Country Description Total Area: 9,596,960(sq km)/ 3,705,386(sq mi) Land Area: 9,326,410(sq km)/ 3,600,927(sq mi) Water Area: 270,550(sq km)/ 104,459(sq mi) The climate varies greatly Northern China: summer temperatures reaching 90 degrees F and winters of Arctic severity. Rainey summers and dry winters. Central China: Very hot summers and cold winters Southern China: subtropical climate. Very hot summers and mild winters. Water pollution, erosion, and air pollution are concerns.
Country Description(continued) Geographical Coordinates: 35°00’ N; 105 °00’ E Located in the North and Eastern hemispheres East Asia Bordered by Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, and Population: 1,338,612,968 Life Expectancy: 73 Years
Geography West: mountains, high plateaus, deserts East: plains, deltas, and hills Major rivers flow west to east: Yangtze, Huang He (Yellow River), Amur Most of the arable lands lie along these rivers Most rivers empty into Pacific Ocean East China bordered by the Yellow Sea and East China Sea Some well known features are the Himalayas and the Gobi Desert Most recognizable fauna and flora are the giant panda and bamboo.
Geography(continued) A very popular tourist attraction is Mount Everest, part of the Himalayas and the Earth’s highest point at 8,850 meters
Geography(continued) Another great tourist attraction is the Great Wall of China.
History Chinese history dates back 4,000 years. Family dynasties ruled China for about 2,000 years The last dynasty was the Qing and ended in 1911 Many inventions have come from China, the most famous being paper The Republic of China started in 1912 The government was weak and regional warlords looked to gain land and power. China fought Japan in the Sino- Japanese War, which was part of WWII. Japan surrendered in 1945.
History(continued) A civil war then started between the communists and the nationalists. The communist party led by Mao Zedong won the war and took control of the government. The nationalists retreated to Taiwan. Current Event: In 2008, Beijing hosted the Summer Olympics.
Political The People’s Republic of China is a communist government The major party is the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) There are eight smaller parties that are all controlled by the CCP The Chief of State is President HuJintao The Head of Government is Premier WEN Jiabao
Economy The Great Leap Forward: 1958- Mao Zedong pushed for a more modernized Chinese economy China now has the third largest economy in the world behind the U.S. and Japan. China is the largest trading nation in the world and the largest exporter and second largest importer of goods. Industry counts for over half of China’s gross domestic product(GDP).
Economy (continued) Exports: machinery and equipment, textiles and clothing, footwear, toys and sporting goods, mineral fuels Imports: machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, plastics, iron and steel, chemicals Major trade partners: Japan, United States. Germany, South Korea Restrictions: China recently stopped selling aircraft and some other military supplies to the U.S. after the U.S. agreed to supply Taiwan with money and military supplies. Trade Organizations: Ministry of Commerce of P.R.China, China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission, China Council for the Promotion of International Trade
Daily Life The Chinese standard of living as increased dramatically over the past decade. In 1949, the life expectancy was 32. It is now 73. 91 % of total population is literate 95 % of males are literate 86 % of females are literate Communist restriction on clothing are gone and Chinese fashion is developing. Adults are wearing more formal than casual. Teenagers like brand names and western clothing. Many children wear shirts with pictures of cartoon characters. Internet usage in China has risen from 0% in 1993 to 28 % in 2008.
Culture Most values of China come from Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. Religion: 60% Buddhist, 4% Christian, 2% Muslim, 34% Atheist Chopsticks are used for every meal in China. Tipping at restaurants is considered an insult. Noodles, small pieces of meat, rice, and fruit deserts are common. The Chinese food in America is nothing like the food in China. America’s Chinese food has greater potions, more fat, and better taste.
Culture (continued) Table Tennis, basketball, and soccer are the most popular sports in China. Martial arts has always been a popular activity and is believed to have originated in China. Various types of art are practiced in China like paper cutting. Some of the oldest music in the world has dated back to the time of Confucius. China takes great pride in the Great Wall.
