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Adam	
  Whelchel,	
  Ph.D.	
  
	
  
Director	
  of	
  Science	
  
Connecticut	
  Chapter	
  
The	
  Nature	
  Conservancy	...
Main	
  Points	
  
•  Natural	
  Disasters	
  reafEirm	
  to	
  the	
  public	
  that	
  
Natural	
  Resources	
  are	
  b...
Architecture	
  
•  Context:	
  Region	
  &	
  Sandy	
  Impacts	
  
•  Post-­‐Sandy:	
  Rebuild	
  and	
  Recovery	
  
•  ...
Northeast	
  &	
  Mid-­‐Atlantic	
  “Megaregion”	
  
Stats:	
  
•  48	
  Million	
  people	
  
•  15%	
  of	
  US	
  popul...
Northeast	
  &	
  Mid-­‐Atlantic	
  “Megaregion”	
  
Stats:	
  
•  8,128	
  miles	
  of	
  coastline	
  
•  1,000s	
  mile...
Sandy	
  –	
  October	
  2012	
  

Goggle	
  
NASA	
  

Stats:	
  
•  Largest	
  Atlantic	
  Hurricane	
  on	
  Record	
  ...
Impacts	
  to	
  Natural	
  Resources	
  
American	
  Littoral	
  Society	
  Assessment	
  (Dec.	
  2012)	
  	
  
•  Commi...
Impacts	
  to	
  Natural	
  Resources	
  
Reshaped	
  the	
  Coast	
  
Habitat	
  Loss	
  and	
  Conversion	
  	
  
•  Sal...
Impacts	
  to	
  Natural	
  Resources	
  

The	
  American	
  Littoral	
  Society	
  –	
  Dec	
  2012	
  

2500’	
  x	
  2...
Impacts	
  to	
  Natural	
  Resources	
  
Prime	
  Hook	
  National	
  Wildlife	
  Refuge,	
  Delaware	
  

USFWS	
  

DOI...
Impacts	
  to	
  Natural	
  Resources	
  
Forsythe	
  National	
  Wildlife	
  Refuge,	
  New	
  Jersey	
  

Active	
  over...
Impacts	
  to	
  Natural	
  Resources	
  
Rhode	
  Island,	
  MA,	
  and	
  Maine	
  –	
  National	
  Wildlife	
  Refuges	...
Impacts	
  to	
  Natural	
  Resources	
  
Massachusetts	
  –	
  Muddy	
  Creek	
  Wetland	
  Restoration	
  Project	
  
• ...
Percentage	
  Change	
  in	
  Very	
  Heavy	
  Precipitation	
  	
  

US	
  NCA	
  2013	
  
“Very	
  Heavy	
  “=	
  deEine...
Source:	
  US	
  NCA	
  2013	
  
Hurricane	
  Irene	
  

Rainfall	
  Totals:	
  
• 
• 
• 
• 
	
  
TS	
  Lee	
  –	
  2	
  d...
Architecture	
  
•  Context:	
  Region	
  &	
  Sandy	
  Impacts	
  
•  Post-­‐Sandy:	
  Rebuild	
  and	
  Recovery	
  
•  ...
21st	
  century	
  solutions	
  to	
  the	
  21st	
  century	
  challenges	
  facing	
  our	
  Nation	
  

“More	
  than	
...
Post-­‐Sandy	
  Response	
  in	
  New	
  York	
  
	
  

ü  NYS	
  2100	
  Commission	
  
ü  9	
  Major	
  Recommended	
 ...
Guiding	
  Principles	
  for	
  Design	
  

	
  

•  Value,	
  protect,	
  and	
  utilize	
  natural	
  infrastructure	
  ...
Funding	
  Opportunities	
  
•  Department	
  of	
  Interior	
  
–  $160M	
  (internal)	
  
–  $100M	
  (external)	
  for	...
Funding	
  Opportunities	
  
•  Department	
  of	
  Interior	
  
•  $100M	
  (external)	
  for	
  “resilient”	
  conservat...
Architecture	
  
•  Context:	
  Region	
  &	
  Sandy	
  Impacts	
  
•  Post-­‐Sandy:	
  Rebuild	
  and	
  Recovery	
  
•  ...
“Resilient	
  Conservation”	
  
