2012Rockingham County Head StartCommunity Assessment ReportPrepared February 2011                                         ...
Table of ContentsI.    Executive Summary                                 Page 3II. Methodology                            ...
Executive SummaryUsing a holistic approach fastened in research on Rockingham County, its government, school system,econom...
MethodologyUnder the direction of the program director, Mr. Ricky Graves, the management staff of Rockingham County Head S...
Geographic Location – Recruitment and Service AreaSituated in the middle of the state, Rockingham County isjust a 2-hour d...
WENTWORTH:Located in the center of the county, the Town of Wentworth,population slightly less than 3,000, is the county se...
MADISONMadison was named for the 4th president of the United States, President James Madison. Centrallylocated with a popu...
Progam Overview Rockingham County Head Start is a standard-full day preschool program that is funded to serve 252 children...
A five-member Board of Commissioners, elected at large to serve four-year terms, governsRockingham County Head Start. The ...
1966- Children in Rockingham County were first served in a summer program in Reidsville at Franklin and Moss StreetSchools...
HEAD START CENTERS1. Lawsonville Elem. School Head Start I       2. Lawsonville Elem. School Head Start II   212 Lawsonvil...
Bus StaffBUS 228 – Cathy Long (Driver) and Fleecie Ellington (Monitor)Lincoln/Lawsonville I & II, Moss St)(336) 613-6776BU...
Overview of Rockingham CountyAn in-depth analysis called a “situational analysis” of Rockingham County was conducted to de...
    Communication between county entities (board, staff, etc…)          Gang activity/violence          Direct communic...
Population Change for NC and Rockingham County 2000-2011         Area           2009 Population         Absolute          ...
Rockingham County Population Change by Race and Hispanic Origin 2000-2010          Area             2009 Population       ...
Table 4 and 5 delineates the makeup of Rockingham County by age. From the informationbelow, it can be surmised that greate...
2010 Preschool Age Data12Number of Males               Number of             Total Number              % of Males         ...
from 2010. Investment earnings were expected to decline from $350,000 budgeted in the 2011to only $100,000 in 2012. The co...
Between 1990 and 2007, the North Carolina economy created 6.5 million jobs but lost 5.5million jobs between 1990 and 2006....
At this point in the assessment it is now appropriate to discuss the unemployment rate in Rockingham County. According to ...
The N.C. Department of Commerce annually ranks the state’s 100 counties based on economicwell-being and assigns each a tie...
Table 13Poverty estimates for Rockingham County are revealed below.27According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau, there were ...
The Department of Social Services for the County released the following information on PublicAssisted families and Foster ...
The former county manager stated ‘”these recommendations will take bold and community-widethinking and effort to bring abo...
Religion Profile in Rockingham                                 Adherents                                     County       ...
Table 17           Amenity                 Reidsville   Wentworth   Eden   Madison   Mayodan    StonevilleParks and Recrea...
TechnologyCitizens of Rockingham County have access to the internet if it is not available in their homes.Libraries, job t...
Criminal ActivityAccording to the North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation, There were a total of 155registered sex of...
Total                                                                  Agg.                    MV             Agency      ...
EducationRockingham County education system offers parents the opportunity to send their children topreschool to secondary...
Average SAT Scores                                                         Table 20                                       ...
Reidsville High                       X           X                    12 out of 17           School of Progress          ...
The information below defines the school board’s educational goals. Rockingham County HeadStart fully supports the goals a...
Rockingham County Schools Goals:   13. Educational professionals will make decisions in collaboration with parents, studen...
On a brighter note, the collaboration between the Rockingham County Head Start and theRockingham County Schools has been a...
Number of Births Between 2002-200553 Hospital & County         Total # of Births       % of All   Where Birth             ...
number of physicians offering specialized care. For residents with transportation issues, this canbe a life threatening or...
A Snapshot of Rockingham                                                    County               Demographically         ...
Overview of Rockingham County Head StartA Closer Look at Rockingham County Head StartMission StatementWe will provide a sa...
Teacher Staff Educational Attainment                  At least a Four       Graduate      At Least at Two      Working    ...
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013
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Rockingham County Head Start Community Assessment Report, 2012- 2013

  1. 1. 2012Rockingham County Head StartCommunity Assessment ReportPrepared February 2011 Prepared and Submitted Week of 591 Hwy 65 Reidsville, NC 27320 336.349.4762 (telephone) 336.342.6634 (fax) 1 www.rockinghamcountyheadstart.org
  2. 2. Table of ContentsI. Executive Summary Page 3II. Methodology Page 4III. Geographic Location Page 5-7IV. Program Overview Page 8-12V. Overview of Rockingham Co. Page 13 - 39 (Situational Analysis)VI. Overview of RC Head Start Page 40 - 53VII. SWOT Analysis Page 54 Strengths – Weaknesses – Opportunities – ThreatsVIII. Appendix Page 55 - 2
  3. 3. Executive SummaryUsing a holistic approach fastened in research on Rockingham County, its government, school system,economic and political climate along with other relevant areas, Rockingham County Head Start was ableto develop a document that would allow the program to determine fourteen recommendations the programwould begin to develop and implement before the end of school year 2013.The recommendations were developed at the nexus of the program’s strengths and weakness and theopportunities and threats presented in the external environment.The fourteen recommendations prove to position Rockingham County for success moving forward in theareas of program quality, fiscal control and licensing and operations. 1. The program should implement a performance based budget process beginning school year 2012-2013 to coincide with the grantee’s financial management goals. 2. Rockingham County Head Start should educate the community at large on the services, programs and relevancy of Head Start. 3. The program should undergo cost evaluations to maintain a work environment faced with limited resources. 4. The program should increase the number of community partnerships and collaboration with both the nonprofit and business sector. 5. Rockingham County Head Start should develop and implement a comprehensive monitoring plan. 6. A system that documents outcomes and requires a timetable for report submission should be developed. 7. The program should develop a school readiness policy that incorporates all service areas of Head Start. 8. The program should increase the understanding of all staff in the CLASS initiative. 9. The program should strategize a plan to increase parent involvement in all areas. 10. The program should strategize a plan to increase families/staff’s involvement and knowledge in healthy living. 11. The program should seek other streams of revenue to sustain program operations and services. 12. The program should establish a culture and develop policies that support and increase communications between staff, staff and families and staff and community partners. 13. The program should maximize the professional development plan to increase professionalism in all areas. 14. The program should determine the use and functionality of the website for all key stakeholders. 3
  4. 4. MethodologyUnder the direction of the program director, Mr. Ricky Graves, the management staff of Rockingham County Head Startmet to construct a working document that would assist the program in moving forward. At some level, parents, policycouncil, management and staff assisted with the construction of the document through participation in surveys,assessments, meetings and other applicable activities where information and feedback could be obtained.The director and management team took approximately one week to gather information inclusive of but not limited to: 1. Socio-Economic Data 2. Demographic Information 3. Health Information 4. Emerging Trends 5. Strengths-Weakness of the County 6. Opportunities and Threats of the County 7. Crime Statistics 8. Educational Data 9. Program Performance and Outcome MeasurementsDocuments retrieved included research and data delineated in the following documents: 1. Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report 2. Healthy Carolinian’s Report 3. Past PIR Data 4. Internal and External Advisory Board Meetings 5. Local Newspaper 6. County Commissioner and Departmental Minutes 7. 2010 Census Report 8. Parent Surveys 9. Past Self Assessments 10. Latest Monitoring ReviewIn addition, data was retrieved from the websites of key county departments and other organizations. Key websites were: 1. Department of Social Services 2. Public Health Department 3. County Government at Large 4. NC North Star 5. Rockingham County Schools 6. N.C. Department of Justice 7. Bestplaces.comAfter all data had been retrieved, the director and management staff scheduled a two day and a half retreat to compileand discuss all findings and begin the development of the Rockingham County Head Start’s 2012 CommunityAssessment Report. 4