Winter Olympics 2010 China won 11 medals: 5 gold, 2 silver, 4 bronze Came in 8th place All gold medals were in skating (speed and figure) Gold medalists: Wang Meng, Zhou Yang, ShenXeu, Zhao Hongbo, 90 participants
Conclusion China is one of the oldest countries in the world and there is unlimited interesting information on it. The culture and history is fascinating. The one fact that I found the most interesting is that in China’s long history, it has always been independent.
Morocco Michael Newns
Map of Morocco
Country Description Total Area: 446,550 (sq km)/ 172,413 (sq mi) Land Area: 446,300 (sq km) / 172,316(sq mi) Water Area: 250 (sq km)/ 97 (sq km) Climate: Mediterranean in the North. More extreme climate in interior It is very dry and warm on the east side of the Atlas mountains. The climate here is desert. 32°00’ N; 5°00’ W Bordered by Algeria, Western Sahara, and Spain In North Africa Population: 34,859,364
Geography Morocco borders the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. The Atlas Mountains are located in the center of the country. The Rif Mts are in the North. Large areas of plateaus, intermountain valleys, and rich coastal plains The olive tree is widely distributed, but the oil-yielding argan tree, unique to Morocco, grows only in the Sous Valley. Panthers, foxes, and gazelles are numerous. The desert is barren except for an occasional oasis. Morocco is subject to earthquakes and periodic droughts.
History In the early years of the first century, Morocco was under Roman rule. Muslims then started to inhabit and take control of Morocco. Became independent state in 1062 Several dynasties ruled Morocco until the middle of the nineteenth century. Spain declares war on the Moors in Morocco in 1859. Became a French protectorate in 1912. Independent again in 1956. First democratic elections in1997 Current Events: Tourists are afraid to fly to Muslim countries so Morocco’s tourism is hurting. Also, the dispute over the Western Sahara is continuing.
Political The Kingdom of Morocco is a constitutional monarchy. Capital : Rabat Bicameral legislature King Mohammad VI Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi Council members appointed by monarch Monarch is hereditary
Economy Morocco relies less on industry and more on agriculture and fishing. Its main trading partner and investor is France. It also trades with Spain, Britain, Germany, Italy, and U.S. Exports: clothing, fish, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, fruits, vegetables Imports: crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics The economy is growing steadily. Trade Associations: Morocco-US Free Trade Agreement
Daily Life Moroccan standard of living is low, but not drastically low. 20% the population us below the poverty line. Life expectancy is 72 years. Literacy rate:52% Literacy in men:64% Literacy in women:39% The national garment is the djelleba, a hooded caftan worn by both men and women, although Western-style clothing is becoming more common. Internet usage went from 0% in 1995 to 33% in 2008.
Culture 99% of Morocco is Muslim. 1% Christian. Barley and wheat are the main diet. Lamb, beef, and chicken are the main meats. Mint tea is the national drink. They don’t eat pork or drink alcohol. Married sons and their wives live with the father and mother. When the father dies, then the sons go and make their own household. Soccer is the most popular sport. Moroccan music is a blend of Arab, Berber and classical styles - Dancing in Morocco is a must during various ceremonies and festival like marriage, harvest festival, religious gatherings
Winter Olympics 2010 Morocco had 1 participant. AzzimaniSamir competed in the Alpine Skiing.
Conclusion Morocco is a highly Muslim country where family and religion are the most important values, two values that have been lost in America.
