Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Conole lisbon
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Conole lisbon

1,419
views

Published on


0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,419
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
27
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • What is Olnet? – open learning network – is a 3 year initiative backed by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. With $3m of funding it is a partnership between the OU and Carnegie Mellon University building on the experience that they have gained in developing and researching Open Educational Resources (OER). The Hewlett foundation that has invested more than $90m in establishing OER wants to find out more about benefits – what is the evidence? How should people learn with them? What issues does the community still need to solve? OLnet will develop a networked community of researchers and practitioners – offering them support, events and a chance to contribute evidence and questions. OER acts as a unifying theme that will generate sub-issues that need to be considered. Projects will carry out different streams of research looking at such things as design, collaborative learning and the developing world. Funded fellowships will bring in external expertise and offer a programme of exchanges and support for research ideas.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Redefining openness: a vision for Open Practices
      Gráinne Conole,
      The Open University, UK
      Keynote, EFQUEL Conference, Lisbon, 9th September 2010
    • 2. Orientation
      Focus
      Social inclusion
      Open, social and participatorymedia
      A vision of openness – Open Practices
      Designing and using OER
      Olnet
      OPAL
      Open Educational Resource Practices (OEP)
      Definition
      Derivation
      TheOPAL OEP quality cube
      Innovation
      Quality
    • 3. Open, social and participatory media
      New tools/practices are leading to new forms of learning and teaching
      Sharing
      Media sharing
      Web 2.0
      Communicating
      Blogs & wikis
      Networking
      Social networking
      Interacting
      Virtual worlds
      Shift from:
      Web 1.0 – content repository and static information
      Web 2.0 – user generated content and social mediation
    • 4. A typology of new technologies
      (Conole and Alevizou, 2010), Review of Web 2.0 tools in Higher Education
      http://cloudworks.ac.uk/cloudscape/view/1895
    • 5. Redefining openness…
      Design
      Courses design & shared openly
      Delivery
      Use of free tools & resources
      What is/will be the impact of an increasingly open technologically mediated learning environment in learning and teaching?
      Peer critiquing
      Sharing
      Repurposing
      Open practices
      Networking
      Inquiry
      Collective
      intelligence
      Evaluation
      Critical reflection
      Research
      Sharing of research data
      Also see Alex Couros, Edmedia, 2010
    • 6. Digital skills (Jenkins, et al., 2008)
      Play
      Performance
      Visualisation
      Appropriation
      Negotiation
      Multi-tasking
      Simulation
      Networking
      Distributed cognition
      Collective intelligence
      Transmedia navigation
      Judgment
    • 7. Open Educational Resources (OER)
      Basic definition
      The open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes (UNESCO 2002)
      Broader definition
      Learning resources
      Courseware, content modules, learning objects, learner support & assessment tools, online learning communities
      Resources to support teachers
      Tools for teachers and support materials to enable them to create, adapt and use OER; training materials for teachers
      Resources to assure the quality of education and educational practices (UNESCO 2004)
    • 8. Pedagogically rich
    • 9. Level of granularity
      ‘Atomistic’: based around learning objects (Merlot)
      ‘Holistic: aligned to course structures (MIT)
      Format
      Simple, primarily text-based
      Rich multi-faceted multimedia
      Pedagogy
      Relatively neutral
      Embedded
      OER models
    • 10. A vision of transformation
      Beyond content – focus on activity and use
      Learners as self-directed and autonomous
      More of a focus on sharing, refinement, iteration, critical reflection
      OER as a potential catalyst to transforming educational practice
      Improvements in social inclusion, quality and innovation
    • 11. The reality gap
      Paradoxes
      Technologies not fully exploited
      Little evidence of use of OER
      Predominance of ‘old practices’
      Media sharing
      Blogs & wikis
      Reasons
      Technical, pedagogical, organisational…
      “Lack of time, research vs. teaching, lack of skills, no rewards, no support….”
      Solutions?
