AUSTRALIA!!

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  • Starting from the 16th century, the Europeans, like the Spanish, Portuguese, French and Dutchman, explored Australia.   In 1788, the 1st fleet from England sailed along the east coast under the leadership of Captain Arthur Phillip. Later he declared the ownership of the continent to the UK and named it after New South Wales (NSW), he then become the governor.
  • Starting from the 16th century, the Europeans, like the Spanish, Portuguese, French and Dutchman, explored Australia.   In 1788, the 1st fleet from England sailed along the east coast under the leadership of Captain Arthur Phillip. Later he declared the ownership of the continent to the UK and named it after New South Wales (NSW), he then become the governor.
  • Not long after in 1791, The UK started to transport convicts to the New South Wales in order to ease the pressure on its local jails. Those convicts formed a cheap source of labour, thus is attractive to Australia as well. Australia became the penal colony of the United Kingdom.   When the transportation finally ceased in 1868, about 162,000 convicts have already been transported.  
  • So who are Australians? What are the characteristcis of Australians? Let's have a brief understanding of their mindset! Australia is a low context country, foreigners are easily adjusted and immigrants fit in easily. Agreements are in writing mostly with contracts.     Australians mostly express themselves in verbal language instead of non verbal language. It is considered quite normal in Australia to discuss issues, events and ideas openly with other people .  Australians might bring up in conversation issues, which you would consider sensitive or embarrassing or rude .            
  • Every country with its unique culture naturally nurtures a set of customs, so do Australia. First, You can't bargain in Australian shops for food items.  Goods are sold according to the prices at which they are marked.  Only in some streets and weekend markets you may be able to bargain.   When talking to others, some questions are not asked in Australia unless you know a person very well or unless you are related to them.  For example, don't ask someone their age especially an older person and don't ask men or women how much money they earn . Questions about the cost of a person's house and the cost of the various things they own are considered impolite in Australia.  
  • Also,   Tipping is not the usual custom in Australia except in the more expensive restaurants.  People usually tip the waiter or waitress about 10% of the bill, if the service has been satisfactory , but never in fast food shops like Macdonald's.     In Australia, it is not considered shameful for anyone to do manual work and males often share in the housework.  A person sometimes employs a cleaner, who comes once a week to clean the house, but Australians usually do most of the housework, child care and gardening themselves.    This means that they don't have as much free time as people who employ servants.      
  • Australians eat with their fingers only at barbecues or picnics outside the home .  Inside the house , you are usually invited to sit down and to use knives, forks and spoons .  It is the Australian custom to offer food or drink only once .  If your first reply is "No" out of politeness, your "No" will probably be taken literally and food may not be offered again.     Thank you is a phrase used often in Australia.  It is usual to say thank you even for small favours done by people who are just doing their jobs, such as shop assistants or waiters.
  • The table on the left shows us how the states being visited, the share of visitation of different states and the average nights tourists spent. The table on the right tells us Queensland, Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast gain the highest popularity.
  • From this pie chart, we find the top 3 purpose of visit of majority of visitors to Australia is spending their holiday, visiting friends and relatives, also doing business.
  • From this table, we can observe that most tourists prefer to dine at a restaurant or café and go shopping for pleasure. Going to the beach is also an popular activities among visitors to tourist to Australia.
  • From this table, we can observe that most tourists prefer to dine at a restaurant or café and go shopping for pleasure. Going to the beach is also an popular activities among visitors to tourist to Australia.
  • AUSTRALIA!!

