FUNDAMENTALS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF ` SUSTAINABLE DESIGN STANDARDS AND CODE IN THE CONSTRUCTION FIELD OF KUWAITNational Committee of Building Codes in Kuwait Eng. Alia Al.Sayegh Chair of Green Buildings Technical Team 23rd May, 2012 KUWAIT GREEN BUILDING FORUM
Goals• 1. the ultimate goal- to work towards sustainable built environment which is aligned with the internationally accepted sustainability values• 2. to create codes, standards and practices as integral and coordinated part of the building & construction process• 3. to coordinate with other teams and to contribute to integrated construction building construction system of codes, standards and practices
Challenges of Green Approach1. Lack of Economical Driving Force2. Social Factors (awareness & knowledge)3. Shortage in Local experience, specialists and expertise4. Privation of adopting governmental authority5. Reliance and/or Conflict with other building regulations6. Lack of incentives7. Poor Green Market
Our Start• Objectives & road map to Achieve the Goals• Roles and responsibilities within the team• Work program and needed Stages• Necessary studies: references, systems, existing practices• Terms and Terminology
GBT Team - Work Stages• To reach the assigned goals and objectives in the best way, the GBT team agreed to work in the following stages :1- Studies & Application of GB Systems2- Elaborating Green Building Standards3- Elaborating Codes and Regulations4- Monitor and follow-up with the developments of Authorities Implementing the issued standards & codes.
Stage I : Studies & Application of GB Systems• Stage Kickoff : Nov,2010• Stage Report issued : Feb, 2012• Report Title : Report #1 :Fundamentals for Establishment of Sustainable Design Standards and Code in the Construction Field of Kuwait• Pending : Finalizing Assessment on the case study project.
Vision of GBT on Report #1• First “Green Building” Official Governmental Document• Coming to a semi “Green-Building”-virgin Construction Field• Fully Understanding of the Challenges• Producing a general framework Document on the sustainability of design and construction works and the assessment of integrated building performance
Criticality of First Report 1. Decision Making 2. Construction Field Practices 3. Local & Regional Experience 4. Selection of Recommended Rating System 5. Setting Benchmark
Tackled Issues Related to 1. Decision Making Decision Making National Conditions : Priority of Mtrological,Environment Sustainable Green industry,al Impacts of Construction Transformation Biodiversity, Buildings and Urban Climate Design Change, Ecosystems
Scope extended to cover GCC• Environmental Condition• Construction Market and practices• Marine and coastal Resources• Biodiversity and Protected areas• Policies and Initiatives• Legislative Initiatives• Institutional Developments• Civil Society
STATUS OF ACCESSION TO THE MAJOR MULTILATERAL AGREEMENTS DEALING WITH THE ENVIRONMENT IN GCC COUNTRIES Kyoto Cb Carta Unfcc Ozon Herit Unclo Country Cites proto Ccd Pops Cms Basel d gena c e age s colBahrain . R . R A A A S . R R R 199 1994 2006 1990 1997 2002 1992 1991 1985 6Kuwait R R . A A A R S . R R R 2002 200 1994 2005 1992 1997 2001 1993 2002 1986 2Oman . R A R A A A R . A A R 199 2003 1995 2005 1999 1996 2005 1995 1981 1989 5Qatar A R A A A A A A . A A R 2001 199 2007 1996 2005 1996 1999 2004 1995 1984 2002 6KSA A A . A A A A S A R A R 1996 200 1994 2005 1993 1997 2002 1991 1990 1978 1996 1UAE A R . A A A A R . R A S 1990 200 1995 2005 1989 1998 2002 1992 2001 1993 0R – Ratified, A – Acceded, S – Signed ((Source: The Middle East Institute, 2008)
Conclusion• Despite all steps forward, greening buildings and sustainable transformation will require : Setting of clear and Comprehensive Long term realistic targets range of expanded strategies (energy and water policies performance) Cross-sectoral Balance between economic incentives, policies to fight effective legislations, regulations and climate change standards
Tackled Issues Related to2. Construction Field Practices Aspects to consider for sustainability of buildings & construction Green design approaches, whole building design Introduced Steps toward GB standards Cultural and historical specifities in architecture Construction industry to date in Kuwait and in GCC
Tackled Issues Related to 3. Local and Regional Experience• Major Green and Eco-friendly projects in Kuwait and across the GCC• Regional GB standards, codes and regulations• Regional Green Building Assessment systems• Analysis , comparisons
