Breathing<br />
What we are learning about<br />The structure of the lungs (L4)<br />How the lungs work ( L5)<br />Breathing problems (L6)...
Why we are learning this<br />Many people have breathing problems<br />If you go without oxygen for 4 minutes your brain w...
starter<br />In your groups of three <br />
In your groups….Think of a reason why<br />an old man was gasping for breath.<br />  <br />  <br />a boy’s heart was beati...
Think of a reason why<br />an old man was gasping for breath.<br />(Possible answers: he has been exercising; his lungs ar...
Previous work<br />Inhaled and exhaled air<br />Respiration<br />
Previous work<br />Inhaled and exhaled air<br />- more carbon dioxide and water exhaled<br />Respiration<br />- produces E...
Gases table<br />
Some Possible answers if your group are stuck<br />Water vapour<br />Nitrogen<br />Rare gases<br />20<br />0.04<br />1 <br...
Gases table<br />
LUNG STRUCTURE<br />TRACHEA<br />RIB<br />BRONCHUS<br />ALVEOLI<br />DIAPHRAGM<br />
Breathing<br />When your muscles change the size of your lungs.  <br />Ventilation<br />The movement of air into and out o...
Inhaling and exhaling<br />Inhaling<br />The ribs move UP and the diaphragm moves DOWN.<br />Exhaling<br />The diaphragm m...
Lung volume<br />Tidal volume – how much usually breathe in and out<br />- how do you think this changes when you exercise...
Where does gas exchange occur?<br />The alveolimake gas exchange in lungs happen easily and efficiently.<br />They have mo...
How do the gases move?<br />The gases move by diffusion.<br />Diffusion is where gases move from high concentration to low...
Why are the lungs so good?<br />absorbing oxygen into and releasing carbon dioxide from the blood in the lungs is called g...
keywords<br />Trachea (WINDPIPE)<br />Bronchus<br />Bronchi<br />Alveolus<br />Alveoli (AIR SACS)<br />Diaphragm<br />
Breathing/respiration/ventilation is…<br />a process involving muscles which change the size of the thorax,<br />the movem...
Breathing/respiration/ventilation is…<br />a process involving muscles which change the size of the thorax,<br />breathing...
Breathing and respiration activity<br />Groups 1-4  complete sheet 2<br />Groups 5-8 complete sheet 1<br />
Loop cards<br />In your groups of three<br />The cards have a word and a meaning for another word<br />Find that word<br /...
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Breathing

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Breathing

  1. 1. Breathing<br />
  2. 2. What we are learning about<br />The structure of the lungs (L4)<br />How the lungs work ( L5)<br />Breathing problems (L6)<br />
  3. 3. Why we are learning this<br />Many people have breathing problems<br />If you go without oxygen for 4 minutes your brain will die<br />
  4. 4. starter<br />In your groups of three <br />
  5. 5. In your groups….Think of a reason why<br />an old man was gasping for breath.<br />  <br />  <br />a boy’s heart was beating very fast.<br /> <br />
  6. 6. Think of a reason why<br />an old man was gasping for breath.<br />(Possible answers: he has been exercising; his lungs are not working properly; he has emphysema; there is not much oxygen in the air for him to breathe.)<br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br />a boy’s heart was beating very fast. What could have caused this? <br />(Possible answers: he has been exercising; he is nervous/ anxious/worried; his body is starved of oxygen; he is using a medication such as a salbutamol inhaler; he has been taking some illegal drugs or drunk very strong coffee.)<br /> <br />
  7. 7. Previous work<br />Inhaled and exhaled air<br />Respiration<br />
  8. 8. Previous work<br />Inhaled and exhaled air<br />- more carbon dioxide and water exhaled<br />Respiration<br />- produces ENERGY, carbon dioxide and water<br />- uses oxygen and glucose<br />
  9. 9. Gases table<br />
