Designing Effective
“PowerPoint Presentations”
Designing Effective
PowerPoint Presentation
SimpleConsistent
Clear
Big Progressive
Summary
Make It Big
Make it Big (Text)
• This is Arial 12
• This is Arial 18
• This is Arial 24
• This is Arial 32
• This is Arial 36
• This i...
Make it Big (Text)
• This is Arial 12
• This is Arial 18
• This is Arial 24
• This is Arial 32
• This is Arial 36
• This i...
Make It Big (How to Estimate)
• Look at it from 2 metres away
2 m
Keep It Simple
Keep It Simple (Text)
• Too many colours
• TooToo Many Fonts
and Styles
• The 6 x 7 rule
– No more than 6 lines per slide
...
Keep It Simple (Text)
Instructional Technology:
A complex integrated process involving
people, procedures, ideas, devices,...
Keep It Simple (Text)
A process
involving people, procedures & tools
for solutions
to problems in learning
(HMRS 5th ed.)
...
Keep It Simple (Picture)
• Art work may distract your audience
• Artistry does not substitute for content
Keep It Simple (Sound)
• Sound effects may distract too
• Use sound only when necessary
Make It Clear
Make It Clear (Capitalisation)
• ALL CAPITAL LETTERS ARE
DIFFICULT TO READ
• Upper and lower case letters are easier
Sanserif Z Serif Z
Make It Clear (Fonts)
busyclear
• Serif fonts are difficult to read on screen
• Sanserif fonts are clearer
• Italics are difficult to read on screen
• Nor...
Make It Clear (Numbers)
Use numbers for lists with sequence
For example:
How to put an elephant into a fridge?
1. Open the...
Make It Clear (Numbers)
How to put a giraffe into a fridge?
1. Open the door of the fridge
2. Take out the elephant
3. Put...
Make It Clear (Bullets)
Use bullets to show a list without
• Priority
• Sequence
• Hierarchy, …..
Make It Clear (Colours)
• Use contrasting colours
• Light on dark vs dark on light
• Use complementary colours
Make It Clear (Contrast)
• Use contrasting colours
• Light on dark vs dark on light
• Use complementary colours
low contra...
Make It Clear (Contrast)
• Use contrasting colours
• Light on dark vs dark on light
• Use complementary colours
This is li...
Make It Clear (Contrast)
• Use contrasting colours
• Light on dark vs dark on light
• Use complementary colours
This is da...
Make It Clear (Complement)
• Use contrasting colours
• Light on dark vs dark on light
• Use complementary colours
These co...
Make It Clear (Complement)
• Use contrasting colours
• Light on dark vs dark on light
• Use complementary colours
These co...
Make It Clear (Size)
• Size implies importance
Make It Clear (Size)
•Size implies importance
Make It Clear (Focal Points)
• Focal points direct attention
Make It Clear (Focal Points)
• Focal points direct attention
Be Progressive
Complexity of Interactions
ModeofInstruction
Individual Pair Group
Direct
Instruction
Guided
Inquiry
Discovery
Learning
In...
Complexity of Interactions
ModeofInstruction
Individual Pair Group
Direct
Instruction
Guided
Inquiry
Discovery
Learning
In...
Understanding Technology
Floppy disk
User interface
CPU
I/O Error
Backup system
Software
Mouse
Debugger
Function key
Main ...
Understanding Technology
Floppy disk
User interface
CPU
I/O Error
Backup system
Software
Mouse
Debugger
Function key
Main ...
Be Consistent
Be Consistent
• Differences draw attention
• Differences may imply importance
• Use surprises to attract not distract
Be Consistent
Differences draw attention
• Differences may imply importance
• Use surprises to attract not distract
This ...
Be Consistent
Differences draw attention
 Differences may imply importance
o Use surprises to attract not distract
These...
Be Consistent
• Differences draw attention
• Differences may imply importance
• Use surprises to attract not distract
This...
Be Consistent
• Differences draw attention
• Differences may imply importance
• Use surprises to attract not distract
Conf...
Be Consistent
• Differences draw attention
• Differences may imply importance
• Use surprises to attract not distract
This...
Be Consistent
• Differences draw attention
• Differences may imply importance
• Use surprises to attract not distract
Thes...
In Summary
• Big
• Simple
• Clear
• Progressive
• Consistent
Some Final Words
When Creating
• Text to support the communication
• Pictures to simplify complex concepts
• Animations for complex relatio...
When Presenting
• Speak loudly and clearly with fluctuation
• Direct your words to all aspects of the
room
• Maintain eye ...
Closing Remarks
• Practice your presentation before a
neutral audience
– Ask for feedback
• Be particular about the time a...
Thank You !
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How to make effective presentation

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How to make effective presentation

  1. 1. Designing Effective “PowerPoint Presentations”
  2. 2. Designing Effective PowerPoint Presentation SimpleConsistent Clear Big Progressive Summary
  3. 3. Make It Big
  4. 4. Make it Big (Text) • This is Arial 12 • This is Arial 18 • This is Arial 24 • This is Arial 32 • This is Arial 36 • This is Arial 44
  5. 5. Make it Big (Text) • This is Arial 12 • This is Arial 18 • This is Arial 24 • This is Arial 32 • This is Arial 36 • This is Arial 44 Too Small
  6. 6. Make It Big (How to Estimate) • Look at it from 2 metres away 2 m
  7. 7. Keep It Simple
  8. 8. Keep It Simple (Text) • Too many colours • TooToo Many Fonts and Styles • The 6 x 7 rule – No more than 6 lines per slide – No more than 7 words per line
  9. 9. Keep It Simple (Text) Instructional Technology: A complex integrated process involving people, procedures, ideas, devices, and organization, for analyzing problems and devising, implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems in situations in which learning is purposive and controlled (HMRS 5th ed.) Too detailed !
