Open Benefit in wider involvement & input In most aspects, research, teaching, communication, technology “ open is not just a ‘nice to have’ of social learning Is this about us being ‘open’ or about looking at how people learn in a world that is increasingly becoming ‘open’ to our learners? – need to consider different interpretations of title. Increased quality of research … outputs
What is openness?
Flexibility and accommodating research ideas and methods.
How open is open No barriers “ Free love” i.e. sharing + collaborate on ideas etc How open is open? What is okay to share – How early to release a bright idea to others. Open – social equity social justice How open is open? Disadvantage Yesterday we talked about content/research being used incorrectly, so we must ensure research output is complete / true / checked before opening it up externally for the reputation of OU Legal barriers to being “Open” – IPR, etc Resistance to beig public / open about results before time to analyse / conclude
How open is open?
open to strangers?
Open to friends? (sounds good)
These could be partners in other projects, fellows ( Glascal + SCORE)
Does this make us feel exposed?
What can’t be open?
Problems at design by committee How open is open? A. Santos ‘ openness’ is a funnel model of education: Open entry – d narrow exit What makes the student to go through the exit is the ‘support’ shouldn’t the question be: “what will support look like”
Practices How open is open? It’s open enough if the ‘openness’ of the intervention is enough to make it succeed.
Challenges on ownership, ethics of research, quality
Open Benefit in learning from our real experiences, challenges How open is open? Open thinking, generous sharing of ideas, resources, etc. Risks must be carefully managed and processes/expectations made explicit Embarassment How open is open? Benefit Raises profile of OU and it’s research. Benefits to it’s teaching Research conclusions fed into international courses in IET
How open is open?
What happens if participants want to take research in a direction not originally intended?
Time for reflection
Access to peers
No advantes in participation
Use and dissemination of open standards
Contribute to research open source projects
Contribute to standards
Open (+) Improved internal (!) Coherence
It make software open source, people have expectations about support
Already security considerations
You are also exposing yourselves inhouse – good thing as learn from it, but need to have right mindset to deal with it
Open (-) Time taken to get stuff open Open Disadvantage – Need for confidence to expose work to criticism! Potential ‘failure’ RESULTS IN FALLING STUDENT NUMBERS How open is open Quality controlled Protecting IP Available to anybody in any sector – not just HE
COMMUNICATION Communicating outputs clearly, Good projects Work if : - plan in place and followed, - communication is good For success: public documentation of work as it progresses (blogs, wikis etc) Improves external perception of the OU Research work, Practicing what we preach, Recognition,Room to play What will make the research programme work? a) Collaboration between projects, b) Innovative research methods, c) Innovative ways of publicising what we do What would make it work? Good communication – and using the best tools to aid communication between different projects in the programme and beyond. Succeed? Giving opportunities for researchers to interact + learn about each others research Work: Internet impact, - Recognition, - Practice change
What would make it work? Popularise, Engagement, Buy-in from groups traditionally excluded i.e. disabled,
Academic reputation (papers, outputs, good courses)
What will make the research programme work? Genuine advantages in participation, Time to participate or
efficiency savings, A focus on empirical & theoretical work, Shared goals / deliverables
Commitment to the programme
What will make it work: Clear definition of objectives and as you say a collective ‘by in’
Connections inside, Connections outside, Good ideas
What will make low work? If we value various contributions and support each other; If we nurture emerging or non
traditional ideas and methods
“ Openness” is a 2-way street”
What would make it work STRATEGY What will make the Research Programme work? Pragmatic approach, Clarity and confidence within team, Support and guidance with managing links associated with openness. Willingness to extend our comfort zones Success: Programme planning / Project Planning ‘Fail to plan, plan to fail’; Programme control and reporting; Correct resource profile Fail – lack of the above Questions: Cohesion of goals – ralistic goals – but diversity of proejcts to cover a large cohort of activities + socio-economic groups. Consider definitions of openess/learning within OU not just IET. Identify challenges. Success: If the shape of the programme links with the version of the senior management (Broadly defined) If the work on the project includes the sharpening of the concept of openness to motivate and drive the research. Suceed: Fitting with priorities and agendas of funding bodies. Work:: Synergy with other activity.
For success: Open standards (technical)
Level 3: What makes it work on external level ….
That continues to be an external research agenda …
Level 2 : What will make it work
The university (outside other than IET) has this high on its agenda (I think it does
Has buyin + push from university PVCs and Deans
Learning in open world
getting right combination of funding and people
Clear objectives & vision
Balancing caution with aspiration
Work: A motivating stretching agenda
What makes it work?
Level 1 (for individual)
It is high enough on the/our personal agenda not to get pushed down by other things
So needs to map well onto other drivers
EVIDENCE What will make he RP work ? ?How will we know it has worked. *If we can show influence/impact beyond IET? Beyond OU: Beyond UK HE sector? *If we change how we behve, how we see the choices & react to these? Work: Demo of successful application of open stuff that’s cheaper (in time and money) than closed alternatives. Will draw in other researchers.. TEACHING / QUALITY Help to increse student recruitment & retention What will make it work? Good quality resources, relevance of reasons to my needs, international documentation stndards, learning materials that can bridge cultures + institutions + industries
Ideas for addin value
Need to have better representation of the research in the institute, then deliberately look for synergies
How to deliver? “Context Web” across IET (and wider)
New at programe level Where to develop supportive research val?