    1. 1. AUSTRALIA   Mabel Dicky Cherry Alice Michelle
    2. 2. People of Australia - Aussie
    3. 3. Geographical location <ul><ul><li>an island on the southern hemisphere </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. No. of States & Territories <ul><ul><li>6 States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Main Territories </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Resident Population <ul><ul><li>Projected to be: 22,030,722 </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) <ul><ul><li>nominal GDP: $1.013 trillion (15th) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>per capita GDP: $46,824 (13th) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Native Animal <ul><ul><li>Kangaroo </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Major Events
    9. 9. Weathering <ul><ul><li>Provide a diverse holiday experience: a hot Christmas </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Famous Destination
    11. 11. Traditional Food <ul><ul><li>Vegemite </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Australia Day: 26th Jan </li></ul>History
    13. 13.   <ul><li>ANZAC Day: 25/4 </li></ul>
    14. 14.   <ul><li>The Queen's Birthday: </li></ul><ul><li>second Monday in June </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>16th century:  the Europeans explored Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Whites Moved in
    16. 16. <ul><li>1788: the 1st fleet from England sailed along the east coast under the leadership of Captain Arthur Phillip. </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership of Australia: the UK </li></ul><ul><li>Named as: New South Wales (NSW) </li></ul>Whites Moved in
    17. 17. <ul><li>1791: The UK started to transport convicts to the New South Wales. </li></ul><ul><li>Australia became the penal colony of the United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>1868: ~162,000 convicts have already been transported. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Penal Colony
    18. 18. Stolen Generation
    19. 20. <ul><li>1. Australia Day:   26 January 1788 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Gold Rush era:     1851 </li></ul><ul><li>3.Post war immigration scheme:    1946 ( After the World War II) </li></ul>Migrants
    20. 21. <ul><li>1838: large number : South Australia & Queensland </li></ul><ul><li>After World War II:Massive Immigration                (Australia government immigration program) </li></ul>German
    21. 22. <ul><li>1788:Earlist arrival </li></ul><ul><li>1850s:  Gold rush </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement: Sydney </li></ul><ul><li>                   Melbourne                   Perth </li></ul>Chinese
    22. 23. <ul><ul><li>German                                </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>                                                     </li></ul><ul><li>Barossa Valley </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian </li></ul></ul>Impact of Migrants to the Food Industry in Australia
    23. 24.   <ul><ul><li>Chinese </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek                                                            </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnamese  </li></ul><ul><li>                  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  Korean </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    24. 25. <ul><ul><li>Melbourne Chinatown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sydney Chinatown </li></ul></ul>Chinatowns in Australia
    25. 26. Religion <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    26. 27. Holidays and Festivals <ul><li>Easter                                                   </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>Easter </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas </li></ul>
    27. 28. Characteristics <ul><li>1. Low Context </li></ul><ul><li>Directness </li></ul><ul><li>verbal language </li></ul><ul><li>dominate communication </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    28. 29. Analyzing Australian   Cultures   on Five Dimensions: <ul><ul><li>Low Power Distance > Equality   >> Anti-discrimination laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>           >>>Prevent discrimination on the grounds of race , gender , marital status , homosexuality , physical and intellectual disability                                                             > Punctuality                                                               >> Be on time          </li></ul>
    29. 30.   <ul><li>2. Low Need of Uncertainty Avoidance     >risk takers       >>not afraid to change employers       >> about 100000  Australians are starting and running their business every year </li></ul><ul><li>3. Individualism     > competition is encouraged   >individual achievement and rights are respected </li></ul>
    30. 31.   <ul><li>4. Feminity     >both men and women could hold the same job in Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Australia by Sex Male/Female (SEXP) and Industry of Employment </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    31. 32.   <ul><li>5. Confucian Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>>>prone to Dynamics </li></ul>
