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MNChina&etc MNChina&etc Presentation Transcript

  • Michael Newns
    Country Project
  • China
    Michael Newns
  • Maps of China
  • Country Description
    Total Area: 9,596,960(sq km)/ 3,705,386(sq mi)
    Land Area: 9,326,410(sq km)/ 3,600,927(sq mi)
    Water Area: 270,550(sq km)/ 104,459(sq mi)
    The climate varies greatly
    Northern China: summer temperatures reaching 90 degrees F and winters of Arctic severity. Rainey summers and dry winters.
    Central China: Very hot summers and cold winters
    Southern China: subtropical climate. Very hot summers and mild winters.
    Water pollution, erosion, and air pollution are concerns.
  • Country Description(continued)
    Geographical Coordinates: 35°00’ N; 105 °00’ E
    Located in the North and Eastern hemispheres
    East Asia
    Bordered by Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, and
    Population: 1,338,612,968
    Life Expectancy: 73 Years
  • China Flag
  • Geography
    West: mountains, high plateaus, deserts
    East: plains, deltas, and hills
    Major rivers flow west to east: Yangtze, Huang He (Yellow River), Amur
    Most of the arable lands lie along these rivers
    Most rivers empty into Pacific Ocean
    East China bordered by the Yellow Sea and East China Sea
    Some well known features are the Himalayas and the Gobi Desert
    Most recognizable fauna and flora are the giant panda and bamboo.
  • Geography(continued)
    A very popular tourist attraction is Mount Everest, part of the Himalayas and the Earth’s highest point at 8,850 meters
  • Geography(continued)
    Another great tourist attraction is the Great Wall of China.
  • History
    Chinese history dates back 4,000 years.
    Family dynasties ruled China for about 2,000 years
    The last dynasty was the Qing and ended in 1911
    Many inventions have come from China, the most famous being paper
    The Republic of China started in 1912
    The government was weak and regional warlords looked to gain land and power.
    China fought Japan in the Sino- Japanese War, which was part of WWII. Japan surrendered in 1945.
  • History(continued)
    A civil war then started between the communists and the nationalists.
    The communist party led by Mao Zedong won the war and took control of the government.
    The nationalists retreated to Taiwan.
    Current Event: In 2008, Beijing hosted the Summer Olympics.
  • Political
    The People’s Republic of China is a communist government
    The major party is the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
    There are eight smaller parties that are all controlled by the CCP
    The Chief of State is President HuJintao
    The Head of Government is Premier WEN Jiabao
  • Economy
    The Great Leap Forward: 1958- Mao Zedong pushed for a more modernized Chinese economy
    China now has the third largest economy in the world behind the U.S. and Japan.
    China is the largest trading nation in the world and the largest exporter and second largest importer of goods.
    Industry counts for over half of China’s gross domestic product(GDP).
  • Economy (continued)
    Exports: machinery and equipment, textiles and clothing, footwear, toys and sporting goods, mineral fuels
    Imports: machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, plastics, iron and steel, chemicals
    Major trade partners: Japan, United States. Germany, South Korea
    Restrictions: China recently stopped selling aircraft and some other military supplies to the U.S. after the U.S. agreed to supply Taiwan with money and military supplies.
    Trade Organizations: Ministry of Commerce of P.R.China, China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission, China Council for the Promotion of International Trade
  • Daily Life
    The Chinese standard of living as increased dramatically over the past decade.
    In 1949, the life expectancy was 32. It is now 73.
    91 % of total population is literate
    95 % of males are literate
    86 % of females are literate
    Communist restriction on clothing are gone and Chinese fashion is developing. Adults are wearing more formal than casual. Teenagers like brand names and western clothing. Many children wear shirts with pictures of cartoon characters.
    Internet usage in China has risen from 0% in 1993 to 28 % in 2008.
  • Culture
    Most values of China come from Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.
    Religion: 60% Buddhist, 4% Christian, 2% Muslim, 34% Atheist
    Chopsticks are used for every meal in China.
    Tipping at restaurants is considered an insult.
    Noodles, small pieces of meat, rice, and fruit deserts are common.
    The Chinese food in America is nothing like the food in China. America’s Chinese food has greater potions, more fat, and better taste.
  • Culture (continued)
    Table Tennis, basketball, and soccer are the most popular sports in China.
