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Civil Rights Movement

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Introduces the early leaders in the civil rights movement.

Introduces the early leaders in the civil rights movement.

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Civil Rights Movement Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Civil Rights Movement Segregation Unconstitutional? Mr. Grifhorst’s U.S. History 10 th grade
  • 2. Movement Origins
    • Emmett Till (click name to see my digital story of Emmett Till)
      • 14 yr. old African American (July 25, 1941 – August 28, 1955)
      • Told a white female store clerk, “Bye, baby”
      • Beaten, killed, and thrown in Tallahatchie River with a cotton gin fan to weigh him down
      • Two guilty white men acquitted by all white jury
  • 3. Emmett Till’s Murder
  • 4. Movement Origins
    • Rosa Parks
      • Dec. 1 1955 boarded a public bus in Montgomery
      • Sat behind reserved seats in front. Bus driver told her to move when a white man was standing.
      • She was arrested for refusing to stand.
  • 5. Rosa Parks cont.
    • NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) use Rosa Parks as a means to challenge bus segregation
    • Marked the beginning of the bus boycott in Montgomery
    • Began a new era of the civil rights movement
    • Boycott was a dramatic success
  • 6. Movement Origins
    • Martin Luther King Jr.
      • 26 Year old Pastor elected to negotiate with city leaders for an end to segregation
      • King Believed that the only way to end segregation and racism was through nonviolent passive resistance.
  • 7. MLK/Rosa Parks cont.
    • King drew upon the Philosophy of Mohandas Gandhi, the Indian leader, who used nonviolence to challenge the British rule in India.
    • Stirred by King’s powerful words, the Montgomery bus boycott continued for over a year.
    • Car pools were organized and many walked to work.
  • 8. MLK/Rosa Parks Cont.
    • In November 1956, the Supreme Court affirmed the decision that Alabama’s laws requiring segregation on buses was unconstitutional.
    • Following the bus boycott African American ministers led by King established the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
  • 9. MLK Cont.
    • With King as the first president of the SCLC they set out to eliminate segregation and encourage African Americans to register to vote.
  • 10. Movement Origins
    • Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993)
      • Represented NAACP in the Brown vs. Board of Education Case.
      • Won 29 out of 32 cases argued before the Supreme Court
      • Later became the 1 st African American to serve on the Supreme Court
  • 11. A few court cases won by Marshall
    • Smith v. Allwright (1944)
      • Political parties cannot deny voting rights in party primaries on the basis of race
    • Shelley v. Kraemer (1948)
      • States cannot enforce private agreements to discriminate on the basis of race in the sale of property.
  • 12. Cont.
    • Sweatt v. Painter (1950)
      • Law schools segregated by race are inherently unequal
  • 13. Thurgood Marshall Cont.
    • Several cases were combined on the issue of segregation in schools in order to issue a general ruling
      • Brown v. Board of Education
        • Linda Brown, an African American girl, was denied admission to her neighborhood school in Topeka Kansas because of her race
  • 14. Brown v. Board of Education cont.
    • The Supreme Court ruled in a historic decision unanimously that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional and violated the equal protection clause of the fourteenth Amendment
      • Chief Justice Earl Warren summed up the courts decision by stating, “ In the field of education, the doctrine of separate but equal has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.”
  • 15. Brown v. Board of Education cont.
    • The Brown Decision marked a dramatic reversal of the precedent established in the Plessy v. Ferguson case in 1896
    • This decision angered many white southerners who became even more determined to defend segregation
  • 16. Brown v. Board of Education cont.
    • The court ordered the schools to procede in desegregation, “with all deliberate speed,”
    • The wording in the ruling was vague enough to case many district to drag their feet and remain segregated for many more years.
  • 17. Bibliography
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/11304375@N07/2534273097/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/11304375@N07/2534273093/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/rbanks/1257574/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/radiospike/56555132/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/k9mq/2829673512/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/halcyon/439222735/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/giltastic/3208489301/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/tifotter/3002180792/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/nostri-imago/3012228318/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/takomabibelot/2480641906/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/techne/156907047/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/2860517990/
    • Grifhorst, Aaron. The Murder of Emmett Till. 2009. http:// grifhorst.wikispaces.com/Digital+Storytelling
    • Appleby, Brinkley, Broussard, McPherson, Ritchie. “ Modern Times.” The American Vision . Columbus Ohio: Glencoe. The McGraw-Hill Companies, 2008.