1. The Simple PresentTenseIntroduction, Objective and Usage
2. INTRODUCTION• One of the most important tenses to master when learning English as a second language is the Simple Present Tense. It is used in most of our conversations especially when we talk about our daily routines, habits and regular activities. Because of this fact, it is essential to use it correctly in order to express ourselves clearly and maintain a good communication with other people transmitting our ideas naturally with clarity and spontaneity.
3. OBJECTIVE• At the end of the class, students will be able to use the Simple Present Tense in different kinds of statements such as affirmative, negative and questions. Students will also be able to learn and apply the rules concerning the third person singular which will lead them to communicate efficiently.
4. The Simple Present Tense• The Simple Present Tense – Usage• The Simple Present Tense is used when we talk about our daily routine, For example the activities we do every day at home, at school or at work; Also, we use it to talk about our habits and other activities that we do regularly.
5. The Simple Present Tense• Examples:• Affirmative Sentences•S + V + P•I wake up at 6:00 a.m.•I take a shower for ten minutes.•I go to school at 7:00 a.m.• I take guitar lessons on Saturdays.
6. Third person singular rules• When the subject of our sentence includes the person: he, she or it, we should make some changes and apply “s”, “es” or “ies” to verb.• If the verb finishes in s, z, x, sh, ch, or the vowel “o” we should add: “es”. Examples:•S + V + P• He kisses the baby• She watches TV every afternoon.• Luis goes to the movies on Saturdays
7. • If the verb finishes in a consonant + y, then we need to eliminate the “y” and write “ies”• Examples• S + V + P• The baby (cry) cries every night.• Clara (clarify) clarifies her doubts during the class.
8. Negative Statements• When using negative statements within our sentences, we have to include the auxiliary do/does + Not before the verb, and the verb will always remain in base form. We use the auxiliary do with the subject pronouns (I, you, we, they), and we use the auxiliary does with the subject pronouns (he, she, it: third person singular
9. EXAMPLES• S + do/does + Not + V + P• I do not use internet at home.• She does not speak Italian.• We do not play soccer on Mondays.•• Every time we use the auxiliaries do not or does not we can also use the contraction don´t or doesn´t. However, contractions are more frequently used when speaking.
10. Yes/ No Questions• When making Yes/ No questions we have to place the auxiliary do/ does at the beginning of the sentence. Remembering that we use the auxiliary do with the subject pronouns (I, you, we, they), and we use the auxiliary does with the subject pronouns (he, she, it: third person singular).• Examples• Aux do/does + S + V + P?• Do you speak English?• Does he play the piano?• Does the teacher use the Tics in class?
11. • When we want to answer these questions we use Short answers which include the answers yes or no, the subject, and the same auxiliary of the question (which can be affirmative or negative depending on the answer).• Aux do/does + S + V + P ? Short Answers• Do you speak English? Yes, I do/ No, I don´t• Does he play the piano? Yes, he does /No, he doesn´t• Does the teacher use the Tics in class? Yes, he does / No, she doesn´t
12. Information Questions• When making Yes/ No questions we have to follow the same pattern from the yes/no questions including any WH word at the beginning. These WH words can be: what, when, where, why, which and how. Examples:• WH + aux do/does + S + V + P?• What do they study?• Where does she live?• How do you feel today?• These questions can be answered with an affirmative statement. For example:• They study Business Administration• She lives in Bethania.• I feel very good, thank you.• Assignment: Interview another student. Ask him/ her questions bout his/her daily routine.