Linking Strategy EA and Programme Management

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The big picture on ensuring that strategy, enterprise architecture and programme management are aligned and interoperate correctly.

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Linking Strategy EA and Programme Management

  1. 1. Linking Strategy, Enterprise Architecture and Programme Management Graham McLeod Founding Partner Inspired I.T. Consulting, Training & Research INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  2. 2. Abstract Businesses are under pressure to be effective, efficient and agile – THE CHALLENGE: Achieving these simultaneously in organisations undergoing change, competing in aggressive markets and absorbing technological turbulence An architecture approach with an agile slant can help – Only constant is change – Cannot predict what the future holds What we can do is – Understand what we have, its strengths and limitations – Set in place principles and goals which guide decision making Taking a service oriented approach, we can identify – Constants, such as external stakeholders, product and services, industry requirements and generic internal services Models and tools can help us – Evaluate alternatives quickly and cost effectively – Communicate strategy succinctly to implementors – Serve as a basis for planning activity and monitoring progress This presentation, based on 15 years experience across a variety of industries and organisations, provides a framework and examples to explain the approach. INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  3. 3. Coverage The Challenge Initiative Aspects Scope of Enterprise – Cost, Risk Architectures – Benefits Strategy Content/Solution Program Management Architecture Issues – Organizational APIs Conceptual/Model Issues – Layered Models – Key Architecture Elements/Meta Model – Service Delivery – Service Based Model Tool Requirements – Scenarios & Filtering Conclusion – Delta Models Questions INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  4. 4. The Challenge How to stay agile But still exploit infrastructure expenditure effectively and achieve efficiency And deal with things that typically take a long time Deliver real value from architecture efforts INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  5. 5. Enterprise Architecture Coverage Inventory Environment – What have we got? Business – How good is it? Process – Gaps & Redundancies Applications – Opportunities Information Tech- Blueprint nology – What do we want? – Guide investment, initiatives, implementation choices INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  6. 6. Two-way Street Business Driver Cut Costs Efficient One Stop Service Shorten Grow Product Market Intro Time Share Good Corp. Citizen- ship Focus on Core Compe- World Class Service Architecture Req. tencies Lower TCO thru Architecture choices Standard Configs Reduce # of must be informed by technologies per arch. component business drivers… Data and network integration Follow internatnl standardsTechnology Driver Massive Powerful AffordableDigi Cheap Cheap Portable tal Signal Reliable Bandwidth Devices Processing Digital StorageBusiness InnovationFree Local Access Technology possibilitiesVideo ConferencingService to Homes can drive business changeVoice Commands forSvc TransactionsKeep all documentselectronically INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  7. 7. Strategy & Architecture Relationship between Strategy, Architecture, Programme and Project Management nces flue Vision In al Desired Future Extern Architecture Business Strategy Formulation App Info Technology Current Reality Business T MEN N AGE PROGRAM App Info T MA OJEC MANAGEMENT PR Technology Delta Models Delta Models Initiatives As Is Architecture INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  8. 8. Delta Models Show net change between two scenarios/models Identify what an initiative must deliver to achieve the strategy Can address any dimension of the architecture: – Service – Process – System – Information – Technical Infrastructure… Provide accurate scope for projects – each change ~ work breakdown item Create communication between Strategists, Architects and Project Office INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  9. 9. Scoping mPAY System Context Call Centre Moderator Vendor Request Request Account/Facility Facility Details MTN Decision Product Request Vend Acc Statistics Manager Retail Vendor Vendor Conf or Deny Req. Paym Registration Credit Check Subscriber Conf or Deny Conf or Deny Billing Confirm Tx Req Auth. Setup Confirm Tx System PIN Vendor OK or Encrpt. Payment No PIN Confirm Payment CreditPay SMS System Gateway Invoice Funds Tfr Bank New Existing unmodified Subscriber Request for facility Existing modified INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  10. 10. Information Contract Subscriber Prepaid Subscriber mPAY Business Domain Model Subscriber Subscriber Services Subscriber Subscriber Account PINs Vendor Vendor Account Bank Detail Vendor Facility Vendor Payments Request Authorisation mPAY Request Transactions New Existing unmodified Confirmed Existing modified Purchase PIN Change Copyright Inspired 2001 INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  11. 11. Technical Infrastructure mPAY System Technical New Environment Existing unmodified Existing modified SMS SMS Call Centre Gateway Solaris Win2000 Subscriber Ethernet Vendor Ethernet Transactions PINS Oracle 8 CreditPay Billing Tuxedo TCP/IP Vendor Vendor POS mPay TCP/IP Website Oracle 8 Subscribers Vendor POS Ethernet Contracts Apache Compaq VMS Payments TCP/IP 128 kb ISDN Compaq Alpha Linux Vendor Contracts Compaq Raid II Server SHTTP FinGate Internet TCP/IP Ethernet Diginet Vsn 4 Browser Vsn 4 Browser TCP/IP TCP/IP Moderator & Product Automated Copyright Inspired 2001 Manager Clearing Bureau INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  12. 