Finland Michael Newns
Map of Finland
Country Description Total Area: 338,145 (sq km)/ 130,558 (sq mi) Land Area: 304,473 (sq km)/ 117,557 (sq mi) Water Area: 33,672 (sq km)/ 13,001 (sq mi) Climate: Summers are short and mild. The days are long. Winters are long and cold. Average temperature in Helsinki is 42°F. Location: 64°00’N; 26°00’ E; In northern Europe Bordered by Norway, Sweden, and Russia Population; 5,250,275 Finland is an Archipelago- a series of Islands
Geography mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills Many of the islands are on the Archipelago Sea, and Finland also boarders the Gulf of Finland. Finland has lots of lakes such as Lake Saimaa in Southern Finland. There are rine, spruce, and birch forests in Finland. 75% of the fauna are insects. Some of the non-insects are otters, elk, foxes, and birds. One of Finland’s most famous tourist attractions is a church built into solid rock.
History Finland has always been bullied by other nations. 1713- Russia invades Finland 1808- Russia invades Finland again 1907- Finland is the first country to give women the right to vote. 1917- Finland declares its independence during the Russian Civil War. During WWII, Finland declared neutrality but had an alliance with Germany from 1918. The Soviet Union invaded and Finland gave up 10% of its land.
History(continued) Germany invaded the Soviet Union, and so did Finland. In response, Britain declared war on Finland. Finland conceded even more land and paid millions of dollars to the Soviet Union in 1944. 1948- Finland and Soviet Union signed Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance. 1973- Finland signed free-trade agreement with European Economic Community (EEC) . Finland became a member of the European Union in 1995. Current Event: A fox broke into a zoo in Finland and killed 16 flamingoes.
Political Finland is a republic Capital city is Helsinki President TarjaHalownen Prime Minister MattaVanhanen Council members appointed by president
Economy Industry has replaced agriculture as the leading sector in Finland’s economy. Industry accounted for 34% of Finland’s GDP. Some industries include metal products, electronics, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, copper refining, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing Exports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals; timber, paper, pulp Imports: foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, textile yarn and fabrics, grains Major trade partners: Germany, Sweden, Russia, Britain, France, Denmark Trade Associations: Finnish Foreign Trade Association, European Free Trade Association.
Daily Life High level of health care and standard of living Life expectancy is 79 years. Literacy rate:100% Fairly casual dressed. Teens follow trends. Formal dress worn on special occasions. The men wear a peaked cap, woolen cap or felt hat. Internet usage went from 0% in 1990 to 79% in 2007
Culture Religion: 89% Evangelical Lutheran, 1% Russian Orthodox, 1 % other, 9% none Finns are more reserved and care about respect and privacy Salmon, reindeer, berries, and soup are common. The national sport in Finland is pesapallo. It is played much like baseball. Folk, rock, opera, and pop are poplar genres of music.
Winter Olympics 2010 Finland won 5 medals: 1 silver and 4 bronze The silver medal was won by PiiroinenPeetu in the Men’s Snowboarding Halfpipe.
Conclusion Finland is a fairly modern country not very different from the U.S. A very interesting fact that I learned is that in June and July, the night only lasts for 2-3 hours. In the extreme north, there is a period of 73 days that the sun does not set.
Suriname Michael Newns
Map of Suriname
Country Description Total Area: 163,270(sq km)/ 63,039(sq mi) Land Area: 161,470 (sq km)/ 62,344(sq mi) Water Area: 1,800(sq km)/ 695(sq mi) Climate: tropical, hot, and humid year-round. average 75°F to 90°F. There is rain year round, amounts differing with the seasons. Flooding is a cause for concern. Location:4°00’N; 56°00’W Bordered by Brazil, French Guina, and Guyana In Northern Latin America Population: 481,267
Geography mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps Borders the Atlantic Ocean Flora: water lilies, orchids, tropical shrubs Fauna: iguanas, snakes, white egret Many tourists come to explore the tropical rain forest that makes up about 80% of Suriname
History The Dutch acquired Suriname from England in the 1500’s. It was turned into a plantation colony an slaves were brought there. Slavery was abolished in 1863, but labor was still needed. Contract laborers from the south came to Suriname and worked on the plantation. Suriname gained full independence in 1975 Current Event: This past January, Suriname’s first president died at the age of 99.