  10. 10. Keep It Simple (Text) A process involving people, procedures & tools for solutions to problems in learning (HMRS 5th ed.) Instructional Technology: Much Simpler
  11. 11. Keep It Simple (Picture) • Art work may distract your audience • Artistry does not substitute for content
  12. 12. Keep It Simple (Sound) • Sound effects may distract too • Use sound only when necessary
  13. 13. Make It Clear
  14. 14. Make It Clear (Capitalisation) • ALL CAPITAL LETTERS ARE DIFFICULT TO READ • Upper and lower case letters are easier
  15. 15. Sanserif Z Serif Z Make It Clear (Fonts) busyclear
  16. 16. • Serif fonts are difficult to read on screen • Sanserif fonts are clearer • Italics are difficult to read on screen • Normal or bold fonts are clearer • Underlines may signify hyperlinks • Instead, use colours to emphasise Make It Clear (Fonts)
  17. 17. Make It Clear (Numbers) Use numbers for lists with sequence For example: How to put an elephant into a fridge? 1. Open the door of the fridge 2. Put the elephant in 3. Close the door
  18. 18. Make It Clear (Numbers) How to put a giraffe into a fridge? 1. Open the door of the fridge 2. Take out the elephant 3. Put the giraffe in 4. Close the door
  19. 19. Make It Clear (Bullets) Use bullets to show a list without • Priority • Sequence • Hierarchy, …..
  20. 20. Make It Clear (Colours) • Use contrasting colours • Light on dark vs dark on light • Use complementary colours
  21. 21. Make It Clear (Contrast) • Use contrasting colours • Light on dark vs dark on light • Use complementary colours low contrast high contrast
  22. 22. Make It Clear (Contrast) • Use contrasting colours • Light on dark vs dark on light • Use complementary colours This is light on dark
  23. 23. Make It Clear (Contrast) • Use contrasting colours • Light on dark vs dark on light • Use complementary colours This is dark on light
  24. 24. Make It Clear (Complement) • Use contrasting colours • Light on dark vs dark on light • Use complementary colours These colours do not complement
  25. 25. Make It Clear (Complement) • Use contrasting colours • Light on dark vs dark on light • Use complementary colours These colours complement
  26. 26. Make It Clear (Size) • Size implies importance
  27. 27. Make It Clear (Size) •Size implies importance
  28. 28. Make It Clear (Focal Points) • Focal points direct attention
  29. 29. Make It Clear (Focal Points) • Focal points direct attention
  30. 30. Be Progressive
  31. 31. Complexity of Interactions ModeofInstruction Individual Pair Group Direct Instruction Guided Inquiry Discovery Learning Individual Instructive Tools Individual Constructive Tools Social Constructive Tools Social Communicative Tools Informational Tools Types of Instructional Tools Too many in one go!
  32. 32. Complexity of Interactions ModeofInstruction Individual Pair Group Direct Instruction Guided Inquiry Discovery Learning Individual Instructive Tools Individual Constructive Tools Social Constructive Tools Social Communicative Tools Informational Tools Types of Instructional Tools Progressive & thus focused
  33. 33. Understanding Technology Floppy disk User interface CPU I/O Error Backup system Software Mouse Debugger Function key Main Storage Too many & not focused
  34. 34. Understanding Technology Floppy disk User interface CPU I/O Error Backup system Software Mouse Debugger Function key Main Storage Progressive & thus focused
  35. 35. Be Consistent
  36. 36. Be Consistent • Differences draw attention • Differences may imply importance • Use surprises to attract not distract
  37. 37. Be Consistent Differences draw attention • Differences may imply importance • Use surprises to attract not distract This tick draws attention
  38. 38. Be Consistent Differences draw attention  Differences may imply importance o Use surprises to attract not distract These differences distract!
  39. 39. Be Consistent • Differences draw attention • Differences may imply importance • Use surprises to attract not distract This implies importance
  40. 40. Be Consistent • Differences draw attention • Differences may imply importance • Use surprises to attract not distract Confusing differences!
  41. 41. Be Consistent • Differences draw attention • Differences may imply importance • Use surprises to attract not distract This surprise attracts
  42. 42. Be Consistent • Differences draw attention • Differences may imply importance • Use surprises to attract not distract These distract!
  43. 43. In Summary • Big • Simple • Clear • Progressive • Consistent
  44. 44. Some Final Words
  45. 45. When Creating • Text to support the communication • Pictures to simplify complex concepts • Animations for complex relationships • Visuals to support, not to distract • Sounds only when absolutely necessary • Think about the people in the back of the room when creating slides
  46. 46. When Presenting • Speak loudly and clearly with fluctuation • Direct your words to all aspects of the room • Maintain eye contact with your audience • Ask questions of your audience – (if applicable) • Don’t read the slides word-for-word, use them for reference
  47. 47. Closing Remarks • Practice your presentation before a neutral audience – Ask for feedback • Be particular about the time allotted for presentation
  48. 48. Thank You !
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