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Open Government: State of the Nation
January 2014

Pia Waugh
Open Source|Data|Government Geek
@piawaugh
Why?

Government:
•
•
•
•
•
•

Single most influential factor in your life
Huge influence on tech and tech sector
Exists t...
What?

“Government”:
•
Executive
•
Legislative
•
Administrative
Many aspects affect and support you:
•
Legislation
•
Polic...
Exciting times

The future is here, and it is widely distributed
l
l
l
l
l

Publishing
Communications
Monitoring
Enforceme...
Open Government?

Traditionally:
•
•
•

Freedom of Information – public accountability
Public reporting – budget papers, a...
Government Landscape in Australia

(latest version online)

Open Government in Australia

Comparatively good
Recent develo...
The APS Policy Landscape

Others:
•
Publishing Public Sector Information & National Standards Framework
•

Open Public Sec...
State and Territory Policies
Policy Components
Services and data heavy – focused on an effective, efficient public service
that facilitates innovation ...
Shared and open
data

Participatory
government

Citizen centric
services
Open by Design
Government as an API as basic premise
Building “open” (eg, proactive publishing, reporting) into:
l Systems...
New and Old Skills Required

Publishing and Automation
•
Project management, reporting
•
Metadata/linked data
•
API develo...
Some Challenges

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Legislative
{Open|Big|Linked}
Culture
Data
Systems
Low tolerance for mistakes
Reacti...
data.gov.au

Free, cloud based, highly scalable platform for hosting government data.
Staged approach
1.Publishing (2013)
...
Benefits to Community in Opening Data
Transparency
Visibility to government spending, projects, effectiveness, etc
Increas...
Benefits to Government in Opening Data
Cuts red tape
More efficient to share data across government and with public
Proact...
Privacy and confidentiality
•
•
•
•

Custom API approach to confidentialise on fly (eg, ABS)
Deidentification of data – to...
Our Greatest Opportunity
Hacker Culture in Australia
GovHack

Develop strong links between government,
research, community and industry
Showcase uses of government data and
cl...
All the pieces are in place,
we need people to put the puzzle together
Things are changing quickly.
Stars are well aligned.
We have the technology.
What better place than here?
What better time...
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State of the nation talk - opengov miniconf 2014

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These slides are meant as a resource for people to see a bit of information about the state of open government and data in Australia at the moment. It intentionally has a lot of words and is not my usual style for slides, but hopefully this makes it more useful for people given the rapid pace I speak at :)

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Transcript of "State of the nation talk - opengov miniconf 2014"

