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  • 1. ENERGY POLICY FOR THE STATE OF KUWAIT: Past & Present Ahmad Al-Mulla, Ph.D., CEM Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research Kuwait Green Building Forum May 23-24, 2012 Radisson SAS - KuwaitKuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 2. Outline of the Presentation Background of energy scenario for the State of Kuwait Worldwide actions towards greener environment KISR efforts towards sustainability Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 3. Power and Energy Consumption inKuwait 10500 50 Peak power 9710 Yearly Electricity Consumption Yearly Electricity Consumption (MWh/y)*106 9500 45 9070 45.2 8900Peak Power Demand (MW) 42.6 41.6 8500 40 8400 37.9 7750 7480 35.6 7500 7250 35 33.1 6750 6450 31.1 6500 30 6160 29.3 27.0 27.5 5500 25 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Years Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 4. Utilization of Primary Energy andElectricity by SectorsPrimary Energy Electricity UseUse by Sector by Sector Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 5. World Actions Toward Greener Environment World Initiative UN Secretary General Ban Ki- Estidama Rating System • Obama’s Green Building Stimulus: "Becoming a LEED AP is one of the moon: "Sustainability is the Dubai Green Building Guidelines • proudest accomplishments of my most promising path forward... life“ Corporate UAE Initiative Initiatives “The fact that a separate category has been introduced for Corporate Social Responsibility• Wal-mart • Microsoft is testimony to our leaderships commitment to• Starbucks • WIPRO make social and environmental sustainability• Timberland • Tesco an integral part of business excellence.“ • Samsung - Sheik Mohammad. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 6. Components of Green Buildings Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 7. How Can We Achieve It Energy Optimization ASHRAE Std 90.1 2010 Facade Enhancement 3D CROSS SECTION HVAC System Improvements COVER MESH SHOTCRETE (OR GYPSUM FORDIAGONAL NON-BEARING WALLS)EPS CORE Lighting Power and Other Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 8. Green Buildings Can Reduce Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 9. CARBON REDUCTION PROGRAMMEASHRAE 90.1 – ENERGY STANDARD FOR BUILDINGS 54% 18% 19% Summertown interiors, Dubai, UAE – LEED Gold Dubai Trade Centre District Phase 1 18% Kandalama Hotel, Dambulla, Sri Dubai, UAE – LEED Pre-Certified Lanka - LEED Bronze; 2000 29% Mirdif City Centre Dubai, UAE Sabah Al Ahmad International Financial Center, Kuwait - LEED Pre- Certified 35% WAFI City DCCP One, Dubai UAE LEED Gold; 2006 67% 54% Jehan Green Walls FZE 43% Sharjah, UAE Rainforest Ecolodge, Sri Lanka RBS Middle East Shared Service Centre 55% Interiors, Dubai, UAE - LEED Gold; 2008 DIFC Lighthouse Dubai, UAE Working towards Sustainability Excellence Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 10. KISR Efforts TowardsSustainability• Research is being pursued since 1970s.• Most efforts directed towards enhancing energy efficiency in air- conditioned buildings.• Some efforts have been made to conserve energy in the industrial and power sectors. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 11. 1983 Code of Practice MEW/R-1: Regulations for Electrical Installations MEW/R-2: Procedures for Approval of Electrical & A/C Drawings and connection of power supply for construction and buildings projects. MEW/R-3: Electrical load form and explanatory memo MEW/R-4: Regulations for testing of Electrical installations before connection of power supply MEW/R-5: General Guidelines for Energy Conservation in buildings MEW/R-6: Code of Practice for Energy Conservation in Kuwait building and Appendices Appendix No. (1): Properties and application of insulating materials for buildings in Kuwait Appendix No. (2): Energy Conservation Measures in Residential Sector Buildings. Appendix No. (3): Energy Conservation Measures in Institutional and Commercial Sector Buildings Appendix No. (4): Energy Conservation Measures Hospitals Appendix No. (5): Effect of thermal mass and colour Appendix No. (6): Comparison between air-cooled and water-cooled condensers. MEW/R-7: Rules and Regulations for design of A/C System and Equipment MEW/R-8: Rules and Regulations for handing over Engineering Services (Electrical and Mechanical) to the Maintenance Authority MEW/R-9: General specification for electrical installation Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 12. Savings From 1983 Energy Codeof PracticeComponent Unit Quantity Unit Cost Total Savings Saved (mil KD/unit) (million KD)Electrical Power MW 2,530 0.48 1,214RequirementsA/C System RT 1,260,000 500 630 millionFuel 131 10 1,310 Barrels Total 3,154 Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 13. Maximum Power Rating for Different Types of A/CSystems and their Components (R-6 Update, 2010) System Power Rating (kW/RT) Type Capacity PRCHIL PRCTF PRCW PRCHW PRAH PRT (RT)Ducted split andpackaged units All 1.70Air-cooled All 1.60 0.05 0.35 2.00Water-cooled * 250 0.95 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.38 1.50 250-500 0.75 1.30 >500 0.70 1.25 Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 14. KISR Achievements inEnergy Auditing in Buildings Peak Power Energy Saving Building