  5. 5. Geographic Location – Recruitment and Service AreaSituated in the middle of the state, Rockingham County isjust a 2-hour drive to either the breathtaking mountains inthe west or the sandy beaches in the east. Dubbed as NorthCarolina’s North Star, Rockingham County is nestled atthe tip of the Northern Piedmont Triad region and cradledby the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains.Rockingham County is one of the 12 counties that makeup North Carolina’s Piedmont Triad region. Othercounties include: Alamance, Caswell, Davidson, Davie,Forsyth, Guilford, Montgomery, Randolph, Stokes, Surryand Yadkin Counties. According to Piedmont Triad NC,every region is measured by what it offers it citizens andcorporate partners. The 12-county Piedmont Triad regionis a region of rich resources and vast potential.”Rockingham County is rectangular in shape measuring approximately 29 miles East and West and 20 milesNorth and South. The total area is 572 square miles bordered by Virginia to the north, Caswell County tothe east, Guilford County to the south, and Stokes County to the west. Located at 36’ 40” N latitude and79’ 78” W longitude, Rockingham County has a land mass of approximately 364,000 acres. Five hundredand sixty-six (566) square miles of the county is land and six square miles is water. Elevations range from660 feet to 841 feet above sea level. The Dan River and the Mayo River flow through the north andnorthwest part of the county. The climate in Rockingham County is as follows:Because of the strategic location, Rockingham County has easy access to Interstates 40 and 85, makingRockingham County a major logistical hub in the U.S. economy. Rockingham county is also traversed bya network of U.S. (220 [future 1-73], 158, 311 and 29 [future 1-785]) and NC (87, 65, 68, 14, 135, 150,700, 704, and 770) highways. A major four lane, north/south route from Washington, D.C., to Atlanta,Georgia; U.S. Highway 29 (future I-785) links directly to Interstates 40 and 85 in Greensboro, NorthCarolina.Though Rockingham County is mostly rural, its communities still offer small-town living balanced with21st century amenities. The county is divided into eleven townships: Huntsville, Leaksville, Madison,Mayodan, New Bethel (Bethany), Price, Reidsville, Ruffin, Simpsonville (Monroeton), Wentworth, andWilliamsburg. Six townships are considered the municipalities which forms Rockingham County. Thosemunicipalities are Wentworth, Eden, Madison, Mayodan, Stoneville and Reidsville.1 1 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 3 5
  6. 6. WENTWORTH:Located in the center of the county, the Town of Wentworth,population slightly less than 3,000, is the county seat and the hubof the county’s governmental and judicial activities. In addition tobeing the home of the Governmental Center and the newlyconstructed Rockingham County Courthouse, Town Hall andEmergency Management System facility, Wentworth is also thelocation of Employment Security Commission and RockinghamCommunity College. REIDSVILLE Reidsville, population of more than 14,500 people is located near the center of Rockingham County. Tobacco was a mainstay of the local economy for many years, with the history of the city tightly woven with that of American Tobacco Company. With the sale of American Tobacco in 1994, city leaders have diversified the local economy and established Reidsville as a city that lives up to its motto, “Focused on a better tomorrow” and focused, they are. In 2008, Reidsville was one of ten cities to receive the “All- American City” Award from the National Civic League. This highly prestigious award recognizes communities whose citizens’ work together to identify and tackle community-wide challenges and achieve uncommon results. Reidsville also welcomed the newly constructed local office of the Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV). EDEN Eden is the county’s largest city with a population of approximately 16,000 citizens. In 1967 the city was incorporated through the consolidation of three separate towns: Leaksville, Spray, and Draper. Eden’s economic progress is due in large part to water, its major resource, provided by the Dan and Smith Rivers. The Smith and Dan Rivers have their confluence on the south side of Eden. The River flows along Eden’s southern border while the Smith River flows from the north bisecting the city on its route to meet the Dan River. Therefore, Eden is also known as the Land of Two Rivers. In April 2011, Eden received the “All-American City” Award from the National Civic League. This highly prestigious award recognizes communities whose citizen’s work together to identify and tackle community-wide challenges and achieve uncommon results. As mentioned above, Reidsville was a recipient in 2008. Rockingham County is proud to have two cities recognized for their dedication to perseverance. 2 2 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 3 6
  7. 7. MADISONMadison was named for the 4th president of the United States, President James Madison. Centrallylocated with a population of just under 2,250, Madison is within 30 miles of major cities such asGreensboro, NC, Winston-Salem, NC, Martinsville, VA, and Danville, VA. Madison is the home to thecorporate headquarters of Remington Arms. It is the oldest company in the United States which stillmakes its original product, and is the oldest continuously operating manufacturer in North America. It isthe only U.S. company which produces both firearms and ammunition domestically, and is the largestU.S. producer of shotguns and rifles. Madison is also the home of the only legal moonshine distillery inthe state of North Carolina.MAYODANWith a population of approximately 2,478 people, Mayodan is nestled in a valley along the Mayo River,one of the best whitewater rafting and canoeing rivers in the Piedmont. Representing a success story ofwhat was old being made new; Autumn Creek Vineyards is situated along the beautiful rolling hills ofMayodan. Located on a former hay, cattle, and tobacco farm more than 100 years old, Autumn CreekVineyards currently grows red and white French varietal as well as the North Carolina native Muscadinegrape.STONEVILLEWith a population of approximately 1, 056 and total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1km 2), Stoneville is thecounty’s smallest town.On March 20, 1998, Stoneville was struck by a Category F3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado,destroying much of the business district. Two people were killed and 27 were injured. However fromthe moment the debris settled, plans were made to rebuild. Nothing can replace the lives lost, or thehistorical buildings completely destroyed, but Stoneville united in an effort to rebuild their belovedtown.Known for its many antique stores, Stoneville is treasured by residents as a place with ideal livingconditions, wonderful scenery, business opportunities and a community where the people are consideredto be “the salt of the earth.”3 3 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment 7
  8. 8. Progam Overview Rockingham County Head Start is a standard-full day preschool program that is funded to serve 252 children. The main source of funding is received through the Head Start grant, but for the past five years, the program has received additional funding through the state of North Carolina to serve additional four year olds. The amount of revenue received through the State of North Carolina varies year to year depending on the availability of funds and the number of qualified staff that meet state requirements. Finally, through our grantee, a vast amount of in-kind is received from managing the program. In addition the LEA contributes tremendous in-kind through disability services and classroom space. The service area of the program is Rockingham County only. When residency is questioned, the Head Start program solicits the assistance of the Tax Department or Zoning and Planning to verify all addresses. The Head Start program has 14 classes located in 12 centers throughout the county. Classrooms are located in elementary schools, churches, housing authorities and private childcare establishments. Head Start classrooms are assessed by the state of North Carolina through a “star-rating” process. As of today the program has 10 out of 12 centers rated with the highest rating of 5-star. The remaining centers are ranked 4 and 3 star.Historically, the top races enrolled into Rockingham County Head Start are Afro-Americans, Caucasians andHispanics. It should be stated the number of Hispanic families enrolled into the program has been growing overthe past years although the number of families classified as “migrant” has decreased. For the past 3 to 4 years,the program has enrolled 1 to 2 families of Pakistani decent.Historically, the program has without any challenges, been able to meet the required 10% of funded enrollmentallotted for children with diagnosed disabilities. The majority of these enrollees are diagnosed with speech andlanguage deficiencies. This is due in part to the Rockingham County School System’s preschool program thatis structured to serve the more severe disabled children. Head Start and the preschool program has a workingpartnership that allows the preschool program to work with any disabled child enrolled in the Head Startprogram. This allows Head Start to effectively serve the child and their family. 8
