IntroductionAncient Greece was an interesting civilization that existed 3000years ago. It covered a large piece of land and a group ofislands near the Mediterranean Sea. The ancient Greeks weregreat inventors and many of their legacies are still used today.
LegaciesThe Greeks left many great legacies for futurecivilizations. They created a kind of governmentcalled democracy, which allowed citizens to votefor the people who ruled. Lots of countries stilluse democracy, such as the United States ofAmerica and Japan. The Greeks also inventedthe first fire engine and were the first people tomake coins and use maps. They held the firstOlympics in ancient Greece in 776 B.C.E. TheGreeks also created sundial to tell the time andmade many discoveries in the fields of geometryand science. They created algebra, the alarmclock, and even the catapult. As you can see, theAncient Greeks’ inventions were importantlegacies that are still used in modern society.
Beliefs & ReligionThe Ancient Greeks believed there were 12 gods. Theythought the gods controlled everything. They thoughtthe gods lived on the top of Mount Olympus. The groupgot its name from Mount Olympus. They thought thegods were immortal because they had a kind of goldenblood called ichor. They also thought the gods foughtthe older gods called titans. According to the stories,they chained the titans to the underworld but Zeusmade the titan Atlas carry the world on his back. TheGreeks thought the gods looked like normal humansbut were braver, more clever and stronger. The godswatched everything all the time. The Greeks built manytemples to worship the different gods & goddesses.They built the Parthenon in honor of the goddessAthena. Some people took gifts with them to give to thegod. If it was an animal, the priest take the animal andsacrificed it. A sheep was the most common gift. A bullwas the best gift. In the temple of Apollo, there was anoracle who could speak with the god Apollo. A malepilgrim would ask a priest or priestess for permission.Then he/she would get into a trance and speakmysterious language which often had to be translatedby a priest or priestess. The Greeks thought that aftertheir death they would go to the underworld. Thus, Theancient Greeks thought the gods had great power overtheir lives so they worshiped them in many ways.
Writing & LanguageA great deal of what we know about ancient Greececomes from their writing. They invented their ownalphabet and many of our English letters are based onthis first alphabet. The word alphabet even comesfrom the first two letters of the ancient Greek’salphabet (alpha + beta). Some English words startand end in Greek words. For example, -metry(measuring), -logy(studying) and -graphy(writing). The ancient Greeks wrote everythingby hand. They scratched their writing on wax tablets.Some people wrote on papyrus but papyrus was veryexpensive. Only boys could learn to read, write andspell. In Ancient Greece, famous writers wrote manypoems, plays and stories. Some famous writers wereHomer and Sappho. Herodotus was a writer whowrote about the past. Sophocles wrote many plays.Homer wrote a poem called about the Trojan War. Insummary, the ancient Greeks were the first to createan alphabet and their stories and plays are still read
Leisure The ancient Greeks enjoyed a variety of leisureactivities. They went to theatres to watch plays.And also did sports. They thought sport was funand good training for war. The Ancient Greeksdeveloped the first Olympic Games. They held theOlympics in honor of the Greek god Zeus. TheOlympics first began in 776B.C . They celebratedit for five days every four years. Originally, therewas only one kind of event, which was a 170meter one-foot race. Later, there were moresports such as running, horse-racing, chariot-racing, boxing, wrestling, discus, javelin and longjump. There also was a sport that was racing inarmor. The winner would be called the BestGreek. The winner would be awarded a garland ofolive leaves. Poems were written about thewinner. In Athens, only men could participate insports but in Sparta women could also playsports. During the Olympics, 100 oxen wereburned as a sacrifice then given to the spectatorsto eat. As you can see, the ancient Greeks
ConclusionIn conclusion, the Greeks left many great legacies and famousbuildings for the modern world. It is interesting to learn about theknowledge and lifestyles of these ancient people.
Reference ListAuthor Date TitleAnita Ganeri 1993 Focus on Ancient GreeksPat Taylor 1998 The Ancient GreeksJohn Malam 1998 Ancient Greeks at a GlanceNick Legget 1992 Ancient GreeceDate Accessed Website25/10/2012 http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/ancient_greeks/