    Martial arts has always been a popular activity and is believed to have originated in China.
    Various types of art are practiced in China like paper cutting.
    Some of the oldest music in the world has dated back to the time of Confucius.
    China takes great pride in the Great Wall.
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    China won 11 medals: 5 gold, 2 silver, 4 bronze
    Came in 8th place
    All gold medals were in skating (speed and figure)
    Gold medalists: Wang Meng, Zhou Yang, ShenXeu, Zhao Hongbo,
    90 participants
  • Conclusion
    China is one of the oldest countries in the world and there is unlimited interesting information on it. The culture and history is fascinating. The one fact that I found the most interesting is that in China’s long history, it has always been independent.
  • Morocco
    Michael Newns
  • Map of Morocco
  • Country Description
    Total Area: 446,550 (sq km)/ 172,413 (sq mi)
    Land Area: 446,300 (sq km) / 172,316(sq mi)
    Water Area: 250 (sq km)/ 97 (sq km)
    Climate: Mediterranean in the North.
    More extreme climate in interior
    It is very dry and warm on the east side of the Atlas mountains. The climate here is desert.
    32°00’ N; 5°00’ W
    Bordered by Algeria, Western Sahara, and Spain
    In North Africa
    Population: 34,859,364
  • Moroccan Flag
  • Geography
    Morocco borders the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.
    The Atlas Mountains are located in the center of the country. The Rif Mts are in the North.
    Large areas of plateaus, intermountain valleys, and rich coastal plains
    The olive tree is widely distributed, but the oil-yielding argan tree, unique to Morocco, grows only in the Sous Valley.
    Panthers, foxes, and gazelles are numerous.
    The desert is barren except for an occasional oasis.
    Morocco is subject to earthquakes and periodic droughts.
  • History
    In the early years of the first century, Morocco was under Roman rule.
    Muslims then started to inhabit and take control of Morocco.
    Became independent state in 1062
    Several dynasties ruled Morocco until the middle of the nineteenth century.
    Spain declares war on the Moors in Morocco in 1859.
    Became a French protectorate in 1912.
    Independent again in 1956.
    First democratic elections in1997
    Current Events: Tourists are afraid to fly to Muslim countries so Morocco’s tourism is hurting. Also, the dispute over the Western Sahara is continuing.
  • Political
    The Kingdom of Morocco is a constitutional monarchy.
    Capital : Rabat
    Bicameral legislature
    King Mohammad VI
    Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi
    Council members appointed by monarch
    Monarch is hereditary
  • Economy
    Morocco relies less on industry and more on agriculture and fishing.
    Its main trading partner and investor is France. It also trades with Spain, Britain, Germany, Italy, and U.S.
    Exports: clothing, fish, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, fruits, vegetables
    Imports: crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics
    The economy is growing steadily.
    Trade Associations: Morocco-US Free Trade Agreement
  • Daily Life
    Moroccan standard of living is low, but not drastically low.
    20% the population us below the poverty line.
    Life expectancy is 72 years.
    Literacy rate:52%
    Literacy in men:64%
    Literacy in women:39%
    The national garment is the djelleba, a hooded caftan worn by both men and women, although Western-style clothing is becoming more common.
    Internet usage went from 0% in 1995 to 33% in 2008.
  • Culture
    99% of Morocco is Muslim. 1% Christian.
    Barley and wheat are the main diet.
    Lamb, beef, and chicken are the main meats.
    Mint tea is the national drink.
    They don’t eat pork or drink alcohol.
    Married sons and their wives live with the father and mother. When the father dies, then the sons go and make their own household.
    Soccer is the most popular sport.
    Moroccan music is a blend of Arab, Berber and classical styles
    -  Dancing in Morocco is a must during various ceremonies and festival like marriage, harvest festival, religious gatherings
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    Morocco had 1 participant.
    AzzimaniSamir competed in the Alpine Skiing.
  • Conclusion
    Morocco is a highly Muslim country where family and religion are the most important values, two values that have been lost in America.
  • Finland
    Michael Newns
  • Map of Finland
  • Country Description
    Total Area: 338,145 (sq km)/ 130,558 (sq mi)
    Land Area: 304,473 (sq km)/ 117,557 (sq mi)
    Water Area: 33,672 (sq km)/ 13,001 (sq mi)
    Climate: Summers are short and mild. The days are long. Winters are long and cold. Average temperature in Helsinki is 42°F.