    32. 33. Custom <ul><li>1.Bargaining </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2.Conversation </li></ul><ul><li>don't ask for age </li></ul><ul><li>& cost </li></ul>
    33. 34. Custom <ul><li>3. Tipping </li></ul><ul><li>10% of the bill, </li></ul><ul><li>if satisfactory </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>4. Servants </li></ul><ul><li>finish most of the </li></ul><ul><li>housework, child care </li></ul><ul><li>and gardening </li></ul><ul><li>themselves </li></ul>
    34. 35. Custom <ul><li>5. Meals and table manners </li></ul><ul><li>outside: fingers </li></ul><ul><li>inside: knives, forks & spoons </li></ul><ul><li>offer food or drinks only once </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>6. Saying thank you </li></ul>
    35. 36. Sports <ul><li>- Popular and important </li></ul><ul><li>- 'National Religion' </li></ul>
    36. 37. Australian rules football <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    37. 38. <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    38. 39. Swimming <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    39. 40. Worldwide Sports Competition <ul><li>     </li></ul> 
    40. 41. Melbourne Olympic -- 1956
    41. 42. Sydney Olympic--2000 <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    42. 43. Melbourne Commonwealth Game -- 2006 <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    43. 44. International Comparisons on Obesity and Overweight <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    44. 45.   <ul><li>     Before                                    After </li></ul>
    45. 46. TV Channels Show  American TV Series
    46. 47. Trend of Listening to American Pop Music <ul><li>  </li></ul> 
    47. 48.   Top 10 markets into Australia <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    48. 49.   Popular states in Australia <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    49. 50.   Purpose of visit <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    50. 51.   Top 10 activities <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    51. 52. Impact on tourism <ul><li>  </li></ul>
    52. 53. The Borassa Valley Wine tasting tour to the Borassa Valley
    53. 54. Reference ANZAC Day - Australia's Culture Portal, Retrieved October 10, 2009 from http://www.acn.net.au/articles/anzac/   Holidays: Queen's Birthday in Australia, Retrieved October 13, 2009 from http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/australia/queens-birthday   E-Myth Business Coaching Australia, Retrieved October 8, 2009 from http://www.smallbusinesscoach.com.au/   Census CDATA Online, Retrieved October 17, 2009 from https://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/CDATAOnline/user/?page =Login&javascript=true   Web Sites: Hofstede Revisited and the Relationship between National Culture and Organizational Culture Explored, Retrieved October 20, 2009 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/ p_mla_apa_research_citation/0/1/4/9/9/p14999_index.html  
    54. 55. Overweight and obesity in Australia, Retrieved October 25, 2009 from http://www.aph.gov.au/library/INTGUIDE/sp/obesity.htm   The Biggest Loser Official Australian Site, Retrieved October 28, 2009 from http://www.thebiggestloser.com.au/   Gold Coast Attractions, Queensland Show, Fmaily Show, Retrieved October 24, 2009 from http://www.outbackspectacular.com.au/ Visitor-Info/Location-and-Access.htm   Top ten regions: international overnight trips for leisure, Retrieved October 22, 2009 from http://www.tra.australia.com/content/ documents/Survey%20Results/2007%20Data/Top%20ten%20regions%20 -International.pdf   Top ten: Markets, Retrieved October 22, 2009 from http://www.tourism.australia.com/content/Research/Factsheets/ Top_10_Markets_Mar_07%20(2).pdf
    55. 56. Inbound Tourism, Retrieved October 22, 2009 from http://www.tourism.australia.com/content/Research/Factsheets/ Inbound_Tourism_Jun07.pdf Top ten: activities, Retrieved October 22, 2009 from http://www.tourism.australia.com/content/Research/Factsheets/ TopTen_Activities_Dec2006.pdf Our Government, Retrieved October 18, 2009 from www.australia.gov.au/govt-in-aust   Australian Bureau of Statistics, Retrieved October 22, 2009 from http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/D3310114.nsf/home/Home?opendocument   State Library of South Australia, Retrieved October 14, 2009 from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/site/page.cfm   Wine Australia, Retrieved October 14, 2009 from http://www.wineaustralia.com/australia/Default.aspx?tabid=721  
    56. 57. South Australian German Association: German History in South Australia(1/4), Retrieved October 14, 2009 from http://www.saadv.com.au/ sa-germanhistory01e.html   Outback Australia, Retrieved October 21, 2009 from http://www.outbacknow.com.au/
    57. 58. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>

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