Political The Republic of Suriname is a constitutional democracy Its capital is Paramaribo Chief of State: Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN Head of Government: Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN Cabinet members are appointed by the president
Economy Suriname’s industry in growing, but is still relatively low. Some industries: bauxite and gold mining, alumina production, oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing Exports: alumina, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas Imports: capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods Major Trading Partners: US, Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago, China, France, and Japan Trade Associations: Suriname Trade & Industry Association
Daily Life Life expectancy is 73 years Literacy rate:89% Literacy in males:92% Literacy in females:84% The Javanese women wear sarongs as they would in Indonesia. The Creole women wear the traditional kotomisse, with an angisa or handkerchief. Internet usage in Suriname rose from 0% in 1995 to 8% in 2007.
Culture Religion: Hindu 27%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 23%,Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 5% Rice, potatoes, chicken, beans, and peppers are very common. Soccer and swimming are the most popular sports. The music of Suriname is well-known for kaseko music, and for having an Indo-Caribbean tradition. Many tourist come to Suriname to observe the beauty of the rain forest.
Winter Olympics 2010 Suriname did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
Conclusion Suriname is a beautiful, tropical country which I would love to visit one day. I found the diversity of religions practiced in Suriname interesting.
Namibia Michael Newns
Map of Namibia
Country Description Total Area:825,418 (sq km)/318,694 (sq mi) Land Area:825,418(sq km)/ 318,694(sq mi) Water Area:0 (sq km) Climate: semi-desert. Hot days and cool nights Summer, days can reach 100°F Rain from December to March, unrelenting dryness for rest of year Location: 22°00’S, 17°00’ E Southern Africa Bordered by Angola, Botswana, South Africa, Zambia Population:2,108,665
Geography mostly high plateau Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east Flora: 120 different types of trees such as mopane, terminalia, marula, and giant figs Fauna: elephant, rhino, giraffe, buffalo, lion, leopard, and cheetah. The Namib desert is said to be the oldest desert in the world Many tourists visit Namibia to see the wild life
History Bushmen, Damara, Namaqua peoples inhabited Namibia in the 14th century In the late 1800’s-early 1900’s, the country became under German rule The natives rebelled, they were defeated, and this started the genocide of the natives led by the Germans Namibia became a colony of South Africa in WWI The people of Namibia launched a war of independence in 1966 Namibia finally gained its independence in 1990 Current Event: in 2009, the manifesto of the Republican part in Namibia is released
Political Namibia is a republic The capital of Namibia is Windhoek Bicameral legislature President Hifikepunye POHAMBA Prime Minister Nahas ANGULA
Economy Industry is relatively low in Namibia Agriculture makes up most of the economy Exports: diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, processed fish, karakul skins Imports: foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals Major Trade partners: United States, EU
Daily Life Standard of living is bad in Namibia The life expectancy is very low at 51 years Literacy Rate:85% Literacy in Men:84% Literacy in Women:83% many urban people dress in Western style clothing some rural tribes maintain their traditional dress. Thehimbafor example wear leather thongs or skirts. Only 5% of people in Namibia use the internet
Culture When a man dies, his sibling inherit the property Whites account for 7% of population and they live in urban areas Religion: Christian 50%, Lutheran 40%, indigenous beliefs 10% Mealie, or corn, is the main food in Namibia Other popular foods include beef, mutton, millet, peanuts, and melons Fish is a big export but not a common part of the Namibian diet Ma/gaisa is mainly sang in Khoekhoegowab or Nama/Damara, and it is the most popular dance music in Namibia
Winter Olympics 2010 Namibia did not participate in the 2010 winter Olympics
Conclusion Namibia is a developing country with lots of natural beauty. They are making a great effort to try to catch up with the industry and technology with the rest of the world. You can see this effort through Namibia’s announcement that they are trying to build a nuclear power plant within the next 20 years.