    Location: 64°00’N; 26°00’ E; In northern Europe
    Bordered by Norway, Sweden, and Russia
    Population; 5,250,275
    Finland is an Archipelago- a series of Islands
  • Finland Flag
  • Geography
    mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills
    Many of the islands are on the Archipelago Sea, and Finland also boarders the Gulf of Finland.
    Finland has lots of lakes such as Lake Saimaa in Southern Finland.
    There are rine, spruce, and birch forests in Finland. 75% of the fauna are insects. Some of the non-insects are otters, elk, foxes, and birds.
    One of Finland’s most famous tourist attractions is a church built into solid rock.
  • History
    Finland has always been bullied by other nations.
    1713- Russia invades Finland
    1808- Russia invades Finland again
    1907- Finland is the first country to give women the right to vote.
    1917- Finland declares its independence during the Russian Civil War.
    During WWII, Finland declared neutrality but had an alliance with Germany from 1918.
    The Soviet Union invaded and Finland gave up 10% of its land.
  • History(continued)
    Germany invaded the Soviet Union, and so did Finland. In response, Britain declared war on Finland.
    Finland conceded even more land and paid millions of dollars to the Soviet Union in 1944.
    1948- Finland and Soviet Union signed Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance.
    1973- Finland signed free-trade agreement with European Economic Community (EEC) .
    Finland became a member of the European Union in 1995.
    Current Event: A fox broke into a zoo in Finland and killed 16 flamingoes.
  • Political
    Finland is a republic
    Capital city is Helsinki
    President TarjaHalownen
    Prime Minister MattaVanhanen
    Council members appointed by president
  • Economy
    Industry has replaced agriculture as the leading sector in Finland’s economy.
    Industry accounted for 34% of Finland’s GDP.
    Some industries include metal products, electronics, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, copper refining, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
    Exports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals; timber, paper, pulp
    Imports: foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, textile yarn and fabrics, grains
    Major trade partners: Germany, Sweden, Russia, Britain, France, Denmark
    Trade Associations: Finnish Foreign Trade Association, European Free Trade Association.
  • Daily Life
    High level of health care and standard of living
    Life expectancy is 79 years.
    Literacy rate:100%
    Fairly casual dressed. Teens follow trends.
    Formal dress worn on special occasions. The men wear a peaked cap, woolen cap or felt hat.
    Internet usage went from 0% in 1990 to 79% in 2007
  • Culture
    Religion: 89% Evangelical Lutheran, 1% Russian Orthodox, 1 % other, 9% none
    Finns are more reserved and care about respect and privacy
    Salmon, reindeer, berries, and soup are common.
    The national sport in Finland is pesapallo. It is played much like baseball.
    Folk, rock, opera, and pop are poplar genres of music.
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    Finland won 5 medals: 1 silver and 4 bronze
    The silver medal was won by PiiroinenPeetu in the Men’s Snowboarding Halfpipe.
  • Conclusion
    Finland is a fairly modern country not very different from the U.S.
    A very interesting fact that I learned is that in June and July, the night only lasts for 2-3 hours. In the extreme north, there is a period of 73 days that the sun does not set.
  • Suriname
    Michael Newns
  • Map of Suriname
  • Country Description
    Total Area: 163,270(sq km)/ 63,039(sq mi)
    Land Area: 161,470 (sq km)/ 62,344(sq mi)
    Water Area: 1,800(sq km)/ 695(sq mi)
    Climate: tropical, hot, and humid year-round.
    average 75°F to 90°F.
    There is rain year round, amounts differing with the seasons. Flooding is a cause for concern.
    Location:4°00’N; 56°00’W
    Bordered by Brazil, French Guina, and Guyana
    In Northern Latin America
    Population: 481,267
  • Suriname Flag
  • Geography
    mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps
    Borders the Atlantic Ocean
    Flora: water lilies, orchids, tropical shrubs
    Fauna: iguanas, snakes, white egret
    Many tourists come to explore the tropical rain forest that makes up about 80% of Suriname
  • History
    The Dutch acquired Suriname from England in the 1500’s. It was turned into a plantation colony an slaves were brought there.
    Slavery was abolished in 1863, but labor was still needed. Contract laborers from the south came to Suriname and worked on the plantation.