  9. 9. A five-member Board of Commissioners, elected at large to serve four-year terms, governsRockingham County Head Start. The Commissioners enact policies such as establishment of theproperty tax rate, regulation of land use and zoning outside municipal jurisdiction, and adoption of theannual budget. Commissioners meet on the second Tuesday and fourth Monday of each month, unlessthe meeting date is changed due to holidays or other reasons. Meetings begin at 6:30 p.m., with publichearings scheduled for the second Tuesday meetings at 7:00 p.m. There is a Public CommentPeriod at both meetings and citizens wishing to address the Board will be asked to sign up to speak.All meetings are conducted in the Commissioners Chambers in the Governmental Center inWentworth, unless otherwise stated, and are open to the public. Under the leadership of the CountyManager, the Commissioners plans and objectives are carried out. Day-to-day operation ofRockingham County Government is the responsibility of the Manager and his staff. The CountyManager has a variety of responsibilities, including the implementation of policies formed by thecommissioners, the organization and administration of county departments, and the preparation of therecommended annual budget.4The Head Start Director is supervised by the Health and Human Services Director who answers to thecounty manager who in turns answers to the county commissioners. Rockingham County Head Starthas approximately 60 employees on staff.This document known as the “Community Assessment Report” will be the foundation for all decisionmaking within the current fiscal year. 4 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment 9
  10. 10. 1966- Children in Rockingham County were first served in a summer program in Reidsville at Franklin and Moss StreetSchools. The program operated under Rockingham County Fund located in Wentworth, NC. The program served 70children.1974/1975 - Became a half day program serving 40 children. Still operated under Rockingham County Fund. Theoffice moved to Reidsville, NC and employed three central staff persons.1976-Established a collaborative program with Rockingham County Enrichment Center to serve more severely disabledchildren. This initiative lasted until 1994 when schools began serving children 3 years old with disabilities.1980- Served 80 children in half day programs in Eden, Reidsville and Madison. Four central staff were part ofRockingham County Fund. Reidsville City Schools and Rockingham County Fund applied for and received the 1stincentive grant for the program to provide speech/language services to Head Start pre-school children.1982- Eden City Schools and Rockingham County Fund signed an agreement in which the school system screened andevaluated Head Start children in the area of Speech and Language.1986 - Rockingham County Fund closed and the Rockingham County Youth Involvement Program applied as thegrantee. The Youth Involvement Program was a department under the Rockingham County Government. The YouthInvolvement Program operated for two years as the grantee. At this time, Head Start became an independent departmentunder the Rockingham County government and became known as Rockingham County Head Start. The countygovernment was now the grantee for the Head Start program. The program had grown to a program serving 152enrollees. There were seven central staff employed at the central office located in Reidsville, NC. When Head Startbecame part of the local government, the program began increased collaborations with the local Health Department.The health department provided a registered dietitian to oversee the program’s menus and WIC assisted with follow upin nutritional areas. In addition, the health department clinic helped provide physicals, hemoglobin, hematocrits andlead levels for Head Start children. The Rockingham County Mental Health Center began providing many of themandated Head Start mental health services.1993- With the consolidation of the school systems in the county, Rockingham County Schools and Head Startincreased collaboration to screen and evaluate all Head Start enrollees in the area of speech and language. Childrenneeding services received services (IEP and all needed therapies) through the school system. The School Systemprovided certified BK teachers to provide all services. Head Start central staff and teaching staff were involved in allareas of services. Rockingham County Head Start and Rockingham Community College joined together to serve 17children in the community colleges childcare center. Rockingham Community College provided the facilities and staff.Rockingham County Head Start paid salaries and the insurance of 2 teachers located at the childcare center until 2010when the community college discontinued the childcare facility.2000- North Carolina started the “Star Rating” for all daycare classrooms. At this time we started serving 18 children inall classrooms to comply with NC mandates.TODAY - Since the beginning, Rockingham County Head Start has been awarded funding to serve at various levels.Since being established as a summer program, the program has enrolled children at levels 152, 234 and 252. Today theprogram is funded to serve 252 children and families in a standard full day program. 10
  11. 11. HEAD START CENTERS1. Lawsonville Elem. School Head Start I 2. Lawsonville Elem. School Head Start II 212 Lawsonville Avenue, Reidsville NC 212 Lawsonville Avenue, Reidsville NC (336) 349-2071 (336) 349-3467 (Gina Dorsett-Teacher) (Annette Galloway - Teacher) (Tamela Davis Slade-Teacher Asst.) (Linda Bullock - Teacher Asst.)3. Williamsburg Elem. School Head Start 4. Stoneville Elem. School 2830 NC Hwy #87, Reidsville NC 203 Stone Street, Stoneville NC (336) 342-8586 (336) 573-9865 (Etta Nicky Washington-Teacher) (Doris Minter-Teacher) (Davida Watlington-Teacher Asst.) (Robin Mansfield-Teacher Asst.)5. Moss Street Elem. Head Start 6. Wentworth Elem. School Head Start 419 Moss Street, NC 27320 8806 NC Hwy #87, Wentworth NC (336) 342-0751 (336) 634-3250 ext. 2824 (Charryse Jones-Teacher) (LaTasha Dalton-Teacher) (Kenyana Turner-Teacher Asst.) (Wenona Simpson-Teacher Asst.)7. Lincoln Elem. School Head Start 8. J.A. Bell Head Start 2660 Oregon Hill Road, Ruffin NC 1316 Mizpah Church Road, Reidsville NC (336) 348-2929 (336) 349-1006 (Monica Stubblefield-Teacher) (Angela Elliott-Teacher) (Sharon Broadnax-Teacher Asst.) (Phyllis Neal-Teacher Asst.)9. Draper Elem. School Head Start I 10. Draper Elem. School Head Start II 1719 E. Stadium Drive, Eden NC NC Pre-K (336) 635-1269 1719 E. Stadium Drive, Eden NC (Henrietta Sparks-Teacher) (Colette Broadnax-Teacher) (Valerie Ellis-Teacher Asst.) (Jennifer Giles-Teacher Asst.)11. Kid’s World Head Start 12. Trinity Wesleyan Head Start (NC Pre-K) 445 W. King’s Hwy, Eden NC 186 E. Aiken Road, Eden NC (336) 623-9230 (336) 627-5489 (Leigh Ann Slaughter-Teacher) (Sherry Broadnax-Teacher) (Camika Martin-Teacher Asst.) (Gloria Hendley-Teacher Asst.)13. St. Paul Church Head Start 14. Madison Head Start 104 W. Harrison Road, Reidsville NC 112 Fern Street, Madison NC (336) 349-4663 (336) 427-4681 (Brittany Parker-Teacher) (Amanda Hairston-Teacher) (Karen Robin Bridges-Teacher Asst.) (Debra Geer-Teacher Asst.) 11
  12. 12. Bus StaffBUS 228 – Cathy Long (Driver) and Fleecie Ellington (Monitor)Lincoln/Lawsonville I & II, Moss St)(336) 613-6776BUS 226 – Johnnie Jones (Driver) and Lorie McLaughlin (Monitor)Williamsburg, J A Bell, St. Paul, Wentworth(336) 613-6795BUS 227 – Robert Slagter (Driver) and Christine Slagter (Monitor)Stoneville and Madison(336) 552-4548BUS 229 – Diane Hill (Driver) and Margie Grant (Monitor)EDEN AREA (Trinity, Kid’s World, Draper I & II)(336) 613-6804 CENTRAL STAFFRicky Graves, DirectorAngela Johnson, Office Assistant IVKim Moyer, Education ManagerAmy Bradshaw, Education AssistantJoan Spain, Health ManagerAndrea Barker, Disability/Mental Health/Nutrition ManagerMiranda Dalton, SS/PI Manager Sharon Yates, SS/PI AssistantCharlene Royster, SS/PI Assistant Rosa Becerra, SS/PI Assistant/TranslatorAmber Cruz, SS/PI Assistant/Translator Nadia Smith, SS/PI AssistantEmily Dillard, SS/PI AssistantJasper Moyer, Custodian 12
  13. 13. Overview of Rockingham CountyAn in-depth analysis called a “situational analysis” of Rockingham County was conducted to determine the emergingtrends and changes that faced the agency. Rockingham County was assessed through the following areas:DemographicsEconomic TrendsSocial TrendsInfrastructure and TransportationTechnologyPolitical ClimateCriminal ActivityEducationHealthMental HealthNutritionFrom the information mentioned above, the organization could surmise the opportunities and threats that could becapitalized upon and overcame respectively strategic planning. Mission of Rockingham County5The mission of Rockingham County Government is three pronged. First, the county government will servecitizens with efficient and quality services. Second, provide open government for all citizens to participate.Finally, promote opportunities for citizens to reach their best attainable quality of life. Challenges Facing the County6 The county commissioners determined that the following are challenges facing the county:  Jobs and economic development for businesses large and small  Mental Health System  Cooperation and collaboration between political units(cities, state, etc..)  Preparing workforce for the 21st century  Aging population  Brain Drain – youth leaving  Money to meet needs 5 Board of Commissioner’s Meeting Minutes Dated 1.30.12 6 Board of Commissioner’s Meeting Minutes Dated 1.30.12 13