Tanzania Michael Newns
Map of Tanzania
Country Description Total Area:945,087 (sq km)/ 364,898 (sq mi) Land Area: 886,037(sq km)/ 342,099(sq mi) Water Area:59,050 (sq km)/ 22,799 (sq mi) Climate: coastal strip is tropical with high humidity Central plateau takes up most of country, hot and dry 2 dry seasons, 2 rainy seasons Bad monsoons Location: Southern/Central Africa; 6°00’S, 35°00’E Border countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia Population:41,048,532
Geography Plains along the coast Plateau takes up most of country Borders Indian Ocean Wooded grasslands are widely scattered throughout the country The drier central areas include bush lands and thickets 4 million wild mammals Antelope, zebra, elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, giraffe, and lion Various species of monkeys 827 species of birds Famous Mt. Kilimanjaro 5,985 m
History 1498-Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama visits Tanzanian coast. 1884-German Colonization Society begins to acquire territory on the mainland. 1919- Germany loses WWI, Tanzania given to Britain 1961- Tanzania becomes independent 2001- a new goldmine opens, making Tanzania the third largest gold producer in the world
Political Tanzania is a republic Capital is Dar es Salaam Chief of state: Jakaya KIKWETE Head of government :Jakaya KIKWETE Five year terms Cabinet members appointed by president
Economy Tanzania’s industry is very small Most of it is centered around agriculture Exports: gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton Imports: consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil Major Trade partners: UK, South Africa, Japan, France, and India Trade Sanctions: Tanzania has a trade sanction on Burundi which will be lifted when Burundi returns to democracy.
Daily Life Standard of living is low Life expectancy is only 52 years Literacy rate:69% Literacy in Men:85% Literacy in Women:70% Clothing: khanga and kitengeclothes for women Toga-like garment for men Women wear a lot of bead jewelry Only 1% of the people in Tanzania use the internet
Culture Women marry in early to mid teens Groom offers a price for the bride Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%, Christian 30% Right hand considered “clean”, left hand is “unclean” 2 main meals per day A dish known as ugali, made from cassava, corn, sorghum or millet flour, is very common Fish stew, vegetables, and meat Soccer and “netball” (like basketball)are poplar A game similar to capture the flag is also common The music of Tanzania stretches from traditional African music to the string-based taarab to a distinctive hip hop known as bongo flava. The Serengeti is known as one of the best wildlife sanctuary in the world
Winter Olympics 2010 Tanzania did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
Conclusion Tanzania is a beautiful country with majestic wildlife. Tanzania is probably one of the oldest known continuously inhabited areas on Earth; fossil remains of humans and pre-human hominids have been found dating back over two million years.
Kazakhstan Michael Newns
Map of Kazakhstan
Country Description Total Area:2,717,300 (sq km)/ 1,049,150 (sq mi) Land Area:2,669,800 (sq km)/1,030,810 (sq mi) Water Area:47,500 (sq km)/18,340 (sq mi) Climate: Continental and dry. Winter temperatures and snowfall are rarely extreme and wind is light, summers are pleasant with 80 degree temps. Location: Asia; 48°00’N, 68°00’E Bordered by China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Population: 15,399,437
Geography extends from the Volga to the Altai Mountains and from the plains in western Siberia to oases and desert in Central Asia Landlocked, does not touch any oceans Some fauna: brown bear, Caspian sea wolf, Caspian tiger, eagle, snow lepard Some flora: steppes and deserts Tourist Attraction: Almaty-a beautiful setting between mountains and plains
History 1868- Thousands of Russian and Ukrainian peasants are brought in to settle Kazakh lands 1917-Civil war breaks out following the Bolshevik revolution in Russia 1936-Kazakhstan becomes a full union republic of the USSR. 1940-Hundreds of thousands of Koreans, Crimean Tatars, Germans and others forcibly moved to Kazakhstan 1949-The first nuclear test explosion is carried out at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test ground in eastern Kazakhstan 1961-The first manned spacecraft launched from the Baikonur space launch site in central Kazakhstan 1991-Kazakhstan established independence. 1992- Kazakhstan admitted to the United Nations Kazakhstanis being viewed as a nuclear threat because of the levels of uranium it harvests