Considerations	
  of	
  Future	
  Conditions	
  
–  Extreme	
  weather	
  events	
  
–  Se...
Coastal	
  Resilience	
  Network	
  

CRN	
  aims	
  to	
  provide	
  science,	
  tools,	
  and	
  process	
  
to	
  bette...
Additional Defense: Natural Infrastructure
Tidal	
  Marsh	
  –	
  Existing	
  and	
  Future	
  Advancement	
  

www.coastalresilience.org	
  
Proactive	
  Risk	
  Reduction	
  through	
  Land	
  Protection…	
  

Southold	
  ,	
  New	
  York	
  –	
  NOAA	
  CELCP:	...
Proactive	
  Risk	
  Reduction	
  through	
  Land	
  Protection…	
  

2080	
  High	
  SLR	
  &	
  CAT-­‐3	
  

2010	
  CAT...
South Cape May Meadows Preserve
Before Restoration
During Restoration
•  Two miles of dunes and beach
•  Islands to serve as resting and
feeding areas
•  Plover ponds behind...
After Restoration
After Super Storm Sandy
After Super Storm Sandy
Main	
  Points	
  
ü Natural	
  Disasters	
  reafEirm	
  to	
  the	
  public	
  that	
  
Natural	
  Resources	
  are	
  b...
Sincere	
  Thanks	
  

Adam	
  Whelchel,	
  Ph.D.	
  
awhelchel@tnc.org	
  
(860)	
  970-­‐8442	
  
Adam whelchel great marsh 2013 sm
Adam whelchel great marsh 2013 sm
Adam whelchel great marsh 2013 sm
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Adam whelchel great marsh 2013 sm

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Great Marsh Symposium 2013

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Transcript of "Adam whelchel great marsh 2013 sm"

