5 Major World Religions
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5 Major World Religions

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5 Major World Religions 5 Major World Religions Presentation Transcript

  • & THEIR BELIEFS
    5 Major World Religions
  • Order of Popularity and Followers
    • Christianity - 2 billion
    • Islam – 1.5 billion
    • Hinduism – 900 million
    • Buddhism – 376 million
    • Judaism – 14 million
  • Beginnings of Christianity
    Jerusalem (present day Israel)
    Founded by Jesus Christ
    • Born in Bethlehem
    • Went to Jerusalem (prophet foresaw) and was crucified a
    few days later
    • 2 days later (3rd day), raised from the dead
    • Had apostles wait in Jerusalem for sending of Holy Spirit
    • 49 days later Holy Spirit fell on apostles & Peter preached
    1st sermon of Christianity
  • Birth of Christian Church
    Day 1 held 3,000 baptisms
    Rapidly grew and continued to spread outside of the the area
    Once non-Jews became baptized the church spread to non-Jewish countries and locations quickly over the centuries
  • Basic Beliefs of Christians
    One God
    Trinity
    The Bible is the word of God
    Jesus died on the cross
    Jesus will return
    Life after death
    “There is only one God, and this God exists as one essence in three persons.”
  • Islam
    Translates to “Submission to God”
    Followers are referred to as Muslim – translates to “One who surrenders to the will of God
    Follow Quran and Hadith (sayings of prophet Mohamed)
    Quran memorized by 10 million+ people
  • Six Articles of Faith
    God (Allah) = supreme eternal entity
    Angels = have different purposes and duties
    Scriptures = believe in all books relating to Islam and what they say
    Prophets = Obligatory to believe in all the messengers without discrimination
    End of the world = every human resurrected from the grave
    Divine Creed = humans have free will, but God knows what choice they will make before they make it
  • Hinduism
    Practiced primarily in India
    Dates back 5,000 years
    • Om or Aum is a sacred Hindu sound
    • Embodies the essence of the entire universe
    NabeelYoosuf. “Christmast ball – Hinduism” December 2, 2009 via Flickr. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share-Alike.
  • Brahman
    Source and sustainer of the universe
    Underlying universal life force that encompasses and embodies existence
    Highest goal is to be one with Brahman and accept it
    If you ignore the true nature of the self as one with Brahman you will become trapped in the never ending cycle of death and reincarnation
    Jesslee Cuizon. “erawan shrine” July 11, 2007 via Flickr. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Deriv.
  • Hinduism Beliefs and Traditions
    Households must keep a shrine to a particular deity
    Food offered and spiritually consumed and blessed by deity's powers and then redistributed for dinner to show they received blessing of deity
    Sahadeva. “RadhaSyamasundarVrindavanRadhastami2004” 25 October 2004 via WikiMedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike.
  • Birth of Buddhism and Buddha
    Founded in Northern India between 563 to 460 BCE by Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)
    Estimated to be born 623 or 624 BCE, No pain to mother, Earth Shook, took 7 steps after birth - “Chief of the world” and announced no more reincarnations
    Sacca. “Birth of Buddha at Lumbini” May 24, 2006 via WikiMedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike.
  • Search for Enlightenment
    Human Suffering
    Witnessed numerous suffering for different reasons and effects
    Tried to find a solution
    Failed until “Middle Way” which consisted of meditation and moderation (in fasting)
    AttainingEnlightenment @ 35
    Sitting under a large tree
    Watch 1: recall previous reincarnations
    Watch 2: Good & Bad actions leading to reincarnations in others past lives
    Watch 3: Gained nirvana and would never again be reincarnated
  • Practices of Buddhism
    Sila – 2 fundamental principles
    Equality and Reciprocity
    Samadhi – concentration meditation and mental development
    Prajna – wisdom emerges if your mind is pure and calm
  • Precepts
    Do not kill
    Do not steal
    Do not lie
    Do not misuse sex
    Do not consume alcohol or other drugs
  • Judaism
    Founded 1300 BC in Mesopotamia
    Majorly practiced in Israel, Europe, and USA
    Founder is Abraham described in different scriptures
    Sacred text = Tanakh and Talmud
  • Ten Commandments of Judaism
    Worship no other gods.
    Do not worship idols.
    Do not misuse the name of the Lord.
    Keep the Sabbath holy.
    Honor your father and mother.
    Do not murder.
    Do not commit adultery.
    Do not steal.
    Do not give false testimony
    Do not covet.
  • 13 Articles of Faith
    God exists
    God is one and unique
    God is incorporeal
    God is eternal
    Prayer is to God only
    The prophets spoke truth
    Moses was the greatest of the prophets.
    The Written and Oral Torah were given to Moses
    There will be no other Torah
    God knows the thoughts and deeds of men
    God will reward the good and punish the wicked
    The Messiah will come
    The dead will be resurrected
  • Work’s Cited
    Emuseum. Minnesota State University, 2009. Web. 24 February 2010.
    Evidence for Christianity. Where Did Christianity Originate? 2010. Web. 24 February 2010.
    Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Religious Tolerance 2007. Web. 24 February 2010.