Unit 7: Nonfiction
Nonfiction includes true stories about
real people, places, and experiences. It
also includes practical writing that
informs you about something and
persuasive writing that urges you to
think or act in a certain way. Each of
the nonfiction selections in this unit in
some way reflects real life.
1. Maya Angelou: New Directions p.191
2. Rachel Carson: from Silent Spring p. 491
3. Carl Sandburg: from A Lincoln Preface p. 152
4. Sally Ride: "Single Room, Earth View“ p. 636
5. Jim Lovell and Jeffrey Kluger: From “Lost Moon: The Perilous Voyage of
Apollo 13 p. 1064
6. Rosa Parks w/Jim Haskins: from Rosa Parks: My Story p. 168
7. Martin Luther King, Jr.: from "I Have a Dream“ p. 164
8. Bill Gates: from “The Road Ahead” p. 446
9. Nelson Mandela: “Glory and Hope” p. 506
10. Bill Cosby: Go Deep Into the Sewer” p. 368
10 Questions which must be answered on each of the assigned
nonfiction selections from Gold.
1. Which category of nonfiction is this selection? Which point of view is used? Why?
2. What is the setting of this selection? (Time and place) Is it important/specific to this
3. Who is the main character of this selection/what is the main topic of this selection?
4. What kind of person is the main character? What seems to be his/her philosophy of
If it is merely a topic, why is the author writing about this topic and what seems to be
his/her opinion of the topic?
5. Give a very brief synopsis of the selection within a few sentences.
6. Is this selection of historical significance?
7. What conflicts are found in this selection? Explain each.
8. Why was this selection written? Was it worthwhile?
9. What is the main theme of this selection? Were there any other reasons behind its
10. Did you like this selection? Explain why or why not.
1. Resume—nonfiction to present
2. Biography—includes research and bibliography
3. Article/Critique/Review—book, movie, music, art
You must create an
4. Op-ed/Editorial—summary of a real op-ed
example of 5 of these
5. 3 Essays—expository, persuasive, narrative (3)
6. Memoir/Anecdote/Reflection paper
You may do more
examples for extra, if
7. Political cartoon—your own or from history
9. 3 Letters—friendly, business, and cover letters—counts as 1.
10. Speech—a famous one discussed, or your own
Blogs, Memoirs, logs,
essays may not be as
painfully honest as a
journal or a diary that
was never intended
Encyclopedias, atlases, dictionaries, te
xtbooks, etc. are all nonfiction. Except
for the fiction shelves, all other books
in the library are non-fiction.
Many periodicals/magazines are mainly
Secondary sources write
about information taken from
Example: history books
Political cartoons are
trying to say
and the real
Propaganda is information
slanted to favor one side of
an issue over the other.
summary of your
—How To or DIY
—to change someone’s mind on a topic
—an anecdote, personal reflection, etc.
Sometimes it is a
How-to or a DIY.
be considered expository.
****The secret to life, or to writing a
decent essay for any subject/essay
question answer: 5 paragraphs!
Introduction—paragraph that explains
what you are writing about. Contains a
Three paragraphs—each with a fact or
reason that supports or explains your
main idea with examples in several
Conclusion—a paragraph that
summarizes your ideas and presents
the reader with your conclusion. This
should echo your thesis statement and
emphasizes why your idea is the only