Branches of Philosophy by Grace Mait

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This includes the 7 branches of Philosophy namely Theology, Rational Psychology, Logic, Epistemology, Ethics, Cosmology and Metaphysics.

This includes the 7 branches of Philosophy namely Theology, Rational Psychology, Logic, Epistemology, Ethics, Cosmology and Metaphysics.

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  • 1. Branches of Philosophy Grace I. Mait
  • 2. 7 Branches of Philosophy 1. Theology (Living) 2. Rational Psychology 3. Logic 4. Epistemology 5. Ethics/ Moral Philosophy (Non-Living) 6. Cosmology 7. Metaphysics
  • 3. 1. Theology Study of God this branch is also called RELIGION deals with why people believe in a higher power and an afterlife tackles about rituals and how people should act.
  • 4. Examples of religion: Dualism Christianity, Judaism, Islam Monotheism Polytheism Buddhism Hinduism
  • 5. 2. Rational Psychology studies man as having body and soul ”Rational” here indicates psychological investigations based on reason alone, rather than on experiment The method of rational psychology is to describe and study mental organizations and phenomena by the most fit mathematical concepts.
  • 6. 3. Logic (from the Greek logos: 'a meaningful word') Studies man as having intellect The method is by using reasoning Critical thinking and problem solving
  • 7. Example of Logic: • Mathematics: • 5 + X = 9 • X = 4 • Syllogism: • Girls have long hair. • Ariel has long hair • Ariel is a girl.
  • 8. 4. Epistemology Validity of human knowledge Studies man as having intellect (like Logic) is the study of the nature and scope of knowledge and justified belief
  • 9. Epistemology Subdivisions: Agnosticism Skepticism A posteriori A priori
  • 10. •Agnosticism- the doctrine that conclusive knowledge of ultimate reality is an outright impossibility •Skepticism- the doctrine that any true knowledge is impossible or that all knowledge is uncertain. •A posteriori- the reasoning that experience comes first and knowledge afterwards. Latin “from behind-hand” •A priori- the reasoning that knowledge can be acquired through pure reason alone, independently and perhaps, before experience. Latin “from beforehand”
  • 11. 5. Ethics/ Moral Philosophy Studies man as having will This branch deals mainly with morality Questions: Is there a right and wrong? Is right and wrong the same for everyone? It helps people determine what is right and wrong and how we can achieve the “good life”
  • 12. The good life This is where a person has balance between happiness and virtue.
  • 13. 6. Cosmology •Cosmology is the study of the Universe and its components, how it formed, how its has evolved and what is its future. •To religious studies, cosmology is about a theistically created world ruled by supernatural forces
  • 14. 7. Metaphysics ‘meta’ means beyond = outside universe Metaphysics is the study of origins Asks why we are here and what is our purpose in life. Metaphysics is the foundation of philosophy. Without an explanation or an interpretation of the world around us, we would be helpless to deal with reality.
  • 15. Source: ohttp://groups.csail.mit.edu/me dg/people/doyle/publications/ wirp83/ ohttp://www.roangelo.net/logwi tt/philosophy-origin.html ohttp://www.philosophybasics.c om/branch_epistemology.html ohttp://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/a st123/lectures/lec01.html
  • 16. Thank you!