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“ The world economy is no longer defined by the imperial reach of a Rome, a Venice, or even a London, but by a linked set of markets and production units organized and controlled by transnational capital.”
World city network Source: World City Network: A New Metageography?, Beaverstock, Smith and Taylor (2000) Core Semi-periphery World periphery
Worldwide flows of digital information, 2004 Source: International Internet bandwidth, accessed at Telegeography (www.telegeography.com)
Worldwide passenger flows, 2001 Source: Witlox, Vereecken and Derudder, “Mapping the Global Network Economy on the Basis of Air Passenger Transport Flows”, GaWC Research Bulletin 157, accessed at http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/rb/rb157.html
Top 10 largest city relations, 2001 Source: Witlox, Vereecken and Derudder, “Mapping the Global Network Economy on the Basis of Air Passenger Transport Flows”, GaWC Research Bulletin 157, accessed at http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/rb/rb157.html Rank Between And Number of passengers 1 Hong Kong Taipei 2 138 608 2 London New York 1 610 404 3 Melbourne Sydney 1 563 106 4 Los Angeles New York 1 534 285 5 Milan Rome 1 534 156 6 Cape Town Johannesburg 1 406 897 7 Amsterdam London 1 242 822 8 Chicago New York 1 161 181 9 Bangkok Hong Kong 1 141 063 10 London Paris 1 064 510
“ balanced” vs. “ primate” urban systems How do the shift to services and economic globalization affect balanced and primate urban systems?
“ The central issue is the control of urban life. Whose interests will be served: those of the resident populations or of transnational corporations, or of the nation states that provide the political setting for world urbanization?”
Friedmann and Wolff, “World City Formation”
Friedmann/Wolff – “world city formation” Capital Labor Government
Friedmann/Wolff – “world city formation” Capital Labor Government Wages – housing – healthcare – safety – environment - education
Ethnic enclaves: postmetropolis or transnational diasporas?
“ Ethnic neighborhoods may affect the socio-economic interaction both within a minority group and between the group and the rest of the society.
“ Residential concentration enables the retention of ethnic identity and the maintenance of religious, educational, and welfare institutions that are crucial for the social interaction of the group.
“ On the other hand, residential concentration of minority groups may result in social isolation and reduce minorities’ incentives to acquire the host-country language or to gain work experience and educational qualifications.”
Source: Hou and Picot, “Visible Minority Neighborhoods in Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver” (2004)