Branches of Philosophy by Grace Mait


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This includes the 7 branches of Philosophy namely Theology, Rational Psychology, Logic, Epistemology, Ethics, Cosmology and Metaphysics.

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Branches of Philosophy by Grace Mait

  1. 1. Branches of Philosophy Grace I. Mait
  2. 2. 7 Branches of Philosophy 1. Theology (Living) 2. Rational Psychology 3. Logic 4. Epistemology 5. Ethics/ Moral Philosophy (Non-Living) 6. Cosmology 7. Metaphysics
  3. 3. 1. Theology Study of God this branch is also called RELIGION deals with why people believe in a higher power and an afterlife tackles about rituals and how people should act.
  4. 4. Examples of religion: Dualism Christianity, Judaism, Islam Monotheism Polytheism Buddhism Hinduism
  5. 5. 2. Rational Psychology studies man as having body and soul ”Rational” here indicates psychological investigations based on reason alone, rather than on experiment The method of rational psychology is to describe and study mental organizations and phenomena by the most fit mathematical concepts.
  6. 6. 3. Logic (from the Greek logos: 'a meaningful word') Studies man as having intellect The method is by using reasoning Critical thinking and problem solving
  7. 7. Example of Logic: • Mathematics: • 5 + X = 9 • X = 4 • Syllogism: • Girls have long hair. • Ariel has long hair • Ariel is a girl.
  8. 8. 4. Epistemology Validity of human knowledge Studies man as having intellect (like Logic) is the study of the nature and scope of knowledge and justified belief
  9. 9. Epistemology Subdivisions: Agnosticism Skepticism A posteriori A priori
  10. 10. •Agnosticism- the doctrine that conclusive knowledge of ultimate reality is an outright impossibility •Skepticism- the doctrine that any true knowledge is impossible or that all knowledge is uncertain. •A posteriori- the reasoning that experience comes first and knowledge afterwards. Latin “from behind-hand” •A priori- the reasoning that knowledge can be acquired through pure reason alone, independently and perhaps, before experience. Latin “from beforehand”
  11. 11. 5. Ethics/ Moral Philosophy Studies man as having will This branch deals mainly with morality Questions: Is there a right and wrong? Is right and wrong the same for everyone? It helps people determine what is right and wrong and how we can achieve the “good life”
  12. 12. The good life This is where a person has balance between happiness and virtue.
  13. 13. 6. Cosmology •Cosmology is the study of the Universe and its components, how it formed, how its has evolved and what is its future. •To religious studies, cosmology is about a theistically created world ruled by supernatural forces
  14. 14. 7. Metaphysics ‘meta’ means beyond = outside universe Metaphysics is the study of origins Asks why we are here and what is our purpose in life. Metaphysics is the foundation of philosophy. Without an explanation or an interpretation of the world around us, we would be helpless to deal with reality.
  15. 15. Source: o dg/people/doyle/publications/ wirp83/ o tt/philosophy-origin.html ohttp://www.philosophybasics.c om/branch_epistemology.html o st123/lectures/lec01.html
  16. 16. Thank you!