Chandigarh

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open spaces in Chandigarh

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Chandigarh

  1. 1. CHANDIGARH CHARLES EDOUARD JEANNERET NOW POPULARLY KNOWN AS LE CORBUSIER October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965) BY SANDEEPKUMAR PRAJAPATI URBAN DESIGN-SEM II
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION•SINCE PUNJAB WAS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS, THE CAPITAL WASLEFT IN PAKISTAN THERE FORE PUNJAB IN INDIA REQUIRED NEWCAPITAL-CHANDIGARH.•LE CORBUSIER WAS APPROACHED BY PUNJAB GOVERNMENT ANDTHE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA.•CHANDIGARH IS A BOLD EXPERIMENT IN MODERN CIVIC DESIGN.•CHANDIGARH HAS PROVOKED FRESH THINKING AND IN FACTSHOWN NEW WAY OF LIFE.•MAXWELL FRY, JANE DREW AND PIERRE JEANNERET WERE ALSOINVOLVED IN THE TEAM OF ARCHITECTS•WHEN LE CORBUSIER ASSUMED CONTROL OF THE CHANDIGARHPROJECT IN 1951, HOWEVER THE DESIGN OF THE CITY HADALREADY BEEN DEVISED BY THE NEW YORK FIRM OF MAYER,WHITTLESEY, AND GLASS WHO RECEIVED A CONTRACT FOR THEMASTER PLAN OF CHANDIGARH IN 1950
  3. 3. ALBERT MAYER THE MASTER PLAN• MAYER WAS THE FIRST ONE TO GET THE CHANDIGARH PROJECT.•MAYER STATED THAT HE WAS TRYING TO CREATE SOMETHING THATREALLY APPLIES TO WHAT WE HAVE TALKED ABOUT MUCH BUT WHICHHAS BEEN AT BEST DONE IN A LIMITED WAY IN RADBUBN,THE GREENBELTTOWNS AND BALDWIN HILLS.•THE BASIC AIM, STATED MAYER,WAS A BEAUTIFUL CITY.•THE MASTER PLAN WHICH ALBERT MAYER PRODUCED FORCHANDIGARH ASSUMES A FAN-SHAPED OUTLINE,SPREADING GENTLY TOFILL THE FILE THE SITE BETWEEN THE TWO RIVER BEDS.•THE PROVINCIAL GOVT. BUILDINGS ARE LOCATED THE UPPER EDGE OFTHE CITY WITHIN A FORK IN ONE OF THE RIVERS,WHILE THE CENTRALBUSINESS DISTRICT OCCUPIES AN AREA NEAR THE CENTER. A CURVINGNETWORK OF MAIN ROADS SURROUNDS THE RESIDENTIAL SUPERBLOCKS, EACH OF WHICH CONTAINS A CENTRAL AREA OF PARKLAND
  4. 4. •THE FLATNESS OF THE SITE ALLOWEDALMOST COMPLETE FREEDOM INCREATING STREET LAYOUT AND IT ISOF INTEREST TO NOTE HAT THEOVERALL PATTERN DELIBERATELYAVOIDS A GEOMETRIC GRID IN FAVOUROF A LOOSELY CURVING SYSTEM. Drawings showing Mayer’s master plan and neighbourhood unit on top and Le Corbusier s plan and Sector below.•THE PROVINCIAL GOVT. BUILDINGSARE LOCATED THE UPPER EDGE OFTHE CITY WITHIN A FORK IN ONE OFTHE RIVERS, WHILE THE CENTRALBUSINESS DISTRICT OCCUPIES ANAREA NEAR THE CENTER.•A CURVING NETWORK OF MAINROADS SURROUNDS THERESIDENTIAL SUPERBLOCKS,EACHOF WHICH CONTAINS A CENTRALAREA OF PARKLAND
  5. 5. MASTER PLAN•IN 1951 IT WAS GIVEN TO LE CORBUSIER•IN CHANDIGARH LE CORBUSIER SYTEM OF SELF SUPPORTINGNEIGHBORHOOD UNIT KNOWN AS A SECTOR HAS WORKED VERY WELL•SECTOR WHICH IS INTROVERTED IN CHARACTER COMMUNICATES ONLYAT 4 JUNCTIONS WITH THE ADJOINING NEIGHBOURHOOD UNITS•ALL THE HOUSES OPEN UP INSIDE•GRID PLANNING IS DONE•CHANDIGARH PLANNING WAS DONE IN AN MANNER THAT EVERYTHINGWAS EASILY CLEAR ABOUT THE ROUTES AND SECTORS•7 V’S ROAD SYSTEM IS USED•THE ROADS ARE CLASSIFIED AS V1 ,V2 ,V3………V7
