Important Documents Assignments Syllabus Quizzes Course Calendar Exams Research Process Bible Reading Report Essay (wk 4) Research Paper (wk 6) Collateral Reading Report (wk 7)
Decade Books Places DatesA.D. 40-49 James Jerusalem A.D. 45-48 Galatians Antioch of Syria 40-49, after Paul’s 1st missionary journeyA.D. 50-59 1 Thessalonians Corinth 50-54, in Paul’s 2nd missionary journey 2 Thessalonians Corinth 50-54, in Paul’s 2nd 1 Corinthians Ephesus missionary journey About 56, in Paul’s 3rd 2 Corinthians Macedonia missionary journey Romans Corinth About 56, in Paul’s 3rd missionary journey 57, in Paul’s 3rd missionary journeyA.D. 60-69 Ephesians Rome 60 1 John Ephesus 60-65 2 John Ephesus Early 60’s 3 John Ephesus Early 60’s Philippians Rome 60-61 Colossians Rome 60-62 Philemon Rome 60-62 1 Timothy Macedonia? 63-66 Titus Macedonia? 63-66 1 Peter Rome? (Babylon) 64 Jude ? 67-80 2 Timothy Rome 67 2 Peter Rome? (Babylon) 67-68 Hebrews ? 68-69
A.D. 6- Born a roman citizen to Jewish parents in Tarsus 20-30 - Studies Torah in Jerusalem with Gamaliel and becomes a Pharisee 30-33 - Persecutes followers of Jesus of Nazareth in Jerusalem and Judaea 33 - Converted on the road to Damascus 33-36 - Spends three years in Damascus (Gal 1:17,18) in preparation for gospel ministry 36 - Flees Damascus because of persecution; visits Jerusalem (Gal 1:18) 36-44 - Preaches in Tarsus and surrounding region 44-46 - Helps to lead the church at Antioch with Barnabas 46 - Visits Jerusalem with Barnabas to bring famine relief (Acts 11:27-30) 47-48 - First missionary journey with Barnabas, to Cyprus and Galatia (Acts 13-14) 49 - At the council of Jerusalem (Acts 15), Paul argues successfully that Gentile Christians need not follow Jewish law; returns to Antioch; confronts Peter over Question of Jewish practice (Gal 2:11-12) 49-52 - Second missionary journey with Silas – through Asia Minor and Greece (Acts 15:36 – 18:22); settles in Corinth; writes canonical letters to Thessalonians 52 - Visits Jerusalem and Antioch briefly; begins third missionary journey (Acts 18:23 – 20) 52-55 - Stays in Ephesus preaching gospel; writes canonical letters to Corinthians and Galatians 55-57 - Travels through Greece and possibly Illyricum (modern Yugoslavia) 57-59 - Returns to Jerusalem and arrested; imprisoned at Caesarea 59-60 - Appears before Festus and appeals to Caesar; voyage to Rome (Acts 25 ff) 60-62 - Under house arrest in Rome; writes canonical letters to Philippians, Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon (Prison epistles) 62-64 - Released from house arrest; journeys to Spain (?); writes letters to Timothy and Titus 64 - Returns to Rome under second imprisonment; writes second letter to Timothy (2 Timothy 4:6-13) Paul – Not the PREACHER -- but Paul the SERVANT of Jesus Christ (1:1)
The City of Rome:ImportanceRulePopulationReligionsThe Church of Rome:OriginMembershipLetter to the Romans:Place: Viewed in light of the book of Acts and the Corinthian epistles, the content of Romans clearlyindicates that it was written from Corinth during the third missionary journey Paul had not yet visited Rome A collection has been raised in the churches for the saints in Judea, and he is now going to Jerusalem to deliver it (Acts 15:25-26; 1 Cor 16:1-4; 2 Cor. 8 & 9) Paul is staying with Gaius (Rom 16:23) who seems to be a member of a the church at Corinth (1 Cor 1:14) Paul mentions that he had preached as far as Illyricum (Rom 15:19)
Purpose: To preach God’s righteousness and the GOSPEL (1:11, 15-17) To gain PERSONAL support for his ministry (15:20-25) To gain PRAYER support for his ministry (15:30-33) To promote UNITY in the church (15:25-28) To warn of false DOCTRINE in the church (16:17-20)
INTRODUCTION:I. THE AUTHOR OF ROMANS (1:1) A. His attitude was service (δοῦλος) B. His authority was apostolic (ἀπόστολος) C. His action was separatedII. THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST (1:2) A. The Gospel was an ETERNAL Plan B. The Gospel was an Old Testament prophecyIII. THE SON OF GOD (1:3-7) A. Christ’s HUMANITY -- proven by birth (3) B. Christ’s DEITY -- proven by resurrection (4) C. Christ’s GOSPEL -- demands obedience (5) D. Christ’s FOLLOWERS -- are called and loved (6,7)
IV. THE PRAYER OF PAUL (1:8-15)A. Praise to God (8) • He praises God for the Romans’ faith in Jesus Christ • He does not praise God for their knowledge, good works, etc.B. Petition to God (9-15) • He prays for people (9) • He prays for God’s will (10) • He prays for opportunities (11) • He prays about needs (12) • He prays with patience (13)Because Paul felt indebted to both cultured Greeks and uncultured non-Greeks, he was eagerto evangelize wherever he could (14-15). Paul’s desire to have fruit among the Romans grewout of his obligation to preach the gospel to all men.V. THE MESSAGE OF ROMANS (1:16-18a)A. We need faith in the gospel a. For salvation (16) b. For revelation (17-18a) i. Of righteousness of God ii. Of wrath of God (18a)B. We need zeal for the lost (14)
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