Enabling (Open) Scholarship
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Enabling (Open) Scholarship

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Presentation to the DuraSpace community on Open Scholarship and how Creative Commons is part of the infrastructure to enable it.

Presentation to the DuraSpace community on Open Scholarship and how Creative Commons is part of the infrastructure to enable it.

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  • CC BY (publishers) - PLoS (famous, but small number of titles, although PLoS One is now the 4 th biggest journal in the world) - BioMed Central (about 300 titles. for profit, and profitable. sold to Springer last december for a big chunk of money. last reported revenues were about $15M per year) - Hindawi (about 150 titles. for profit. profitable, based in Egypt.) CC BY NC - SciELO - latin american journal aggregator. ~ 500 titles. in conversion now, hasn't completed the transition yet. And lots of other uses. Notable traditional users would be Nature, which is using CC BY for their Precedings "pre print archive" and other CC licenses for a small subset of online journals, as well as for articles in which a novel genome assembly is published. --JW

Enabling (Open) Scholarship Enabling (Open) Scholarship Presentation Transcript

  • Greg Grossmeier Open Scholarship [email_address] [email_address]
  • Open Scholarship
  • Scholarship that is produced and disseminated in such a way that all interested parties are able to participate.
  • Scholarship that is produced (and re-produced) and disseminated in such a way that all interested parties (with the requisite knowledge) are able to participate (use and reuse) .
  • Why?
  • (academia)
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  • All of these things...
  • can, and arguably should be, shared.
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  • Why?
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  • All of these things...
  • were built upon other peoples' things.
  • “ standing on the shoulders....”
  • More why
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  • Experience when Sharing Data Blumenthal, David “Data Withholding in Genetics and the Other Life Sciences: Prevalences and Predictors” Academic Medicine 2006
  • Data from Gleditsch et al. Int Studies Perspectives. 2003. Graphic from Piwowar et al. PLoS ONE. 2007. Citations vs the Sharing of Data
  • http://www.genome.jp/en/db_growth.html Growth of Sequence and 3D Structure Databases
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  • CC:BY-SA – Gideon Burton – Open Access (storefront)
  • Greyson, Devon et al. “Open access archiving and article citations within health services and policy research” (JABSC), 2009
  • HOW?
  • Open Standards
  • CC licenses/waivers HTML/XML/ODF TCP/IP Ethernet Connection Routing Containers Legal The Stack Based on slides by Joi Ito, joi.ito.com
  • CC licenses/waivers HTML/XML/ODF TCP/IP Ethernet Connection Routing Containers Legal The Stack Based on slides by Joi Ito, joi.ito.com
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  • What is ?
  • US Constitution “ To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries”
  • “ a bundle of rights” The right to reproduce the work The right to prepare derivative works The right to distribute the work The right to perform the work The right to display the work The right to license any of the above to third parties
  • How do I get ?
  • How do I receive copyright protection for my work?
  • First, it must meet some basic requirements:
    • It must be original .
    • It must have some level of creativity .
    • It must be in a fixed medium .
  • Copyright protects… Writing Choreography Music Visual art Film Architectural works Copyright doesn’t protect… Ideas Facts Data (mostly) Useful articles (that’s patent)
  • Old Days - You use this symbol And provide a date And register it with the US Copyright Office. 1930
  • Now-a-days: <this space left intentionally blank> <also, it is instant>
  • How long does protection last?
  • The life of the Author plus 70 years (for now).
  • Then... The Public Domain
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  • BY :: Attribution You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but only if they give you credit. (in all CC licenses)
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  • NC :: Noncommercial You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but for noncommercial purposes only.
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  • ND :: No derivatives You let others copy, distribute, and display your copyrighted work only if no changes (derivatives) are made.
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  • SA :: Share Alike You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work as long as any derivative work is licensed under the same license.
  • Creative Commons: licenses
  • Public Domain All Rights Reserved Some rights reserved: a spectrum. least restrictive most restrictive
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  • view-source:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ <rdf:RDF xmlns=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;> <License rdf:about=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/&quot;> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Reproduction&quot;/> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Distribution&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Notice&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Attribution&quot;/> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#DerivativeWorks&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#ShareAlike&quot;/> </License> </rdf:RDF>
  • <span xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot; property=&quot;dc:title&quot;> My Presentation</span> By <a xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; href=&quot;http://grossmeier.net&quot; property=&quot;cc:attributionName&quot; rel=&quot;cc:attributionURL&quot;> Greg Grossmeier</a> is licensed under a <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/&quot;> Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License</a>. view-source:http://grossmeier.net/
  • RDFa Primer - Bridging the Human and Data Webs http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-rdfa-primer/ What browsers see. What humans see.
  • So What?
  • flick r
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  • 131,051,890
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  • Ghosts I-IV is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike license.
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  • “ A week after the album's release, the official Nine Inch Nails site reported over 750,000 purchase and download transactions, amassing over US$1.6 million in sales.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghosts_I-IV#cite_note-tribune-12
  • “ Pre-orders of the $300 'Ultra-Deluxe Limited Edition' sold out in less than three days of its release.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghosts_I-IV#cite_note-13
  • Benefits of RDF
  • Discoverability
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  • Again, so what?
  • Enables Open Scholarship
  • Education
  • OER
  • the OER Definition : “Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to remix, improve and redistribute.”
  • From the OER Definition : “ Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to remix, improve and redistribute.”
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  • Data
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  • Reproducibility & New Discoveries
  • Don't forget the usual suspects...
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  • PloS BioMed Central Hindawi Nature
  • Open Scholarship
  • Thanks to...
  • Free/Open Licenses and Metadata
  • Questions? [email_address] [email_address]
  • Misc Attributions
    • Slides 57, 59, 61, 63-65 created by Open.Michigan (http://open.umich.edu) team members including Garin Fons, Pieter Kleymeer, Kathleen Ludewig, and Susan Topol.
    • “ Open book” - Honou - http://www.flickr.com/photos/honou/2936937247/ - CC:BY
    • The Creative Commons cartoons: CC:BY Ryan Junell
    • “ christina, cal class of '08” - bittermelon - http://www.flickr.com/photos/bittermelon/2521892649/ - CC:BY-NC
    • “ The Path of Least Resistance” - NazarethCollege - http://www.flickr.com/photos/nazareth_college/3525764942/ - CC:BY
    • “ for squirrels and chipmunks, practice makes perfect” - emdot - http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot/56156364/ - CC:BY
    • “ books in a stack (a stack of books)” - austinevan -http://www.flickr.com/photos/austinevan/1225274637/ - CC:BY
    • “ Real Academia” – fernando garcía redondo – http://www.flickr.com/photos/fgr1986/3787437711/ - CC:BY
    • “ I Love To Share – 2009” - creativecommons - http://www.flickr.com/photos/creativecommons/3303749499/ - CC:BY
    • “ and more servers” - mysterbee - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659329016/ - CC:BY-SA
    • “ IXS_1916” - acme - http://www.flickr.com/photos/acme/2628554102/ - CC:BY
    • “ Dr. Kevin Padian talk - From Dinosaurs to Birds: How Did It Happen?” - mikebaird - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/2208087847/ - CC:BY
    • Slide 102 from http://linkeddata.org/