    Suriname gained full independence in 1975
    Current Event: This past January, Suriname’s first president died at the age of 99.
  • Political
    The Republic of Suriname is a constitutional democracy
    Its capital is Paramaribo
    Chief of State: Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN
    Head of Government: Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN
    Cabinet members are appointed by the president
  • Economy
    Suriname’s industry in growing, but is still relatively low.
    Some industries:  bauxite and gold mining, alumina production, oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
    Exports: alumina, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas
    Imports: capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods
    Major Trading Partners: US, Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago, China, France, and Japan
    Trade Associations: Suriname Trade & Industry Association
  • Daily Life
    Life expectancy is 73 years
    Literacy rate:89%
    Literacy in males:92%
    Literacy in females:84%
    The Javanese women wear sarongs as they would in Indonesia. The Creole women wear the traditional kotomisse, with an angisa or  handkerchief.
    Internet usage in Suriname rose from 0% in 1995 to 8% in 2007.
  • Culture
    Religion: Hindu 27%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 23%,Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 5%
    Rice, potatoes, chicken, beans, and peppers are very common.
    Soccer and swimming are the most popular sports.
    The music of Suriname is well-known for kaseko music, and for having an Indo-Caribbean tradition.
    Many tourist come to Suriname to observe the beauty of the rain forest.
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    Suriname did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
  • Conclusion
    Suriname is a beautiful, tropical country which I would love to visit one day.
    I found the diversity of religions practiced in Suriname interesting.
  • Namibia
    Michael Newns
  • Map of Namibia
  • Country Description
    Total Area:825,418 (sq km)/318,694 (sq mi)
    Land Area:825,418(sq km)/ 318,694(sq mi)
    Water Area:0 (sq km)
    Climate: semi-desert. Hot days and cool nights
    Summer, days can reach 100°F
    Rain from December to March, unrelenting dryness for rest of year
    Location: 22°00’S, 17°00’ E
    Southern Africa
    Bordered by Angola, Botswana, South Africa, Zambia
  • Namibia Flag
  • Geography
    mostly high plateau
    Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east
    Flora: 120 different types of trees such as mopane, terminalia, marula, and giant figs
    Fauna: elephant, rhino, giraffe, buffalo, lion, leopard, and cheetah.
    The Namib desert is said to be the oldest desert in the world
    Many tourists visit Namibia to see the wild life
  • History
    Bushmen, Damara, Namaqua peoples inhabited Namibia in the 14th century
    In the late 1800’s-early 1900’s, the country became under German rule
    The natives rebelled, they were defeated, and this started the genocide of the natives led by the Germans
    Namibia became a colony of South Africa in WWI
    The people of Namibia launched a war of independence in 1966
    Namibia finally gained its independence in 1990
    Current Event: in 2009, the manifesto of the Republican part in Namibia is released
  • Political
    Namibia is a republic
    The capital of Namibia is Windhoek
    Bicameral legislature
    President Hifikepunye POHAMBA
    Prime Minister Nahas ANGULA
  • Economy
    Industry is relatively low in Namibia
    Agriculture makes up most of the economy
    Exports: diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, processed fish, karakul skins
    Imports: foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals
    Major Trade partners: United States, EU
  • Daily Life
    Standard of living is bad in Namibia
    The life expectancy is very low at 51 years
    Literacy Rate:85%
    Literacy in Men:84%
    Literacy in Women:83%
    many urban people dress in Western style clothing
    some rural tribes maintain their traditional dress.
    Thehimbafor example wear leather thongs or skirts.
    Only 5% of people in Namibia use the internet
  • Culture
    When a man dies, his sibling inherit the property
    Whites account for 7% of population and they live in urban areas
    Religion: Christian 50%, Lutheran 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
    Mealie, or corn, is the main food in Namibia
    Other popular foods include beef, mutton, millet, peanuts, and melons
    Fish is a big export but not a common part of the Namibian diet
    Ma/gaisa is mainly sang in Khoekhoegowab or Nama/Damara, and it is the most popular dance music in Namibia
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    Namibia did not participate in the 2010 winter Olympics
  • Conclusion
    Namibia is a developing country with lots of natural beauty. They are making a great effort to try to catch up with the industry and technology with the rest of the world.
    You can see this effort through Namibia’s announcement that they are trying to build a nuclear power plant within the next 20 years.
