Shoe and boot prints are usually called footprints, although a bare footprint could have toe prints just like fingerprints. On hard surfaces, footprints of any kind can be developed and lifted like fingerprints. But impressions in soft material like mud can provide greater detail of the original shoe.
Even if a clever criminal has left no fingerprints, footprints or DNA, they may have used a tool when carrying out their crime. It might be a jemmy to force open a door or break a padlock, or even a weapon used to strike a victim or saw to cut up a corpse.