Measure:1 yr 3 yr 5 yr
Define Exemplers “Infra”/
Test - net sink research - supporting other
Clarify - net source research partners
Measure development of Strand
Come up with initatives (technology related: poss to track engagement)
Measure engagement i.e. in cloudworks participating from OU staff + students v from others
Measure Spread/Impact – takeup or emulating elsewhere
Ideas for adding value
Joint research bid around the notion of Open Design
Adding value: efficient collaboration via tools like Cloudworks
Put all WIP papers on the theme in a shared space
Value: Build on Open Work, make open a thing to all our work
Good flexible dynamic representation of projects + works
Yr 1 – activity
Yr 2 – money
Yr 3 – publications
Use Cloudworks effectively
Collaborative network is OLNET, this is OLNET’s future
ADDING VALUE Taking things forward Cloudworks Building a collaborative network. Use some of the existing OU & wider networks as research friends? SCORE, eLC, JISC projects etc. Action Point: How is the programme going to work? What is the governance? Interdependency planning to ensure Synergy. Solve the collaborative problem – collaborate must be a key cultural activity and sustained not flash in the pan
ADD value at level of Programme
Alerting each other to connections &
- Legitimation for project
Mapping existing projects
OLNET (Design) ( Open Ed)
?Design for openness
Open Design Processes
Issues for Students
+ ‘openness’ can exclude those outside OU
Open Delivery / Presentation/Learning Activity Activity Learning Journeys Pathways Wrong term Tension with Design History split Depth (formality) (level) of learning Casual interest Ask Friends, Google Time/engagement/commitment developing independent learning skills developing independent learning skills OU courses PLD in Social aspects Of ranging form display OERs
Not about evaluation of the Programme - broader
What might be Open Evaluation meaning?
Learner Experience – JISC
Learner view holistic experience of student
Challenges – analysis
Being open inside + outside the OU
Building on Net Gen. research
Other voices. Formative eval.
How Open is Open What is Open? Us open in our research Or Learner experience in open world Flexibility to accomody research idea + methods How early to rele? i?er see plagiarism Affective Aspects Difficult To be open Peer review Quality Research Aspects Feel good Embarrassment Free love Exposure Confidence Open 2 Who Friends Colleagues Standards Quality Checks Professionalism Generosity Social/Equity Social Justice Research Opportunity Open entry Funnel Model of educat Explicit Expectations Manag risk reflective Barriers Time Peer review Legal barriers copyright Plagiarism + ownership Design oppenners Hijacks ideas Access IP Benefits Wide involvement / input Wildfire activity Impt Coherance – know what was all done Higher Profile for OU What can’t be open? Interviews Job apps Personal data Pos Neg Narrow exam exit
What are the ethical, legal and Epistemologica / Challenges in Open research? Wraparound Methodological tools Audience for open research RQ:
Open Access Open
Tools – methodological open
Depends on discipline
Further advancement of science Clear definition Purpose audience Issues of scope Cohesion Access / culture or Learning experience
What impact does it have On resources? (time/staff expertise Q Impact on Region What is changing In academic rules In terms of openings? e-science e-social science Collective intel
Barriers to participation in formal learning
Transition from informal, casual learning
How the resources that we have got are being used and where
Relationship between participating in formal and informal activities
Access to learning – audience
How do people structure their learning
Resources people use and how they use them
Intention for study – why do they study
How can Open Design work - across cultures?
Is there such a thing as open craft?
What is a taxonomy of open design? (agile …
What does open design enable?
What are the barriers/ tradeoff
What will make the programme fail?
RESOURCES – time, people, money
ATTITUDES – lack of staff engagement, fear of openness, lack of ‘buy in’ by senior management – being over-ambitious, paying lip service to ‘open’, lack of encouragement/feedback, habit, perfectionism, distraction.
LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE – quality, planning, connections, communication, dissemination
EXTERNAL FACTORS – Marginalisation, wider interest/funding moving on, focus on REF, others steal & do it better, funders reluctance, devalued by poor thinking
LACK OF DEFINITION – unclear goals + deliverables, about research or encouraging openness, losing initiative/direction
Make Research Programme Fail?
Attitudes & behaviours
Lack of programme / project infrastructure
Lack of definition
CAN OF WORMS?
Openness of candid
Of Public gaffs
Language of cultural values
Imbalance of researchers
WORKSHOP FEEDBACK EVALUATION
Mixing with colleagues
Exposure to a wider group within IET
Activities generated a great number of ideas
Workshop generated a 109 ideas: Challenge is to make sense of it all
Workshop: Liked working with IET colleagues I don’t normally work with and finding out about their work, expertise and interests.
Good busy time
Evaluating this workshop!
Workshop – worked fine. Do in 2 hours next time
Workshop fatigue (lots of them!)
Lack of reference to original concepts of openness- no continuity
Venue – noise
Free love agenda
RT@jamesaczel meeting room fine apart from lighting, noise, temperature & lack of display screens.
Intensive + short break would have been refreshing
Group work + changing around the groups
Engagement / contribution across groups
Post its are good
Break down in groups allow further discussion
Free tea + biscuits
Workshop too hot Too noisy
We did not get to far as to ‘actions’
Too many topics + activities – not much time for action points
Diversity of themes
Idea: develop theories and methodologies for articulating and representing existing as emerging practice of learning in an open world
Measure 1 (year) research question + project
3 – 5 years methods
Grainne to synthesize + feedback collaborative outputs VISIBILITY
To do: Document current “open practices” in IET
Research & publish implictions of (potensially massive) open data sets: - for human resources
- for tools
Add value: Joint bid ideas +
- paper writing (e.g. e-science/learning/pathways
- collaborative networks + synergies with existing networks on e-social science/e-humanities
Breadth / diversity of experiences
Good framework from Grainne
Post its good idea
Didn’t work: too many activities
Time to work together
Didn’t work: - brain / time space / planning – my!!
- a lot to do
Capturing output (maybe)
Action: Develop overlap with Digital scholarship
Share Educause paper
Share: Introductory links / papers on learning – design