Blended Learning: Instructional Media &Pedagogical Considerations Greg Nelson, E-Learning Coordinator William Angliss Institute, Melbourne Aus
Blended Learning Concepts• Blended learning integrates multiple media with the appropriate instructional strategies, and can also include • Collaborative tools used to facilitate the transfer of learning (wikis, discussion boards) • Adaptive tools used for dynamic content/increased interaction (blogs) Learning Environment Instructional Media
Virtual worlds are online, computer-generated simulations of simulated environments where users guide their "avatar," or digital representation of their physical selves, to accomplish various goals. Typical virtual world activities include meeting and socializing with other avatars, buying and selling virtual items, playing games, etc. Virtual worlds combine both synchronous capabilities (audio, text chat, whiteboards), as well as asynchronous capabilities (static text, embedded learning modules, learning objects, etc.). Within the context of the evolution of the Internet from Web 1.0 to Web 3.0, Virtual worlds--especially the 3D kinds--are classified under the Web 3.0 category because of their profound ability to integrate multiple types of content, information sources, and feeds into one highly engaging and interactive format.Return to previous page For information on virtual worlds used in the Federal Government: Federal Consortium on Virtual Worlds. Hosted by National Defense University (NDU), Information Resources Management College (IRMC): http://www.ndu.edu/IRMC/fedconsortium.html
What is Blended Learning? Blended learning is learning that is facilitated by the collaboration of different modes of delivery, models of teaching and styles of learning & applying them in an interactively meaningful learning environment
The Blended Learning JourneySo what’s wrong with our teaching practice in the age of technology?What’s wrong with our teachers?
What are the tools to Blendedsuccess? • The LMS: What is Moodle? • The NBN – The pipeline to deliver rich flexible learning. • Mobile devices – the advent of smart phones, tablets and laptops that allow educational delivery and engagement 24/7 days a week
What comprises Blended Learning?
What are the opportunities ahead?•Reduced costs•Communicating with a broader student cohort, perhaps globally•The integration of technology
Why Blended Learning: The ChallengeDriven by the demand to increase learning opportunities, educatorsand trainers are continually challenged to develop and integrateinstructional delivery options and reduce costs without impactinginstructional integrity. Instructional designers and course developersare constantly searching for the for right mix of live and virtualcourseware delivery methods, which leads to these questions:Q1: What is the most appropriate mix of instructional media, and…Q2: What are the variables to consider when selecting the most appropriate media?
Rules of Engagement for Blended LearningBlended learning allows the instructional designer the opportunity toleverage the strengths of instructional media with the efficacy of theinstructional components to ensure the instructional goal is attained.For a blended learning solution to be successful, it is imperative athorough media analysis and needs assessment is conducted whileaddressing the fundamental components of the instructional systemsdesign process. “Migrating to blended learning formats requires instructional design analysis that integrates with the technologies that will be utilized to deliver it.” The e-Learning Developers Journal (2005)
Basic Blended Learning Concepts• Delivery media does not affect the content, but affects how you design the content Learning Environment Instructional Media
Basic Blended Learning Concepts• Blended learning integrates multiple media with the appropriate instructional strategies, and can also include • Collaborative tools used to facilitate the transfer of learning (wikis, discussion boards) • Adaptive tools used for dynamic content/increased interaction (blogs) Learning Environment Instructional Media
Basic Blended Learning Concepts• Media attributes are important in that they may affect your choice of instructional strategies “Blended learning represents a [fundamental] shift in instructional strategy” North American Council for Online Learning, Blended Learning: The Convergence of Online and Face-to-Face Education, 2008
Blended Learning DefinitionsThe delivery of instruction using multiple media*•Includes the integration of instructional media into a traditionalclassroom or into a distance learning environment.•Includes any combination of media that supports instruction,regardless of the mix of synchronous or asynchronous media.
Blended Learning Definitions An Educational Perspective* • Courses that integrate online with traditional face-to- face class activities in a planned pedagogically valuable manner; and… • Where a portion (institutionally defined) of face-to-face time is replaced by online activity Traditional Blended Online Classroom LearningConsequently, from an educational perspective, blended learning is primarily focusedon integrating two separate paradigms…the traditional classroom [synchronous]environment and the asynchronous online environment.
Blended Learning Definitions A Pragmatic PerspectiveCourses that are taught both in the classroom (face-to-face) and atdistance and that use a mix of different pedagogic strategiesMore specifically…• To combine or mix modes of web-based technology (e.g., live virtual classroom, self-paced instruction, collaborative learning, streaming video, audio, and text) to accomplish an educational goal• To combine various pedagogical approaches (e.g., constructivism, behaviorism, cognitivism) to produce an optimal learning outcome with or with out instructional technology• To combine any form of instructional technology (e.g., videotape, CD- ROM, web-based training, film) with face-to-face instructor-led training• To mix or combine instructional technology with actual job tasks in order to create a harmonious effect of learning and working
Evolution of Instructional Media: The Emergence of Blended LearningWhat does it mean to the future of education and training? Asinstructional media continues to evolve, propelled by advances intechnology and fueled by the need to increase learning opportunities,the evolution and advancements of instructional media will continue toaccelerate as well. As a result, blended learning will become anintegral component in developing a comprehensive learning strategy.Consequently, When developing a learning strategy for the future, it issometimes prudent to study the past in order to develop a plan fortomorrow…
Concept of Elasticity in Blended Learning The power of blended learning is in its elasticityDepending upon the [cognitive] level of thelearning objectives and the learning Learningenvironment (synchronous vis-a-vis Environment Instructionalasynchronous), different combinations ofinstructional media and instructionalstrategies can support various levels ofinteractivity to attain the most appropriate"blend". As the blend changes, the modelbecomes "elastic", allowing the instructionaldesigner to modify the blend to meetspecific learning outcomes. Media
So…What Does it Mean? “The best current evidence is that media are mere vehicles thatdeliver instruction but do not influence student achievement any morethan the truck that delivers our groceries causes changes innutrition… only the content of the vehicle can influence achievement.”“There’s an important point that is easy to miss in the frenzy of change. Web 2.0 isnot about technology, and neither is e-Learning 2.0. The human element is whatmakes the new Web work. Without user-generated content, the new Web would bean empty shell of fancy technologies.”
Final Note: The Learning Mantra It’s not just about technology…it’s about people Training/education is the process Learning is the outcome The technology is the means Sender Collaboration + Receiver Delivery System(Instructor) Teamwork = Success (Learner) Focus on learning outcomes…the end result: Improving human performance
Note on Learning ObjectivesThe most significant factors in student learning are quality andeffectiveness of instruction, and the most important single factorin developing a blended learning solution is the instructionalobjective. The level of cognitive objectives is a critical variable toconsider when selecting the most appropriate media for blendedlearning, and generally speaking:
Why Developing Learning Objectives? • Good E-Learning example of Blended Learning with mobile devices • Echo360 Webinar
Why Developing Learning Objectives? • Assessment Example • Images