Civil Rights Movement

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Introduces the early leaders in the civil rights movement.

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Civil Rights Movement

  1. 1. Civil Rights Movement Segregation Unconstitutional? Mr. Grifhorst’s U.S. History 10 th grade
  2. 2. Movement Origins <ul><li>Emmett Till (click name to see my digital story of Emmett Till) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14 yr. old African American (July 25, 1941 – August 28, 1955) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Told a white female store clerk, “Bye, baby” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beaten, killed, and thrown in Tallahatchie River with a cotton gin fan to weigh him down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two guilty white men acquitted by all white jury </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Emmett Till’s Murder
  4. 4. Movement Origins <ul><li>Rosa Parks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dec. 1 1955 boarded a public bus in Montgomery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sat behind reserved seats in front. Bus driver told her to move when a white man was standing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She was arrested for refusing to stand. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Rosa Parks cont. <ul><li>NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) use Rosa Parks as a means to challenge bus segregation </li></ul><ul><li>Marked the beginning of the bus boycott in Montgomery </li></ul><ul><li>Began a new era of the civil rights movement </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott was a dramatic success </li></ul>
  6. 6. Movement Origins <ul><li>Martin Luther King Jr. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26 Year old Pastor elected to negotiate with city leaders for an end to segregation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King Believed that the only way to end segregation and racism was through nonviolent passive resistance. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. MLK/Rosa Parks cont. <ul><li>King drew upon the Philosophy of Mohandas Gandhi, the Indian leader, who used nonviolence to challenge the British rule in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Stirred by King’s powerful words, the Montgomery bus boycott continued for over a year. </li></ul><ul><li>Car pools were organized and many walked to work. </li></ul>
  8. 8. MLK/Rosa Parks Cont. <ul><li>In November 1956, the Supreme Court affirmed the decision that Alabama’s laws requiring segregation on buses was unconstitutional. </li></ul><ul><li>Following the bus boycott African American ministers led by King established the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) </li></ul>
  9. 9. MLK Cont. <ul><li>With King as the first president of the SCLC they set out to eliminate segregation and encourage African Americans to register to vote. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Movement Origins <ul><li>Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Represented NAACP in the Brown vs. Board of Education Case. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Won 29 out of 32 cases argued before the Supreme Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later became the 1 st African American to serve on the Supreme Court </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. A few court cases won by Marshall <ul><li>Smith v. Allwright (1944) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political parties cannot deny voting rights in party primaries on the basis of race </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shelley v. Kraemer (1948) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States cannot enforce private agreements to discriminate on the basis of race in the sale of property. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Cont. <ul><li>Sweatt v. Painter (1950) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law schools segregated by race are inherently unequal </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Thurgood Marshall Cont. <ul><li>Several cases were combined on the issue of segregation in schools in order to issue a general ruling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brown v. Board of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linda Brown, an African American girl, was denied admission to her neighborhood school in Topeka Kansas because of her race </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Brown v. Board of Education cont. <ul><li>The Supreme Court ruled in a historic decision unanimously that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional and violated the equal protection clause of the fourteenth Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief Justice Earl Warren summed up the courts decision by stating, “ In the field of education, the doctrine of separate but equal has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Brown v. Board of Education cont. <ul><li>The Brown Decision marked a dramatic reversal of the precedent established in the Plessy v. Ferguson case in 1896 </li></ul><ul><li>This decision angered many white southerners who became even more determined to defend segregation </li></ul>
  16. 16. Brown v. Board of Education cont. <ul><li>The court ordered the schools to procede in desegregation, “with all deliberate speed,” </li></ul><ul><li>The wording in the ruling was vague enough to case many district to drag their feet and remain segregated for many more years. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/11304375@N07/2534273097/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/11304375@N07/2534273093/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/rbanks/1257574/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/radiospike/56555132/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/k9mq/2829673512/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/halcyon/439222735/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/giltastic/3208489301/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/tifotter/3002180792/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/nostri-imago/3012228318/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/takomabibelot/2480641906/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/techne/156907047/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/2860517990/ </li></ul><ul><li>Grifhorst, Aaron. The Murder of Emmett Till. 2009. http:// grifhorst.wikispaces.com/Digital+Storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>Appleby, Brinkley, Broussard, McPherson, Ritchie. “ Modern Times.” The American Vision . Columbus Ohio: Glencoe. The McGraw-Hill Companies, 2008. </li></ul>

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