12. Process INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  13. 13. Adding Dimensions Models can be enhanced with additional dimensions of Methods (how we do things) Deliverables, Process, Risk Techniques, Resources Timeframe Costs Quality Quality & Metrics Costs Timing Methods Risk Business Architecture Business The above can reflect both Goals Markets Products Services Channels Suppliers Processes Resources Technology Culture Current Position Competitors Benchmarks from Industry/ Competitors Information Information Applications Applications Goals Types/Classes Inventory Types/Classes Inventory Types/Classes Inventory Technical Architecture Technical Architecture User Access Application Enablers Data Storage and Management User Interfaces Connectivity Platforms Services INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  14. 14. Meta Model Fragment Project Plan Business Goal Alternate Includes Delta Initiative Strategy Scenario Rating Architecture Elem. Status Requirement Planning Arch. Element Context CSF Product/Svc Process Application … Person Deliverable Time FrameExcerpt from Inspired Enterprise Architecture Frameworks INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  15. 15. Selecting Strategy How to get there from here with – Least possible • Risk • Disruption • Cost • Pain • Time – Best Possible • Strategic Fit • Compatibility • Flexibility INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  16. 16. Portfolio Selection Determine per Low proposed project – Time, Resource, Cost estimate Dependency – Benefit Ranking – Risk Score Risk – Dependencies Map into decision space Budget – Choose based on Boundary High budget boundary – Include highest ranked, Low High adding in prerequisites Benefit INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  17. 17. Important Issues External Focus Boundary of Organization Delivery of Expected “outputs” Required “inputs” Services, Processes & Support to Achieve – Distinguish “what” and “how” Manage logical and implementation distinction – Allow multiple alternatives for implementation INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  18. 18. Services and “APIs” Stakeholder Interaction Context, layers and interfaces Business Event User Interface External World Event Message/ Call Organization API Boundary Business System Boundary Computer System Boundary Module Boundary System Internal layers are not necessarily completely contained in an outer layer e.g. A computer system may serve multiple business systems or a module Services may be part of more than one computer system. If we choose, we can see a business process as a business system. INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  19. 19. Business “APIs” Published service interfaces – Like real APIs • Collected into Protocols • Documented • Held Stable, unless change negotiated with users – Implementation • Via Web Services (for example) • Possibly with Business Process Automation (e.g. workflow, BPEL) Facilitate – Rapid reconfiguration – Ease of outsourcing/partnering INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  20. 20. Tool Support Requirements Flexible Meta Model Process Modeling Interoperability Scenarios, Filtering Collaboration Support Reporting, Document Composition Analysis and Derivation Capability – Inferencing – Computation Security and Audit Capability INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  21. 21. Case Studies Telecommunications – Assistance with implementation of realtime evolving strategy Media Group – Integration of Strategy, Architectures, Project Office International Bank – Integration of Architectures and Business Transformation Initiatives – International operations to own business service layer/client facing and legislative compliance processes – Central operation to own integrated data and transactional services Major Assurer – Integration of Architectures and Initiatives, Budget Process INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  22. 22. Conclusion Benefits of integration across strategy, architecture and programme management – Architecture choices reflect business goals – Business enlightened to explore technical possibilities – Initiatives better scoped, understood, evaluated, prioritised – Enhanced communication and implementation via projects Benefits of a service based, layered EA approach – Business more responsive to opportunities or imperatives – Time to market and respond reduced – Risks reduced Mechanisms – Capable meta models, architecture process integrated with strategy, initiatives, project management – Supportive tooling Futures – Bridges to automated implementation with MDA and BPEL INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  23. 23. References Inspired; Enterprise IBM Webservices briefing Architecture Frameworks papers Graham McLeod and Derek Inspired; Archi Reference Smith; Managing Information Materials Technology Projects 2nd Graham McLeod; EA Tool Edition 2003 Requirements, Presentation to Graham McLeod; Advanced Open Group Conference, Systems Delivery with Objects, Dublin, May 2005 Components, Patterns and Object Management Group; Middleware (Beyond UML) Model Driven Architectures documentation INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research
  24. 24. THANK YOU Questions? INSPIRED I.T. Consulting I.T. Consulting Training Training Research Research

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