Conole Utretcht Workshop


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  • Content & activities Communication & collaboration Reflection & demonstration Guidance & support
  • Conole Utretcht Workshop

    1. 1. The OU Learning Design Initiative Gráinne Conole, Open University, UK Learning Design Workshop, Utretcht, 10 th March 2010 Slides and links:
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Overview of OULDI </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrations of some of the tools </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>The landscape of the web 2.0 world…. Exploring new digital territories
    3. 3. The gap between promise & reality <ul><li>Common reactions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I haven’t got time ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ My research is more important” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ What’s in it for me ?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Where is my reward ?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I don’t have the skills to do this” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I don’t believe in this, it won’t work” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common resistance strategies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ll say yes (and do nothing ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Undermine the initiative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Undermine the person involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do it badly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classic mistakes : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the technologies , not the people and processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding for technology developments but not use and support </li></ul></ul>Free resources Little reuse Array of technologies Not fully exploited
    4. 4. Designing for Learning Representing pedagogy Guiding design Sharing ideas Tools and resources to help teachers design better OULDI Open University Learning Design Initiative OLnet About designing and using Open Educational Resources
    5. 5. OULDI…. Design methods: schema & patterns Visualisation: CompendiumLD Support and guidance: Events Sharing and discussing: Cloudworks
    6. 6. Focus today <ul><li>Cloudworks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A space to share and discuss learning and teaching ideas and designs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The power of visualisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making design explicit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seven course views </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools for visualisation </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Teaching is a ‘craft’ practice: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key aspects to support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing best practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas, support and advice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing professional knowledge </li></ul></ul>Communication
    8. 8. Cloudworks: sharing teaching practice <ul><li>A space for sharing and discussing learning and teaching ideas and designs </li></ul><ul><li>Application of the best of web 2.0 practice to a teaching context </li></ul><ul><li>Iterative development and evaluation – based on use </li></ul><ul><li>Part of OU Learning Design Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juliette Culver – developer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebecca Galley – cloudworks facilitators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing international ‘cloudworks champions’ </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Why was it developed? <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To bridge the gap between technologies and use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of uptake of technologies in education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers say they want examples /want to share/discuss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New skills needed for engaging with new technologies </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Key concepts <ul><li>Clouds: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>core objects in Cloudworks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cloudscapes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>collections of clouds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Activity streams: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dynamic filters of new activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Follow and be followed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal activity stream and peer recognition </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Homepage <ul><li>Active clouds </li></ul><ul><li>New Cloudscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Browse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Login </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User panel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cloudstream </li></ul>
    12. 12. Clouds Clouds: Ideas Design or case studies Tools or resources Questions or problems
    13. 13. Active clouds <ul><li>Current topics </li></ul><ul><li>Hot issues </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Flash debates </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul>
    14. 14. Cloudscapes <ul><li>“ Learn about” Cloudscape: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24 Clouds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter stream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Space to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archive </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Individuals, collectives, communities <ul><li>Views from 160 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Users: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers (from K-12, tertiary, independent) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational technologists/support staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy makers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boundary crossing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-purpose, different motivations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lurking through active participation </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Digital trails and pathways <ul><li>Filtering – personalisation and tailoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS feeds for people and cloudscapes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different levels of email alert </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity streams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public activity stream (all activities on the site), Cloudscape activity streams, User activity streams </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tabbed views – all, clouds, cloudscapes, comments links, references, extra content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your favourites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Serendipity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active clouds on home page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Featured cloudscapes on home page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Browse clouds, cloudscape, tags, people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search for keywords </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Uses and benefits <ul><li>Events: conferences and workshops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ETUG workshop , 20 th- 21 st October 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussions: Flash debates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The changing nature of conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eliciting expertise and open reviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature review of Web 2.0 use in Higher Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aggregating resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personalising formal learning with technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Some stats…. 1932 registered users Aspect Everyone Team Non-team Cloudscapes 227 97 130 Clouds 1830 1141 689 Comments 2894 944 1950 Links 2602 1549 1053 Added Sept . From 160 countries
    19. 19. New features! <ul><li>Recently added </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deadlines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Favourites, recommendations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reputation </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Recently added <ul><li>User tagging </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic events list </li></ul><ul><li>Deadline clouds </li></ul><ul><li>Sections for Cloudscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Favourites </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation </li></ul>
    21. 21. User profile