Political Kazakhstan is a republic Capital is Astana Bicameral parliament Chief of State: President Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV Head of Government: Prime Minister Karim MASIMOV Council of ministers appointed by president
Economy Big industries are oil, coal, and iron ore Exports: oil and oil products, ferrous metals, chemicals, machinery, grain, wool, meat, coal Imports: machinery and equipment, metal products, foodstuffs Major Trade partners: Russia, Germany, US, China Trade Associations: The U.S.-Kazakhstan Business Association (USKBA)
Daily Life Standard of living is good Life expectancy is 68 years Literacy Rate:99% Literacy in Men:99% Literacy in Women:97% Clothing: Urban Kazaks wear Western style clothes Traditionally Kazaks liked to wear boots with with a pair of felt stockings in the winter Internet usage rose from 0% in 1994 to 12% in 2008
Culture Religion: Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, other, 7%, Protestant 2% There is a housing shortage and many people live in urban apartments Many games that involve horses are played Kuirdak, is a dish prepared from freshly slaughtered meat and consists of the animal's liver, heart, kidneys and other organs cut into pieces, boiled in oil and served with onions and pepper. YUM! Folk orchestras are popular in Kazakhstan
Winter Olympics 2010 Kazakhstan had 38 participants in the 2010 winter Olympics Kazakhstan won one medal: silver The winner of the medal was Elena Khrusttaleva in the women’s biathlon
Conclusion Kazakhstan is a fairly modern country that is catching up with the other Asian countries. I think that it is interesting that Kazakhstan has to rely on industry so much because there is not much water to have farming.
Cuba Michael Newns
Map of Cuba
Country Description Total Area:110,860 (sq km)/ 42,803 (sq mi) Land Area:110,860 (sq km)/42,803 (sq mi) Water Area:0 (sq km)/ 0 )(sq mi) Climate: mild subtropical climate cause by trade winds and warm surrounding waters Average temperature is 77°F In the Caribbean; 21°30’N, 80°00’ W Population:11,451,652
Geography mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast bordered on the south by the Caribbean Sea and on the north by the Gulf of Mexico and the Straits of Florida An island Flora: cactus, mango, pomegranate, avocado, banana Fauna: woodpecker, jutia, snakes, Tourist attractions: immaculate beaches bring in thousands of tourists
History 1492-The navigator Christopher Columbus claims Cuba for Spain. 1511-Spanish colonization of the island begins under the direction of Diego Velazquez. 1607-Havana is officially named the capital of Cuba. 1868-War of independence lasts for ten years between Cuban colonials wanting independence from what they see as unjust rule from Spain. The War ends in a treaty and promise of greater autonomy for Cuba. 1895-Jose Marti leads a second war of independence; US declares war on Spain. 1898-US defeats Spain, which gives up all claims to Cuba and cedes it to the US. 1898-Cuba becomes independent with Tomas Estrada Palma as its president; however, the Platt Amendment keeps the island under US protection and gives the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs. 1906-Cuban President Tomas Estrada resigns and the United States invades and occupies Cuba after a rebellion led by Jose Miguel Gomez. 1925-Socialist Party founded, forming the basis of the Communist Party.
History(continued) 1959-Fidel Castro led a Communist revolution and the rebel army overthrew the Cuban president Fulgencio Batista. 1962-Cuban missile crisis occurs when Castro allows the USSR to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba. The crisis was solved when the USSR agreed to take back the missiles in exchange for the US withdrawing their missiles from Turkey. 1965-Cuba’s sole political party renamed the Cuban Communist Party. 1976-Cuban Communist Party approves a new socialist constitution; Castro elected president. 1980-More than 100,000 Cubans flee to the US. 2008-Raul Castro takes over as president, days after Fidel announces his retirement.
