GIKA Conference - Valencia, Spain, Juy 2013

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Knowledge Management and decision making based on informal learning activities in business

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GIKA Conference - Valencia, Spain, Juy 2013

  1. 1. Knowledge Management and decision making based on informal learning activities in business Dr. Francisco José García Peñalvo (fgarcia@usal.es) Dr. Miguel Ángel Conde González (mconde@usal.es) Grupo GRIAL – University of Salamanca, Spain Valencia, Spain, July 9-11, 2013
  2. 2. Outline •  Introduction •  System description overview •  The Decision Support System •  Evaluation •  Conclusions GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  3. 3. Outline •  Introduction •  System description overview •  The Decision Support System •  Evaluation •  Conclusions GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  4. 4. Introduction (I) GRIAL – University of Salamanca •  Information is a key element for decision-making processes •  It is necessary to manage and exploit that information and ICT makes it possible •  One issue to take into account is informal learning, specially relevant in the workplace •  Recognition of informal learning •  Enhances employability •  Benefits companies and managers •  Helps to develop task-oriented skills and know-how •  Gives employees the opportunity to learn and keep their skills up-to-date
  5. 5. Introduction (II) GRIAL – University of Salamanca •  ICT facilitates such recognition •  TENCompetence Project, FREE, IBAK, Open Budgets •  Focused on the validation of informal learning and particularly issues relating to certification and qualification •  How to obtain a strategic advantage of such informal learning for organizations and employees?
  6. 6. Introduction (and III) GRIAL – University of Salamanca •  Create a dialog about informal learning evidences between institutions and employees, based on •  An ICT ecosystem •  A methodology to articulate such dialog •  Implemented as a proof of concept in TRAILER project ! h"p://trailerproject.eu/  
  7. 7. Outline •  Introduction •  System description overview •  The Decision Support System •  Evaluation •  Conclusions GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  8. 8. System description overview (I) GRIAL – University of Salamanca •  Employee identifies learning + Institutions recognizes it => Make decisions •  ICT ecosystem for informal learning recognition •  PTE (Personal Training Environment) or PKN (Personal Knowledge Network) •  Portfolio System •  Competence Model •  Organizational Environment
  9. 9. System description overview (II) GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  10. 10. System description overview (and III) GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  11. 11. Outline •  Introduction •  System description overview •  The Decision Support System •  Evaluation •  Conclusions GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  12. 12. DSS (I) GRIAL – University of Salamanca •  Defined in the organizational environment •  Critical for decision-making processes •  Two main elements •  Analysis layer •  Gathers public information from the portfolio •  PersonalPortfolioView •  Competence API •  Makes a preliminary analysis to present the information •  Decision support tools
  13. 13. DSS (II) GRIAL – University of Salamanca •  What is the information considered? •  Informal Learning Activities •  User-Organization Competences •  User-Organization relationships •  Competences/Working Areas/Tags •  How is the information represented to facilitate decision-making and dialog processes? •  Text-based •  Chart-based •  Data visualization techniques
  14. 14. DSS (III) GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  15. 15. DSS (IV) GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  16. 16. DSS (and V) GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  17. 17. Outline •  Introduction •  System description overview •  The Decision Support System •  Evaluation •  Conclusions GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  18. 18. Evaluation (I) •  Implementation as a proof of concept •  Expert testing  Cognitive Walkthrough complemented with Think Aloud •  Screen recording of the experts when they used the system •  Classification of breakdowns by Nielsen’s model GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  19. 19. Evaluation (II) •  Expert Testing •  System Usability Scale (SUS) – 49.6 score – Far from 68 recommended satisfaction •  Perceived ease of use (PEOU) – Crombach Alpha to check the validity of the survey ⊳ High level of consistency 0.934 – Average value near 4 (the neutral value of the scale) GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  20. 20. Evaluation (and III) •  Qualitative Evaluation •  Expert’s opinion about the components of the system GRIAL – University of Salamanca Easy to Understand Helpful Improvements E1 Quite easy Very useful It is ok as is E2 More explanation needed Quite useful Look and Feel and Descriptions E3 - Lot of information at a glance More options E4 Need more tips - More filters E5 Wizard Facilitate making decisions Create a wizard to guide the search E6 More filters It can be more still more useful New filters about competences and ILAs E7 Good Ok - E8 - Useful Other kind of charts E9 Clear - - E10 Very easy Great - E11 - Solve my needs - E12 Straightforward Easy - E13 - Too much data Description of data, other kind of representations E14 Teaching needed Not sure More info about the data shown
  21. 21. Outline •  Introduction •  System description overview •  The Decision Support System •  Evaluation •  Conclusions GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  22. 22. Conclusions (I) •  Methodology to make decisions based on informal learning  Technological framework to support it •  Knowledge management for both employees and organizations •  Employees  Identify and make visible informal learning to organizations •  Organizations  Training related decisions  Promotion decisions •  Dialog between organizations and employees GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  23. 23. Conclusions (and II) •  Each organization has different needs •  Applying the proposed methodology makes possible to manage knowledge based on informal learning evidences •  Future work must allow improving the DSS in order to work with atomic indicators GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  24. 24. Acknowledgements With the support of the Lifelong Learning Program of the EU. Project Reference: 519141-LLP-1-2011-1-ES- KA3-KA3MP This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication only reflects the views of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein GRIAL – University of Salamanca
  25. 25. Knowledge Management and decision making based on informal learning activities in business Dr. Francisco José García Peñalvo (fgarcia@usal.es) Dr. Miguel Ángel Conde González (mconde@usal.es) Grupo GRIAL – University of Salamanca, Spain Valencia, Spain, July 9-11, 2013

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