Geology 101

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A presentation I did for my son's 2nd grade class in very basic geological terms and concepts. I brought in numerous fossils I have collected over the years for a visual and interactive teaching aids. I concluded the talk with a mock science experiment displaying the chemical reaction of a volcano erupting.

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Geology 101

  1. 1. Geology 101 Presentation for: Mrs. Jennifer Rydberg 2nd Grade Class Located at:FAIRVIEW ELEMENTARY SCHOOL January 6, 2012
  2. 2. Geology – What is this subject?• Geo- is taken from the Greek word γη or γαια meaning “Earth", usually in the sense of "ground or land”.• The science of study the Earth.• It is split into several disciplines, including: Petrology (the study of rocks), Geophysics (the study of the Earth using physics), Palaeontology (the study of fossils) and Mineralogy (the study of minerals).
  3. 3. GeologicTime Scale
  4. 4. Solar SystemProject Overview
  5. 5. NASA - Mercury Dual Imaging System, spacecraft captured several stunning The Earth images of Earth during a gravity assist swingby of its home planet on Aug. 2, 2005.http://youtu.be/zmBv7udnbes
  6. 6. The Earth is 4.54 billion years
  7. 7. Structure of the Earth• Inner Core (Solid)• Outer Core (Liquid)• Mantle• Crust
  8. 8. What is a Rock?3 Types of Rocks• Igneous• Sedimentary• Metamorphic
  9. 9. Water Links• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Am9JPfu Nsw• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gtcZbN0Z0 8c
  10. 10. The Hawaiian Islands (Hawaiian: Mokupuni oHawai„i) are an archipelago of eight majorislands. The islands are the exposed peaks of agreat undersea mountain range known as theHawaiian-Emperor seamount chain.
  11. 11. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IAxj2ob_Jo U&feature=relatedAmbrym, Vanuatu Island near Eastern Australia• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IiEw1p5Ba SUMount. Etna on the island of Sicilyhttp://www.washingtonpost.com/world/italys-mt- etna- erupts/2012/01/05/gIQAVJztcP_video.html
  12. 12. Fossil• Fossils (from Latin fossus, literally "having been dug up") are the preserved remains or traces of animals, plants, and other organisms from the remote past.
  13. 13. Early Cambrian period (526million years ago) through theend of the Permian about 250million years ago. Roaming theoceans for over 270 millionyears.
  14. 14. Ammonites are an extinct group of marineinvertebrate animals. These molluscs aremore closely related to living (octopuses,squid, and cuttlefish) of today. They lived inthe oceans of the Paleozoic era roughly 542to 251 million years ago.
  15. 15. Tyrannosaurus Rexhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ekBM7nLvpb U
  16. 16. Triceratopshttp://movieclips.com/PxN3a-jurassic-park-movie- the-sick-triceratops/
  17. 17. Mount Etna is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily.
  18. 18. Lava tubes are natural conduits through which lava travelsbeneath the surface of a lava flow, expelled by a volcanoduring an eruption.
  19. 19. Drill Rig @Tinker Air Force Base
  20. 20. Drill core - Garber Sandstone @Tinker Air Force Base

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