  • Tanzania
    Michael Newns
  • Map of Tanzania
  • Country Description
    Total Area:945,087 (sq km)/ 364,898 (sq mi)
    Land Area: 886,037(sq km)/ 342,099(sq mi)
    Water Area:59,050 (sq km)/ 22,799 (sq mi)
    Climate: coastal strip is tropical with high humidity
    Central plateau takes up most of country, hot and dry
    2 dry seasons, 2 rainy seasons
    Bad monsoons
    Location: Southern/Central Africa; 6°00’S, 35°00’E
    Border countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia
  • Tanzania Flag
  • Geography
    Plains along the coast
    Plateau takes up most of country
    Borders Indian Ocean
    Wooded grasslands are widely scattered throughout the country
    The drier central areas include bush lands and thickets
    4 million wild mammals
    Antelope, zebra, elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, giraffe, and lion
    Various species of monkeys
    827 species of birds
    Famous Mt. Kilimanjaro 5,985 m
  • History
    1498-Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama visits Tanzanian coast.
    1884-German Colonization Society begins to acquire territory on the mainland.
    1919- Germany loses WWI, Tanzania given to Britain
    1961- Tanzania becomes independent
    2001- a new goldmine opens, making Tanzania the third largest gold producer in the world
  • Political
    Tanzania is a republic
    Capital is Dar es Salaam
    Chief of state: Jakaya KIKWETE
    Head of government :Jakaya KIKWETE
    Five year terms
    Cabinet members appointed by president
  • Economy
    Tanzania’s industry is very small
    Most of it is centered around agriculture
    Exports: gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton
    Imports: consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil
    Major Trade partners: UK, South Africa, Japan, France, and India
    Trade Sanctions: Tanzania has a trade sanction on Burundi which will be lifted when Burundi returns to democracy.
  • Daily Life
    Standard of living is low
    Life expectancy is only 52 years
    Literacy rate:69%
    Literacy in Men:85%
    Literacy in Women:70%
    Clothing: khanga and kitengeclothes for women
    Toga-like garment for men
    Women wear a lot of bead jewelry
    Only 1% of the people in Tanzania use the internet
  • Culture
    Women marry in early to mid teens
    Groom offers a price for the bride
    Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%, Christian 30%
    Right hand considered “clean”, left hand is “unclean”
    2 main meals per day
    A dish known as ugali, made from cassava, corn, sorghum or millet flour, is very common
    Fish stew, vegetables, and meat
    Soccer and “netball” (like basketball)are poplar
    A game similar to capture the flag is also common
    The music of Tanzania stretches from traditional African music to the string-based taarab to a distinctive hip hop known as bongo flava.
    The Serengeti is known as one of the best wildlife sanctuary in the world
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    Tanzania did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
  • Conclusion
    Tanzania is a beautiful country with majestic wildlife.
    Tanzania is probably one of the oldest known continuously inhabited areas on Earth; fossil remains of humans and pre-human hominids have been found dating back over two million years.
  • Kazakhstan
    Michael Newns
  • Map of Kazakhstan
  • Country Description
    Total Area:2,717,300 (sq km)/ 1,049,150 (sq mi)
    Land Area:2,669,800 (sq km)/1,030,810 (sq mi)
    Water Area:47,500 (sq km)/18,340 (sq mi)
    Climate: Continental and dry. Winter temperatures and snowfall are rarely extreme and wind is light, summers are pleasant with 80 degree temps.
    Location: Asia; 48°00’N, 68°00’E
    Bordered by China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    Population: 15,399,437
  • Kazakhstan Flag
  • Geography
    extends from the Volga to the Altai Mountains and from the plains in western Siberia to oases and desert in Central Asia
    Landlocked, does not touch any oceans
    Some fauna: brown bear, Caspian sea wolf, Caspian tiger, eagle, snow lepard
    Some flora: steppes and deserts
    Tourist Attraction: Almaty-a beautiful setting between mountains and plains
  • History
    1868- Thousands of Russian and Ukrainian peasants are brought in to settle Kazakh lands
    1917-Civil war breaks out following the Bolshevik revolution in Russia
    1936-Kazakhstan becomes a full union republic of the USSR.