  6. 6. V1-CONNECTS CHANDIGARH TO OTHER CITIES V2 -ARE THE MAJOR AVENUES OF THE CITY V3 -ARE THE CORRIDORS STREETS FOR VEHICULAR TRAFFIC ONLY V4…..V7 -ARE THE ROADS WITHIN THE SECTORS•CORBUSIER’S CONCEPTUAL SKETCH SHOWING THE V-ROADSYSTEM
  7. 7. 1.INSPECTING THE SITE,1951. 1.TOWN HALL & STATE LIBRARY, SEC-17,1961.2.BUILDING ROADS, 1951. 2.POLYTECHNIQUE FOR MEN, SEC-26,1961.3.MINISTERS BUNGALOW, SEC-2,1956. 3.GANDHI BHAVAN, SEC-14,1966.4.NURSERY SCHOOL, SECTOR -16,1956. 4.ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, SEC-14.1966.Drawings showing the realisation of the first phase of Chandigarh from 1951-66.Source: Documenting Chandigarh
  8. 8. THE SECTORIn its first phase Chandigarh was organized in 30sectors. The sector was conceivedas an autonomous unit including housing as well as all service needed for everydaylife: schools, artisans, shops, leisure.
  9. 9. THE CITY LANDSCAPE PLAN OF THE FIRST PHASES, SHOWING THE LEISURE VALLEY & THESWATHS OF GREEN SPACES THAT ALSO ACT AS FLOOD CONTROL
  10. 10. THE GROWTH OF CHANDIGARH1966-96, STARTING WITHSECTORS 1 & 2 IN PHASE 1, &CURRENTLY CONSISTING OF 86SECTORS
  11. 11. ANALYSIS OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF SOCIALGROUPS IN CHANDIGARH IN 1998.
  12. 12. EACH SECTOR IS DESIGNATED BY NUMBER,THE CAPITAL COMPLEX BEING NUMBER 1,WITHTHE REMAINING SECTORS NUMBERED CONSECUTIVELY BEGINNING AT THE NORTH CORNEROF THE CITY.
  13. 13. •EACH SECTOR IS DESIGNATED BY NUMBER,THE CAPITAL COMPLEX BEING NUMBER 1,WITHTHE REMAINING SECTORS NUMBERED CONSECUTIVELY BEGINNING AT THE NORTH CORNEROF THE CITY.•Drawings showing sector 22 with its shopping district running across the sector. EXISTING PLAN OF SECTOR – 22 (HAVING POPULATION OF 25000 PEOPLE)
  14. 14. COMPARATIVE FIGURE GROUND DIAGRAMS OF ONE SQUARE MILE AREA
  15. 15. THE CAPITOL COMPLEX•THE AREA OF THE GREATEST SYMBOLIC SIGNIFICANCE INCHANDIGARH WAS THE CAPITOL COMPLEX , WHICH IN ITS FINALFORM WAS BASED ON THE DESIGN OF A GRAET CROSS AXIS.•THE MOST IMPORTANT GROUP OF THE BUILDINGS CONSTITUTINGTHE CAPITOL-PARLIAMENT, THE SECRETARIAT.•IN THE FOREGROUND, THE POOL OF THE PALACE OF JUSTICE.•THE CAPITOL AREA WAS DESIGNED AS THE GREAT PEDISTRIANPLAZA WITH MOTOR TRAFFIC SEPARATED INTO SUNKEN TRENCHESLEADING TO PARKING AREAS•ALTHOUGH THE SITE IS VERY BIG,IT IS NOT DESIGNED WITHALLOWENCE FOR EXPANSION
  16. 16. PLAN OF CAPITOL BUILDING,SECTOR-11.Parliament2.Secretariat3.Governor’s Palace4.High Court5.Truncated Pyramid6.Monument for the victims7.Open Hand
  17. 17. LE CORBUSIER’S UNSHAKEABLE BELIEF IN THE ANTHROPOMETRICPROPORTIONAL CONNECTIONS & LINKS CREATED BY GOLDENSECTION
  18. 18. The Secretariat The High CourtThe Assembly Hall Huge Open Plaza
  19. 19. REFERENCES1. HASAN-UDDIN KHAN WITH JULIAN BEINART & CHARLES CORREA, LE CorbusierCHANDIGARH AND THE MODERN CITY. MAPIN PUBLISHING PVT LTD, AHMEDABAD.2. KLAUS-PETER GAST, LE CORBUSIER PARIS-------CHANDIGARH. BIRKHAUSER-PUBLISHERFOR ARCHITECTURE, BERLIN-BOTSON.3.KIRAN JOSHI, DOCUMENTING CHANDIGARH, THE INDIAN ARCHITECTURE OF PIERREJEANNERET, EDWIN MAXWELL FRY, JANE BEVERLY DREW, VOLUME-1. MAPIN PUBLISHINGPVT LTD, AHMEDABAD.

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