    22. 22. LD Toolbox <ul><li>A ‘pick and mix’ of learning design tools and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting advice and guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Trialled across a range of teaching and learning environments </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    23. 23. Using the toolbox <ul><li>Activities graded: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introductory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermediate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4 interventions offered: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community-peer support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tailored events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Side-by-side mentoring </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Activity <ul><li>Take the Cloudquest challenge </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exploring the site, find the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How many people registered from the OU? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What reputation does Martin Weller have? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you find anything interesting about collaborative learning? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s the latest Cloudscape on the site? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name an event which will run in June 2010? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happens if you click you are attending an event? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s a good place to find out more about the site? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post your reflections </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Visualisation <ul><li>Helps articulate and share designs </li></ul><ul><li>Supports effective design </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights key requirements at different levels </li></ul><ul><li>Integrates design advice and support at key points in the process </li></ul>
    26. 26. Course views <ul><li>Three levels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Micro ( activity level) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meso ( block level) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Macro ( course level) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seven views </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Course map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedagogy profile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course dimensions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning outcomes map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Task swimlane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course performance </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Benefits and drawbacks of models <ul><li>Can be used to guide: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design of learning activities and courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of learning systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The student experience and learning environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis and understanding of learning and teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drawbacks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplicity of views belies their complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mismatch between theory and actual practice </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Guidance and Support “ Learning pathway”: Course structure and timetable e.g. course calendar, study guide, tutorials Thinking and reflection “ Meta-cognition” : Internalization and reflection, e.g. in-text questions, blogs, e-portfolios Evidence and demonstration “ Assessment” : Diagnostic, formative or summative, e.g. multiple choice questions, assignments, exams Information and experience “ Contents and activities” : Course materials, prior experience, learner-generated content, e.g. readings, DVDs, podcasts, labs Communication and Interaction “ Dialogue” : Social dimensions of the course, interaction between learners and tutors, e.g. course forum, email Course Map View: Course title Course summary Level, credits, duration, key features Key works Description words indicating pedagogical approach, special features
    29. 29. Pedagogy profile <ul><li>Map of student tasks to time periods (weeks, semesters, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Six types of student tasks + assessment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assimilative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information handling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each cell indicates the amount of time spent in that period on each type of task </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based interactive version available </li></ul>
    30. 30. Course dimensions Communication & collaboration Content & activities Reflection & demonstration Guidance & support % Interactivity % Student-generated % Peer-communication % Multimedia % Web 2.0 % Collaboration % OER % Reflective % Diagnostic % Summative % Formative % Student-centred % Tutor-guided % Peer-supported
    31. 31. Spider diagram
    32. 32. Learning outcomes mapping <ul><li>Biggs – constructive alignment </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping learning outcomes to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drawn using CMap </li></ul>
    33. 33. Task swimlane <ul><li>Based on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roles – student, tutor, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tasks – read, discuss, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools and resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outputs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes design explicit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maps out design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharable with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good at activity level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tool: CompendiumLD </li></ul>
    34. 34. Cost effectiveness and course performance views <ul><li>Cost effectiveness view is derived from finance data and compares production/presentation costs against income generation </li></ul><ul><li>Course performance view is derived from student satisfaction, course retention and progression data and gives an indication of how well the course is perceived overall </li></ul>
    35. 35. Activities and discussion <ul><li>Strategies for design activity </li></ul><ul><li>Task swimlane view </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of tools – CompendiumLD and CMap </li></ul><ul><li>Course views activity </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogy profile </li></ul><ul><li>Cloudquest challenge activity </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of the LD toolbox </li></ul>
    36. 36. Strategies for design <ul><li>Think of a resource you have created </li></ul><ul><li>Describe its inherent design </li></ul><ul><li>Share with the person next to you </li></ul><ul><li>Group discussion </li></ul>
    37. 37. Task swimlane activity <ul><li>Previous activity can be represented in the task swimlane view </li></ul><ul><li>Represent the design you discussed as a task swimlane view </li></ul><ul><li>List what you think the pros and cons of this are </li></ul>
    38. 38. Tools to explore <ul><li>CompendiumLD: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visual maps with icons + connections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generic + customised design icon set </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple layers, maps within maps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drag and drop different file formats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In-situ design help – customised google search and links to cloudworks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregation of task times by roles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design templates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible export options from picture to interactive web page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cmap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free to download </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good at mapping meso-level </li></ul></ul></ul>
    39. 39. Course views activity <ul><li>Working in pairs decide on a course to map </li></ul><ul><li>Use the excel template to complete the views for the course: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Course map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course dimensions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discuss how and where these views might be used </li></ul><ul><li>Can you see any limitations or improvements that would be made? </li></ul>
    40. 40. Pedagogy profile <ul><li>Work with the pedagogy profile widget in Cloudworks </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This enables you to profile student tasks across a course </li></ul><ul><li>Think of a course (or part of a course) </li></ul><ul><li>Complete the pedagogy profile </li></ul><ul><li>Compare with the person next to you </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think are the pros and cons of this view? </li></ul><ul><li>How might it be used </li></ul>
    41. 42. Olnet - Design, use, reuse Teacher A Resources Design Creates Deposits Deposits Learner A Resource Design Learner B Teacher B Chooses Uses Quiz + beginners route Uses Quiz + advanced route Repurposes & deposits
    42. 43. Activity: evaluation <ul><li>Use post-its to answer the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What did you think of the format and content of the workshop? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What did you like about the session? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What could be improved? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What three  words would you use to describe the representations presented? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What 3 words would you use to describe Cloudworks? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What action points have you identified as a result of this workshop? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use the evaluation cloud to add any additional thoughts </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    43. 44. Flickr images <ul><li>Treasure island 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 city </li></ul><ul><li>Grand challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible Open Space InQbate CETL in Creativity University of Sussex </li></ul><ul><li>Secondlife image / CC BY 2.0 </li></ul>