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Rodale Institute Studies the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug
 

Rodale Institute Studies the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

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    Rodale Institute Studies the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Rodale Institute Studies the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Presentation Transcript

    • Update on Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) at Rodale Institute Gladis Zinati Associate Research Scientist Rodale Institute, Kutztown, PA Gladis.Zinati@rodaleinstitute.org; Tel. (610) 683-1402 Presented at the First OREI Meeting, RAREC, NJ January 7, 2013 ©2011 Rodale Institute ©2012 Rodale Institute
    • Presentation1. An overview of the farm2. BMSB pressure, losses, management tactics, and weather data (2008-2012)3. Scouting in November 2012 a. Locate overwintering sites by BMSBs b. Record number of dead and live BMSBs c. Identify preferred material or fabric by BMSBs for overwintering d. Potential natural enemy1. The gathered information will help us to: a. identify the sites where we will establish the trap crops to monitor the BMSB population during the first year of the project ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Overview of the farm- Certified organic since 2002- There are 132 fields on 333 acres- The soil is shaley silt loam- Field crops, vegetables, apple orchards- Ornamental trees, landscape plants, and pastures- A demonstration Garden ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Brown Marmorated Stink BugBrown marmoratedstink bug hasbecome a nuisancepest to homeoweners ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Economic losses on apples But it is a devastating pest for orchardists and many other commodity growersPhotos: Chris Bergh –Virginia Tech ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • BMSB pressure, losses, and management tactics2008-2010: a. Pumpkins planted west side of the orchard- All covered with BMSB b. High pressure, Total crop loss c. No management tactic was applied N Pumpkins ©2011 Rodale Institute Apples
    • 2008 Precipitation – above normal 2008 2008 total = 49.98 inches 9 Normal Normal total = 43.52 inches Difference = + 6.46 inches 8Precipitation (inches) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 2009 Precipitation- above normal 2009 total = 53.00 inches 12 2009 Normal total = 43.52 inches Normal Difference = + 9.48 inches 10Precipitation (inches) 8 6 4 2 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 2010 Precipitation – close to normal 2010 total = 43.13 inches Normal total = 43.52 inches 8 2010 Difference = - 0.39 inches Normal 7 Precipitation (inches) 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 2008-2010 - Monthly Mean temperatures 2008-2010 Monthly Mean Temperatures (oF) at Rodale Institute 76 200856 2009 201015 ay arA l pr n ug b n ep ct ec ov JuJaJuFeOMAMDSN ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 2008-2010 - Monthly Mean temperatures 2008-2010 Monthly Mean Temperatures (oF) at Rodale Institute 76 2008 56 2009 2010 15 ay ar pr ug n b n ep A l ec ct ov Ju Ja Ju Fe O M A M D S NMinimum Temperature Threshold (MTT) for BMSB (56oF) shifted frommid May in 2008 to mid April in 2010. As a result of climate change, wecould expect warmer temperatures earlier in the season and reachMTT earlier than expected. ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • BMSB pressure, losses, and management tactics2011: a. Winter Squash and pumpkins (15-20/fruit) b. Seen late summer early fall c. Medium damage d. No management tactic was applied e. Was the wettest year on record ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 2011 Precipitation – the wettest year on record in PA in nearly 200 years 14 2008 total = 69.31 inches 2011 Normal total = 43.52 inches 12 Normal Difference = + 25.79 inchesPrecipitation (inches) 10 8 6 4 2 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 2011 Monthly Mean temperatures 2011- Monthly Mean temperatures (oF) at Rodale Institute 785615 c ct n r b n v ar g p ay l JuApDeNoFeSeJaJuAu OMM ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • BMSB pressure, losses, and management tactics2012: a. An average year, not much snow or cold b. Apples and Squash were affected c. 30-40 nymphs - early July on summer squash flower and leaves d. Sprayed Surround (Kaolin Clay) as a preventive measure for beetles e. Low pressure of BMSB, Minor damage f. No management tactic specific to BMSB was applied ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 2012 Precipitation – below normal 2009 total = 34.01 inches 8 Normal total = 43.52 inches 2012 Normal Difference = - 9.51 inches 7 Precipitation (inches) 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 2012- Monthly Mean Temperatures at Rodale Institute 765615 g r l n c b n v ct ay p ar JuAp DeJa AuFeJu No Se OMM ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 2008-2012 Monthly Mean o Temperatures ( F) at Rodale Institute 78 200856 2009 2010 201115 2012 ay arA l pr n ug b n ct p ec ov JuSeJaJuFeOMAMDN ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Predictions!!!!!!!Warm temperatures and low rainfall of2012 could be factors in seeing an increasein BMSB population this coming year (2013),possibly!!!! ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Presentation1. An overview of the farm2. BMSB pressure, losses, management tactics, and weather data (2008-2012)3. Scouting in November 2012 a. Locate overwintering sites by BMSBs b. Record number of dead and live BMSBs c. Identify preferred material or fabric by BMSBs for overwintering d. Potential natural enemy ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 3.a. Aerial map of Rodale Institute Machiner Greenhouses Under Garden y Bldg. Barn PavillionHay barn N Rodale HouseLab. BarnSun roomCarriage BookHouse Store Main officeSiegfriedale S. House AppleGarage orchard ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 3.b. Scouting for BMSB at Rodale Institute –November 28-29, 2012Structure/Bldg. # Dead BMSB # Live BMSBBook Store 4 18WEPP-Restrooms 0 0Rodale Barn 0 0Rodale House 17 21Garden Pavillion 0 10Greenhouses 37 0Dryer Bldg. 0 0Machinery Bldg./OPS 0 0Hay Barn 0 0Lab. 0 0Sunroom/kitchen 0/1 0/0Carriage House 9 1Under Barn 1 0Main Office 12 1Siegfriedale House 18 1Siegfriedale Garage 42 0_______________________________________________________________________ ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Live and Dead BMSBs counts Machiner Greenhouses Under Garden y Bldg. Barn (37) PavillionHay barn (10) N Rodale HouseLab. (21)Sun room Barn BookCarriage StoreHouse (18) Main office (12)Siegfriedale S. House Apple(18) Garage (42) orchard Numbers in red (live BMSB), numbers in pink (dead) ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 3a,b. Greenhouse –Rodale Institute Dead BMSBs and other insects in the plastic heating tube ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 3.c. Material preferred for overwintering-GardenPavillion, Rodale Institute Dark color & Water-proof fabric ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 3.c. Material preferred by BMSB- Book Store, RI,BMSBs hiding in fabric Aero Soft Grow Containers ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Aero Soft Grow ContainersMade from recycled biodegradable inert plastic ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Book Store- BMSB hiding in a book ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 3d. Spider Web can be a natural Enemy for BMSB, Siegfriedale Garage, Rodale Institute West side of farmSpiderweb Caught in a spider web ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Presentation1. An overview of the farm2. BMSB pressure, losses, management tactics, and weather data (2008-2012)3. Scouting in November 2012 a. Locate overwintering sites by BMSBs b. Record number of dead and live BMSBs c. Identify preferred material or fabric by BMSBs for overwintering d. Potential natural enemy1. The gathered information will help us to: a. identify the sites where we will establish the trap crops to monitor the BMSB population during the first year of the project ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 4. Information collected in scouting helped us to1. Identify the hot spots –locations of overwintering adults2. Identify where BMSBs would disperse from and which fields could be impacted3. Potential locations where we could set up sentinel and crop traps for monitoring ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • 4.a. hot zone Greenhouses Machinery Under Garden Bldg. Barn (37) PavillionHay barn (10) N Rodale HouseLab. (21)Sun room Barn BookCarriage StoreHouse (18) Main office (12)Siegfriedale S. House (18) AppleGarage (42) orchard Numbers in red (live BMSB), Potential hot spots, East side Numbers in pink (dead) ©2011 Rodale Institute of the farm and wooded area
    • 4.b.c. BMSB could disperse to these locationsand traps needed for monitoring Garden Pavillion Rodale house Book store ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Observations• In small garden situation, placing wooden boards under plants helped in collecting BMSBs since they crawl under to seek shelter and moisture• Spraying Surround® could have minimized the spread of BMSBs and their population, but no proof• Spider web could reduce BMSB adult population• Designing material that mimic spider web that may reduce their flying ability and aid in trapping them. ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Our future work …Certainly monitoring and identifying organic management tactics that control this bug would lead to: 1. Making better and effective recommendations to growers and home owners 2. Reduce crop losses 3. Ensure economic and environmental sustainability ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Linking RI website to eOrganic website ©2011 Rodale Institute
    • Acknowledge my team:Jeff Moyer and Christine Zieglerthanks to Rita Seidel for providing weather info andJake for helping us in collecting the bugs in thegreenhouse! Thank You Let us discuss! ©2011 Rodale Institute