  14. 14.  Communication between county entities (board, staff, etc…)  Gang activity/violence  Direct communications to citizens  Solid waste/recycling – State mandates  Keeping taxes low  Funding what is needed Successes of the County7The county determines that the following lists are some of the items that are successes for thecounty:  Highway infrastructure  Knowledge of staff  Methane Project  Economic Development Staff  Citizen’s Academy  Project S.A.F.E. (gang violence)  Recycling Project  Water supply (rivers, infrastructure, capacity)  Quality education system  Rural character  Natural resources  Parks, environment  Population  Land Development  Installation of new county manager Demographic InformationBetween 2000 and 2009 Rockingham County experienced a population gain of 235 citizens.This is an increase percentage of 0.3% which pales in comparison to the statewide populationgrowth rate of 16.1%. The areas of Mayodan and Reidsville account for the modest growthexperienced in the county. Table 1 below reveals the population change for each city inRockingham County. 87 Board of Commissioner’s Meeting Minutes Dated 1.30.128 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 2011 14
  15. 15. Population Change for NC and Rockingham County 2000-2011 Area 2009 Population Absolute Percent Change 2010 2011 Change 2000-2009 2000-2009North Carolina 9,380,884 1,3021 16.1% 93,643 N/ARockingham 92,252 253 0.3%CountyEden 15,350 -502 -3.2%Madison 2,246 -17 -0.8%Mayodan 2608 110 4.5%Reidsville 14,723 71 0.5%Stoneville 971 -34 -3.4%Wentworth 2,758 -21 -0.8%Table 1According to quickfact.census.gov, the overall population for Rockingham County has beenestimated at 93,643 individuals for the year 2010. The population estimate for 2011 had not beenrevealed at the date of this assessment.When studying the population mix of Rockingham County between 2000-2009, the number ofblacks and whites declined. This has been offset by the migration of Hispanics and other groupsof color into the county. Table 2 below reveals detailed information about the racial mix ofRockingham County between 200-2010.99 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 2011 15
  16. 16. Rockingham County Population Change by Race and Hispanic Origin 2000-2010 Area 2009 Population Absolute Change Percent Change 2010 2000-2009 2000-2009 PopulationTotal 92,252 253 0.3% 93,643Non-Hispanic 87,117 -2043 -2.3% 88,484White 68,211 -1900 -2.7% 70,875Black 17,403 -621 -3.4% 17,655AIAN 270 39 16.9% 345Asian 438 176 67.2% 430NHPI 32 7 28.0 60Two or More 763 256 50.5% 1,670RacesHispanic 5,135 2,296 80.9% 5,159Table 2At the date of this report 2011 estimates were not available.Migration has been a driving force behind the county’s changing racial and ethnic compositionduring the first decade of the new millennium. Table 3 below reveals the number of migrantsarriving and departing from Rockingham County. When the racial composition is factored intothe migration discussion, the Hispanic population is the key driving force.10Number of Arriving and Departing Migrants, Rockingham County 2004-2008Origin/Destination Arriving Migrants Departing Migrants Difference in Number of Arriving and Departing MigrantsTotal 6,226 6,202 +24Same State 3,688 4,131 -443Different State 2,515 2,038 +477Northeast 383 161 +222Midwest 234 171 +63South 1,153 1,059 +94West 200 17 +183Abroad 23 33 -10Table 3The increase in net migration has been offset by the net out migration of Rockingham CountyResidents.10 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 2011 16
  17. 17. Table 4 and 5 delineates the makeup of Rockingham County by age. From the informationbelow, it can be surmised that greater demand has been placed on the working population, age18-64, to generate the tax revenues to take care of residents who are too old or too young tocontribute to the tax base. The population 65 years old, generally known as a non-incomegenerating population increased more rapidly than the working age population. This is oppositefrom the trend seen state wide which reveals that the working age population increased by 15%between 2000 and 2009. Rockingham County’s decline in the working age population may bedue to the lack of availability of jobs in the area.11Rockingham County Population Change by Age 2000-2009 Age 2009 Population Absolute Percent 2010 Population Population Population Change 00-09 Change 00-09<25 27,827 -650 -2.3 27,90325-44 22,768 -4,171 -15.5% 22,63745-64 26,905 3,996 17.4% 27,93265+ 14,752 1,078 7.9% 15,171Total 92,252 253 0.3% 93,643Table 4Dependency Ratios for Rockingham County 2000-2009 Indicator 2000 2009 Percentage ChangeTotal Dependency .62 .63 1.6RatioOld Age Dependency .24 .26 8.3RatioRatio of Seniors to 2.4 : 1 2.7 : 1 12.5Children <5Table 511 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 2011 17
  18. 18. 2010 Preschool Age Data12Number of Males Number of Total Number % of Males % of FemalesUnder the Age of Females Under of 5 Year Old 4 Years Old the Age of 5 Years Old2,638 2,567 5,205 51% 50%Table 6Number of Households with Children Under the Age of 18 years Old13 Tot. # of Average Average 2 Parent Male One Female One households Household Size Family Size Homes Parent Home Parent Home In Rockingham County 38,693 2.39 persons 2.90 persons 6,400 965 2,817Table 7Housing Occupancy14 Tot. Occupied Vacant For Rent Rented For sale Sold, Not Seasonal, OtherHousing but not only Occupied Recreational Vacancies Units occupied Occasional Use43,696 38,693 5,003 1,618 63 673 136 391 2,122Table 8 Economic DataRockingham County continues to suffer from both the national economic recession and the localeconomic decline in our agricultural, tobacco and manufacturing base. All three of our majorrevenue sources (property taxes, sales taxes and investment earnings) remain below historiclevels of growth, although sales tax revenue is projected to grow by 4 % in the coming year. Forthe first time in recent history the tax base value declined 0.64%12 Rockingham County Quick Facts From the US Census Bureau13 Rockingham County Quick Facts From the US Census Bureau14 Rockingham County Quick Facts From the US Census Bureau 18
  19. 19. from 2010. Investment earnings were expected to decline from $350,000 budgeted in the 2011to only $100,000 in 2012. The county use to expect close to $1 million in investment earningsper year. Interest rates are at near record lows and as County investments mature, they areunfortunately being replaced with extremely low yielding investments.15For the past nine years Rockingham County has been in “budget reduction mode.” The majorsource of revenue for the county has been the ad valorem tax growing at a rate of 1% to 1.5% peryear while expenses have been growing at 3% to 4% per year. Five years ago the general fundwas approximately 94 million dollars with 780 employees compared to the 82.6 million dollarswith 658 employees recommended for the 2011 fiscal year. The county manager at that timewas very concerned that if expenses continued to outgrow revenue that the county had to face thedifficult decision to determine the level of services to its citizens over the next two or moreyears. As of June 2011, the county’s current tax base per capita was only 66% of the State’saverage. HE is quoted as saying “ it is very difficult, if not impossible, to provide the servicesour citizen’s have come to expect and hold their tax rate down when available revenues are soinadequate.” 16In recommendations for the 2010-2011 fiscal year the previous county manager recommended a2% midyear, cost of living increase for all county employees. At that time he was concerned thatthe county’s pay plan had fallen so far behind market value that the potential for key departmentheads and other professionals would leave the county for greater opportunities.17Over the past two decades, Rockingham County has not been a major hub for major employmentor job generation. Between 1990 and 2007, the state of North Carolina created approximatelyone million jobs. During this same time period, Rockingham County only created 2,609 jobs.18Employment Trends in North Carolina and Rockingham County 1990-2007 Area Total Jobs Created Total Jobs Lost Net Employment Change North Carolina 6,476,262 5,481,467 994,795 Rockingham County 50,479 47,870 2,609Table 915 Budget Message to the Rockingham County Board of Commissioners and Citizens Dated 6.1.1116 Budget Message to the Rockingham County Board of Commissioners and Citizens Dated 6.1.1117 Budget Message to the Rockingham County Board of Commissioners and Citizens Dated 6.1.1118 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 2011 19
  20. 20. Between 1990 and 2007, the North Carolina economy created 6.5 million jobs but lost 5.5million jobs between 1990 and 2006. This is a net difference of approximately one million jobsstated earlier, more specifically, 995,000 jobs. The majority of the jobs created in NorthCarolina, 61% was due to firm expansion.19When Rockingham County is examined during the same time period, 50,479 jobs were created.Approximately 58% of these jobs were the result of employment generated by newly createdfirms. The remaining percentages of jobs were mostly created by existing firms expandingtheir operations. When the number of jobs losses are examined, data reveals that 47, 870 jobs(66%) disappeared between 1990 and 2007. The majority of losses were due to what is knownas “firm death.” Firm Death is defined as firms going out of business. Research reveals that themajority of these jobs in Rockingham County are manufacturing jobs.20Research reveals that Rockingham County has a strong entrepreneurial spirit which is reflectedin the number of firm births in the area. The down side of this statement is that there is a highfailure rate of firms among newly created firms. To counteract the problem, the RockinghamCounty Technology and Business Center is available to assist business owners with theirbusiness plan needs.21Finally, Rockingham County has been unsuccessful in recruiting new firms to the county. This isevident in the fact that only 2% of in-migrating firms relocated to Rockingham County between1990 and 2007. 22 Jobs Created Jobs Lost Net Employment Change Firm Births Firms Deaths Births-Deaths 29,373 34,487 -2,114 Firm Expansions Firm Contractions Expansions – Contractions 20,192 16,383 3,809 In-Migrant Out-Migration Firms In-Migration – Out- 914 0 Migration Firms 914 Total Jobs Created Total Jobs Loss Total Created –Total Loss 50,479 47, 870 2,69Table 1019 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 201120 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 201121 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 201122 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 2011 20