Political Cuba is communist Capital is Havana President Raul Castro Secondary head of state: Gen. Jose Ramon Machado Ventura
Economy Industry and agriculture are about the same importance Some industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco, Exports: sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee Imports: petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals Major trade Partners: Spain, China, Venezuela, Italy, France, Canada, US, Mexico Trade Associations: US-Cuba Trade Association Trade Sanctions: US put an embargo on Cuba in 1960
Daily Life Standard of living is good, much better than it was under the early years of Fidel Castro Life expectancy is 78 years Literacy Rate:99% Literacy in Men:97% Literacy in Women:96% Clothing: Casual dress and lightweight slacks are the norm during the day with more formal wear in the evenings. Shorts are popular at the beach but no shorts are allowed at night in public places Internet usage rose from 0% in 1995 to 12 % in 2008
Culture It is not uncommon for 3 generations to live under one household Religion: Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% Baseball is the favorite sport Food: rice, beans, eggs, tomatoes, lettuce, chicken, beef and pork. Various spices used wide range of creolized musical styles, based on its cultural origins in Europe and Africa Many Spanish and Latin dances
Winter Olympics 2010 Cuba did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
Conclusion Cuba is a fascinating country with rich culture but still is recovering from the oppressive communist government and rule of Fidel Castro.
Iran Michael Newns
Map of Iran
Country Description Total Area: 1,649,000 (sq km)/636,679 (sq mi) Land Area: 1,636,000 (sq km)/631,660 (sq mi) Water Area: 12,000 (sq km)/ 4,633 (sq mi) Climate: mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast Location: Middle East, Asia; 32° 00’N, 53° 00’E Population: 66,429,284
Geography rugged, mountainous rim high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts Borders Arabian sea, Persian Gulf, and Caspian Sea Bordered by Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan Flora: oak, ash, elm, cypress, walnut, beech, maple, and mulberry Fauna: wild sheep and goats, gazelles, wild asses, wild pigs, panthers, and foxes There is not much tourism in Iran because of the war
History Ruled by Muslim dynasties 1907-ntroduction of constitution which limits the absolutist powers of rulers. 1914-Iran declares neutrality but is scene of heavy fighting during World War I. 1935-Formerly known as Persia, Iran is adopted as the country’s official name. 1941-Reza Shah, who sides with Germans in the war, forced to abdicate by Allies. His son, Reza Pahlavi, named Shah. 1979-The Shah was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution ending 2,500 years of monarchy. 1979-Islamic republic set up. 1980-Start of Iran-Iraq war which lasts for eight years.
History(continued) 1981-The American hostages are released ending 444 days in captivity. 1990-A major earthquake strikes Iran, killing approximately 40,000 people. 1990-Iran remains neutral following Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. 1995-US imposes oil and trade sanctions over Iran’s alleged sponsorship of “terrorism”, seeking to acquire nuclear arms and hostility to the Middle East process. Iran denies the charges. 2003-40,000 people are killed in an earthquake in south-east Iran; the city of Bam is devastated. Current Event: American troops remain stationed in Iran
Political Iran is a theocratic republic Capital is Tehran Supreme Leader Ali Hoseini-KHAMENEI President Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD First Vice President Parviz DAVUDI Cabinet members picked by president with legislature approval
Economy Industry and agriculture are both big 40% of population below poverty line Exports: petroleum, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets Imports: industrial raw materials and intermediate goods, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services, military supplies Major Trade Partners: Germany, Japan, Switzerland, France, Italy Trade Associations: Iranian Trade Association Trade Sanctions: The US does not sell any aircraft or military materials to Iran
Daily Life Standard of living is not good, but not bad 40% of population below poverty line Life Expectancy is 71 years Literacy rate:77% Literacy in Men:85% Literacy in Women:73% Clothing: dress formally and conservatively in public Men wear western clothes or robes and traditional turbans Women must be covered from head to foot in public Internet usage rose from 0% in 1994 to 325 in 2008
Culture Religion: Shi a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%, other 2% Large families favored Men can have up to 4 wives Many say that chess was invented in Iran Other popular games are wrestling, weightlifting, squash, and horse racing Midday meal is most important Muslims do not eat anything from dusk to dawn during Ramadan Religion is extremely important; so is fasting and praying
Winter Olympics 2010 Iran had 4 athletes in the 2010 winter Olympics. They competed in alpine skiing and cross country skiing. They did not win any medals.
