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Merchant of Venice Background
 

Merchant of Venice Background

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Merchant of Venice Background Merchant of Venice Background Presentation Transcript

  • Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice Background “A Pound of Flesh”
  • Venice
  • Venice
  • Venice
  •  
  • The Merchant of Venice Background “A Pound of Flesh”
  • The Merchant of Venice Essential Questions
    • How far would you be willing to go for a friend?
    • What causes prejudice?
    • Does money bring happiness?
    • When are you obligated to break the rules?
  • Main characters of Venice
    • Shylock, a Jewish moneylender
    • Jessica, his daughter
    • Tubal, his friend
    • Launcelot Gobbo, his servant
    • Old Gobbo, father to Launcelot
  • Main characters of Venice
    • Antonio, a Venetian merchant
    • Bassanio, his friend, in love with Portia
    • Salanio, Salerio, Gratiano: friends to both
    • Lorenzo, in love with Jessica, Shylock’s daughter
  • Main characters of Belmont
    • Portia, a rich heiress
    • Nerissa, her waiting-maid
  • Why write about a merchant– much less one from Venice?
    • Renaissance values of here-and-now control of own destiny
    • England, a waterborne power after 1588
    • National pride
    • Interest in world cultures rises
    • Venice, multicultural center of trade and tourism, gateway to the East
  • Why chose a Jew as the antagonist?
    • Success of Christopher Marlowe’s racist The Jew of Malta:
      • “ I walk abroad a-nights/ And kill sick people groaning under walls;/ Sometimes I go about and poison wells.”
    • Read Il Pecorone
    • Challenge in humanizing the “evil other” to best Marlowe
  • Multi-Linear Plotlines: Bondage and Freedom
    • Loan plot
    • Lottery plot
    • Elopement plot
    • Ring Plot
  • BONDAGE sub-topics
    • Money
    • Prejudice
    • Friendships
    • Breaking the rules
  • BONDS to look for…
    • Friend to friend
    • Master to servant
    • Creditor to debtor
    • Leaders to the law
    • Children to parents
    • Characters to feelings
    • Characters to religion
  • Historical Influences: Prejudice Jews are bound by Christians’ negative perceptions
    • Expulsion of Jews in 1290
    • 1594 Lopez case
  • Historical Influences: Money Christians are bound by Pope’s decree
    • Pope’s decree against lending for interest
    • Venice, center of trade and tourism
    • England, a waterborne power after 1588
  • Historical Influences: Breaking the rules Common man is less bound by ignorance
    • End of the “dark ages”
    • Renaissance empowerment of the common man
  • Historical influences Friendship Friends can be bound by ties transcending even marriage
    • Rise in interest in classical texts
    • Phileo
  • Literary devices and terms
    • Allusion
    • Anastrophe
    • Aside
    • Dramatic irony
    • Exeunt
    • Diazeugma
    • Situational Irony
    • Hyperbole
    • Hyperbole
    • Inversion
    • Omission
    • Rhetorical question
    • Refrain
    • Monologue
    • Aporia
    • Oxymoron
    • Pun
  • Essential Terminology
    • Argosy
    • Bond
    • Usury