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Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
Ambition, Drivers, Participation
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Ambition, Drivers, Participation

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  1. Ambition Drivers Participation Gregory Briner Climate Justice Dialogue – Mobilising Bold Action 4 April 2013Climate Change Expert Group
  2. Drivers
  3. The world’s population is growing 3Source: UN DESA Climate Change Expert Group
  4. Emissions growth is being driven by the rise of the middle class 4Source: Gapminder/UNDP Climate Change Expert Group
  5. Emissions growth is being driven by the rise of the middle class 5Source: UNDP Gapminder/UNDP Climate Change Expert Group
  6. Source: Gapminder/UNDP 6 Climate Change Expert Group
  7. Source: Gapminder/UNDP 7 Climate Change Expert Group
  8. Poverty eradication remains a priority for many developing countriesSource: UNDPSource: Gapminder/UNDP 8 Climate Change Expert Group
  9. The world’s population is also getting older 9Source: UN DESA Climate Change Expert Group
  10. Participation10 Climate Change Expert Group
  11. No commitment Country participation: Kyoto vs. 2020 pledges 89.5% 13.2% 86.8% 10.5% 13.2% 38 10.5% KP CP2 commitment 10.5% KP CP 13.2% 13.2% 13.2% KP CP2 commitment 13.2% No No KP 38 157 KP CP2 commitment KP CP2 KP CP2 commitment 86.8% KP CP2 commitmentcomm 89.5% 86.8%CP2 KPorld GHG Percentage of projected No KP CP2 commitment No KP C No KP CP2 commitment No KP CP2 commitment No commitm2010 157 world GHG emissions in 86.8% 89.5% 86.8% Number of countries 2020 Percentage of world GHG 89.5% Percentage of projected 86.8% emissions in 2010 world GHG emissions in 2020 Number of countries Percentage of world GHG Percentage of projected emissions in 2010 world GHG emissions in 2020of world GHG Percentage of projected s in 2010 43 21.9% GHG emissions 22.2% MitigationMitigation target in world target Mitigation36.6% 11 21.9% target Mitigation target M6.1% 36.6% 36.1% 104 2020 MitigationMitigation action action Mitigation action Mitigation action M 43 48 No22.2% Mitigation target pledge 36.1% 21.9% Mitigation target No pledge N Mit 36.6% 104 No pledge 41.7% Mitigation action No 41.5% pledge Mitigation action Mit 48 41.5% pledge No No pledge No 41.7% 41.5% Number of countries Percentage of world GHG Percentage of projected 21.9%emissions in 2010 world GHG emissions in 11
  12. Possible incentives for participation  Co-benefits, e.g. air quality, energy access, health benefits, biodiversity protection  An agreement that enables countries to pursue economic growth and reduce poverty  Access to financial support, technology and capacity building  Access to market mechanisms
  13. The private sector and civil society also need to participateSource: UNFCCC
  14. Ambition In Conclusion….. EuropeAid14 Climate Change Expert Group
  15. Possible links between participation and ambition in the post-2020 agreement Possible components of ambition: headline numbers, scope, period of application, accounting framework Provisions for mitigation and other aspects of the post-2020 agreement could be ramped up over time Widespread participation could reduce emissions leakage and competitiveness concerns Countries willing to take the lead could demonstrate the benefits of a transition to a low carbon economy15 Climate Change Expert Group
  16. UNFCCC signed Bali Action Plan agreed Stockholm Conference, Brundtland Report Kyoto Protocol signed16 Climate Change Expert Group
  17. Thank you Gregory Briner gregory.briner@oecd.org www.oecd.org/env/cc/ccxg17 Climate Change Expert Group

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