1. This Bazaar is one of the oldest covered markets in the world. There are 61covered streets and over 4000 shops. Now, we know that the Grand Bazaarhosts between 250 000 and 400 000 visitors daily. There are 18 doors. Theconstruction began in 1455, just 2 years after the conquest of Constantinopleby Ottomans. It was built by Mehmet II the Conqueror. At the beginning, theGrand Bazaar was a market covered by wood. It spreads out over 30 ha andit’s organized in districts (by kinds of products which are in shops : leather,copper, carpets, jewels, lamps, clothes...). There are 58 streets and manymosaics which are blue, red, and green. The Grand Bazaar is located in thecenter of Istanbul. The current building dates from 1956.My opinion: From my point of view, the Grand Bazaar is one of the bestcovered market in the world. We could see that the merchants speak manylanguages, we spoke in French with one of them! I really enjoyed visiting theGrand Bazaar, because I could buy some things, like loukoums, candlesticks,magnets and seasonings. In my opinion, the colors of the market were reallybeautiful, like a rainbow. The lamps were shining, it was wonderful ! It’s likebeing a kid in a fairytale or in the tales of the Arabian Nights!
2. We visited the museum « Santa Sophia » on Tuesday in Istanbul. In my opinion, the Santa Sophia’s visit is oneof the best visits of the trip in Turkey. « Hagia Sophia » means « Holy Wisdom » or « Sagesse divine ». SainteSophie was built in 325 by Constantin. The religious building was an Eastern Orthodox from 537 to 1204.Then, a Roman Catholic Cathedral, and an eastern Orthodox Cathedral from 1231 to 1453. During the fall ofConstantinople in 1453, Santa Sophia became a Mosque and four minarets were added. First, we learnt that thechurch was converted into a Mosque by Mehmed II, who conquered Constantinople. Secondly, we learned thatthe religious building was a Mosque from 1453 to 1931. Since 1935, the building has been a Museum. Thirdly,we learnt that Santa Sophia is 55 m high, and is 82 m in length. The building belongs to the byzantinearchitecture. Until the Islamic conversion to 1616 ( building of the Blue Mosque), Ayasofya was the mainMosque in Istanbul.
3. The dome of Santa Sophia Santa Sophia’s interior
4. Inside, we can see many mosaics :ImperialGate, Southwestern entrance mosaic, Apsemosaic, Emperor Alexander mosaic, EmpressZoe mosaic and many others...Deëisis mosaicThe designers of the building were Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles.My opinion : I liked visiting Santa Sophia. It was very beautiful and pleasant! Thebuilding is between light and dark, like « clair-obscur ». The story of the religiousbuilding was very interesting. In fact, I am interested in history. Now, I understandwhy it’s very famous for its architecture. Secondly, I really enjoyed the mosaicswhich were so beautiful and representative of the byzantine past and depict Jesus,saints, emperors or empresses.
5. This building was the place of residence (palace) of the Ottoman Sultansbetween 1465 and 1856 and the seat of the central government. Then, anaccommodation for ranked officiers (1853-1924) and a museum from 1924 topresent time. « Topkapi Sayari » means « Palais de la porte des Canons ». First,we learnt that the architectural style is Ottoman and Baroque. The palace islocated on the Sarayburnu. We could see the wonderful view of the Bosphorus.Secondly, we learnt that it spreads over 70 ha (700 000 m²). The palace issurrounded by 5 km of walls and was built by sultan Mehmet II. It was changedby the modifications because of the earthquake in 1509 and the fire in 1665.Then, we learned that the harem was built during the 16th century. It was locatedin the private rooms of the sultan. The sultan’s mother, the servants, the sultan’schildren and the sultan’s wives lived there. There were 300 women, and 100eunuchs to keep an eye on them. The palace consists in four main courtyards andmany other buildings. Since 1985, the Topkapi Palace has become part of theUnesco World Heritage.My opinion: From my point of view, the visit of the Topkapi palace was veryinteresting! The palace shows the life of the sultans and their court. The view ofthe Bosphorus is really amazing and pleasant. I think that the palace shows thecultural wealth of the Ottoman time. Just a word for this visit : Fantastic!