  10. 10. Some Possible answers if your group are stuck<br />Water vapour<br />Nitrogen<br />Rare gases<br />20<br />0.04<br />1 <br />Waste<br />
  11. 11. Gases table<br />
  12. 12. LUNG STRUCTURE<br />TRACHEA<br />RIB<br />BRONCHUS<br />ALVEOLI<br />DIAPHRAGM<br />
  13. 13. Breathing<br />When your muscles change the size of your lungs. <br />Ventilation<br />The movement of air into and out of your lungs<br />
  14. 14. Inhaling and exhaling<br />Inhaling<br />The ribs move UP and the diaphragm moves DOWN.<br />Exhaling<br />The diaphragm moves up and the ribs move down <br />
  15. 15. Lung volume<br />Tidal volume – how much usually breathe in and out<br />- how do you think this changes when you exercise? <br />Vital capacity –amount of air can force out of lungs <br />
  16. 16. Where does gas exchange occur?<br />The alveolimake gas exchange in lungs happen easily and efficiently.<br />They have moist, thin walls<br />They give the lungs a really big surface area<br />They have a lot of tiny blood vessels called capillaries.<br />
  17. 17. How do the gases move?<br />The gases move by diffusion.<br />Diffusion is where gases move from high concentration to low concentration:<br />Oxygen diffuses from air in the alveoli into the blood.<br />Carbon dioxide diffuses from the blood into the air in the alveoli.<br />Capillary<br />
  18. 18. Why are the lungs so good?<br />absorbing oxygen into and releasing carbon dioxide from the blood in the lungs is called gas exchange<br />The air sacs and capillaries have thin walls<br />The 150 million alveoli in each lung give ahuge surface area of about 100 m2.<br />
  19. 19. keywords<br />Trachea (WINDPIPE)<br />Bronchus<br />Bronchi<br />Alveolus<br />Alveoli (AIR SACS)<br />Diaphragm<br />
  20. 20. Breathing/respiration/ventilation is…<br />a process involving muscles which change the size of the thorax,<br />the movement of air into and out of the lungs<br />a cellular process used to release energy.<br />Respiration breathing ventilation <br />
  21. 21. Breathing/respiration/ventilation is…<br />a process involving muscles which change the size of the thorax,<br />breathing <br />the movement of air into and out of the lungs<br />ventilation <br />a cellular process used to release energy.<br />Respiration <br />
  22. 22. Breathing and respiration activity<br />Groups 1-4 complete sheet 2<br />Groups 5-8 complete sheet 1<br />
  23. 23. Loop cards<br />In your groups of three<br />The cards have a word and a meaning for another word<br />Find that word<br />Put them in a loop<br />
  24. 24. homework<br />The kiss of life sheet<br />Answer all questions<br />And do q 6&7 page 31<br />By Friday 1stJuly<br />Write this in your planner<br />
  25. 25. answers<br />
  26. 26. Quick check<br />Complete this in your groups of three<br />
  27. 27. Gas exchange ‘relay’<br />Your team has some info about gas exchange and 3 answers to write<br />When complete come to the front to check answers<br />You will then get the next set of questions<br />Which team will win?<br />
  28. 28. Damage<br />heat and chemicals from cigarette smoke paralyse the cilia meaning that mucus gets trapped in the lungs.This increases the likelihood of infection<br />smoke particles can cause emphysema. The particles inflame the walls ofthe alveoli, causing them to lose their elasticity.The alveoli rupture forming large air pockets. This reduces the surface area of the lungs.<br /> <br />Prolonged exposure to dust will also cause pneumoconiosis.<br />In this disease dust gets trapped in the lungs causing inflammation and fibrous tissue to form. Slowly this starts to kill the lung tissue. Coalminers are particularly susceptible to this.<br />
  29. 29. Odd one out ?<br />alveolus, air sac, trachea, breathing, bronchus<br />stomach, lung, windpipe/trachea<br />
  30. 30. Odd one out ?<br />alveolus, air sac, trachea, breathing, bronchus<br />stomach, lung, windpipe/trachea<br />
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