  21. 21. At this point in the assessment it is now appropriate to discuss the unemployment rate in Rockingham County. According to the Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report, the county has been severely affected by both structural (ex. plant closings) and cyclical (ex. recession) changes in the U.S. economy. The table below will detail the civilian labor force estimates.23 Labor Force and Unemployment Rate of Rockingham County 2011 Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov DecLabor Force 42586 42450 42586 42602 42408 42825 43037 42651 42925 43028 43157 43146 Employed 36974 37117 37673 37697 37757 37915 38158 37618 37949 38191 38345 38219Unemployed 5612 5333 4913 4905 4651 4910 4879 5033 4976 4837 4812 4927 Rate % 13.2 12.6 11.5 11.5 11.0 11.5 11.3 11.8 11.6 11.2 11.1 11.4 Table 11 Historical data reveals that the unemployment rate in the county has steadily increased over the past decade. In 2000 the unemployment rate was approximately 2.8% and jumped as high as 15.1% in February 2010. The figure below gives a pictorial description of the unemployment trend in Rockingham County over the past decade.24 Figure 1 23 Employment Security Commission - http://eslmi40.esc.state.nc.us/ThematicLAUS/clfasp/CLFSAAYResults.asp 24 The Capitalist Manifesto -http://www.economagic.com/em-cgi/data.exe/blsla/laupa37140003 21
  22. 22. The N.C. Department of Commerce annually ranks the state’s 100 counties based on economicwell-being and assigns each a tier designation. The 40 most distressed counties are designated asTier 1, the next 40 are Tier 2 and the 20 least distressed as Tier 3. The rankings are based on anassessment of each county’s unemployment rate, medianhousehold income, population growth, and assessedproperty value per capita.25Rockingham County continues to beDesignated as a Tier I county meaning an economicallydistressed county Figure 2The table below will provide data demonstrating median family, household and disposableincomes and income per capita for Rockingham County compared to North Carolina for years2000, 2010 and 2015 projections.26 Location 2000 2010 2015 2010 2000 2010 2015 Median Median Median Disposable Per Per Per Household Household Household Income Capita Capita Capita Income Income Income Income Income IncomeRockingham $33,915 $41,806 $47,798 $34,508 $17,120 $20,607 $22,680 CountyTable 1225 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 326 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 3 22
  23. 23. Table 13Poverty estimates for Rockingham County are revealed below.27According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau, there were 38,693 households in RockinghamCounty. This is an increase of 1,693 (4.4%) households since 2006. Households owned with amortgage or loan were 16,871 (43.6%), owned free and clear 10,149 (26.2%), and renteroccupied were 11,673 (30.2%). The average household size was 2.39 and family size was 2.9. 28 Rockingham County Household TypeHousehold Type Number Percent The homeless rate in Rockingham CountyTotal Households 38,693 100% According to the Homeless count conducted February 2012 revealed 236 individuals.Family Households [1] 26,168 67.6% According to Rockingham County Schools, Homeless Liason, Ken Scott, the schoolMale Householder 17,728 45.8% system has served 53 homeless students thusFemale Householder 8,440 21.8% far in the 2011 school year. The number of students served this time last year by theNonfamily Households 12,525 32.4% school system was 36 students. This is a 47% increase.29Male Householder 5,652 14.6%Living Alone 4,725 12.2%Female Householder 6,873 17.8%Living Alone 6,166 15.9%Table 1427 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 328 Rockingham County Quick Facts From the US Census Bureau 23
  24. 24. The Department of Social Services for the County released the following information on PublicAssisted families and Foster Care/Child Protective Services.29Recipient count for Workfirst: 481Recipient count for Child Support: 4534Recipient count for Adult Medicaid: 2,016Recipient count for Food Stamps: 4,669Recipient count for Food Stamps, Medicaid, and WorkFirst: 8,257Recipient count for WorkFirst and Medicaid: 3,582Recipient count for children under 5 recieving WIC: 1289Number of child abuse and neglect suspected cases as of June 2011: 822Number of suspected sexual abuse: 36Number who is in need of services: 182Foster Care Placement: 129Based on reports given above and the reports given at the 2010 Social Service Advisory BoardMeeting, the number of children entering into foster care has been increasing over the pastseveral years. Professionals in this area are attributing the rise in the number of foster careplacements to increasing substance abuse usage and the economic strain on families. The numberof families receiving TANF, called Workfirst North Carolina is decreasing. This is attributed toNorth Carolina’s “pay after performance” policy implemented October 2009. This means thatindividuals receive their money after they complete 35 hours in the current month instead at thebeginning of the month. This policy came as a result of the budget shortage in North Carolinaand “pay after performance” was a strategy implemented by the state.30The Partnership for Economic and Tourism Development and the Reidsville Area Foundationrecently hired Dr. James Johnson with the UNC School of Business to conduct an assessment ofthe County and to help determine the most important things that the County as a whole needs todo to promote a prosperous future. These six areas are as follows.311. Develop sustainable community economic development strategies – rebrand Rockingham County as a sustainable community2. Embrace diversity and make talent recruitment a core element of the sustainable community economic development re-branding effort3. WEB based re-branding and marketing strategy4. Re-engineer K-12 education – especially around intellectual entrepreneurship5. Nurture and grow the local elder care economy6. Aggressively pursue regional collaborations.29 Rockingham County Department Social Service as of February 201230 Minutes From 2011 Social Service Advisory Board Meeting31 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 2011 24
  25. 25. The former county manager stated ‘”these recommendations will take bold and community-widethinking and effort to bring about, but they are so important to reversing the downward coursethe County is on now. The County government has a leadership role in helping to bring aboutthese strategies through responsible budgeting. The easy thing to do is to retrench, but the thingthat is needed most is to invest in the county’s future with responsible budgeting.”32 Social ClimateRockingham County has recreational activities, restaurants, antique shops and other. The areahas two main rivers – The Mayo and Dan Rivers in Eden- that offer canoeing, rafting and otherboating type activities. There are several parks, local and state parks located within the boardersof the county also. Unique antique shops are fluent in Reidsville, Eden and Madison-Mayodan.Many chain restaurants and local ones are available for family dinning. The Reid House wasrecently visited by President Obama for lunch on his return trip to the White House.33Despite not having any major transportation system within the county, Rockingham County hastwo cities of All American Cities status – Reidsville and Eden. Reidsville has been since 2008and in 2011 Eden joined the ranks of the All American Cities Status.34According to City-Data- 2012, the total number of adherents (individuals who hold a particularbelief in a faith or church) in Rockingham County is 35,686 compared to the state total of3,651,416. The total number of congregations in Rockingham County is estimated at 162compared to 11,132 in North Carolina.3532 Budget Message to the Rockingham County Board of Commissioners and Citizens Dated 6.1.1133 www.ncnorthstar.com34 www.ci.eden.nc.us35 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 3 25
