Fruits You Can Grow in the Konkan

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This set of slides describes the different types of fruits that can be grown organically in the Konkan Region (India's western coast) and was prepared for Goa.

This set of slides describes the different types of fruits that can be grown organically in the Konkan Region (India's western coast) and was prepared for Goa.

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  • 1. Growing Fruits rganically Miguel Braganza, Green Essentials & the International Centre Goa
  • 2. What grows well in Goa?
  • 3. The Common Favourites
  • 4. Other Popular Choices
  • 5. Some Unusual Options SOURSOP KARONDASTAR FRUIT CHERRYMAHALUNGVELVET APPLE MANGOSTEEN KONKAN LEMON PASSION FRUIT
  • 6. How to plan your fruit garden?
  • 7. APPROACH 1 Pick your favourites
  • 8. Everyone loves mangoes…but • Think about other fruits too because you’re going to have mangoes for a couple of months at most • Explore new and favourite varieties so that you can extend your fruiting season (early and late varieties) • Goa has a diversity of local varieties in various fruits that are worth considering because of their uniqueness • Make sure your family and friends like what you grow, because you are likely to have a lot of surplus in season • Unfortunately, some favourites like apricots, plums, apples, oranges and pears just don’t do well here. Avoid.
  • 9. APPROACH 2 Plan by space and conditions
  • 10. Some Basic Considerations • Where is the sunlight stronger? • Do we have usable shade? • How big will the tree grow? • Will roots damage any structures? • Is there open space or a house next door? • How will I fertillise the grown tree? • Do I want to keep the trees small? • Are there climbing spaces I can use for a creeper? • Do you want to try with pots on your roof?
  • 11. High Density Growing • Small trees are much easier to spray, thin, prune, net, and harvest than large trees • Summer pruning keeps fruit trees small and reduces new growth (especially root systems) • When planting a tree, cut side limbs back by at least two-thirds to promote vigorous new growth • Then, two or three times per year, cut back or remove limbs
  • 12. Spacing for High Density
  • 13. Why not in Pots? Actually, you should
  • 14. APPROACH 3 Plan by timing of fruit
  • 15. How long can you wait? Need fruits tomorrow?
  • 16. FRUIT NAME FIRST FRUITING JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC Banana/Keli 1 year Fruits Fruits Plant Plant Mango/Aame 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Sapota/Chikoo 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Plant Fruits Fruits Custard Apple/Sita phal 3 years Plant Plant Fruits Fruits Jackfruit/Fanas 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Kokum/Bhinda 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Coconut/Maad 5 years Plant Plant Plant Fruits all year COMMON FAVOURITES When to plant and harvest
  • 17. FRUIT NAME FIRST FRUITING JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC Pineapple/Ananas 1 year Fruits Plant Lemon 1 year Fruits Fruits Plant Fruits Fruits Pomegranate/Anaar 2 years Fruits Plant Guava/Peru 2 years Fruits Fruits Plant Fruits Fruits Rose Apple 2 years Fruits Fruits Plant Gooseberry/Amla 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Jamun/Jambul 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Watermelon/Kaling 4 months Plant Plant Fruits Fruits Fruits Plant Plant OTHER POPULAR CHOICES When to plant and harvest
  • 18. UNUSUAL OPTIONS When to plant and harvest FRUIT NAME FIRST FRUITING JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC Soursop/Mamphal 3 years Plant Fruits Fruits Karonda 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Star Fruit/Karmal 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Mahalung 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Cherry 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Velvet Apple 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Mangosteen 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Konkan Lemon 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Fruits Fruits Avocado 3 years Plant Fruits Fruits Cocoa 3 years Fruits Fruits Plant Fruits Fruits Passion Fruit 1 year Fruits Fruits Plant
  • 19. FILL UP YOUR FRUIT CALENDAR Just an example JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC ? ? Chikoo Chikoo Mango Banana ? Kaling Kaling Pineapple Cocoa Cocoa Guava Guava Anaar Custard Apple Custard Apple Mango Guava Guava Chikoo Chikoo Avocado Avocado
  • 20. Guidelines for your fruit garden
  • 21. #1 Growing fruits requires a lot of patience
  • 22. #2 Plan space carefully, so you don’t affect your structures
  • 23. #3 Fruit trees can produce a lot of surplus, so plan for this
  • 24. #4 Keeping the tree small is a good idea Be active in pruning
  • 25. #5 Care for the young grafts for good returns later
  • 26. #6 Pedigree is every thing, so pick your grafts carefully
  • 27. #7 If you can’t eat cheese, then get some bread Velvet Apples
  • 28. #8 Work hard in June and its easier the rest of the year
  • 29. #9 Just because it grows, doesn’t mean it will fruit
  • 30. #10 Don’t just live off the ancestors, plant your own 
  • 31. A few more things…
  • 32. What’s NOT Organic • Spraying of mango trees by your contractors (for eliminating parasites or preventing fruit fall) • Use of steroids or plant hormones like Cultar for early or annual flowering • Use of urea as a fertilliser for fruit trees • Super phosphate or organo-phosphates is not organic (unlike rock phosphate) • Any other chemical pesticides
  • 33. Common Organic Inputs • Pest management o Neem oil based pesticides o Raw milk for viral in Papaya o Pheromone traps for Fruit Flies o Bordeaux mixture for fungal diseases • Manuring of trees o Compost or Cow Dung o Bonemeal or Sterameal o Rock Phosphate and Muriate of Potash o Lime o Neem cake or Powder o Panchagavya
  • 34. Regional Fruit Research Centre, Vengurla • The premiere resource for fruit plant related research in the Konkan Region • Has innumerable varieties of plants on-site and demonstration for intercropping • Best source for grafts from April to June (late) • Just about 1½ hours away by road
  • 35. Local Sources for Fruit Grafts • At most nurseries in Goa o Vikas Nursery, Guirim o East-West Nursery, Nuvem • Department of Agriculture o At Ela Farms Old Goa, or your local extension office o Also Duler Farms, Mapusa