Maryland Fire & Rescue Presentation 2008

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Maryland Fire & Rescue Presentation 2008

  1. 1. “ Trainer Toolbox Upgrade” Dr. Greg Williams April 5, 2008
  2. 2. Dr. Greg Williams <ul><li>Director & Clinical Assistant Professor </li></ul><ul><li>University Maryland, Baltimore County </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Systems Development </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.umbc.edu/isd </li></ul>
  3. 3. Agenda – Part 1 Introduction & Overview Adult Learning Principles & Exercise Instructional Strategies, Learner Engagement & Exercise BREAK
  4. 4. Agenda - Part 2 Informal Learning & Exercise Real Problems Exercise (as instructors) Resources Wrap-Up & Closing Thoughts
  5. 5. Class Assessment & Concerns Exercise
  6. 6. Real Problems or Challenges <ul><li>Teaching & learning related </li></ul><ul><li>Write on index card </li></ul><ul><li>We’ll use later this morning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Opening Video
  8. 8. “ When you have a bad day, somebody dies” <ul><li>Firefighter Lt. “Bull” McCaffrey to his “probie” younger brother Brian McCaffrey in the movie “Backdraft” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Adult Learning Principles
  10. 10. Quiz on Adult Learners <ul><li>Characteristics of adult learners? </li></ul><ul><li>How do adults learn best? </li></ul><ul><li>Motivators for adult learners? </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on teaching & learning? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Adult Learner Characteristics
  12. 12. Adult Learner Characteristics <ul><li>Wealth of experience & knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Established values, beliefs & opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Self-directing </li></ul><ul><li>Relate new content to old content </li></ul><ul><li>Want to apply what they learn </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-centered learning orientation </li></ul>
  13. 13. Adult Learning Principles: Motivation <ul><li>Life changing events </li></ul><ul><li>Have direct 7 specific needs </li></ul><ul><li>Want meaningful & relevant content </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome & goal-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Alzheimer’s & MCI </li></ul>
  14. 14. Adult Learning Principles: Motivation <ul><li>Self-directed, but not isolated </li></ul><ul><li>Have rich experience </li></ul><ul><li>Have specific needs </li></ul><ul><li>Want to apply what they learn </li></ul>
  15. 15. Adult Learning Principles: In the Classroom <ul><li>Comfortable climate </li></ul><ul><li>(physically & psychologically) </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from peers (instructor too) </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor as teacher & facilitator </li></ul>
  16. 16. Adult Learning Principles: In the Classroom <ul><li>Reinforcement, rewarded are learned best, e.g. participation </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction is a key </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul>
  17. 17. Exercise Everyone is a Teacher
  18. 18. Instructional Strategies
  19. 19. Instructional Strategies <ul><li>Way to achieve learning objective </li></ul><ul><li>Should appeal to different learners </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred learning style (e.g. lobster) </li></ul><ul><li>Effective strategies engage learners </li></ul>
  20. 20. Instructional Strategies Examples <ul><li>Case study </li></ul><ul><li>Drill & practice </li></ul><ul><li>Debates </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Field trips/observation </li></ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul>
  21. 21. Instructional Strategies Examples <ul><li>Group projects </li></ul><ul><li>Labs </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Panel discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-based learning </li></ul>
  22. 22. Instructional Strategies Examples <ul><li>Questioning techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Role play </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolding </li></ul><ul><li>Simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Storytelling </li></ul>
  23. 23. Exercise Instructional Strategy Video Critic
  24. 24. Exercise Instructional Strategy In the News
  25. 25. Instructional Strategies Stories & Emotions
  26. 26. Instructional Strategies Stories & Emotions <ul><li>Meaningful & relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Deepest learning linked with emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Usually one of life’s lessons </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Mike’s joyride, </li></ul>
  27. 27. Learner Engagement
  28. 28. Learner Engagement
  29. 29. Learner Engagement
  30. 30. Learner Engagement <ul><li>What is it </li></ul><ul><li>Importance </li></ul><ul><li>Link to adult learning principles </li></ul><ul><li>Link to instructional stragtegies </li></ul><ul><li>Active involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul>
  31. 31. Learner Engagement <ul><li>M.I.T.’s Dr. Walter Lewin </li></ul>
  32. 32. Lecture
  33. 33. Lecture & PowerPoint
  34. 34. If You Must Lecture <ul><li>Grab their attention at the start </li></ul><ul><li>State objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t read notes/slide verbatim </li></ul><ul><li>Ask periodic questions </li></ul><ul><li>Mix with other instructional strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Keep to minimum, 15-20 min max </li></ul>
  35. 35. If You Must Lecture <ul><li>Use examples </li></ul><ul><li>Play devil’s advocate </li></ul><ul><li>Use props, graphics, slides </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate stories </li></ul><ul><li>State objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize main points at end </li></ul>
  36. 36. Evaluation The 2 minute evaluation
  37. 37. Informal Learning
  38. 38. Informal Learning &quot;The best learning happens in real life with real problems and real people and not in classrooms.&quot; Charles Handy
  39. 39. Informal Learning Video
  40. 40. Informal Learning <ul><li>Most learning not learned in class </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is process, not an event </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is social </li></ul><ul><li>People love to learn, but hate to be taught </li></ul>
  41. 41. Informal Learning <ul><li>Will grow with technology </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions that support </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on classroom teaching </li></ul><ul><li>How can we use it? </li></ul>
  42. 42. Peer Consultation Exercise in Informal Learning
  43. 43. Obstacles Exercise
  44. 44. Real Problems Exercise (as an instructor)
  45. 45. Resources & Tools
  46. 46. Questions & Discussion
  47. 47. Closing Thoughts <ul><li>Your job is very important </li></ul><ul><li>“ Winter Cruise in Upstate NY” </li></ul><ul><li>We could be heros </li></ul>
  48. 48. Dr. Greg Williams <ul><li>Director & Clinical Assistant Professor </li></ul><ul><li>UMBC </li></ul><ul><li>410-455-6773 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.umbc.edu/isd </li></ul>

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