    1940-Hundreds of thousands of Koreans, Crimean Tatars, Germans and others forcibly moved to Kazakhstan
    1949-The first nuclear test explosion is carried out at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test ground in eastern Kazakhstan
    1961-The first manned spacecraft launched from the Baikonur space launch site in central Kazakhstan
    1991-Kazakhstan established independence.
    1992- Kazakhstan admitted to the United Nations
    Kazakhstanis being viewed as a nuclear threat because of the levels of uranium it harvests
  • Political
    Kazakhstan is a republic
    Capital is Astana
    Bicameral parliament
    Chief of State: President Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV
    Head of Government: Prime Minister Karim MASIMOV
    Council of ministers appointed by president
  • Economy
    Big industries are oil, coal, and iron ore
    Exports: oil and oil products, ferrous metals, chemicals, machinery, grain, wool, meat, coal
    Imports: machinery and equipment, metal products, foodstuffs
    Major Trade partners: Russia, Germany, US, China
    Trade Associations: The U.S.-Kazakhstan Business Association (USKBA)
  • Daily Life
    Standard of living is good
    Life expectancy is 68 years
    Literacy Rate:99%
    Literacy in Men:99%
    Literacy in Women:97%
    Clothing: Urban Kazaks wear Western style clothes
    Traditionally Kazaks liked to wear boots with with a pair of felt stockings in the winter
    Internet usage rose from 0% in 1994 to 12% in 2008
  • Culture
    Religion: Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, other, 7%, Protestant 2%
    There is a housing shortage and many people live in urban apartments
    Many games that involve horses are played
    Kuirdak, is a dish prepared from freshly slaughtered meat and consists of the animal's liver, heart, kidneys and other organs cut into pieces, boiled in oil and served with onions and pepper. YUM!
    Folk orchestras are popular in Kazakhstan
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    Kazakhstan had 38 participants in the 2010 winter Olympics
    Kazakhstan won one medal: silver
    The winner of the medal was Elena Khrusttaleva in the women’s biathlon
  • Conclusion
    Kazakhstan is a fairly modern country that is catching up with the other Asian countries.
    I think that it is interesting that Kazakhstan has to rely on industry so much because there is not much water to have farming.
  • Cuba
    Michael Newns
  • Map of Cuba
  • Country Description
    Total Area:110,860 (sq km)/ 42,803 (sq mi)
    Land Area:110,860 (sq km)/42,803 (sq mi)
    Water Area:0 (sq km)/ 0 )(sq mi)
    Climate: mild subtropical climate cause by trade winds and warm surrounding waters
    Average temperature is 77°F
    In the Caribbean;  21°30’N, 80°00’ W
  • Cuba Flag
  • Geography
    mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast
    bordered on the south by the Caribbean Sea and on the north by the Gulf of Mexico and the Straits of Florida
    An island
    Flora: cactus, mango, pomegranate, avocado, banana
    Fauna: woodpecker, jutia, snakes,
    Tourist attractions: immaculate beaches bring in thousands of tourists
  • History
    1492-The navigator Christopher Columbus claims Cuba for Spain.
    1511-Spanish colonization of the island begins under the direction of Diego Velazquez.
    1607-Havana is officially named the capital of Cuba.
    1868-War of independence lasts for ten years between Cuban colonials wanting independence from what they see as unjust rule from Spain. The War ends in a treaty and promise of greater autonomy for Cuba.
    1895-Jose Marti leads a second war of independence; US declares war on Spain.
    1898-US defeats Spain, which gives up all claims to Cuba and cedes it to the US.
    1898-Cuba becomes independent with Tomas Estrada Palma as its president; however, the Platt Amendment keeps the island under US protection and gives the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs.
    1906-Cuban President Tomas Estrada resigns and the United States invades and occupies Cuba after a rebellion led by Jose Miguel Gomez.
    1925-Socialist Party founded, forming the basis of the Communist Party.
  • History(continued)
    1959-Fidel Castro led a Communist revolution and the rebel army overthrew the Cuban president Fulgencio Batista.
    1962-Cuban missile crisis occurs when Castro allows the USSR to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba. The crisis was solved when the USSR agreed to take back the missiles in exchange for the US withdrawing their missiles from Turkey.
    1965-Cuba’s sole political party renamed the Cuban Communist Party.
    1976-Cuban Communist Party approves a new socialist constitution; Castro elected president.
    1980-More than 100,000 Cubans flee to the US.