Projects AnalyzedArab Organizations Building in KuwaitBahrain World Tradein KSA King Abdulla University Center Masdar City in UAE Eco-Friendly Stadiums in Qatar Oman 1st Green Building by 2013
4. Selection of Recommended Rating System• The link between Assessment System and GB standards & Codes• Review of International and Regional Rating Systems• Define Criteria for selection
Review Phase• GB Team reviewed the following systems :LEEDBREEAMGreen StarEstidamaQSAS
Scope of Review• Background• References & Standards• Methodology (Assessment Procedure)• Categories/ Classifications• Criteria• Rating• Local Compatibility
Unique Scheme CoverageScheme QSAS Estidama Comments QSAS has a comprehensive assessment system for Mosques that focuses on ++ - providing healthy and sustainable mosques and range from a measurement ofMosques energy consumption to the thermal comfort provided to prayer halls. Estidama does not have an assessment system for Mosques. QSAS has a comprehensive assessment system for Hotels developed to assess ++ - and rate the design of hotels ranging in varying scales from boutique hotels toHotels large scale resorts. Estidama does not have an assessment system for Hotels. QSAS has a comprehensive assessment system for Light Industry created to ++ - assess and rate the design of new light industrial buildings that use laborLight Industry intensive operations primarily to produce consumer goods. Estidama does not have an assessment system for Light Industry. QSAS has a comprehensive assessment system for Sports developed to assess ++ - and rate the sustainability performance for spectator sports facilities. QatarSports 2022 has adopted the system for its venues for the tournament. Estidama does not have an assessment system for Sports. QSAS have a comprehensive system dedicated to parks with multiple scales.Parks Estidama does not have an assessment system for Parks. ++ - Under QSAS will have a comprehensive system dedicated to health care facilities withHealth Care Development multiple scales. Estidama does not have an assessment system for health care. - QSAS developed this unique scheme for the Rail projects, fully understandingRail the specific challenges and considerations of them ++ -
Findings• All systems address common major goals and concerns, addressed in common categories : Site Sustainability, Energy Efficiency, Water Efficiency, Occupants Health, Materials Use• However, Systems differ in : background, methodologies, standards, rating method, specific criteria and special considerations
Recommendations• Team members recommended the Primary System QSAS and the Reference System BREEAM-Gulf.• This was supported by the recommendation of The First Forum of the GCC Unified Building Code, 11-13 October,2010• As well as the Saudi Forum of Green Buildings, 16-18 October, 2010.
5. Setting Benchmark• Pilot Project : Case Study – Application of QSAS on a local governmental project : EPWD Building :Main goals & objectivesBriefly about the projectThe building special green building toolsThe QSAS method for GB assessmentExpected results and conclusions
Project Data• BUILT UP AREA : 33,000 m2• PLOT AREA : 4670 m2• VALUE : 13,000,000 K.D.• TYPE : OFFICE BUILDING• Number of floors : 3 basements + Ground + 9 Floors• Total parking : 220 cars• Total Users : 275 employees + Visitors
Project’s Main GB Design Features• Use of Renewable Energy (4 different solar applications)• Minimum Energy consumption : HVAC energy efficient system, increased thermal insulation, minimized heat transmission and radiation by reduced “U” and shading values of glass• Minimum Water consumption : collecting gutter drains , local water treatment plant, double piping for treated water reuse• Fully automated building• Smart Architecture / Smart Design• Responsible Materials selection
Expected Impact on Local Environment• Energy saving• Reduce CO2 emission• Use of recycled materials• Reduce the amount of construction waste materials• Efficient use of resources• Reduce impacts on – Environment – Human health• Improve quality of life
Expected Impact on Construction Industry• Proper Use of Land and Sites• Reduce the life cycle cost of buildings• Efficient use of energy inside buildings• Proper use of building materials• Reduce the deterioration rate of building• Better Quality of Life for Building occupants
Finally…Bringing Green Economy to the Forefront of Action is considered as a methodology of economics that supports the harmonious interaction between humans and nature and attempts to meet the needs of both simultaneously…
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.