  26. 26. Religion Profile in Rockingham Adherents County S outhern B aptis t W es leyan C hurch United Methodis t O ther Number of Adherents 31% 39% Southern Baptist 14,130 United Methodist 8,421 24% 6% Wesleyan Church 2,114 Other 11,021 Table 15 Table 16Historically, the faith community has served as a vital institutional structure in RockinghamCounty communities. Because leaders from faith and public health share the goal of improvingsuffering to advance community health and wholeness, the faith community is a critical partnerin shifting social, behavioral, political, and economic determinants of health.36According to Rockingham County Partnership for Economic and Tourism Development, theterrain of Rockingham County is the perfect place to experience nature’s playground and thenumerous recreational activities that are found in our six municipalities. In Rockingham County,you can play a round of golf, hit the lakes, go horseback riding, paddle the rivers, stroll alonggreenways and trails, play in a park, visit historic sites or simply soak up the sun.37In addition to providing amenities suitable for a day of fun for you and your family, RockinghamCounty is equipped with facilities to host a variety of recreational and sporting events, whetherthat is a baseball tournament, bike tour, golf tournament, canoe race or a team building event.Table 17 will provide additional information of the types of recreational facilities/opportunitiesavailable in Rockingham County.36 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 337 http://www.ncnorthstar.com/ 26
  27. 27. Table 17 Amenity Reidsville Wentworth Eden Madison Mayodan StonevilleParks and Recreation 14 1 11 5 4 1Walking Trails and 4 2 6 2 3 1GreenwaysState Parks 0 0 0 0 1 0Lakes and Rivers 2 0 4 2 2 1Golf Courses 5 0 2 0 0 3Equestrian Facilities 5 0 0 1 0 0Local YMCAs offer family scholarships for memberships and after school care. Head Start hasbenefited from these scholarships and water safety programsIn addition to the Rockingham County Sports and Recreation Facilities Guide, RockinghamCounty Healthy Carolinians Partnership has provided a Physical Activity Resource Guide formany years. This pocket size resource guide provides a listing of available physical activityopportunities throughout the county and is updated annually. Infrastructure and TransportationThe counties infrastructure allows access by two major by passes.By pass 29 and 220, support commercial trucking. 220 is also thefuture juncture for I73 and 29 and future I 785. When businesses considerlocating their business in the county, the infrastructure of the county,plays a key role in the decision to relocate.38Public transportation is limited in the county. The public transportation that is available tocitizens in the county consists of two taxi services in the county – Central Taxi Service inReidsville and Hamptons in Mayodan. Other providers are Pelham Transportation, Aging,Disability, and Transit Authority and C&J Medical Transportation. These transportationproviders assist primarily in medical appointments. Unless individuals have their own methodsof transportation, they must rely on family, friends or one of the other methods.38 http://www.ncnorthstar.com/ 27
  28. 28. TechnologyCitizens of Rockingham County have access to the internet if it is not available in their homes.Libraries, job training centers and business centers throughout the county have computersavailable for individuals use. There are hotspots throughout the county that allows citizens toaccess the internet through a public network. An ongoing challenge of the county is its ability tostay current with technological trends. For example, most neighboring counties have upgradedto 4G network and Rockingham County still operates in 3G. In addition, cell phone coverage formost of the major carriers is spotty both in town and in rural areas.The Rockingham County Technology and Business Center is available to assist business ownerswith their technology needs. Political ClimateAccording to the Rockingham County Competitive Assessment report developed by theUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, it stated that sectionalism was a deterrent ofeconomic growth in Rockingham County. Sectionalism is defined as excessive regard for localinterest and possessing regional and local prejudices.39Rockingham County has 58,706 registered voters. Of that number, 27,745 are registereddemocrats and 18,430 registered republicans. Sixty-eight registered voters are Libertarians and12,463 are unaffiliated.4039 Rockingham County Competitive Assessment Report January 201140 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 3 28
  29. 29. Criminal ActivityAccording to the North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation, There were a total of 155registered sex offenders in Rockingham County in 2011.41Table 8 will show Rockingham County’s County Offence Rates –Ten Year Trend and Table 9will provide an Index Crime for each law enforcement agency in Rockingham County, 2009-2010.42 Rockingham County, NC County Offence Rates – Ten Year Trend Index Violent Property Murder Rape Robbery Assault Burglary Larceny MVT ArsonYear Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate2001 3,562.6 292.1 3,270.5 4.4 19.8 53.8 214.2 914.8 2,220.6 135.1 16.52002 4,169.1 305.0 3,864.1 4.4 12.1 91.4 197.1 1,285.1 2,412.7 166.3 6.62003 4,418.3 306.8 4,111.5 8.7 14.2 88.4 195.4 1,096.1 2,844.0 171.4 8.72004 4,466.9 274.5 4,192.3 9.8 6.6 96.2 161.9 1,180.2 2,829.5 182.7 17.52005 4,437.6 277.6 4,160.0 4.4 16.5 68.0 188.7 1,325.6 2,640.2 194.2 20.82006 4,718.4 258.7 4,459.7 6.6 6.6 68.3 177.2 1,301.2 2,922.8 235.6 14.32007 4,388.4 343.4 4,045.0 5.5 13.2 98.0 226.7 1,196.4 2,625.1 223.4 25.32008 4,606.6 339.7 4,266.9 5.5 15.4 75.0 243.7 1,288.1 2,752.7 226.1 9.92009 4,100.7 402.4 3,698.3 2.2 16.4 74.2 309.7 1,156.1 2,379.7 162.5 19.62010 4,051.0 318.9 3,732.1 3.3 8.7 63.1 243.8 1,159.1 2,389.0 183.9 7.6Table 1841 North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation, 201142 42 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 3 29
  30. 30. Total Agg. MV Agency Year Index Murder Rape Robbery Burglary Larceny Assault Theft CrimeRockingham Co. Sheriff 2009 1,480 1 2 22 83 542 754 76Rockingham Co. Sheriff 2010 1,367 1 2 16 54 480 721 93Eden 2009 808 1 5 27 55 204 482 34Eden 2010 925 5 19 68 232 556 45Madison 2009 251 1 66 40 144Madison 2010 190 45 36 107 2Mayodan 2009 179 0 1 21 16 138 3Mayodan 2010 261 1 4 17 24 212 3Reidsville 2009 994 8 16 54 242 639 35Reidsville 2010 941 2 0 19 36 279 579 26Stoneville 2009 48 0 1 5 16 25 1Stoneville 2010 38 4 14 20Offense Totals 2009 3,760 2 15 68 284 1,060 2,182 149Offense Totals 2010 3,722 3 8 58 224 1,065 2,195 169Table 19The information above reflects that most of the crimes committed in Rockingham County overthe past ten years were property rate, larceny and burglary with an average of 3980, 6202 and1190 respectively. When individual cities are examined, larcenies and burglaries occurred themost in the county region and in Reidsville years 2009 and 20010.43Our research indicates that gang violence is increasing in the county.43 43 Rockingham County Community Health Assessment, Chapter 3 30
  31. 31. EducationRockingham County education system offers parents the opportunity to send their children topreschool to secondary education. Besides Head Start there are two other major preschoolprograms that are offered at no costs to parents. Preschool which is offered through the schoolsystem, serves children mainly with a diagnosed disability. NC Pre-K is a state supportedprogram that serves four year old children entering kindergarten the following year. It should bestated that Head Start, Preschool and NC Pre-K have working partnerships to serve the childrenand families of Rockingham County. There are a number of private childcare facilities in thecounty in which Head Start has a working partnership with one establishment n Eden, NC. TheRockingham County School System has several schools recognized as schools of distinction.The school system is a major player in the role of housing Head Start classrooms. TheRockingham Community College offers local training and two year degree programs. After anabsence for years, there are several athletic programs to attract more students to its campus. Thewoodworking and industrial technology programs are two of the main programs for the college.There are job training facilities in each major city through Goodwill Industries. They offertraining in Reidsville and recently Eden. Plans are to do the same in Madison in the near future.Also in Madison is the JRTC location. All of these sites also provide employment readiness/ jobsearch opportunities. Area universities and colleges in surrounding counties and states alsocontribute to the educational opportunities.44Rockingham County school system consists of 26 schools thatcover the Reidsville, Eden, Madison, Wentworth, Ruffinand Stoneville areas. There are 16 elementary schools (K-5),4 middle schools (6-8), high school (9-12), alternative (1).Student enrollment for the 2010-2011 was 14,500.45The Rockingham County Schools ethnic composition is comprised of the following: Multiracial-4.9%; American Indian-0.3%; Asian-0.5%; Hispanic-9.9%; Black-20.8%; White-63.5%. 25 ofthe 26 schools met their expected growth and the graduation rate from 2010 to 2011 was downby .5%. The dropout rate decreased from 5.15% in 2009-2010 to 4.58% for the 2010-2011school year.4644 http://www.rock.k12.nc.us/site/default.aspx?PageID=145 http://www.rock.k12.nc.us/site/default.aspx?PageID=146 http://www.rock.k12.nc.us/site/default.aspx?PageID=1 31