  1. 1. Open Government: State of the Nation January 2014 Pia Waugh Open Source|Data|Government Geek @piawaugh
  2. 2. Why? Government: • • • • • • Single most influential factor in your life Huge influence on tech and tech sector Exists to serve the public good Answerable to citizens Many ways to engage – politics and policy Is rapidly adapting to new landscape
  3. 3. What? “Government”: • Executive • Legislative • Administrative Many aspects affect and support you: • Legislation • Policies and programs • Public services and infrastructure • Gov directly and indirectly shapes the market
  4. 4. Exciting times The future is here, and it is widely distributed l l l l l Publishing Communications Monitoring Enforcement Property Every traditional pillar of power and control now in the hands of anyone online and tech literate.
  5. 5. Open Government? Traditionally: • • • Freedom of Information – public accountability Public reporting – budget papers, annual reports Anti-corruption & whistleblowing protections Extended by technology – “Gov 2.0”: • • • Shared and open data: publishing, analysis Participatory government: policy development Citizen-centric services: “Tell Us Once”
  6. 6. Government Landscape in Australia (latest version online) Open Government in Australia Comparatively good Recent developments: • Gov 2.0 Taskforce (2009) •
  7. 7. The APS Policy Landscape Others: • Publishing Public Sector Information & National Standards Framework • Open Public Sector Information: From Principles to Practice Report • Declaration of Open Government • Gov 2.0 Taskforce Report • Statement of IP Principles for Government (CC-BY) • Ahead of the Game • Digital Transition Policy & Accessibility Policy • Emerging Open Research Policies • Open Government Partnership (TBD)
  8. 8. State and Territory Policies
  9. 9. Policy Components Services and data heavy – focused on an effective, efficient public service that facilitates innovation and economic growth. APS: • Digital government and support for citizens to self service • Permissive copyright – CC-BY as the default • Open by default • Support reuse and innovation • More public engagement • Better use of data for government policy and services States/Territories add: • Procurement – open by design • Reporting – dashboards • Departmental strategies
  10. 10. Shared and open data Participatory government Citizen centric services
  11. 11. Open by Design Government as an API as basic premise Building “open” (eg, proactive publishing, reporting) into: l Systems l Processes l Procurement l Planning l Records management l Publishing Leveraging all government data through: • Public APIs (specialist or generic) • Analysis tools and datavis • Internal processes looking for external sources • No wrong door through federated search
  12. 12. New and Old Skills Required Publishing and Automation • Project management, reporting • Metadata/linked data • API developmaent and serving • Plumbing between systems • Data and info visualisation • Analysis and statistics • Policy development • Public consultation and engagement • Online community management •
  13. 13. Some Challenges • • • • • • • • • • Legislative {Open|Big|Linked} Culture Data Systems Low tolerance for mistakes Reactive vs proactive Metadata/semantic context Too much data Real time vs historic Definitions and common references Limited skills and over specialisation
  14. 14. data.gov.au Free, cloud based, highly scalable platform for hosting government data. Staged approach 1.Publishing (2013) l l l Improving the functionality and ease of publishing for agencies with training and documentation 2.Value realisation (Early 2014) l l Providing useful front end tools for data.gov.au including data visualisation and analysis tools 3.Data quality (Late 2014) l l l Looking at ways to provide agencies the ability to accept iterative data improvements in a verifiable way Features Good metadata, categorisation, • tagging • Federated search making data • and data services easier to find • Manual and automated publishing • options • API access to government data • Easy to publish, download and • interact with data online • Basic data visualisation capability
  15. 15. Benefits to Community in Opening Data Transparency Visibility to government spending, projects, effectiveness, etc Increases incentive to follow evidence based approach Builds trust in government services and information Participatory Democracy Enables greater participation in planning and decision making More informed public → better decision making Improvements to data → better policy and decisions Innovation New opportunities and innovation in industry, research, civil society Economic Creates opportunities for industry to value-add to government data
  16. 16. Benefits to Government in Opening Data Cuts red tape More efficient to share data across government and with public Proactive automated publishing Improves Government Operations Enables collaboration and consistency across gov and with public Improves policy analysis, development, implementation, reporting Government as an API improves service delivery: enables thematic personalised approach to info & mobile services Improves data quality through verifiable public contributions Improved opportunities for evidence based and iterative policy Innovation Enables government to tap into public and private innovation Starts to change the culture of what “innovation” means & costs Enables greater capacity for public contributions to public policy
  17. 17. Privacy and confidentiality • • • • Custom API approach to confidentialise on fly (eg, ABS) Deidentification of data – to appropriate level Aggregation Leveraging existing processes for researcher (unit level) access rather than conflating open data discussions • Privacy Commissioner as point of reference and support • Avoiding common identifiers across multiple datasets Loads of Tools Available • • • • • • • • Publishing tools – CKAN, Socrata, bespoke Automation – FME, Kettle, python Data visualisation – Tableau, SuperDataHub, SpatialKey, HTML5 Analysis – R, domain specialist software, thematic and contextual API development Application development Linked data tools Metadata tools including inferred context
  18. 18. Our Greatest Opportunity Hacker Culture in Australia
  19. 19. GovHack Develop strong links between government, research, community and industry Showcase uses of government data and clever technical community in Australia Encourage publishing of government data Make “innovation” meaningful July 11 – 13 2014
  20. 20. All the pieces are in place, we need people to put the puzzle together
  21. 21. Things are changing quickly. Stars are well aligned. We have the technology. What better place than here? What better time than now? -- RATM Questions?
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