Year Reduction (%) (%)Kuwait Port Authority 1996 20 30KISR Main Building 2000 20 21MEW and MPW buildings inSouth Surra 2004 38 20Public Authority for CivilInformation 2004 5 12Al-Fanar Shopping Mall 2004 15 8 Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 15. ‫‪Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research‬‬ ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 16. Peak Power Reduction through Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies Peak Power Reduction in Power Building Percentage Savings (%) Demand (kW) Demand (kW)Ministries Complex 12,000 610 ~6,800 5 ~ 79Justice Palace 3,600 510 ~ 825 7 ~ 24Liberation Tower 3,400 200 ~ 890 5 ~ 26Public Institution for SocialSecurities 2,600 300 ~570 11 ~ 25Ministry of Health 2,200 530 ~ 680 24 ~ 39Chamber of Commerce 2,000 160 ~ 460 12 ~ 31State Audit Bureau 1,450 240 ~ 570 11 ~ 40Public Authority for Youth and 930 150 ~ 300 16 ~ 42SportsTotal 28,180 3,700 ~ 9750 13 ~ 42 Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 17. ‫‪Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research‬‬ ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 18. DSM Pilot Project through Centralized Remote Control A/C Controller A/C Building #2 Building #3 Building #4 Power line Internet Thermostat Central Server Building Server Remote MonitoringPower Meter and Control Building #1 Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 19. Estimated National Savings From DSM Expected savings National Savings Peak Daily load Energy Daily Daily Type of building No. Units Peak Power Peak Power Energy Energy kW kWh/d/unit % % MW MWh/dVillas 50 840 108,000 10 5 540 4,536Villas - Holiday 40 720 27,000 15 25 162 4,860Schools 320 4,608 1,000 75 20 240 922Mosques 90 1,728 1,000 0 15 0 259Governmentbuildings 200 2,880 900 60 20 108 518 Total 1,050 11,095 Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 20. Energy Efficiency Technology(EET)Program Logic Energy efficient design and construction – new buildings Indoor Air Quality and Thermal Comfort The built environment Control & operation of systems Reduce (new and existing buildings) Energy demand for Efficiency primary Technologies energy and Energy Performance of Existing electricity Buildings Industry Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies PowerEnergy Efficiency Enhancement in generation Power Stations Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 21. Research Project Under EETProgramS. No. Title Code 1 Develop and Update Building energy code and design guidelines EET-1 2 Performance Verification of Fenestration Products EET-2 3 Cool Roofs and Urban Heat Islands Mitigation EET-3 4 Development of National Code for Lighting Systems in Buildings EET-4 5 Updating of MEW Electrical Codes EET-5 6 Optimum thermal resistance for walls, roof and floor of buildings EET-6 7 Minimum energy efficiency for different air-conditioning systems EET-7 8 Minimum energy efficiency for domestic and office appliances EET-8 9 Guidelines and recommendations for installation and maintenance of air-conditioning systems. EET-9 10 Guidelines for Verification of Building Energy Code Compliance and Energy Labelling EET-10 11 Design, Construction and Performance Evaluation of a Sustainable Traditional Kuwaiti Villa EET-11 12 Performance Assessment of Encapsulated Latent Ice Storage System EET-12 13 Assessment of Geo-thermal Heat Pump Application EET-13 14 Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Assessment and Development of codes EET-14 15 Integrated Demand Side Management and Photovoltaic Systems for Schools in Kuwait EET-15 16 Green Building Certification for the oil Sector Complex Building EET-16 Implementation of Energy Efficient Retrofits for Five Existing Private Office Building and 17 Shopping Malls EET-17 18 The Potential of Energy Conservation and Peak Power Reduction in the Residential Sector EET-18 19 Assessment of power and energy saving potential in industries EET-19 20 Energy efficiency enhancement in power stations EET-20 Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 22. Kuwait National Energy Center –Strategic Energy Programs Main objective is to reduce the growth in the demand of primary energy for electricity generation and water production To achieve the set objective, two strategic energy programs were established to look at both the supply side and demand side: •The Energy Efficient Technologies (EET) program •The Innovative and Renewable Energy (IRE) program Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 23. EET Research Laboratories1. Environmental chambers for walls and roof sections2. Fenestration laboratory3. Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) laboratory – Performance rating of A/C systems – Thermal energy storage systems – Thermal comfort, indoor air quality and air filtration4. Lighting and day-lighting laboratory5. Computer laboratory for simulation and modeling Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 24. Ongoing Projects Integrated Demand Side Management and Photovoltaic Systems for Schools in Kuwait (Funded by MoE) Design of a Sustainable Traditional Kuwaiti House (Funded by MEW) Establishment of Renewable Energy Power Station. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬
  • 25. ThanksKuwait Institute for Scientific Research ‫مــعــهــد الـكـويــت لألبـحــاث العـلميـــة‬