Conclusion Iran is a founding member of the UN, NAM, OIC and OPEC. It is a powerful country struggling to set up a strong government while dealing with radical Muslims.
Taiwan Michael Newns
Map of Taiwan
Country Description Total Area: 35,980 (sq km)/ 13,892 (sq mi) Land Area: 32,260 (sq km)/ 12,456 (sq mi) Water Area: 3,720 (sq km)/ 1,436 (sq mi) Climate: sub-tropical with temperatures ranging from 12 to 35 degrees Celsius Summer and winter are long, spring and fall are short Typhoons last from June to October Asia; 23°30’N, 121°00’E Population:22,974,347
Geography eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains flat to gently rolling plains in west Island in Pacific Ocean Flora: evergreen tropical and subtropical forest, where ficua, pandanus, palms, teak, bamboos, and camphors are commonly found Fauna: Foxes, flying foxes, deer, wild boar, bats, squirrels, macaques, and pangolins Tourist Attraction: Yushan Mountain
History 1626-The Spanish colonize northern Taiwan. 1661-Chinese Ming dynasty occupied Taiwan. 1683-The Manchus (Tartars) conquer Taiwan which becomes part of the Chinese empire. 1895-China ceded Taiwan to Japan under the Apr 17 Treaty of Shimonoseki. This followed a war over control of the Korean peninsula. Japanese occupation ended in 1945. World War II; Japan surrenders and China’s Chiang Kai-shek appoints General Chen-Yi to take over Taiwan. 1971-Taiwan is expelled from the United Nations. The seat is given to the People’s Republic of China. 1978-The United States announces it will terminate its diplomatic relations with Taiwan on Jan. 1, 1979.
History(continued) 2001-Taipei lifts a 50-year ban on direct trade and investment with China. 2002-Taiwan officially enters the World Trade Organization, only a few weeks after China. 2005-Tension between China and Taiwan intensifies, when China passes an anti-secession law that says the country can use force if Taiwan moves toward achieving independence. 2007-The country attempts to join the UN for the first time under the name Taiwan, rather than the official title of Republic of China. The application is rejected. 2009-The leaders of China and Taiwan exchange direct messages for the first time in more than 60 years, in a sign of warming ties.
Political multiparty democratic regime Capital is Taipei Unicameral legislature Chief of State: MA Ying-jeou Head of Government: LIU Chao-shiuan
Economy Industries: electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing Exports: computer products and electrical equipment, metals, textiles, plastics and rubber products, chemicals Imports: machinery and electrical equipment minerals, precision instruments Major Trade partners: Japan, US, China, South Korea
Daily Life Standard of living is good Life expectancy is 78 years Literacy rate:96% Clothing: Western-Style clothing is common Suit is appropriate in business Appearance is important
Culture Religion: Confucian 93%, Christian 5%, other 2% Live in crowded conditions Men's primary duty is to be a good son, husband and father are secondary Never put chopsticks in rice bowl, looks like sticks of incense at a funeral Popular sports: golf, ping-pong, basketball, soccer, softball, and badminton Instrumental music includes multiple genres, such as beiguan and nanguan.
Winter Olympics 2010 Taiwan did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
Conclusion Taiwan is a very young developing country that is still fighting for international recognition. Although US has helped out its economy tremendously. Also China wants it in the worst way!