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Context is King: On Semantic Publishing

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  • Hier könnte ein Exkurs zu RTP Doc ansetzen, wenn ich mehr als 20 Minuten Zeit hätte
  • Hier könnte ein Exkurs zu RTP Doc ansetzen, wenn ich mehr als 20 Minuten Zeit hätte
  • Hier könnte ein Exkurs zu RTP Doc ansetzen, wenn ich mehr als 20 Minuten Zeit hätte
  • Hier könnte ein Exkurs zu RTP Doc ansetzen, wenn ich mehr als 20 Minuten Zeit hätte
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    • 1. 1 Publications = Data, Data ≠ Publications A Semantic Publishing Vision Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin / School of Library and Information Science stefan.gradmann@ibi.hu-berlin.de
    • 2. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 2 A Three-Course Menu Hors d'oeuvre: The distinction of 'publications' and 'data' never worked universally! Main course: Gutenberg Galaxy → Turing Galaxy → Semantic Publishing Dessert: Surprise
    • 3. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 3 Hors d'Oeuvre Data = Publication ≠ Data?
    • 4. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 4 Where the distinction never really worked ... Publication formats and research data have always been intrinsically disjoint in the STM area: this fact is at the origin of of the conference theme … … there was until recently no inherent connection between the publishing container and the published content (hence the success of tools like http://pdos.csail.mit.edu/scigen/!) 'Data' and 'publication' belong to different signification models! Publishing formats of scholarly discourse and the objects of this discourse are intrinsically interwoven in large parts of the humanities … … producing books about books! Discourse and meta-discourse (data and publications) traditionally are part of one shared model of signification!
    • 5. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 5 Main Course Towards Semantic Publishing
    • 6. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 6 Linear Document Continuum ... … in the Gutenberg galaxy
    • 7. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 7 Linear Document Continuum ... … in emulation mode
    • 8. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 8 Linear Document Continuum ... … going digital (entering Turing galaxy)
    • 9. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 9 Decreasing functional determination by traditional cultural techniques Disintegration of the linear / circular functional paradigma Erosion of the monolithic document notion in hypertext paradigms Web Based Scholarly Working Continuum ... … a triple paradigm shift: Beyond Documents
    • 10. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 10 Ted Nelson's Xanadu: radicalised Hypertext ...
    • 11. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 11 … the web of 'documents' extended with a web of 'things' ...
    • 12. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 12 … another instance of the web of 'things' ...
    • 13. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 13 … and 'publication' aggregations combining 'documents' and 'things' Where do resource aggregations 'start'? Where do they 'end'? And what constitutes document boundaries?? And which node was connected to which one at a given time??? A B C
    • 14. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 14 Machines can reason on triple sets!
    • 15. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 15 Some reasoning preconditions ...
    • 16. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 16 … and an automated inference! There is quite some potential for generating scholarly heuristics here!
    • 17. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 17 The use of InferencesCitation:Citation: van Haagen HHHBM, 't Hoen PAC, Botelho Bovo A, de Morrée A, van Mulligen EM, et al.van Haagen HHHBM, 't Hoen PAC, Botelho Bovo A, de Morrée A, van Mulligen EM, et al. (2009) Novel Protein-Protein Interactions Inferred from Literature Context. PLoS ONE 4(11): e7894.(2009) Novel Protein-Protein Interactions Inferred from Literature Context. PLoS ONE 4(11): e7894. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007894 / Example provided by Jan Velteropdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007894 / Example provided by Jan Velterop
    • 18. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 18 LoD: Billions of Triples … … and Semantic Publishing! http://esw.w3.org/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/LinkingOpenData/DataSets 34
    • 19. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 19 Semantic Publishing as Defined by Shotton Shotton et al. (2009b) define semantic publication to include anything that enhances the meaning of a published journal article, facilitates its automated discovery, enables its linking to semantically related articles, provides access to data within the article in actionable form, or facilitates integration of data between articles. Example of an enhanced article
    • 20. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 20 An example
    • 21. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 21 Semantic Enrichment Tools Generic: OpenCalais (http://www.opencalais.com/) Temis (http://www.temis.com/) Specialised: Bio Taxon Finder (http://www.ubio.org/index.php?pagename=x​ ml_services) ConceptWebAlliance (http://conceptwiki.org) (Biomedical, Jan Velterop) Good critique by Roderic Page: http://iphylo.blogspot.com/2009/04/semantic-publishing-towards-real.html “linking terms to HTML pages doesn't get us much further. Great for humans, not so good for computers.” Too much focus on journal article format! → We need a little more!
    • 22. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 22 Semantic Micro-Content: PAUX PAUX is a Semantic Wiki, which is not based on static HTML pages, but instead consists of dynamic documents, which are provided at runtime from semantic microcontent (“PAUX-Objects”), which are semantically linked by “PAUX- Links” PAUX (http://www.paux.de): origins in eLearning Microcontent elements have HTTP URIs! → PAUX documents can be published as Linked (Open) Data aggregations with maximum granularity: down to word level.
    • 23. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 23 Granular Semantic Publishing: Paux (1)
    • 24. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 24 Very Granular Semantic Publishing: Paux (2)
    • 25. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 25 Semantic Publishing: Paux (3)
    • 26. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 26 Linked Semantic Publishing: Paux (4)
    • 27. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 27 Linked Semantic Publishing: Paux (5)
    • 28. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 28 Social Semantic Publishing: Paux (6)
    • 29. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 29 Paux live (1): Outline & Sentences c
    • 30. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 30 Paux live (2): Sentence & Linking Options
    • 31. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 31 Paux live (3): Word & Hyperlinks
    • 32. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 32 Paux live (4): Word & Link to Sentence
    • 33. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 33 Data = Publication Distinction data vs. publication will get increasingly obsolete in semantic publishing environments … … at least (and somewhat paradoxically) in the STM sector. The move into semantic publication will be much slower in the SSH because of fuzzy and unstable terminology fuzzy linking semantics hard to formalise consistently close relation between complex document formats and scholarly discourse Current examples are mostly from the medical and bio- medical area as a consequence. => Jan Velterop's concept of “Nano-Publications” or Bill Town's examples from chemistry (namely OreChem)
    • 34. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 34 Dessert Surprise
    • 35. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 35 Semantics and Reputation: Valued Resources How to create value in the sense of building reputation? The currency in semantic publishing will not just be 'data volume' or 'amount of information' but 'attention'! Creating attention is the hidden driving force behind the 2.0 hype, as well. A resource that doesn't deserve attention will be of little value in such an environment. Semantic contextualisation is key for creating attention in future scholarly environments (think back to LoD cloud!) The elementary digital curation decision thus remains a very old one: what to semantically enrich (and thus add value to) - and what to forget? Do not keep data, nor information: preserve knowledge! Context is king!
    • 36. Data <=> Publications / Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann London: Fourth Bloomsbury Conference 36 Some Reading David Shotton (2009a): Semantic Publishing. The coming revolution inscientific journal publishing. Learned Publishing Volume 22, No 2, 85–94, April 2009; doi:10.1087/2009202 David Shotton et al. (2009b): Adventures in Semantic Publishing: Exemplar Semantic Enhancements of a Research Article ( http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000361) Barend Mons, Jan Velterop: Nano-Publication in the e-science era ( http://www.surffoundation.nl/SiteCollectionDocuments/Nano-Publication%20-%20 ) Strategic Reading, Ontologies and the Future of sc. Publishing (Alan Renear / Carol Palmer) Science August 2009