  32. 32. Average SAT Scores Table 20 Reading Math Writing Total 2011 471 487 456 1414 2010 472 494 457 1423 2009 464 488 457 1409 Graduation Rate Table 21 2010 - 2011 72.4% 2009 - 2010 72.9% 2008 - 2009 68.0%Further examination of the charts below delineating the performance of Rockingham CountySchools, reveal that three of the four schools identified as priority schools during the 2010-2011school year were elementary schools in which Head Start classrooms are located.472010-2011 School Performance Results Met MetSchool Expected High Met AYP Target Goals ABCs Status % Prof Growth GrowthBethany Elementary X 12 out of 13 School of Distinction 80.8Central Elementary X 11 out of 17 School of Progress 69.6Dillard Elementary X X 13 out of 13 School of Progress 70.9Douglass Elementary X 14 out of 19 School of Progress 70.4Draper Elementary X X 13 out of 13 School of Priority 59.0Huntsville Elementary X 13 out of 17 School of Progress 77.1Lawsonville Avenue Elem. 9 out of 15 School of Priority 53.8Leaksville-Spray Elem. X X X 17 out of 17 School of Distinction 80.2Lincoln Elementary X X 14 out of 19 School of Progress 67.4Monroeton Elementary X 10 out of 13 School of Progress 77.2Moss Street Elementary X 10 out of 13 School of Priority 59.2New Vision School X X 9 out of 9 School of Distinction 84.3South End Elementary X X 11 out of 17 School of Progress 70.7Stoneville Elementary X 9 out of 17 School of Progress 66.7Wentworth Elementary X 12 out of 13 School of Distinction 80.9Williamsburg Elementary X X 21 out of 23 School of Progress 71.6Holmes Middle 18 out of 29 No Recognition 63.2Reidsville Middle X 18 out of 29 School of Progress 62.7Rockingham County Mid X X X 25 out of 25 School of Progress 79.4Western Rockingham Mid X 17 out of 25 School of Progress 70.5McMichael High X 9 out of 13 School of Progress 75.8Morehead High X 15 out of 17 School of Progress 69.347 http://www.rock.k12.nc.us/site/default.aspx?PageID=1 32
  33. 33. Reidsville High X X 12 out of 17 School of Progress 68.4Rockingham County High X X 12 out of 13 School of Distinction 84.8Rockingham Early College X X 9 out of 9 Honor School of Excellence 92.8The SCORE CENTER X X X Special Eval. ---------------------- ----RCS District-wide X 37 out of 60 ----------------------- ----Table 22SCHOOL STATUS LABELS48 PERFORMANCE LEVEL ACADEMIC GROWTH Based on Percent of Students Scores at or Schools Making Less Above Schools Making Expected Growth or High than Expected Achievement Level III Growth Growth Met AYP Honor Schools of Excellence 90% to 100% AYP Not Met Schools of Excellence No Recognition 80% to 89% Schools of Distinction 60% to 79% Schools of Progress 50% to 59% Priority Schools Less than 50% Priority Schools Low-Performing*Table 23Rockingham County Schools-- CURRICULUM/ACADEMIC STANDARDSAll 26 schools in Rockingham County are part of the North Carolinas ABCs Testing andAccountability Model. Rockingham County Schools have a strong emphasis in reading. Thesefundamental concepts are integrated in all core and co-curricular areas. Math and science aretaught using inquiry based instruction with hands-on activities for students. In addition, theyhave a well-rounded Cultural Arts Program and Career and Technical Education Program for allstudents. Furthermore the schools offer a wide variety of instructional and extracurricularprograms to students. In addition to the North Carolina Standard Course of Students, studentshave the opportunity to enroll in electives to enrich their educational experience.49The Rockingham County Schools use the North Carolina Standard Courseof Study, the states standards that teachers are required to teach at eachgrade level. These are the standards that are assessed on the Literacy andMathematics Assessments in kindergarten through second grade and on theEnd-of-Grade tests in grades three through five. The following link will leadreaders to NC Standard Course of Study. NC Standard Course of Study48 http://www.rock.k12.nc.us/site/default.aspx?PageID=149 http://www.rock.k12.nc.us/site/default.aspx?PageID=1 33
  34. 34. The information below defines the school board’s educational goals. Rockingham County HeadStart fully supports the goals and academic standards of the Rockingham County ConsolidatedSchools and has worked to align its academic goals with those of the school system in order toensure a smooth transition between agencies.50North Carolina Public Schools State Goal:North Carolina Public Schools will produce globally competitive students.Rockingham County Schools Goals: 1. Develop and maintain career technical pathways which are designed to meet the economic needs of the area. 2. All students achieve academic proficiency at the end of each grade level (K-12). 3. Continue to improve under-performing schools by providing the necessary resources. 4. Eliminate the achievement gaps (race, gender and socioeconomic). 5. Increase the number of schools that meet both federal and state academic goals. 6. Define measurable achievement goals for each individual school as well as the district.North Carolina Public Schools State Goal:North Carolina Public Schools will be leading twenty-first century professionals.Rockingham County Schools Goals: 7. Every effort will be made to retain twenty-first century professionals to meet the demands of a global economy. 8. Maintain a strong induction program for beginning teachers, as well as new teachers to the district. 9. Focus recruiting efforts on attracting high quality personnel.North Carolina Public Schools State Goal:North Carolina Public Schools students will be healthy and responsible.Rockingham County Schools Goals: 10. Continue to implement Character Education Programs for all students K-12. 11. Continuous planning and development of programs to promote schools which are free of drugs, weapons, and disruptive behavior. 12. Create a customer-friendly environment for our students, parents, staff, and community.North Carolina Public Schools State Goal:Leadership will guide innovation in the North Carolina Public Schools.50 http://www.rock.k12.nc.us/site/default.aspx?PageID=1 34
  35. 35. Rockingham County Schools Goals: 13. Educational professionals will make decisions in collaboration with parents, students, businesses, education institutions, faith-based organizations, and other community/civic organizations to impact student success. 14. School leaders will create a culture that embraces change and promotes dynamic, continuous improvement. 15. Continue to develop twenty-first century teaching and learning skills to promote a global understanding as well as preparation for post secondary education.North Carolina Public Schools State Goal:North Carolina Public Schools will be governed and supported by twenty-first century systems.Rockingham County Schools Goals: 16. Continue to move schools toward improving student achievement through alignment of resources that are prioritized. 17. Begin work on Phase III construction projects, which are designed to provide twenty-first century access to technology within a safe learning environment for students and staff.There are challenges that affect service delivery of the school system as it pertains to Head Start.Severe budget cuts in the school system may affect the amount of money charged for spacerental and other services received by Head Start students, which will mean a reduction inavailable funds needed for daily classroom operations. Our research indicates that the schoolsystem currently spends $4582.00 per student and if the funds are cut, Head Start will berequired to pay additional fees which may not be reflected in the program’s budget. Thediagrams below outlines the financial data for Rockingham County Schools outlined in their2010-2011 Annual Report.51 Figure 3Because of the economic situation and resulting issues in staff reduction, new teachers are notattracted to Rockingham County. New teachers have a tendency to gravitate toward the biggerschool systems located in nearby counties such as Guilford and Forsyth because of greateropportunities. As a result, competition for talent is increased. Staff reduction also affects thefrequency of services from professionals other than the regular teaching staff such as exceptionalchild specialists, etc.51 http://www.rock.k12.nc.us/site/default.aspx?PageID=1 35
  36. 36. On a brighter note, the collaboration between the Rockingham County Head Start and theRockingham County Schools has been a beneficial one. Many of our classrooms are housed inthe school system which provides access to extracurricular activities and other services with littleto no costs as of the date of this report. The transition to Kindergarten is also smoother becausethe families are already familiar with public school policies. However, the connection betweenHead Start and kindergarten staff can be enhanced to ensure total success of not only the childbut the family as well. Health/Nutrition/Mental Health/DisabilityRockingham County has two hospitals that serve Rockingham County. Morehead MemorialHospital located in Eden, NC and Annie Penn Hospital located in Reidsville. Annie PennHospital no longer has a birthing center. Patients that have doctors in the Reidsville area areforced to drive to Women’s Hospital in Greensboro to deliver.52This becomes a problem for mothers who have limited transportation and income. The tablebelow outlines the number of births in Rockingham County and surrounding areas.52 Community Health Assessment – Physical Health – Chapter 7 36