    2008-Raul Castro takes over as president, days after Fidel announces his retirement.
  • Political
    Cuba is communist
    Capital is Havana
    President Raul Castro
    Secondary head of state: Gen. Jose Ramon Machado Ventura
  • Economy
    Industry and agriculture are about the same importance
    Some industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco,
    Exports: sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee
    Imports: petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals
    Major trade Partners: Spain, China, Venezuela, Italy, France, Canada, US, Mexico
    Trade Associations: US-Cuba Trade Association
    Trade Sanctions: US put an embargo on Cuba in 1960
  • Daily Life
    Standard of living is good, much better than it was under the early years of Fidel Castro
    Life expectancy is 78 years
    Literacy Rate:99%
    Literacy in Men:97%
    Literacy in Women:96%
    Clothing: Casual dress and lightweight slacks are the norm during the day with more formal wear in the evenings. Shorts are popular at the beach but no shorts are allowed at night in public places
    Internet usage rose from 0% in 1995 to 12 % in 2008
  • Culture
    It is not uncommon for 3 generations to live under one household
    Religion: Roman Catholic 85%, other 15%
    Baseball is the favorite sport
    Food: rice, beans, eggs, tomatoes, lettuce, chicken, beef and pork. Various spices used
    wide range of creolized musical styles, based on its cultural origins in Europe and Africa
    Many Spanish and Latin dances
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    Cuba did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
  • Conclusion
    Cuba is a fascinating country with rich culture but still is recovering from the oppressive communist government and rule of Fidel Castro.
  • Iran
    Michael Newns
  • Map of Iran
  • Country Description
    Total Area: 1,649,000 (sq km)/636,679 (sq mi)
    Land Area: 1,636,000 (sq km)/631,660 (sq mi)
    Water Area: 12,000 (sq km)/ 4,633 (sq mi)
    Climate: mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
    Location: Middle East, Asia; 32° 00’N, 53° 00’E
    Population:  66,429,284
  • Iran Flag
  • Geography
    rugged, mountainous rim
    high, central basin with deserts, mountains;
    small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
    Borders Arabian sea, Persian Gulf, and Caspian Sea
    Bordered by Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan
    Flora: oak, ash, elm, cypress, walnut, beech, maple, and mulberry
    Fauna: wild sheep and goats, gazelles, wild asses, wild pigs, panthers, and foxes
    There is not much tourism in Iran because of the war
  • History
    Ruled by Muslim dynasties
    1907-ntroduction of constitution which limits the absolutist powers of rulers.
    1914-Iran declares neutrality but is scene of heavy fighting during World War I.
    1935-Formerly known as Persia, Iran is adopted as the country’s official name.
    1941-Reza Shah, who sides with Germans in the war, forced to abdicate by Allies. His son, Reza Pahlavi, named Shah.
    1979-The Shah was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution ending 2,500 years of monarchy.
    1979-Islamic republic set up.
    1980-Start of Iran-Iraq war which lasts for eight years.
  • History(continued)
    1981-The American hostages are released ending 444 days in captivity.
    1990-A major earthquake strikes Iran, killing approximately 40,000 people.
    1990-Iran remains neutral following Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.
    1995-US imposes oil and trade sanctions over Iran’s alleged sponsorship of “terrorism”, seeking to acquire nuclear arms and hostility to the Middle East process. Iran denies the charges.
    2003-40,000 people are killed in an earthquake in south-east Iran; the city of Bam is devastated.
    Current Event: American troops remain stationed in Iran
  • Political
    Iran is a theocratic republic
    Capital is Tehran
    Supreme Leader Ali Hoseini-KHAMENEI
    President Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD
    First Vice President Parviz DAVUDI
    Cabinet members picked by president with legislature approval
  • Economy
    Industry and agriculture are both big
    40% of population below poverty line
    Exports: petroleum, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets
    Imports: industrial raw materials and intermediate goods, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services, military supplies
    Major Trade Partners: Germany, Japan, Switzerland, France, Italy
    Trade Associations: Iranian Trade Association
    Trade Sanctions: The US does not sell any aircraft or military materials to Iran
  • Daily Life
    Standard of living is not good, but not bad
    40% of population below poverty line
    Life Expectancy is 71 years
    Literacy rate:77%
    Literacy in Men:85%
    Literacy in Women:73%
    Clothing: dress formally and conservatively in public
    Men wear western clothes or robes and traditional turbans
    Women must be covered from head to foot in public
    Internet usage rose from 0% in 1994 to 325 in 2008
  • Culture
    Religion: Shi a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%, other 2%
    Large families favored
    Men can have up to 4 wives
    Many say that chess was invented in Iran
    Other popular games are wrestling, weightlifting, squash, and horse racing
    Midday meal is most important
    Muslims do not eat anything from dusk to dawn during Ramadan
    Religion is extremely important; so is fasting and praying
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    Iran had 4 athletes in the 2010 winter Olympics.