  1. 1. Adam  Whelchel,  Ph.D.     Director  of  Science   Connecticut  Chapter   The  Nature  Conservancy   awhelchel@tnc.org   (860)  970-­‐8442   Great  Marsh  Coalition  2013  Symposium  
  2. 2. Main  Points   •  Natural  Disasters  reafEirm  to  the  public  that   Natural  Resources  are  beneEicial…     •  Highlights  protection  &  defense  provided  by   Natural  Resources…   •  More  relevant  to  more  people   •  Property  and  life  vs.  “nice  place  to  walk”     •  Natural  Disasters  are  funding  opportunities  to   execute  your  project  bucket  list…  
  3. 3. Architecture   •  Context:  Region  &  Sandy  Impacts   •  Post-­‐Sandy:  Rebuild  and  Recovery   •  “Resilient  Conservation”   Awareness   Relevance   Urgency  
  4. 4. Northeast  &  Mid-­‐Atlantic  “Megaregion”   Stats:   •  48  Million  people   •  15%  of  US  population   •  2%  of  the  land  mass   •  20%  gross  domestic  product   •  $2  Trillion  economy   •  18  Million  more  people  by  2050   Highest   population   concentration,   economic   prosperity   and   urbanized   landscapes  in  North  America   Source:  Wikimedia  Commons  
  5. 5. Northeast  &  Mid-­‐Atlantic  “Megaregion”   Stats:   •  8,128  miles  of  coastline   •  1,000s  miles  beaches/barrier  islands   •  7  National  Estuary  Programs   •  24  National  Wildlife  Refuges   •  4  National  Estuary  Research  Reserves   •  3  National  Seashores   •  Extensive  network  of  protected  lands   Source:  Wikimedia  Commons  
  6. 6. Sandy  –  October  2012   Goggle   NASA   Stats:   •  Largest  Atlantic  Hurricane  on  Record   •  1,100  miles  wide   •  24  states  and  7  nations  (Florida  to  Maine)   •  $60B  –  286  lives   Whitehouse  
  7. 7. Impacts  to  Natural  Resources   American  Littoral  Society  Assessment  (Dec.  2012)     •  Commissioned  by  National  Fish  and  Wildlife  Foundation   •  Input  from  resource  managers  across  primary  footprint       Coordinated  Regional  Assessment     •  Evaluate  environmental  impacts  from  storm   •  Coastal  habitats  emphasis   •  Special  focus  on  National  Wildlife  Refuges       h1p://www.li1oralsociety.org/index.php/a;er-­‐sandy/assessing-­‐the-­‐damage  
  8. 8. Impacts  to  Natural  Resources   Reshaped  the  Coast   Habitat  Loss  and  Conversion     •  Salt  water  intrusion-­‐  fresh/brackish/ salt   •  Sedimentation   •  Beach/Dune  erosion  and  Elattening   •  Seagrass  buried  by  eroding  dunes   Tidal  inlets  blocked   New  breeches  in  barrier  island  complexes   Household  refuge,  debris,  contamination   WWT  discharge  –  11B  gallons  (3.45B)   The  American  Littoral  Society  –  Dec  2012  
  9. 9. Impacts  to  Natural  Resources   The  American  Littoral  Society  –  Dec  2012   2500’  x  2500’  image  tiles  to  dominant  habitat  
  10. 10. Impacts  to  Natural  Resources   Prime  Hook  National  Wildlife  Refuge,  Delaware   USFWS   DOI:  $19,805,000  Coastal  Tidal  Marsh/Barrier  Beach  Restoration    
  11. 11. Impacts  to  Natural  Resources   Forsythe  National  Wildlife  Refuge,  New  Jersey   Active  overwash  channels  and  landward  migration  (200’  +)   DOI:  $15,000,000  Restoring  Coastal  Marshes  NJ  NWR     ALS  
  12. 12. Impacts  to  Natural  Resources   Rhode  Island,  MA,  and  Maine  –  National  Wildlife  Refuges   •  Protecting   Property   and   Helping   Coastal   Wildlife:   Enhancing   Salt   marsh   and   Estuarine   Function   and   Resiliency   for   Key   Habitats   on   Impacted   Wildlife   Refuges   for   Rhode   Island   (400-­‐acres),   Massachusetts  (50-­‐acres),  and  Maine  (50-­‐acres).     DOI:  $4,150,000   Massachusetts  –  Round  Hill  Salt  Marsh  Restoration  Project   •  Restore  11.6-­‐acres,  75,000  cubic  yards,  and  culvert  replacement.     DOI:  $2,277,000  
  13. 13. Impacts  to  Natural  Resources   Massachusetts  –  Muddy  Creek  Wetland  Restoration  Project   •  Culvert  replacement  with  bridge  and  open  channel.     DOI:  $3,762,000   Massachusetts  –  Parkers  Tidal  Restoration  Project   •  Bridge  replacement,  Eish  passage  improvement  at  2  locations. DOI:  $3,718,000      
  14. 14. Percentage  Change  in  Very  Heavy  Precipitation     US  NCA  2013   “Very  Heavy  “=  deEined  as  the  heaviest  1%  of  all  daily  events  –  1958-­‐2011    
