Monica Julissa De Los Rios de Leal (monica.julissa@ac.gov.br)                                                             ...
INPE’s technology agenda   Brazil as a global player in earth observation                      Bilateral agreements       ...
PRODES wall to wall assessment                                       Taxa de Desmatamento Anual na Amazônia Legal         ...
Main uses of PRODES results     Monitor effectiveness of polices for controlling     deforestation     A government respon...
Deforestation rates in Acre                                0.80                                                           ...
Fragmentation >60% poligons are smaller than 5ha From those, 50% are between 1 to 2 ha                                    ...
Center of Geoprocessing and Remote Sensing                      of Acre’s state • Deforestation (minimum area 0,54 ha and ...
High resolution images for accuracy                                   assessmentR,G,B- 2,4,3Formosat 2- 8 meters          ...
Deforestation by Zone (2010)            8,000,000.0                                                                       ...
Deforestation by land use (2009)            6,000,000.00                                     Desmatamento          Florest...
Biomass- WHRC/IPAM
Biomass study: 20 plots to develop allometric          equations for Acre State                               THINKING bey...
Carbon Stock and forest       degradationSource: Gregory Asner, Canergie Institute, California.
Foto: Diego Gurgel                               Monitoring using a Nested                                        System  ...
Base line – Reference Level                                    202 Mt CO2                    182 Mt CO2Fonte: IPAM, 2012
Final Considerations Capacity and technology: monitoring systems already in place at  national and state levels    – Incl...
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MRV – SISA

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Monica Julissa De Los Rios de Leal

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  • Monitor Effectiveness of polices for controlling deforestation / Government Response to the demands of Civil Society / Supporting Policy Making at Regional and local Scales /
  • MRV – SISA

    1. 1. Monica Julissa De Los Rios de Leal (monica.julissa@ac.gov.br) THINKING beyond the canopy
    2. 2. INPE’s technology agenda Brazil as a global player in earth observation Bilateral agreements (China, Argentina, UK, Germany) Multilateral agreements (CEOS, GEO)
    3. 3. PRODES wall to wall assessment Taxa de Desmatamento Anual na Amazônia Legal 35000 30000 25000 Km2/ano 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 (a) (b) (b) c Ano ~230 scenes Landsat/year Consolidado Estimativa
    4. 4. Main uses of PRODES results Monitor effectiveness of polices for controlling deforestation A government response to the demands of civil society Supporting policy making at regional and local scales Public awareness of deforestation in the Amazon (www.obt.inpe.br/prodes)WGISS-27, Toulouse
    5. 5. Deforestation rates in Acre 0.80 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.60Taxa de desmtamento anual (%) 0.54 0.50 0.44 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.29 0.29 0.30 0.27 0.26 0.26 0.24 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.20 0.17 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.11 0.09 0.10 0.00 Fonte: 09 10 11 INPE (2012) 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 12
    6. 6. Fragmentation >60% poligons are smaller than 5ha From those, 50% are between 1 to 2 ha THINKING beyond the canopy
    7. 7. Center of Geoprocessing and Remote Sensing of Acre’s state • Deforestation (minimum area 0,54 ha and accuracy assessment) • Fires • Climate • Land use • Degradation and carbon stock Capacity building and technology improvements: USD 2,5 mi (Amazon Fund)
    8. 8. High resolution images for accuracy assessmentR,G,B- 2,4,3Formosat 2- 8 meters Formosat 2- 2 meters (Pan)
    9. 9. Deforestation by Zone (2010) 8,000,000.0 Área Total 7,000,000.0 Desmatamento (2010) 6,000,000.0 5,000,000.0Área (ha) 4,000,000.0 1,532,994.5 3,000,000.0 2,000,000.0 293,785.9 226,220.2 25,523.5 1,000,000.0 0.0 Zona 1 Zona 2 Zona 3 Zona 4Fonte: UCEGEO (2010)
    10. 10. Deforestation by land use (2009) 6,000,000.00 Desmatamento Floresta 143,601.51 5,000,000.00 4,000,000.00 652,368.00Área (ha) 3,000,000.00 23,981.76 4,978,724.49 407,946.96 2,000,000.00 724,132.14 81,169.19 2,566,322.00 2,353,518.24 1,000,000.00 1,842,104.04 1,411,542.81 34,745.40 910,855.86 278,349.60 0.00 TERRAS SEM TERRAS PROJETOS DE TERRAS TERRAS TERRAS INDÍGENAS UNIDADES DE ESTUDO ARRECADADAS ASSENTAMENTO DISCRIMINADAS PARTICULARES CONSERVAÇÃO DISCRIMINATÓRIO Unidade Fundiária Fonte: UCEGEO (2010)
    11. 11. Biomass- WHRC/IPAM
    12. 12. Biomass study: 20 plots to develop allometric equations for Acre State THINKING beyond the canopy
    13. 13. Carbon Stock and forest degradationSource: Gregory Asner, Canergie Institute, California.
    14. 14. Foto: Diego Gurgel Monitoring using a Nested System National - Climate Change National Plan - National level targets: PPCD – AM - INPE regular database – Resolution = 6,25 ha State - State level targets: PPCD – AC - UCEGEO’s database– Resolution = 0,54 ha - INPE regular database – Resolution = 6,25 ha - Project level targets Project - UCEGEO’s database – Resolution = 4 and 2.5 m - Laser – LiDar - Aerial photograph – Pixel 25 cm - Field data THINKING beyond the canopy
    15. 15. Base line – Reference Level 202 Mt CO2 182 Mt CO2Fonte: IPAM, 2012
    16. 16. Final Considerations Capacity and technology: monitoring systems already in place at national and state levels – Include Emission Reduction (D – D - +) – Keep it simple: jurisdictional vs. project Frequency: – Deforestation: annual – Forest degradation: not monitored as regularly yet Transparency: – CEVA and other opportunities for participation prior approving procedures – Scientific Committee has to validate official deforestation and forest degradation estimates – Using different methods to publicize information Consistency: – Reconcile state and national MRV systems – Integrate project RLs with state level RL to ensure accountability and environmental integrity of the system: define minimum parameters – Use the most conservative numbers to avoid double counting and ensure integration between the state system and the future national strategy

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