Beginnings of Christianity Jerusalem (present day Israel) Founded by Jesus Christ
Born in Bethlehem
Went to Jerusalem (prophet foresaw) and was crucified a
few days later
2 days later (3rd day), raised from the dead
Had apostles wait in Jerusalem for sending of Holy Spirit
49 days later Holy Spirit fell on apostles & Peter preached
1st sermon of Christianity
Birth of Christian Church Day 1 held 3,000 baptisms Rapidly grew and continued to spread outside of the the area Once non-Jews became baptized the church spread to non-Jewish countries and locations quickly over the centuries
Basic Beliefs of Christians One God Trinity The Bible is the word of God Jesus died on the cross Jesus will return Life after death “There is only one God, and this God exists as one essence in three persons.”
Islam Translates to “Submission to God” Followers are referred to as Muslim – translates to “One who surrenders to the will of God Follow Quran and Hadith (sayings of prophet Mohamed) Quran memorized by 10 million+ people
Six Articles of Faith God (Allah) = supreme eternal entity Angels = have different purposes and duties Scriptures = believe in all books relating to Islam and what they say Prophets = Obligatory to believe in all the messengers without discrimination End of the world = every human resurrected from the grave Divine Creed = humans have free will, but God knows what choice they will make before they make it
Hinduism Practiced primarily in India Dates back 5,000 years
Om or Aum is a sacred Hindu sound
Embodies the essence of the entire universe
NabeelYoosuf. “Christmast ball – Hinduism” December 2, 2009 via Flickr. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share-Alike.
Brahman Source and sustainer of the universe Underlying universal life force that encompasses and embodies existence Highest goal is to be one with Brahman and accept it If you ignore the true nature of the self as one with Brahman you will become trapped in the never ending cycle of death and reincarnation Jesslee Cuizon. “erawan shrine” July 11, 2007 via Flickr. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Deriv.
Hinduism Beliefs and Traditions Households must keep a shrine to a particular deity Food offered and spiritually consumed and blessed by deity's powers and then redistributed for dinner to show they received blessing of deity Sahadeva. “RadhaSyamasundarVrindavanRadhastami2004” 25 October 2004 via WikiMedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike.
Birth of Buddhism and Buddha Founded in Northern India between 563 to 460 BCE by Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) Estimated to be born 623 or 624 BCE, No pain to mother, Earth Shook, took 7 steps after birth - “Chief of the world” and announced no more reincarnations Sacca. “Birth of Buddha at Lumbini” May 24, 2006 via WikiMedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike.
Search for Enlightenment Human Suffering Witnessed numerous suffering for different reasons and effects Tried to find a solution Failed until “Middle Way” which consisted of meditation and moderation (in fasting) AttainingEnlightenment @ 35 Sitting under a large tree Watch 1: recall previous reincarnations Watch 2: Good & Bad actions leading to reincarnations in others past lives Watch 3: Gained nirvana and would never again be reincarnated
Practices of Buddhism Sila – 2 fundamental principles Equality and Reciprocity Samadhi – concentration meditation and mental development Prajna – wisdom emerges if your mind is pure and calm
Precepts Do not kill Do not steal Do not lie Do not misuse sex Do not consume alcohol or other drugs
Judaism Founded 1300 BC in Mesopotamia Majorly practiced in Israel, Europe, and USA Founder is Abraham described in different scriptures Sacred text = Tanakh and Talmud
Ten Commandments of Judaism Worship no other gods. Do not worship idols. Do not misuse the name of the Lord. Keep the Sabbath holy. Honor your father and mother. Do not murder. Do not commit adultery. Do not steal. Do not give false testimony Do not covet.
13 Articles of Faith God exists God is one and unique God is incorporeal God is eternal Prayer is to God only The prophets spoke truth Moses was the greatest of the prophets. The Written and Oral Torah were given to Moses There will be no other Torah God knows the thoughts and deeds of men God will reward the good and punish the wicked The Messiah will come The dead will be resurrected
Work’s Cited Emuseum. Minnesota State University, 2009. Web. 24 February 2010. Evidence for Christianity. Where Did Christianity Originate? 2010. Web. 24 February 2010. Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Religious Tolerance 2007. Web. 24 February 2010.