  15. 15. Source:  US  NCA  2013   Hurricane  Irene   Rainfall  Totals:   •  •  •  •    TS  Lee  –  2  day  totals   August  and  September  2011   20-­‐25  inches   3x  normal  2  month  total   Exceeded  500  year  storm  (NY  &  VT)  
  16. 16. Architecture   •  Context:  Region  &  Sandy  Impacts   •  Post-­‐Sandy:  Rebuild  and  Recovery   •  “Resilient  Conservation”   Awareness   Relevance   Urgency  
  17. 17. 21st  century  solutions  to  the  21st  century  challenges  facing  our  Nation   “More  than  ever,  it  is  critical  that   when  we  build  for  the  future,  we   do   so   in   a   way   that   makes   communities   more   resilient   to   emerging   challenges   such   as   rising   sea   levels,   extreme   heat,   and   more   frequent   and   intense   storms.”   Shaun  Donovan   Chair,  Hurricane  Sandy  Rebuilding  Task  Force   Secretary,  U.S.  Department  of  HUD   August  2013   HUD   http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/sandyrebuilding  
  18. 18. Post-­‐Sandy  Response  in  New  York     ü  NYS  2100  Commission   ü  9  Major  Recommended  Actions     Ø  Encourage  the  use  of  green  and                natural  infrastructure.   §  Expanded  Investment   §  “Soft”  Infrastructure   http://www.rockefellerfoundation.org/news/publications/nys-­‐2100-­‐commission-­‐report-­‐building  
  19. 19. Guiding  Principles  for  Design     •  Value,  protect,  and  utilize  natural  infrastructure  as  an   effective  long-­‐term  solution  to  make  people,   infrastructure  and  natural  systems  less  vulnerable.       Awareness   Relevance   Urgency  
  20. 20. Funding  Opportunities   •  Department  of  Interior   –  $160M  (internal)   –  $100M  (external)  for  “resilient”  conservation   http://www.nfwf.org/hurricanesandy/Pages/2013rfp.aspx     •  Natural  Resource  Conservation  Service   –  $125M  for  Emergency  Watershed  Program   •  Floodplain  Easements  
  21. 21. Funding  Opportunities   •  Department  of  Interior   •  $100M  (external)  for  “resilient”  conservation   http://www.nfwf.org/hurricanesandy/Pages/2013rfp.aspx     •  Massachusetts     –  Project  Planning  and  Design   –  Coastal  Resiliency  Assessments   –  Restoration  and  Resiliency  Projects   –  Green  Infrastructure   –  Community  Coastal  Resilience  Planning  
  22. 22. Architecture   •  Context:  Region  &  Sandy  Impacts   •  Post-­‐Sandy:  Rebuild  and  Recovery   •  “Resilient  Conservation”   Awareness   Relevance   Urgency  
  23. 23. “Resilient  Conservation”   Considerations  of  Future  Conditions   –  Extreme  weather  events   –  Sea  level  rise     Considerations  for  Future  Management   –  Loss,  Conversion,  Tradeoff   –  Acquisition/easement  priorities   –  Restoration,  enhancement,  creation   –  People’s  responses  –  risk  reduction    
  24. 24. Coastal  Resilience  Network   CRN  aims  to  provide  science,  tools,  and  process   to  better  inform  decision-­‐making  and  enable   adaptative  solutions,  emphasizing  the  important   role  of  ecosystems  in  risk  reduction  and   resilience.   www.coastalresilience.org  
  25. 25. Additional Defense: Natural Infrastructure
  26. 26. Tidal  Marsh  –  Existing  and  Future  Advancement   www.coastalresilience.org  
  27. 27. Proactive  Risk  Reduction  through  Land  Protection…   Southold  ,  New  York  –  NOAA  CELCP:  37-­‐acres  
  28. 28. Proactive  Risk  Reduction  through  Land  Protection…   2080  High  SLR  &  CAT-­‐3   2010  CAT-­‐2   www.coastalresilience.org   Southold  ,  New  York  –  NOAA  CELCP:  37-­‐acres  
  29. 29. South Cape May Meadows Preserve
  30. 30. Before Restoration
  31. 31. During Restoration •  Two miles of dunes and beach •  Islands to serve as resting and feeding areas •  Plover ponds behind the dunes •  Invasive species control •  Restoration of old stream channel •  Visitor amenities
  32. 32. After Restoration
  33. 33. After Super Storm Sandy
  34. 34. After Super Storm Sandy
  35. 35. Main  Points   ü Natural  Disasters  reafEirm  to  the  public  that   Natural  Resources  are  beneEicial…     ü Highlights  protection  &  defense  provided  by   Natural  Resources…   •  More  relevant  to  more  people   •  Property  and  life  vs.  “nice  place  to  walk”     ü Natural  Disasters  are  funding  opportunities  to   execute  your  project  bucket  list…  
  36. 36. Sincere  Thanks   Adam  Whelchel,  Ph.D.   awhelchel@tnc.org   (860)  970-­‐8442  
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