4.5 Pour la traçabilité des produits alimentaires


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  • 4.5 Pour la traçabilité des produits alimentaires

    1. 1. Geomatics applications for European regions in GRISI+ New opportunities for the traceability of agricultural products 3 rd GRISI Capitalisation Meeting June 24-25, 2008 – Toulouse - France Buffet D., Oger R. [email_address]
    2. 2. CRA-W Presentation <ul><li>The Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W) is a government-funded multidisciplinary research institution affiliated with the Agricultural Administration of Ministry of the Walloon Region (Belgium). It employs about 520 persons including more than 120 scientists. </li></ul><ul><li>CRA-W expertises in the frame of GRISI+ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical Traceability of agricultural products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development of the concept in two European projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Validation in the European PETER Project </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial Data Infrastructures & Geo-Portals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information systems & integrative ICT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for spatial analyses (B-CGMS, REQUACARTO, PESTEAUX…) . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Single Point of Contact (SPOC) for the Belgian INSPIRE committee. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural development and agri-environmental schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring of agri-environmental measures using RS (SAGRIWATEL, ORFEO…) . </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Context <ul><li>Agricultural products mean “products of the soil, of stock farming and of fisheries and products of first-stage processing directly related to these products” (Article 32 of the EC treaty) </li></ul><ul><li>Traceability is defined as the “ability to retrace the history, the use or the location of a given item”. when referred to a product, it relates to its origin and the general context of production. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In GRISI+, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>traceability means the ability to retrieve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the geographical information about the origin and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the territorial identity of an agricultural product. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Demands identified in previous INTERREG projects <ul><li>Demands from Regions for tools and services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote the production of regional agricultural product allowing an integrated form of rural development taking into account the multi-functional nature of agriculture , environmental constraints and social needs in a context of widespread change in the agriculture sector and the Regions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To develop, preserve and valorise local particularities and territorial identity for biodiversity conservation and rural development. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Demands identified in previous INTERREG projects (count.) <ul><li>Demands from agro-food sectors for geographical data, tools and services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote local and traditional products and to certify product quality and origin in order to adapt to new market conditions and consumer demands while allowing for a better traceability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To better characterise , protect and valorise regional products. Specific chemical and physical characteristics of the territory influence the quality and properties (e.g. organoleptic) of food products. </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Demands identified in previous INTERREG projects (count.) <ul><li>Dual-demands from Regions and agro-food sectors for common and harmonised trans-regional information, tools and services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To strengthen cooperation of European regions through the share of tools and approaches on traceability in the agro-food sectors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote cross-sectorial activities to enhance the complementary nature of rural development and the promotion of agricultural products in the European regions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote food quality and reinforce market differentiation in specific value chains, and thus become a strategic component of rural development policies . </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Demands identified in previous INTERREG projects (count.) <ul><li>Demands from customers for transparency and credibility: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To allow the geographical origin certification and authentication of the products and their components. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To verify specific quality and production practices in relation with the natural and cultural heritage in the region. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Available EU tools <ul><li>EU Labelling systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1992, the European Union created PDO ( Protected Designation of Origin ), PGI ( Protected Geographical Indication ) and TSG ( Traditional Speciality Guaranteed ) labels to promote and protect local food products. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They convey information in a simple manner and enable consumers to distinguish products within the same class. </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Limits of available EU tools <ul><li>Consumers are not very well informed to their significance : an Eurobarometer study on consumer knowledge and perceptions of PDO products found that many consumers do not know what it means… </li></ul><ul><li>Other motivations must be reinforced such as taste, quality and perceived food safety which is related to geographical traceability (Gerz & Dupont 2006, GeoTraceAgri 2004) . </li></ul><ul><li>Quality certification schemes should increase transparency by placing specifications on the internet, making them accessible to the press & public ( EU Commission DG for Agriculture conclusions from Food Quality certification Conference, Feb. 2007 ). </li></ul><ul><li>Regions needs tools f or the development of indicators and base line information for the assessment of geographical indications contributions to socio-economic, environmental, health and cultural objectives. </li></ul>
    10. 10. GRISI+ contributions <ul><li>Exchange regional experiences to answer these respective demands: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote creative partnership between traceability, food labelling and certification origin with spatial information and geomatics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To strengthen cooperation of European regions through the share of tools and approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify and facilitate the transfer of harmonised best practices : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For the implementation of simple traceability systems and labelling systems to characterise and protect local agricultural product in Sustainable Rural Development using information from Regional SDI. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To contribute to GI development by increasing geographical and biological information in labeling. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To increase understanding of consumer perception of products and sustainability in region using GeoPortal and ITC. </li></ul></ul>