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Free and Open Source Software  For Nonprofits: Tools and Tips Gregory Heller Twitter: @gregoryheller [email_address]
What is “Free Software” “ Free software” is a matter of  liberty , not price.  Think of “free” as in  “free speech,”   not...
What is “Free Software” “ Free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of...
The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the...
The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole com...
Excerpted from http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html </li></ul>
What Is “Open Source” Open source is a  development method  for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer revi...
Why does it matter? <ul><li>Access to the source code
Ability to modify the source code
No licensing fees
No vendor lock-in </li></ul>
Software Licensing No Licensing FEE does not mean No License <ul><ul><li>GPL v2 & GPL v3
Affero AGP
BSD
Apache License
Creative Commons </li></ul></ul>This probably doesn't matter much to you  unless you are a developer.
What doesn't it mean? NO COSTS Flickr:bstabler – Brad Stabler
Not All Wine and Roses Flickr:ragingferret
Rent Vs. Own Like renting a house, instead of owning, there are trade-offs. You don't have to pay to replace the roof, but...
So What Does It Cost? <ul><li>You don't pay for licensing
But you may pay for: </li><ul><li>Hosting
Support
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Free & Open Source Software For Nonprofits: NTEN Webinar

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In this webinar, Gregory Heller will discuss how web and desktop based open source tools and software can help nonprofits fulfill their mission.

Creative Commons, Attribution Share Alike Non Commercial 3.0

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Transcript of "Free & Open Source Software For Nonprofits: NTEN Webinar "

  1. 1. Free and Open Source Software For Nonprofits: Tools and Tips Gregory Heller Twitter: @gregoryheller [email_address]
  2. 2. What is “Free Software” “ Free software” is a matter of liberty , not price. Think of “free” as in “free speech,” not “free” as in “free beer” .
  3. 3. What is “Free Software” “ Free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech,” not as in “free beer”. Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. More precisely, it means that the program's users have the four essential freedoms: <ul><li>The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
  4. 4. The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  5. 5. The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
  6. 6. The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  7. 7. Excerpted from http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html </li></ul>
  8. 8. What Is “Open Source” Open source is a development method for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer review and transparency of process. The promise of open source is better quality, higher reliability, more flexibility, lower cost, and an end to predatory vendor lock-in. Source: http://www.opensource.org/
  9. 9. Why does it matter? <ul><li>Access to the source code
  10. 10. Ability to modify the source code
  11. 11. No licensing fees
  12. 12. No vendor lock-in </li></ul>
  13. 13. Software Licensing No Licensing FEE does not mean No License <ul><ul><li>GPL v2 & GPL v3
  14. 14. Affero AGP
  15. 15. BSD
  16. 16. Apache License
  17. 17. Creative Commons </li></ul></ul>This probably doesn't matter much to you unless you are a developer.
  18. 18. What doesn't it mean? NO COSTS Flickr:bstabler – Brad Stabler
  19. 19. Not All Wine and Roses Flickr:ragingferret
  20. 20. Rent Vs. Own Like renting a house, instead of owning, there are trade-offs. You don't have to pay to replace the roof, but then again, you might not be able to paint the walls or remodel the kitchen.
  21. 21. So What Does It Cost? <ul><li>You don't pay for licensing
  22. 22. But you may pay for: </li><ul><li>Hosting
  23. 23. Support
  24. 24. Training </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Community vs Company Free & Open Source software is maintained by communities of developers. Sometimes they are paid by a company to do so, in collaboration with others who are not. Sometimes many companies pay different people to maintain different aspects of the software.
  26. 26. Where Do You Use FOSS <ul><li>Desktop
  27. 27. LAN/Server/Intranet
  28. 28. Web Servers
  29. 29. Web Applications
  30. 30. Embedded software on Devices </li></ul>
  31. 31. Desktop: You're Already Using It
  32. 32. Desktop Software You Could Be Using GIMP KompoZer
  33. 33. Ditch Windows or OSX <ul>Linux on the desktop with: </ul>
  34. 34. Why Linux for your OS? <ul><li>Free
  35. 35. Secure
  36. 36. Better performance on older hardware </li></ul>
  37. 37. LAN/Server/Intranet <ul>File Servers </ul><ul>Routers </ul><ul>Telephony & Telepresence </ul>
  38. 38. Mobile Devices <ul>Phones, Tablets, eReaders </ul>
  39. 39. Web Server Operating System
  40. 40. Web Applications
  41. 41. Community vs Company Thousands of developers Hundreds of companies Millions of Websites = Resilience
  42. 42. Web Services
  43. 43. Resources <ul><li>The Open Source Initiative </li><ul><li>http://opensource.org </li></ul><li>The Free Software Foundation </li><ul><li>http://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Main_Page </li></ul><li>http://SourceForge.net
  44. 44. http://civicactions.com/blog </li><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>
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