Strengthening Springfield's Urban Core--Keynote for the Center City Association

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Keynote by Associate Director, Alison D Goebel, to the annual meeting of the Springfield Center City Association in 2014.

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Strengthening Springfield's Urban Core--Keynote for the Center City Association

  1. 1.   Alison D. Goebel, Associate Director of Greater Ohio Policy Center
  2. 2. An outcome-oriented statewide non-profit organization that champions revitalization and sustainable redevelopment in Ohio:  Revitalize Ohio’s urban cores and metropolitan regions  Achieve sustainable land reuse and economic growth
  3. 3. Urban regeneration Sustainably revitalize urban cores and neighborhoods Regional growth Promote regional economic development and collaborative governance structures Transportation Develop improved and enhanced transportation opportunities that reduce carbon emissions
  4. 4.  Lived in Mansfield, Ohio for total of 22 months from 2005-2009  PhD in cultural anthropology from University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (2011)  Published scholarly and general audience pieces on smaller cities;  Tweet about the Midwest, especially smaller city issues, as @alisongoebelOH and sometimes as @greaterohio
  5. 5. • Suburbanization • Regional migration • Loss of central functions • Deindustrialization • Job loss • Unemployment • Impoverishment • Weak market demand • Physical decline • Vacancy and abandonment • Fiscal incapacity • Deteriorating public services
  6. 6. The Central Challenges Rebuilding the city and market demand Creating new economic engines Building opportunity for the city’s population
  7. 7. Ohio’s metros are the economic drivers of our state and the key engines to our economy are our urban cores. Clockwise: Piqua; Mansfield; Cincinnati
  8. 8. -20% -15% -10% -5% 0% Flint,MI Canton Akron Springfield Baltimore,MD Lima Portsmouth Mansfield Ironton Percent Change in Population from 2000 to 2010 % Change in Population from 2000 to 2010 Source: GOPC with data from Census 2000 and 2010
  9. 9. 0.00% 2.00% 4.00% 6.00% 8.00% 10.00% 12.00% 14.00% 16.00% 18.00% 20.00% Change in % of population between ages 25 to 34 2000 2012 Ages 25 - 34 Source: GOPC with data from Census 2000 and ACS 5-year estimates 2008 - 2012
  10. 10. 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 30.00% 35.00% 40.00% 45.00% Percent of Population in Poverty, 2012 Percent Population in Poverty Source: GOPC with data from ACS 5-year estimates, 2008 - 2012
  11. 11. 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% Housing Vacancy Rate, 2010 Housing Vacancy Rate Source: GOPC with data from Census 2010
  12. 12. 0.00% 1.00% 2.00% 3.00% 4.00% 5.00% 6.00% 7.00% 8.00% 9.00% 10.00% Percent of Individuals age 16+ in the labor force who are unemployed, 2012 Unemployment Source: GOPC with data from ACS 5 – year estimates 2008 - 2012
  13. 13. Over the Rhine, Cincinnati ,Ohio
  14. 14. “Successful regeneration is not merely about signature buildings or megaprojects.” Rec #1
  15. 15. Rec #1 Piqua, Ohio From http://www.growpiquanow.org “Strategic incrementalism begins with leaders sharing a vision of the city’s future and then making incremental, tactical decisions that will transform the status quo, while avoiding grandiose and unrealistic plans.”
  16. 16. Education Health Technology Sports Tourism Manufacturing Food Arts & Culture Rec #2
  17. 17. Firesale Warehouse and Code Blue Office Photos from Springfield News Sun Food Distribution Insurance Support Services Manufacturing Technology and Aerospace Easy access to other major markets Rec #2
  18. 18. 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 Downtown Population Growth 2000 2010 Rec #3 Downtown Living in Marion, Ohio Photo from http://www.loisfisher.com/lofts.htm
  19. 19. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Springfield Dayton $500,000 + $300,000 - $499,999 $200,000 - $299,999 $150,000 - $199,999 $100,000 - $149,999 $50,000 - $99,999 <$50,000 Fifth Street Brew Pub, Dayton Ohio Photo from http://brewpubgifts.com/wp- content/uploads/2012/10/fsb_garden.jpg Rec #3