6. Merhaba : Salut/HelloGünaydin : Bonjour (le matin)/ Good morningGüle güle: Au revoir/Good Byehoş geldiniz : Bienvenue/ WelcomeEvet : Oui/ YesHayir: Non/NoAnliyorum : Je comprends/ I understandAnlamiyorum: Je ne comprends pas/ I don’t understandBenim adim...: Mon nom est.../ My name is...Tesekkür eredim : Merci/Thank youBen : moi/ISen: toi/ you
7. I liked the moment when we heard the choir of the school, theorchestra of the school and saw the drawing class. It was just so...amazing, because we can’t imagine to have that in France! Now, Ican compare an art school in France and an art school in Turkey. It’svery different! We could see that the orchestra and choir play sometraditional songs, but sometimes, it sounds like classical songs. Thestudents looked happy to show us their art. My penfriend showed meher paintings and drawings, which are very beautiful and I think,complicated to do. I liked meeting some students of Turkey who playan instrument, like me. We saw that the way to study and learnmusic is very different from France. It’s a different way of thinkingmusic, and thinking teaching! So interesting!
8.  On the first evening, I met the sister (and her boyfriend), of my penfriend.They were very welcoming with me, and so funny! I heard the song « Jeveux » (Zaz) with them! I was very surprised that they knew this song. Ilived at my penfriend’s sisters’ home because normally, she lives at herdormitory. Secondly, I was really surprised to see, that when we took thebus, we didn’t have any ticket to say « we booked our seat » ! Secondly,the flat is located in a student hall which is not really in the city-center, Iwas surprised! During 2 evenings and 2 nights, I was with my penfriendand her bestfriend who is very calm and happy. I learnt that she studies ata hospital to be a nurse. Unfortunately, I didn’t see my penfriend’sparents... To go to school, we took the bus n 2 for about 30 minutes. Mypenfriend was really friendly, peaceful and she has many friends. She isan artist : drawing, painting... Thirdly, I discovered some Turkish meals,traditions and words. I enjoyed repeating some Turkish words when mypenfriend asked me, it was so funny! I was really surprised because of thenumber of Atatürk’s portraits in Turkey! I discovered also the call toprayer which sounds in every Mosque, 5 times daily. There are manymosques in Turkey, which are very beautiful, different, and show thetypical religious architecture! So interesting!
9. Bophorus cruise Bosphorus cruise
10. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the historical and cultural heart ofthe country. It hosts more than 13 522 000 millions inhabitants. Istanbul isthe administrative center of the province. Since 1985, It has become a part ofthe Unesco World Heritage. We learnt that Istanbul is one of the largestmegalopolis in the world. Istanbul is located in the region of Marmara and 24m high. One part of the country is European and one part is Asian. Istanbulwas the capital of four empires : Roman (330-395), Byzantine (395-1204and 1261-1453), Latin (1204-1261) and Ottoman (1453-1922). Istanbul wasalso divided into 39 districts. First, it was named « Byzantium » by Greeks,then, « Constantinople » by Romans in honor of Constantin I in May 330and, on the 28th March 1930, was named « Istanbul ». The main buildingsare Santa Sophia, The Blue Mosque, Topkapi Palace, The SülemaniyeMosque. We shouldn’t forget that 1453 is the date of the Constantinople’sfall and we know that it was conquered by the Ottomans. Istanbul wasnamed European Capital of Culture in 2010. The Republic of Turkey wasfounded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who was the first president of Turkey.
11. Blue MosqueBeautiful view of the Bosphorus fromthe Topkapi Palace
12. What a fantastic and interesting project ! Thanks a lot for everything!!!!If we get such a feelingIts because were singingBecause art has no bordersLets give art to others