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Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
Migration patterns in India
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Migration patterns in India

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Shared at OpenDataCamp Bangalore, 2012

Shared at OpenDataCamp Bangalore, 2012

Published in: Education, Travel, Technology
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  • 1. GRAMENE RData Liberation Via Visualization: Migration Patterns in India
  • 2. Introduction Indian School of Business – Top ranked Business school in India, located in Hyderabad Fosters research in various business domains, such as Finance, Marketing, Emerging Markets and Information Systems SRITNE is one such research center that focuses on the business and societal value of IT One of the initiatives under SRITNE is Asia Analytics Lab headed by Prof. Galit Shmueli Asia Analytics Labs is the focal point of data analytics initiatives, education, research and business applications in the Asian context
  • 3. Data Liberation Via Visualization A joint collaboration between SRITNE and Gramener One of the objectives is to develop and promote use of visual analytics Foster a culture of open data within the academic community
  • 4. Agenda Introduction Migration Patterns  Within the State  Across States  Rural – Urban movement Key Reasons for Migration  Do the reasons vary by state?  Reason vs Post-migration status Evolution of Migration over the years
  • 5. Migration: Key Statistics 572,254 30% Surveyed Migrants Population NSS 2007-08 Geographic Distribution of Intra- State movement Inbount vs Intra- Across- Outbound pattern State States across States 85% 15% Migration between Rural and Urban regions
  • 6. Intra-State migration Patterns Number of migrants moving within each of the States… 0 17,836 0% 37% 36% 17k 9k 10k 33% 14k Top churn in bigger %Churn highlights states, except 37% 4 different 11k Bihar states/UTs 33% 34% …in absolute numbers …as a % of state’s survey size
  • 7. Inter-State migration: Net Gain/Loss View Net Inflow (i.e Inbound – Outbound) of migrants into each State… -3,261 1,953 -6% 40% +41% Chandiga 1,285 +21% rh -3,261 -5% -6% -2,471 Daman & +29% Diu Net loss for UP, +34% 1,953 +5% D&N Haveli Bihar % Net gain for UTs Net gain for Delhi, MH +23% +22% Puducher A&N ry Islands…in absolute numbers …as a % of state’s survey size (rescaled)
  • 8. Top destinations forInter-State migration: States Heat-map UP, BH, RJ migrants Consistent migration in geographic proximity
  • 9. What is the pattern across Rural-Urban areas?
  • 10. State migrated to Rural-to-Rural Rural-to-Urban Urban-to-Urban Urban-to-Rural INDIA 53% 24% 16% 6% Bihar 71% 17% 7% 5%Migration across Rural Sikkim Tripura 69% 66% 12% 19% 9% 11% 10% 4%Areas is significant! Himachal Pradesh Uttar Pradesh 65% 65% 19% 18% 8% 12% 7% 5% Orissa 65% 22% 9% 4% Rajasthan 60% 21% 13% 6% Madhya Pradesh 57% 21% 18% 5%..followed by migration Jharkhand West Bengal 57% 56% 22% 22% 18% 18% 3% 4%to Urban Areas.. Chhattisgarh Kerala 56% 55% 23% 22% 13% 12% 8% 11% Andhra Pradesh 53% 28% 13% 6% Assam 51% 29% 15% 5% Haryana 50% 25% 17% 7%..Reverse migration Punjab 50% 20% 23% 7% Uttaranchal 50% 22% 20% 7%from Urban to Rural is Andaman & N Islands Karnataka 50% 48% 31% 26% 11% 21% 9% 6%rare! Meghalaya Dadra & Nagar Haveli 46% 45% 20% 39% 20% 14% 15% 2% Gujarat 45% 29% 21% 6% Jammu & Kashmir 45% 33% 16% 6% Maharashtra 42% 29% 23% 6% Tamil Nadu 40% 30% 21% 9% Daman & Diu 40% 26% 18% 16% Manipur 39% 18% 15% 28% Nagaland 27% 24% 21% 27% Union Territories buck Mizoram 26% 38% 30% 6% this trend, again! ..along Goa 23% 47% 25% 6% Arunachal Pradesh 22% 37% 24% 17% with some North-Eastern Pondicherry 20% 43% 32% 6% states Lakshadweep 18% 31% 28% 23% Chandigarh 14% 39% 44% 3% Delhi 6% 54% 37% 3%
  • 11. Why are they migrating?
  • 12. The major reason for women to migrate is due to marriage andfor men it is search for better employment/transfer
  • 13. How are the reasons evolving over theyears?
  • 14. Gradually increasing / changing with evolving economicconditions
  • 15. Do people in certain states move due aparticular reason?
  • 16. People in Tripura migrate mostly because of Forced Reasons, whereas the mostdominant reason in UP is Marriage!
  • 17. What do they migrate for: PostMigration Employment Status
  • 18. Women who marry and migrate are involved in Domestic Duties,while men who migrate are employed as wage employees.
  • 19. Migration Summary Intra-state migration is higher than the inter-state migration UP and Bihar lose the maximum number of people whereas Maharashtra and the Union Territories gain Rural to Rural Migration is dominant, and very rarely Urban population moves to Rural areas Marriage and Employment drive the migration patterns in India Women are generally involved in Domestic Duties post migration whereas Men are working as Wage workers
  • 20. Why Visual Analytics? Visual Analytics – comprehensive and compelling, eye-catchy and pleasing Enables you get a snap-shot of large datasets and the underlying story Enhances the chances of seeing unknown patterns Encompasses analytical reasoning techniques, data- processing techniques, visual representations, design and creating business value Finally, it’s fun!
  • 21. Questions? GRAMENE

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