    They competed in alpine skiing and cross country skiing.
    They did not win any medals.
  • Conclusion
    Iran is a founding member of the UN, NAM, OIC and OPEC.
    It is a powerful country struggling to set up a strong government while dealing with radical Muslims.
  • Taiwan
    Michael Newns
  • Map of Taiwan
  • Country Description
    Total Area: 35,980 (sq km)/ 13,892 (sq mi)
    Land Area: 32,260 (sq km)/ 12,456 (sq mi)
    Water Area: 3,720 (sq km)/ 1,436 (sq mi)
    Climate: sub-tropical with temperatures ranging from 12 to 35 degrees Celsius
    Summer and winter are long, spring and fall are short
    Typhoons last from June to October
    Asia; 23°30’N, 121°00’E
  • Taiwan Flag
  • Geography
    eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains
    flat to gently rolling plains in west
    Island in Pacific Ocean
    Flora: evergreen tropical and subtropical forest, where ficua, pandanus, palms, teak, bamboos, and camphors are commonly found
    Fauna: Foxes, flying foxes, deer, wild boar, bats, squirrels, macaques, and pangolins
    Tourist Attraction: Yushan Mountain
  • History
    1626-The Spanish colonize northern Taiwan.
    1661-Chinese Ming dynasty occupied Taiwan.
    1683-The Manchus (Tartars) conquer Taiwan which becomes part of the Chinese empire.
    1895-China ceded Taiwan to Japan under the Apr 17 Treaty of Shimonoseki. This followed a war over control of the Korean peninsula. Japanese occupation ended in 1945.
    World War II; Japan surrenders and China’s Chiang Kai-shek appoints General Chen-Yi to take over Taiwan.
    1971-Taiwan is expelled from the United Nations. The seat is given to the People’s Republic of China.
    1978-The United States announces it will terminate its diplomatic relations with Taiwan on Jan. 1, 1979.
  • History(continued)
    2001-Taipei lifts a 50-year ban on direct trade and investment with China.
    2002-Taiwan officially enters the World Trade Organization, only a few weeks after China.
    2005-Tension between China and Taiwan intensifies, when China passes an anti-secession law that says the country can use force if Taiwan moves toward achieving independence.
    2007-The country attempts to join the UN for the first time under the name Taiwan, rather than the official title of Republic of China. The application is rejected.
    2009-The leaders of China and Taiwan exchange direct messages for the first time in more than 60 years, in a sign of warming ties.
  • Political
    multiparty democratic regime
    Capital is Taipei
    Unicameral legislature
    Chief of State: MA Ying-jeou
    Head of Government: LIU Chao-shiuan
  • Economy
    Industries:  electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing
    Exports: computer products and electrical equipment, metals, textiles, plastics and rubber products, chemicals
    Imports: machinery and electrical equipment minerals, precision instruments
    Major Trade partners: Japan, US, China, South Korea
  • Daily Life
    Standard of living is good
    Life expectancy is 78 years
    Literacy rate:96%
    Clothing: Western-Style clothing is common
    Suit is appropriate in business
    Appearance is important
  • Culture
    Religion: Confucian 93%, Christian 5%, other 2%
    Live in crowded conditions
    Men's primary duty is to be a good son, husband and father are secondary
    Never put chopsticks in rice bowl, looks like sticks of incense at a funeral
    Popular sports: golf, ping-pong, basketball, soccer, softball, and badminton
    Instrumental music includes multiple genres, such as beiguan and nanguan.
  • Winter Olympics 2010
    Taiwan did not participate in the 2010 Winter Olympics.
  • Conclusion
    Taiwan is a very young developing country that is still fighting for international recognition.
    Although US has helped out its economy tremendously. Also China wants it in the worst way!