  20. 20. Rec #4 Streetscape improvements in Downtown Springfield Photo from http://www.center-city.org/sponsor-a-hanging- flower-basket/ Improves property value Promotes vibrant community Attracts business and residents Catalyst for cultural and recreational activity
  21. 21. $145 million+ of public/private downtown reinvestment Reduction in downtown storefront vacancies from 42 percent in 1987 to 6 percent in 2012. 165 interior/exterior building renovations 145 net new businesses and 62 expansions of existing businesses Events attracting more than 200,000 people to downtown each year Photo and statistics from http://mainstreetwooster.org/ Rec #4
  22. 22. Rec #5a Physical Assets •Traditional downtowns •Stable neighborhoods •Water bodies •Multimodal transportation networks Downtown Mansfield, Mansfield Ohio from http://www.hivelocitymedia.com/cities/Mansfield/
  23. 23. Rec #5a Springfield’s Holiday in the City Photo from www.center-city.org Bike Trail in Dayton Photo from www.miamivalleyt rails.org
  24. 24. Frank Lloyd Wright Westcott House Photo from Wikipedia Rec #5b Physical Assets •Historic buildings, areas, and neighborhoods •Physical legacies, such as Olmsted parks or art museums
  25. 25. Revitalized more than 100,000 square feet of vacant space for new uses Contributed to job creation Added 26 art galleries and studios & 50 pieces of public art to the area Hosted nearly 80 monthly First Friday celebrations Rec #5b Photo from https://www.artsinstark.com/smarts/teaching- artists
  26. 26. Institutional and Economic Assets •Colleges and universities •Hospitals and medical centers •Manufacturing companies •Downtown employment base •Arts, cultural, and entertainment facilities and activities Springfield Regional Medical From http://www.community- mercy.org/springfield_regional_medical_center.asp Rec #5c
  27. 27. Wittenburg University Photo from: http://www5.wittenberg.edu/news/2013/03_01.html and www.daytondailynews.com Rec #5c
  28. 28. Rec # 5d Leadership and Human Capital Assets • Local government • Foundations • Local corporations and business communities • Nonprofit organizations • Civic and advocacy infrastructure • Cohesive ethnic communities • Local skill sets • Regional Growth Trumbull County Courthouse, Warren OH
  29. 29. Rec #6 Local Government Private and Nonprofit Sectors Anchor Institutions Neighborhood GroupsEmerging High Tech Sectors Other Jurisdictions Other Levels of Government
  30. 30. Local Government Metropolitan Planning Organizations Education Service Centers County Engineers County Executive or County Commissioners Major cities Rec #6
  31. 31. Rec #7 1. Toledo 2. Sandusky 3. Cleveland Elyria Lorain 4. Akron 5. Warren Youngstown 6. Lima 7. Mansfield 8. Canton 9. Steubenville 10. Dayton Piqua 11. Springfield 12. Columbus Lancaster Newark 13. East Liverpool 14. Cincinnati Hamilton Middletown 15. Ironton 16. Marietta
  32. 32. Economies of scale Improved local government accountability Equalization of service quantity and quality Coordinated economic competitiveness Ability to retain local community character and flavor Rec #7
  33. 33. • Legacy cities are making progress, but daunting challenges remain, particularly for Ohio’s small to medium sized cities • Small and medium sized cities have unique assets that appeal to new generations • Be creative in identifying assets in your community and leverage them • Set clear long-term goals and identify small, achievable steps to get you there • Look beyond jurisdictional boundaries maximize resources and identify new markets
  34. 34. Alison Goebel Associate Director Greater Ohio Policy Center agoebel@greaterohio.org @alisongoebelOH www.greaterohio.org 614-224-0187 Special thanks to Christina Cudney for her assistance with this presentation
  35. 35. Unemployment % with higher ed. degree Crime % foreign born population Population loss since peak Population change since 2000 Poverty Household dependency ratio Median Sales Price Change in median house sales price Mortgage ratio Vacancy % of graduate students Research funding Jobs Measuring Legacy Cities’ Trajectory

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