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English Projects - Course 2008-09

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  1. 1. The animals in Africa All animals Name: Karla, Mayte, Sara School : Ceip Gras Soler Teacher: Yolanda González Year: 08/09 Course : year 6
  2. 2. Index <ul><li>Kangaroo </li></ul><ul><li>Ostrich </li></ul><ul><li>Elephant </li></ul><ul><li>Giraffe </li></ul><ul><li>Lion </li></ul><ul><li>Monkey </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kangaroo <ul><li>The kangaroo lives in Australia and New Guinea. Hervivors are animals and they need very little water. They can survive for a month without taking any water. </li></ul><ul><li>For farmers and cattle raisers in the area, the kangaroos are considered a &quot;pest&quot; as they blame kangaroos for the destruction of their crops and the grass and the disappearence of the water for the livestock. Kangaroo skin is very soft and some have stripes on the head or back. Legally hunting kangaroo, for his skin, is prohibited. </li></ul><ul><li>The kangaroo can travel up to 60 km / h, jump obstacles 3 m high. The hind legs are long and muscular, unlike his arms, which are very similar to those of humans. It uses the tail to balance while jumping. </li></ul><ul><li>The kangaroos live in groups, under the command of the older male. He dominates the younger rivals by biting them, kicking and fighting them. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>When the kangaroo is born, after a gestation of 30 days, it measures only 2 cm. and weighs less than a gram. Immediately after birth,it goes through the body of his mother and into the bag that is the height of the stomach. It will nurse from one of its mother’s four breasts. After several weeks,it becomes active and it begins to get his head out of the bag. It will leave the bag when it is six months old. </li></ul><ul><li>Until two centuries ago, the kangaroos were not known in western countries. It was Smith who first wrote about them after viewing them. The researchers from the British Museum gave no credit when they were first shown a dissected kangaroo. At present we know of its existence and many of its features </li></ul><ul><li>The baby kangaroo is born in a state of incomplete development and must end within a bag that its mother has in the body. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ostrich <ul><li>The ostrich is native to Africa and belongs to the group of those running birds that can not fly. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a large bird, the largest and strongest of living birds. It can reach a speed of 64 mph for 20 minutes. The animals reach adult heights between 2.10 and 2.60 meters and weights of 130 to 180 kg. It has got a long neck and a small head with large eyes and short and wide beak. It uses its long wings to run short distances, and they use their long and strong legs to defend themselves. They have got only two toes on each foot. The male of the ostrich is black, with short and white wings. The female is dull grey-brown colour. </li></ul><ul><li>. Each female lays an annual average of 40 to 60 eggs during the set season, though there are a few that can put more than 100 eggs in a season. During incubation the female sits on the eggs during the day and the male takes her place at night. The chicks are very vulnerable to attacks by predators and should be well protected during the first 6 months of life. When they exit the shell the chicks weigh about 1 kg. </li></ul><ul><li>The ostrich eat grass, the foliage of trees, shrubs and small vertebrate or invertebrate, but they also eat fruits, seeds and even corn. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Elephant <ul><li>In the animal kingdom elephants retain an important place among the great. Perhaps his trunk and his huge tusks which attracts us, or may be their ears and fans of monstrous size. Actually, just look at the kids to admire these magnificent creations of nature to see that the elephant is all fascinating. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two distinct species of elephants. The Asian which </li></ul><ul><li>are generally those that are in zoos and circuses, and the largest African-size and more violent temperament. African elephants have tusks huge, like the ears. A large male of this species can weigh up to 7500 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Actually, the tusks of elephants are incisor teeth of the upper jaw. The tusks grow throughout life and in the case of the African elephant, the tusks can reach 3.3 meters long with a weight that exceeds 100 kilograms. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Giraffe Food The diet of the giraffe match their physical, eats the leaves of the trees that uses its long tongue. Those living in South Africa like the branches and leaves that have spines. The preferred food of the giraffe is the acacia tree that grows in the African Savannah, the giraffe is an animal highly selective in what it eats when it have food to choose from. They have no problem in adapting to other foods. Drinking water and fed with grass giraffe must duck, which puts it in a vulnerable position. The tongue of the giraffe and their digestive system allows them to eat prickly plants, which are digested without any problem. The giraffes are between 16 and 20 hours a day feeding and may do so during the hot stage of the day when they have children, because at that time predators are inactive. They can get to eat 65 kg of vegetables. The giraffe, like cows, is a ruminating animals with 4 stomachs and their digestion is similar to the rest of ruminants (digestion takes a long time).
  8. 8. The Lion <ul><li>The lion is the second largest living cat after the tiger. With powerful legs, strong jaws and canine teeth of eight centimeters, the lion can fall and kill large prey. </li></ul><ul><li>The color of the lions vary from a chamois color to a clear gorgeous brown, red or dark ocher. The lower parts are usually lighter and the hair of the tail is black. They have spots that disappear when they become adults but they can be seen, barely visible in the legs and lower parts. </li></ul><ul><li>This feature is most marked in the male lions </li></ul><ul><li>The color of the mane goes from blond to black, and usually becomes darker as the lion ages.   </li></ul>
  9. 9. Monkey <ul><li>Monkeys range in size from the Pygmy Marmoset , at 140 to 160 millimetres (5-6 in) long (plus tail) and 120 to 140 grams (4-5 oz) in weight, to the male Mandrill , almost 1 metre (3.3 ft) long and weighing 35 kilograms (77 lb). Some are arboreal (living in trees) while others live on the savanna ; diets differ among the various species but may contain any of the following: fruit, leaves, seeds, nuts, flowers, eggs, and small animals (including insects and spiders). </li></ul><ul><li>Some characteristics are shared among the groups; most New World monkeys have prehensile tails while Old World monkeys have non-prehensile tails or no visible tail at all. Some have trichromatic color vision like that of humans, others are dichromats or monochromats . </li></ul><ul><li>Although both the New and Old World monkeys, like the apes, have forward facing eyes, the faces of Old World and New World monkeys look very different, though again, each group shares some features such as the types of noses, cheeks, and rumps. </li></ul>