      Models and frameworks
      Learning design
      Pedagogical patterns
      Open Educational Resources
      Virtual worlds &
      online games
      Social networking
    • 12. Exploring/applying “openness”
      Design
      Courses design & shared openly
      Delivery
      Use of free tools & resources
      Open
      Evaluation
      Critical reflection
      Research
      Sharing of research data
    • 13. Open Design
      Open Delivery
      Open Research
      X-Delia
      Open Evaluation
    • 14. Cloudworks
      A space for sharing and discussing learning and teaching ideas
      Application of web 2.0 practice
      Examples for teachers & learners to share/discuss
      A space for collaboration & communication
      Helps develop skills needed for engaging with new technologies’
    • 15. Title
      Author
      Core
      Tags
      Location
      Discussions
      Improvements
    • 16. Olnet: Open Learning network
      Network
      From producing open resources to use of open resources
      • Build capacity
      • 17. Find evidence
      • 18. Refine the issues
      Research
      Fellowships
      Conole, McAndrew & Demtriadis, Forthcoming
    • 19. Learning analytics: gather & representing data
      Conference, Canada, February 2011
    • 20. Making reuse possible
      Conole, McAndrew & Demtriadis, Forthcoming
    • 21. Explicit design
    • 22. Design, use, reuse
      Design
      Design
      Uses
      Deposits
      Repurposes
      & deposits
      Uses
      OER
      OER
      Teacher A
      Learner A
      Learner B
      Teacher B
      Creates
      Chooses
      Deposits
      Quiz + beginners route
      Quiz + advanced route
    • 23. From resources to practices
    • 24. The OPAL vision
      22
      Focus on the practice around OER rather than the resources
      Better understanding will lead to improvements in the quality of OER and more innovation
      Open Educational Resource Practice
      OEP constitute the range of practices around the creation, use and management of OER with the intent to improve quality and innovate education.
    • 25. Abstracting dimensions of Practice
      Approach
      60+ case studies of OER collected
      Dimensions of OEP derived
      Derivation of the OEP cube model
      Validation
      Spotlight on OER on Cloudworks
      EDEN workshop
      OER activity on Cloudworks
      Ongoing online consultation process
      http://cloudworks.ac.uk/cloudscape/view/2105
    • 26. Validation: OER activity on Cloudworks
      27 Cloudscapes and 13 Clouds evaluated
      Kinds of activities
      Reviews, events, debates, other
      Intentional, practical, social
      Types of Clouds
      Instructional, informational, archival Notes, resource aggregator, project descriptions, discussion & debate spaces, interviews
      Alevizou et al. 2010
    • 27. Emergent issues from OER research
      Motivations for sharing and incentives for participation
      Financial sustainability and licensing jurisdictions
      OER tracking, usage patterns and users motivations
      Quality and credentials
      Effectiveness metrics
      Types of research and dissemination of empirical results
      Linking research with policy and practice
    • 28. The OEP cube model
      THE DIMENSION: What?
      Strategies and Policies
      Barriers and Success Factors
      Tools and Tool Practices
      Skills Development and Support
      THE CONTEXT: Where?
      Macro level (society)
      Meso level (organisation)
      Micro level (individuals)
      MATURITY: How well is it established?
      Initial (not yet started)
      Managed
      Defined
      Optimizing (embedded / advanced)
      CONTEXT
      MATURITY
      DIMENSION
      26
    • 29. Refining the dimension
      27
      QA models
      Partnership Models
      Strategies & Policies
      Business Models
      CONTEXT
      Sustainability Strategies
      Barriers
      Barriers and Success Factors
      Success Factors
      MATURITY
      Tools
      DIMENSION
      Tools & tool practices
      Tool Practices
      12 skills of evolving digital literacy
      Henry Jenkins
      CYBERLEARNING REPORT
      Digital Literacy
      Skills Development & Support
      Support structures and processes
    • 30. Maturity View
      INITIAL (not yet started): Process unpredictable, poorly controlled and reactive
      MANAGED: Process characterized for projects and is often reactive.
