and services:
      • To strengthen cooperation of European regions through the share of tools and approaches on traceability in the agro-food sectors.
      • To promote cross-sectorial activities to enhance the complementary nature of rural development and the promotion of agricultural products in the European regions.
      • To promote food quality and reinforce market differentiation in specific value chains, and thus become a strategic component of rural development policies .
  • Demands identified in previous INTERREG projects (count.)
    • Demands from customers for transparency and credibility:
      • To allow the geographical origin certification and authentication of the products and their components.
      • To verify specific quality and production practices in relation with the natural and cultural heritage in the region.
  • Available EU tools
    • EU Labelling systems
      • In 1992, the European Union created PDO ( Protected Designation of Origin ), PGI ( Protected Geographical Indication ) and TSG ( Traditional Speciality Guaranteed ) labels to promote and protect local food products.
      • They convey information in a simple manner and enable consumers to distinguish products within the same class.
  • Limits of available EU tools
    • Consumers are not very well informed to their significance : an Eurobarometer study on consumer knowledge and perceptions of PDO products found that many consumers do not know what it means…
    • Other motivations must be reinforced such as taste, quality and perceived food safety which is related to geographical traceability (Gerz & Dupont 2006, GeoTraceAgri 2004) .
    • Quality certification schemes should increase transparency by placing specifications on the internet, making them accessible to the press & public ( EU Commission DG for Agriculture conclusions from Food Quality certification Conference, Feb. 2007 ).
    • Regions needs tools f or the development of indicators and base line information for the assessment of geographical indications contributions to socio-economic, environmental, health and cultural objectives.
  • GRISI+ contributions
    • Exchange regional experiences to answer these respective demands:
      • To promote creative partnership between traceability, food labelling and certification origin with spatial information and geomatics.
      • To strengthen cooperation of European regions through the share of tools and approaches
    • Identify and facilitate the transfer of harmonised best practices :
      • For the implementation of simple traceability systems and labelling systems to characterise and protect local agricultural product in Sustainable Rural Development using information from Regional SDI.
      • To contribute to GI development by increasing geographical and biological information in labeling.
      • To increase understanding of consumer perception of products and sustainability in region using GeoPortal and ITC.