  37. 37. Number of Births Between 2002-200553 Hospital & County Total # of Births % of All Where Birth for 2002-2005 Births Our research indicates that Occurred Rockingham County has a lower infant mortality rate than the state’sMorehead Memorial average. In Rockingham County Hospital there are 1,545 Primary Care doctors. (Rockingham) 1572 36.97% Among county residents surveyed,Annie Penn Hospital 84.7% of the population reported that (Rockingham) they have a primary-care doctor 1257 29.56% while 15.3% reported that they didn’t Women’s Hospital have a primary-care doctor. (Guilford) 1157 27.21% Forsyth Memorial Hospital (Forsyth) 165 3.88% Other Rockingham 101 2.38% Total 4252 100%Table 24Our research indicates that Rockingham County has a lower infant mortality rate than the state’saverage.A major player in services is the Public Health Department provider. Citizens without familyphysicians can go there for medical and dental services. Certain services are still provided to allcitizens and little or no cost, for example, students needing certain immunizations can get themthere for free until they become 18 years old. In Reidsville, the Free Clinic aids in assisting thosewithout any medical insurance coverage. Through faith based efforts, such as Reidsville FirstBaptist Church on Main Street in Reidsville, NC, a free dental clinics help hundreds receive thenecessary dental care. Due to lack of dentists who accept Medicaid, referrals are often made todentist in neighboring counties.54In Rockingham County the uninsured rate is 18%. These residents are using the free clinic andhealth department as their primary-care doctors. Residents often have to commute 30 miles ormore to surrounding counties for specialized healthcare. Rockingham County is limited in the53 Community Health Assessment – Physical Health – Chapter 754 Community Health Assessment – Progress – Chapter 2 37
  38. 38. number of physicians offering specialized care. For residents with transportation issues, this canbe a life threatening or life altering consequence.55Residents of Rockingham County are unhealthy compared tothe state’s Human Development Index according to the County’sCompetitive Assessment Report. The leading cause of death amongcitizens is heart disease. Today’s current obesity rate for 2 to 20 yearolds is 19.4%.56According to DayMark Recovery, reported at Rockingham County Head Start’s 2010 SocialService Advisory Board Meeting the following information was revealed:57  Increase in substance abuse, domestic violence, mental illness/personality disorders, and child behavior problems  Mental illness/personality disorders are often undocumented due to no/limited access to health care/resources  Child behaviors results from what is going on in the home.  There’s an increase in children living outside of the home with relatives; many with grandparents.  Increase in young mothers with substance abuse issues and/or pregnant  More cases of aspergers syndrome which is similar to autism; and there’s been an increase in 6yr/7yr old cases of bipolar diagnoses  During the last fiscal year (July 1-June 30), there were 1750 adults/children walk- in cases to the Emergency ServicesRockingham County Schools has extensive programs to meet the needs of students withdisabilities. As of April 1, 2010, the school system identified and served 1,997 special needsstudents ranging between the ages 3-21. About 12.5% of school age students are identified ashaving a disability. Services for students with disabilities ranged from minor classroom and/ortherapy supports to extensive full time programs. According to the Department of PublicInstruction, the November 2007 edition amended June 2010, services in the school system areprovided under the following categorical designations:58Autistic Hearing Impaired Intellectually Disabled - SevereMultihandicapped Speech/Language Impaired Visually ImpairedBehaviorally Emotionally Disabled Intellectually Disabled - MildOrthopedically Impaired Traumatic Brain InjuredDeaf/BlindOther Health ImpairedDevelopmentally Delayed – Specific Learning Disabled – Intellectually Disabled(moderate)55 Through Vocational Rehabilitation Community Health Assessment – Physical Health – Chapter 7 Services, adults with disabilities can56 Community Health Assessment – Physical Health – Chapter 7 receive job training to enter the57 workforce. Minutes From 2011 Social Service Advisory Board Meeting58 http://www.rock.k12.nc.us/site/default.aspx?PageID=1 38
  39. 39. A Snapshot of Rockingham County Demographically Aging community Socially Working class leaving the Mental Health  Religious  Increasing substance  Small town appeal county Increased migration of the abuse, mental illness,  Limited activities for Hispanic community personality disorders, children, youth and Increasing foster care cases domestic violence and young adults Decreasing TANF cases child behavior problems Political Climate Economically  Disunity and sectionalism  Economically distressed among certain sectors of region leadership  High unemployment rate  More registered democrats in the county  County budget shrinking Educationally  The three elementary schools identified as “schools of priority” have Disability Head Start classrooms Technology  Resources in the   Slower implementation of 3 of the 4 schools identified county to serve adults as “schools of distinction technology advancements and children with do not have Head Start disabilities. classrooms  3 of the 9 schools identified as “schools of progress has Head Start classroomsInfrastructure/Transportation Health  School System  Near major highways  Unhealthy compared to the experiencing major budget  Limited public state in the Human cuts transportation Development Index  Working partnership with  Leading cause of death is the two major preschool heart disease programs in the county  Limited dentist who accept Criminal Activity Medicaid  Property damage,  Limited doctors who offer burglaries and specialized care Larcenies the largest crimes committed Nutrition  Gang violence  Increasing obesity rate increasing 39
  40. 40. Overview of Rockingham County Head StartA Closer Look at Rockingham County Head StartMission StatementWe will provide a safe, nurturing, engaging, enjoyable, secure learningenvironment, provide comprehensive child development services(education, health, nutrition, disability, social services, and parentinvolvement services) for children from three through five years of age.The program will provide adequate, formally trained professional staff who are loving andcaring, and who focus on meeting the needs of all of our children and assisting families inbecoming self sufficient by addressing goals, concerns and their individual needs.Staff will collaborate and establish partnerships with county agencies, schools, the communitycollege, and other county resources, to carry out the mission of Rockingham County Head Start.OverviewRockingham County Head Start has been progressive in its approach to serve the children andfamilies of Rockingham County. This is reflective in the programs last triennial reviewconducted 5/1/11 to 5/6/11. The review indicated that Rockingham County Head Start was incompliance with all applicable Head Start Performance Standards, laws, regulations and policyrequirements. Our 14 classrooms are designed to promote a safe, educational and fun learningenvironment that enhances social-emotional growth. The teaching staff uses the Teachingstrategies Gold as a development guide when writing lesson plans, setting goals, and charting theprogress of each child. They also us the Be Active Kids Curriculum which allows an integrationof physical activities and food into the lesson plan. This also aids in the staff’s approach tocombating obesity. A Head Start Body Start grant was received in 2010-11 to increase physicalactivity, outdoor play and healthy eating among Head Start children and families. More than90% of the program staff continued to participate in some aspect of the County Wellnessprogram. This has enabled staff to be healthier and be examples to Head Start children andfamilies. Conscious Discipline is the approach used to direct and monitor behavior.Staff Education, Skills and TrainingTo better serve and educate Head Start children, Rockingham County Head Start is taking theneeded steps to ensure all teachers and teacher assistants have the required degrees mandatedby the federal government. The table below outlines the teaching staff’s credentials. four yearand two year degrees respectively. The Education Manager continues to work close withteaching staff to help them meet their goals. It should be stated that the program is on target inmeeting the educational requirements of both lead teacher and teacher assistants. 40
  41. 41. Teacher Staff Educational Attainment At least a Four Graduate At Least at Two Working Working Year in Related Degeree Year in Related Towards a Two Towards a Four Field Field Year Degree in a Year Degree in a Related Field Related FieldOut of 14 Lead 8 Teacher 2 of which have a 1 5 n/a n/a Birth to Kindergarten Licensure Out of 13 Teacher 1 6 6 1 AssistantTable 25There is one teacher vacancy, but all vacancies are filled with teachers with a four year degree ina related field.The Social Service/Parent Involvement staff are the individuals responsible for the FamilyPartnership Agreement. The staff have undergoes ongoing training in the areas inclusive of butnot limited to parent involvement, effective case management, fatherhood and factors that placefamilies at risk. The staff’s educational attainment and skills are listed below.Social Service Parent Involvement Education and Skills High School At least a Family Graduate Fluent Diploma Four Year Development Certifications Spanish both Degree Credential written and verbal Out of 6 Family 4 2 4 1 2 WorkersTable 26Currently there are two family service workers who are fluently both written and verbally inSpanish. The issue in hiring more ESL staff is due to the limited pool of applicants with legalstanding and the competitive wages offered by the school system to employ ESL staff.The management staff of Rockingham County Head Start has a plethora of trainings inclusive ofbut not limited to: effective case management, parent involvement, health related issues, childdevelopment, nutrition and federal monitoring reviews.Management Education High School Diploma At least a Graduate Currently Credential in Four Year Degree enrolled Childcare Degree courses related Health to management Advocate Out of 5 Family 1 4 1 2 2 WorkersTable 27 41

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