      DEFINED: Process characterized for the organisation and is proactive (Projects tailor their process from the organisation’s standard)
      OPTIMIZING (embedded / advanced): Process is measured and controlled, the focus on process improvement
      28
      CONTEXT
      MATURITY
      DIMENSION
    • 31. The cube model
      29
      1AX
      1BX
      1AX
      1BX
      1BX
      1BX
      1AY
      1BX
      Levels
      1BY
      1BX
      1BY
      3AX
      Macro-level: Societal
      Meso-level: Organisation
      Micro-level: Individual
      2AX
      1BY
      3BX
      2BX
      3CX
      2AX
      2BX
      3DX
      2BX
      2BX
      2AY
      2BX
      2BY
      2BX
      2BY
      2AX
      3AX
      2BY
      2BX
      3BX
      2CX
      3AX
      3BX
      2DX
      3BX
      3BX
      3AY
      3BX
      3BY
      3BX
      3BY
      1AX
      3BY
      1BX
      Strategies & policies
      Barriers & successfactors
      Tools & toolpractices
      SkillsDev &Support
      1CX
      1DX
      Level of maturity
      Optimizing
      Defined
      Managed
      Initial
      Dimensions
      OER embedded in strategy
      Institutional OER repository
      Adapted from diagram by T. Koskinen
    • 32. Uses and benefits
      Three uses
      Benchmarking
      Guidance
      Reflection and comparison
      Benefits
      Guides users in understanding how to think about the key issues.
      Flexible enough to cover the multiple stakeholders
      Sub-cubes provide practical illustrative examples
      Useful as a mechanism for institutions to self-benchmark
      30
    • 33. Mapping the case studies
      31
    • 34. Final thoughts
      A vision of OEP for inclusion, innovation & quality
      Learning and the context of learning have changed
      We need new approaches to learning and teaching
      How can we harness increasingly sophisticated tools and OERs?
      How can we support innovation in the use and reuse of OER?
      Will openness enable or restrict social inclusion?
      What are the quality implications in an increasingly open context?
      How can we ensure research better informs policy and practice?
    • 35. Sources
      Mash ups http://www.flickr.com/photos/richardellard/4524139966/
      Molecule http://www.flickr.com/photos/8272941@N07/498827420/
      Periodic table http://www.flickr.com/photos/chemheritage/3984920162/
      Music sheet http://www.flickr.com/photos/anyaka/21848267/
      One world http://www.flickr.com/photos/psd/2731067095/
      World of warcraft http://www.flickr.com/photos/shardsofblue/3981216281/
      Questionmarkhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/crystaljingsr/3914729343/
      http://suifaijohnmak.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/communication-sep08_leskovec_tdef_page_03_480.jpg
      Yin-Yang image http://learn4kicks.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/yinyangconceptmap.gif
      Imperial collage second life island http://knowledgecast.wordpress.com/2009/07/10/icl-tour2/
      Personal Inquiry project http://www.pi-project.ac.uk/resources/
      E-Portfolios http://www.jiscinfonet.ac.uk/infokits/e-portfolios
       
    • 36. Sources
      http://www.geeky-gadgets.com/samsung-galaxy-s2-android-3-0-and-a-2ghz-processor-06-07-2010/
      http://thehottestgadgets.com/2008/05/samsung-to-debut-3m-mini-projectors-with-new-phones-00280
      http://www.dontwasteyourtime.co.uk/elearning/ipad-is-it-any-good-for-the-classroom-or-learning/
      http://www.erwinvanlun.com/images/uploads/SmartGlasses.jpg
      OpenLearningInitiative
      http://distancelearn.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=distancelearn&cdn=education&tm=6&f=00&su=p897.9.336.ip_&tt=11&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http://www.cmu.edu/oli/
      Molecule http://www.flickr.com/photos/8272941@N07/498827420/
      Periodic table http://www.flickr.com/photos/chemheritage/3984920162/
      Music sheet http://www.flickr.com/photos/anyaka/21848267/
      One world http://www.flickr.com/photos/psd/2731067095/
      World of warcraft http://www.flickr.com/photos/shardsofblue/3981216281/
      Questionmarkhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/crystaljingsr/3914729343/
      Crystal ball http://mashable.com/2009/08/20/ted-future/
    • 37. Sources
      iPhonehttp://virulentwordofmouse.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/iphone.jpg
      eBook readers http://wowio.files.wordpress.com/2007/07/reader-options2.jpg